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Encyclopedia > Margaret J. Winkler

Margaret J. Winkler (or M. J. Winkler) was one of the key figures in silent animation history, having a crucial role to play in the histories of Max and Dave Fleischer, Pat Sullivan, Otto Messmer and Walt Disney. She was also the first woman to produce and distribute animated films. During the beginnings of the silent film era, the central location of the motion picture industry had not yet relocated to Hollywood. ... Max Fleischer (July 19, 1883–September 11, 1972) was an important pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon. ... David Fleischer ( July 14, 1894 - June 25, 1979) was a German-American animator, film director, and film producer, best known as a co-owner of Fleischer Studios with his older brother Max Fleischer. ... There have been several well-known people named Pat Sullivan, including: Pat Sullivan (film producer) Pat Sullivan (football player) Pat Sullivan (software developer, author) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Otto Messmer (August 16, 1892 - October 28, 1983) was an American animator, best known for his work on the Felix the Cat cartoons and comic strip produced by the Pat Sullivan studio. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ...


Winkler began her caree r as personal secretary of Harry M. Warner, one of the founders of Warner Brothers. Through most of the silent era, Warner Brothers was strictly a film distributor, and Harry Warner was the man who made the deals. In 1917, Warner Brothers started distributing cartoons starting with the states-rights distribution of Mutt and Jeff in New York and New Jersey. Warner was impressed with Winkler's talents, and when Max and Dave Fleischer (owners of Out of the Inkwell Films) came to him with their series Out of the Inkwell, he gave it to Winkler and encouraged her to form her own distribution company, Winkler Productions, on a state's rights basis. In 1922, she got Pat Sullivan (of Pat Sullivan Productions) to sign the hot property Felix the Cat. This act cemented her reputation as the top distributor in the cartoon world. It was a good thing, because at the end of that same year the Fleischers, flushed with success from Winkler's work, left her to form their own distribution company, Red Seal Pictures. Warner Bros. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... Year 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Mutt and Jeff comic book from 1919. ... NY redirects here. ... For the Bon Jovi album, see New Jersey (album) Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... The famous Felix pace as seen in Oceantics (1930) Felix the Cat is a cartoon character from the silent-film era. ...


However much he helped her business, Pat Sullivan soon became a nightmare to Winkler. The two were constantly bickering. In September of 1923 the renewal of his contract came up, and his unrealistic demands meant for a while that Winkler Pictures might have to survive without its biggest star. She was therefore particularly open to a pilot reel submitted by neophyte animator Walt Disney called "Alice's Wonderland". Winkler was intrigued with the idea of a live-action girl in a cartoon world, and signed Disney to a year-long contract despite the fact that the studio that made the cartoon was now bankrupt. Nevertheless, Disney formed a new studio, Disney Brothers (the first cartoon studio in Hollywood and soon to change its name to the Walt Disney Studio) and was able to fulfill the terms of the contract largely through the tutelage of Winkler, who insisted on editing all of the Alice Comedies herself. One of her suggestions was the addition of a suspiciously Felix-like character called Julius. This was apparently the straw that broke the camel's back for Pat Sullivan, who signed with rival distributor Educational Pictures in 1925. 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... ... The Walt Disney Company (also known as Disney) (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ... The Alice Comedies are a series of animated cartoons created by Walt Disney, in which a real little girl named Alice and an animated cat named Julius have adventures in an animated landscape. ... Educational Pictures (or Educational Film Exchanges, Inc. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1924, Margaret married another distributor, Charles B. Mintz, who had been working for her since 1922. Soon after she had her first child and retired from the business, turning over her company to Mintz. Year 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Charles B. Mintz (1896 - January 4, 1940) was an American film producer and distributor, who took control over Margaret J. Winklers Winkler Pictures after marrying her in 1924. ...


References

  • John Canemaker; Felix: The Twisted Tale of the World's Most Famous Cat; Pantheon Books; ISBN 0-679-40127-X (1991)
  • Donald Crafton; Before Mickey: The Animated Film, 1898-1928; University of Chicago Press; ISBN 0-226-11667-0 (2nd edition, paperback, 1993)
  • Denis Gifford; American Animated Films: The Silent Era, 1897-1929; McFarland & Company; ISBN 0-89950-460-4 (library binding, 1990)
  • Leonard Maltin; Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons; Penguin Books; ISBN 0-452-25993-2 (1980, 1987)
  • Russell Merritt and J. B. Kaufman; Walt in Wonderland: The Silent Films of Walt Disney; Johns Hopkins University Press; ISBN 0-8018-4907-1 (paperback, 1993)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Margaret J. Winkler - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (564 words)
Winkler) was one of the key figures in silent animation history, having a crucial role to play in the histories of Max and Dave Fleischer, Pat Sullivan, Otto Messmer and Walt Disney.
Winkler began her career as personal secretary of Harry M. Warner, one of the founders of Warner Brothers.
Winkler was intrigued with the idea of a live-action girl in a cartoon world, and signed Disney to a year-long contract despite the fact that the studio that made the cartoon was now bankrupt.
Margaret (1760 words)
Margaret Colin Margaret Colin is an 1957, the daughter of a police officer and a crop duster.
Margaret was born in the province of Hampshire.
Margaret of Denmark Margaret of Denmark (Dorothea of Brandenburg.
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