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Encyclopedia > Margaret I, Countess of Burgundy

Marguerite de France (1310 - 9 May 1382) was a medieval ruler, reigning countess of Artois and the Palatine Burgundy (Franche-Comté) as well as countess-consort of Flanders, Nevers and Rethel. Her father was king of France 1316-22. [edit] Events May 11 - In France, 64 members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake for heresy Abulfeda becomes governor of Hama. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Enyu of Japan, fifth and last of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Emperor Go-Komatsu ascends to the throne of Japan John Wyclifs teachings are condemned by the Synod of London. ... Artois is a former province of northern France. ... Capital Besançon Land area¹ 16,202 km² Regional President Raymond Forni (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; some prefer to call this the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; a... Nevers is a commune of central France, the préfecture (capital) of the Nièvre département, in the former province of Nivernais. ... Rethel is a commune of northeastern France, in the Ardennes département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ...


She was born as the second daughter of Jeanne de Chalon, Countess of Burgundy and her husband Philippe, Count of Poitiers. Marguerite's mother was Countess Palatine of Burgundy (daughter and heiress of Otto IV, Count of Burgundy) and Queen Consort of France; Marguerite's father was the second son of king Philip IV of France and Queen regnant Joan I of Navarre. Philip V the Tall (French: Philippe V le Long) (1293 - January 3, 1322) was King of France from 1316 to 1322, a member of the Capetian dynasty. ... Philip IV the Fair (French: Philippe IV le Bel) (1268 – November 29, 1314) was King of France from 1285 until his death. ... A queen regnant is a female monarch who possesses all the monarchal powers that a king would have without regard to gender. ... Jeanne (or Joan or Johanna) of Navarre (c. ...


In 1316 her father became king Philip V of France, after the death of her infant first cousin John I of France. Marguerite was married to Louis I, Count of Flanders (1304-1346) who reigned Flanders, Nevers and Rethel from 1322. Her husband was dependent on her father in suppressing the rebellion of Nikolaas Zannekin. Her father died in 1322, and by law the crown was inherited by her uncle, Charles, Count of La Marche. John I the Posthumous (French: Jean Ier le Posthume) (November 15, 1316 – November 20, 1316) was King of France for the five days he lived. ... Louis I (1304 – August 26, 1346, ruled 1322–1346) was Count of Flanders, Nevers and Rethel. ... Charles IV the Fair (French: Charles IV le Bel) (1294 – February 1, 1328), a member of the Capetian Dynasty, reigned as King of France from 1322 to 1328. ...


Marguerite's mother, Queen Jeanne, succeeded her own mother, Mahaut, Countess of Artois, as ruler of Artois in 1329. Marguerite's elder sister Jeanne, duchess of Burgundy (1308-49) inherited when their mother died in 1329, becoming Countess of Artois and Palatine Countess of Burgundy.


Her husband Louis was killed in the Battle of Crécy (26 August 1346). He and Marguerite had one son, Louis II, Count of Flanders (1330-84) who in 1346 succeeded in Flanders, Nevers and Rethel. In 1355, the younger Louis claimed the duchy of Brabant in right of his wife, but Joanna, Duchess of Brabant managed to keep her possessions. Combatants Kingdom of England, Allied knights from Germany and Denmark France, Genoese Mercenaries, the Kingdoms of Navarre, Bohemia and the Balearic Islands Commanders Edward III of England Edward, the Black Prince Philip VI of France Strength about 12,000 30,000 to 40,000 Casualties 150-1,000 killed and... August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (239th in leap years). ... // Events Serbian Empire was proclaimed in Skopje by Dusan Silni, occupying much of the South-Eastern Europe Foundation of the University of Valladolid Foundation of Pembroke College, University of Cambridge August 26 Battle of Crecy after which Edward the Black Prince honored the bravery of John I, Count of Luxemburg... Brabant is a former duchy in the Low Countries, and a former province of Belgium. ... Joanna, Duchess of Brabant (1322–1406) was the heiress of Duke Jan III, who died in Brussels, December 5, 1355. ...


In 1357, her granddaughter Margaret (1350-1405), then seven years old, was married to Marguerite's great-nephew Philip I, Duke of Burgundy (1346-1361), who thus was the young bride's second cousin. The girl thus became duchess-consort of Burgundy, as well as countess-consort of Artois and the County Palatine of Burgundy (also called Franche-Comté); in 1360, the couple became Count and Countess-consort of Boulogne and Auvergne. Margaret of Dampierre (1350-1405) was countess of Flanders and twice Duchess of Burgundy. ... Philip I of Burgundy, also known as Philip of Rouvres (1346 – November 21, 1361) was Duke of Burgundy between 1349 and 1361. ... Capital Besançon Land area¹ 16,202 km² Regional President Raymond Forni (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Boulogne is the name of several communes in France: Boulogne in the Vendée département Boulogne-Billancourt, in the Hauts-de-Seine département Boulogne-sur-Mer, in the Pas_de_Calais département This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... This is a list of the various rulers of Auvergne. ...


The coastal Low Countries was a restless region in the latter half of 14th century, due to civil strife. Marguerite succeeded in 1361 her great-nephew Philip I, Duke of Burgundy as ruler of Artois and Franche-Comté (County Palatine of Burgundy), since her elder sister Jeanne's issue went extinct by his death. Thus Marguerite, already Dowager Countess of Flanders, now became a ruler in her own right. The Low Countries, the historical region of de Nederlanden, are the countries (see Country) on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine, Scheldt, and Meuse (Maas) rivers. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Philip I of Burgundy, also known as Philip of Rouvres (1346 – November 21, 1361) was Duke of Burgundy between 1349 and 1361. ... The County of Artois was a Carolingian county, established by the counts Odalric and Ecfrid of Artois, then integrated into the County of Flanders, first by Baldwin II of Flanders around 898, then by Arnulf I of Flanders. ... The counts of Flanders ruled over the county of Flanders from the 9th century. ...


Her granddaughter, Margaret, was now a widow due to the premature death of Philip of Burgundy. The duchy of Burgundy, having since 1330 been united to the counties of Palatine Burgundy and Artois, now passed to one of its two senior heirs, John II of France (the other, Charles the Bad of Navarre, had been kept from inheriting due to his genealogical distance from the Dukes of Burgundy). The following is a list of the Dukes of Burgundy Richard of Autun, the Justicier (880–921) Rudolph of Burgundy (king of France from 923) (921–923) Hugh the Black (923–952) Gilbert of Chalon (952–956) Odo of Paris (956-965) Otto-Henry the Great... John II the Good (French: Jean II le Bon) (April 16, 1319 – April 8, 1364), was King of France 1350–1364, Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou and Maine 1332–1350, Count of Poitiers 1344–1350, and Duke of Guienne 1345–1350. ... Charles II (1332 - 1387), called Charles the Bad, was King of Navarre, Count of Evreux (Comte dEvreux), and Lord of Albret (Sire dAlbret). ... Capital Pamplona (Basque: Iruña) Official language(s) Spanish; Basque co-official in the north of community. ...


In 1369 Margaret, now 19 years old, and Marguerite's only grandchild, married Philip the Bold (1342-1404), King John's youngest son, who had become Duke of Burgundy in 1363 (having given up his previous duchy of Touraine in exchange); thus, Margaret again became Duchess consort of Burgundy. Events King Charles V of France renounces the treaty of Brétigny and war is declared between France and England. ... Philip II, Duke of Burgundy Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, known as the Bold (Philippe II de Bourgogne, le Hardi in French) (January 15, 1342, Pontoise – April 27, 1404, Halle), was the fourth son of King John II of France and his wife, Bonne (Judith), daughter of the king and... The Duchy of Burgundy, today Bourgogne, has its origin in the small portion of traditional lands of Burgundians west of river Saône which in 843 was allotted to Charles the Balds kingdom of West Franks. ...


According to Guizot, whilst Marguerite favoured the marriage of her grand-daughter to Philip the Bold, the girl's father, Louis of Flanders, and the Flemish communes, preferring England to France, were unwilling to arrange the marriage. Reputedly, Marguerite, vexed at the ill will of the count her son, had one day said to him, as she tore open her dress before his eyes, "Since you will not yield to your mother's wishes, I will cut off these breasts which gave suck to you, to you and to no other, and will throw them to the dogs to devour." Louis, persuaed, agreed to the marriage.[1]


The unrest in coastal Low Countries escalated to open rebellions in Marguerite's last years. A revolt in Ghent was put down by joint operation of Marguerite's son Louis II of Flanders and grandson-in-law Philip II of Burgundy. However, after the Battle of Beverhoutsveld Louis II was expelled from Flanders by the Flemings under Philip van Artevelde. A French army (and Duke Philip) came to help them to regain Flanders, and the revolting Flemings were decisively defeated at the Battle of Roosebeke the same year in which Marguerite died. However, the citizens of Ghent continued to resist (with English aid) and it was left to her granddaughter and her consort to subdue the town. Ghent municipality and district in the province East Flanders Ghent (IPA: ; Gent in Dutch; Gand in French, formerly Gaunt in English) is a city and a municipality located in Flanders, Belgium. ... Philip van Artevelde (1340? - 1382) was a Flemish patriot. ... Combatants France Count of Flanders Flemish towns led by Ghent Commanders Charles VI of France Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy Philip Van Artevelde (killed) Strength 16,000 16,000 Casualties unknown higher than the French casualties The Battle of Roosebeke was fought in 1382 between the French and Castilians... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right)1 Capital Winchester, then London from 11th century. ...


Countess Marguerite died in 1382. Her counties of Artois and Burgundy were inherited by her only son Louis, Count of Flanders, who survived her just for two years. In 1384, all her possessions, together with Louis' inheritance (Flanders, etc.), went to her only surviving grandchild, Margaret, the then duchess-consort of Burgundy, who thus became possessor of Palatine County of Burgundy and county of Artois, countess in her own right, where she had been countess-consort almost thirty years earlier, as they then were held by her first husband. Louis II of Flanders (October 25, 1330, Mâle – January 30, 1384, Lille), known as Louis of Mâle, was the son of Louis I of Flanders and Marguerite of France, and Count of Flanders. ... The counts of Flanders ruled over the county of Flanders from the 9th century. ... The County of Artois was a Carolingian county, established by the counts Odalric and Ecfrid of Artois, then integrated into the County of Flanders, first by Baldwin II of Flanders around 898, then by Arnulf I of Flanders. ...

Preceded by
Philip III
Countess of Artois
1361–1382
Succeeded by
Louis III
Preceded by
Philip III
Palatine Countess of Burgundy
1361–1382
Succeeded by
Louis I

 
 

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