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Encyclopedia > Mare Island Naval Shipyard

The Mare Island Naval Shipyard (MINS) was the first United States Navy shipyard established on the Pacific Coast. It is located at 38.10 N, 122.27 W, in Solano County, California, and approximately 25 miles northeast of San Francisco. The Napa River (Mare Island Strait) separates the peninsula shipyard (Mare Island, California) from the city of Vallejo, California. MINS made a name for itself as the premier US West Coast submarine port as well as serving as the controlling force in San Francisco Bay Area shipbuilding efforts during World War II.[1] USN redirects here. ... Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Fish ladder and shipyard in Grave, the Netherlands Construction hall of Schichau Seebeck Shipyard, Bremerhaven Gdynia Shipyard Shipyards and dockyards are places which repair and build ships. ... Solano County is a county located in central part of the U.S. state of California, about halfway between San Francisco and Sacramento and is one of the nine San Francisco Bay Area counties. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... The Napa River, approximately 55 miles (89 km) long, is a river in the U.S. state of California. ... The strait noted on a satellite image of the northern San Pablo Bay portion of the SF Bay. ... Mare Island is an island in Vallejo, California, about 30 miles northeast of San Francisco. ... Vallejo (pronounced IPA: in English; in the original Spanish) is a city in Solano County, California, United States. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... USGS satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ...

The Mare Island Naval Shipyard, under study for groundwater and topsoil contamination
The Mare Island Naval Shipyard, under study for groundwater and topsoil contamination

Contents

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2448x1584, 910 KB) This image is a work of a sailor or employee of the U.S. Navy, taken or made during the course of the persons official duties. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2448x1584, 910 KB) This image is a work of a sailor or employee of the U.S. Navy, taken or made during the course of the persons official duties. ...

Beginnings

The Navy purchased the original 956 acres (3.9 km²) of MINS in 1853 and commenced shipbuilding operations on September 16, 1854 under the command of then-Commander David Farragut, who would later gain fame during the US Civil War Battle of Mobile Bay, when he gave the order, "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!" MINS served as a major Pacific Ocean repair station during the late 1800s, handling American as well as Japanese and Russian vessels in the course of duty. Mare Island Naval Shipyard also took a commanding role in civil defense and emergency response on the West Coast, dispatching warships to the Pacific Northwest to subdue Native American uprisings. MINS sent ships such as USS Wyoming south to Central America and the Panama Canal to protect US political and commercial interests. Some of the support, logistics and munition requirements for the Spanish-American War were filled by Mare Island. MINS sent men, materiel and ships to San Francisco in response to the fires following the 1906 earthquake. Arctic rescue missions were mounted as necessary. Ordnance manufacturing and storage were two further key missions at MINS for nearly all of its active service, including ordnance used prior to the American Civil War. 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Commander is a military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service. ... Admiral David Glasgow Farragut Admiral David Glasgow Farragut David Glasgow Farragut (July 5, 1801 – August 14, 1870) was the senior officer of the U.S. Navy during the American Civil War. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... Native Americans redirects here. ... USS Wyoming (BM-10) was the second ship of the United States Navy to bear that name but the first to bear it in honor of the 44th state. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... Two Panamax running the Miraflores Locks The Panama Canal (Spanish: ) is a major ship canal that traverses the Isthmus of Panama in Central America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... Combatants United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares Ramón Blanco Casualties 3,289 U.S. dead (432 from combat); considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and Filipino casualties... San Francisco redirects here. ... San Francisco Earthquake redirects here. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


World War I

World War I Yeomanettes at Mare Island Naval Shipyard

MINS made big waves with a major shipbuilding effort during World War I. MINS holds a shipbuilding speed record for a destroyer that still stands, launching the USS Ward in just 17½ days in May-June 1918.[2] Mare Island was selected by the Navy for construction of the only US West Coast-built battleship, the USS California, launched in 1919. Noting the power of underwater warfare shown by German U-boats in WWI, the Navy doubled their Pacific-based submarine construction program at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard by founding a submarine program at MINS in the early 1920s. Image File history File links YeomanettesCA.gif‎ Photo of World War I Yeomanettes at the Mare Island Naval Shipyard in Solano County, California, United States from National Archives and Records Administration File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old... Image File history File links YeomanettesCA.gif‎ Photo of World War I Yeomanettes at the Mare Island Naval Shipyard in Solano County, California, United States from National Archives and Records Administration File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Yeoman (F) was a rank in the U.S. Naval Reserve in World War I. The first Yeoman (F) was Loretta Perfectus Walsh. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... USS Ward (DD-139) was a 1247-ton Wickes-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War I, later APD-16 in World War II. She was the first Navy ship to engage the Japanese during the attack on Pearl Harbor. ... For other uses, see Battleship (disambiguation). ... USS California (BB-44), a Tennessee-class battleship, was the fifth ship of the United States Navy named in honor of the 31st state. ... Underwater warfare refers to combat conducted underwater such as: submarines actions and anti-submarine warfare, i. ... U-boat is also a nickname for some diesel locomotives built by GE; see List of GE locomotives October 1939. ... For other uses, see Submarine (disambiguation). ... Puget Sound Naval Shipyard and Intermediate Maintenance Facility (PSNS & IMF) is a United States Navy shipyard covering 179 acres (0. ... The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ...


On January 1, 1918, the Marine Detachment of Mare Island won the Rose Bowl, defeating the US Army team fielded by Camp Lewis by a score of 19-7. One year later they appeared in the Rose Bowl again, this time losing by a 17-0 score to a Great Lakes Naval Station team that included future football legends George Halas, Paddy Driscoll and Jimmy Conzelman. is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Rose Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game, usually played on January 1 (New Years Day) at the stadium of the same name in Pasadena, California. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Fort Lewis is a census-designated place and U.S. Army post located in Pierce County, Washington. ... An aerial view showing a special recruit graduation Pass in Review Ceremony held at Ross Field, Naval Training Center Great Lakes. ... George Stanley Halas, Sr. ... For the baseball player, see Paddy Driscoll (baseball). ... Jimmy Conzelman (March 6, 1898 - August 5, 1970) was a professional football player for in the National Football League. ...


World War II

During World War II, MINS reached peak capacity for shipbuilding, repair, overhaul, and maintenance of many different kinds of sea-going vessels including both surface combatants and submarines. Mare Island even received Royal Navy cruisers and destroyers and four Soviet Navy subs for service.[3] Following the War, MINS was considered to be one of the primary stations for construction and maintenance of the Navy’s Pacific fleet of submarines, having built seventeen submarines and four submarine tenders by the end of hostilities. Esprit de corps among the workers was very high. Mare Island's military and civilian workforce raised almost $76M in war bonds; enough to pay for every one of the submarines built at MINS prior to VJ Day. More than 300 landing craft were built at Mare Island.[4] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... The USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga class cruiser. ... USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ... The Soviet Navy (Russian: Военно-морской флот СССР, Voyenno-morskoy flot SSSR, literally Naval military forces of the USSR) was the naval arm of the Soviet armed forces. ... The United States Pacific Fleet (USPACFLT) is a theater-level unit of the U.S. armed forces, under the operational control of the United States Pacific Command. ... Esprit de Corps might refer to: Esprit de Corps - state of mind, Morale. ... Victory over Japan Day (V-J Day) is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which took place on August 15, 1945, ending the Second World War. ...


1950s to 1990s

Aerial photo of southern Mare Island and the shipyard facility
Aerial photo of southern Mare Island and the shipyard facility

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x948, 174 KB) Southern Mare Island, California Source: USGS orthographic aerial photography, collected via NASA World Wind. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x948, 174 KB) Southern Mare Island, California Source: USGS orthographic aerial photography, collected via NASA World Wind. ...

Nuclear submarines

In 1955, Mare Island was awarded the contract to build USS Sargo, the first nuclear submarine laid down at a Pacific base. The Sargo was commissioned in 1958. After the Sargo, MINS built seven more nuclear submarines: USS Scamp, USS Halibut, USS Permit, USS Plunger, USS Guitarro, USS Theodore Roosevelt and USS Drum. During this time, MINS was also building non-nuclear subs such as two of the three Barracuda-class submarines and the USS Grayback, an early guided missile launcher. MINS was often assigned the task of overhaul and/or redesign of submarines built at other shipyards. USS Sargo (SSN-583), a Skate-class submarine, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for the sargo, a food and game fish of the porgy family, inhabiting coastal waters of the southern United States. ... Pacific redirects here. ... USS Scamp (SSN-588), a Skipjack-class submarine, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for the scamp, a member of the serranidae family of fish. ... USS Halibut (SSGN/SSN-587), a unique guided missile submarine, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for the halibut, a large species of flatfish found on both sides of the Atlantic. ... USS Permit (SSN-594) became the lead ship of her class of submarine when the former lead ship, Thresher (SSN-593) was lost. ... USS Plunger (SSN-595), a Permit-class submarine, was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named for the plunger, a diver, a daring gambler, or a device for clearing blockages in toilets. ... USS Guitarro (SSN-665), a Sturgeon-class submarine, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for the guitarro, a ray of the guitar-fish family. ... USS Theodore Roosevelt (SSBN-600), a George Washington-class submarine, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for President Theodore Roosevelt. ... USS Drum (SSN-677), a Sturgeon-class submarine, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for any of various fishes capable of making a drumming noise, best known on the Atlantic coast. ... The Barracuda-class submarines were the product of Project Kayo, a research and development effort begun immediately after World War II by the United States Navy to solve the problem of using submarines to attack and destroy enemy submarines. ... USS Grayback (SS/SSG/APSS/LPSS-574), the lead ship of her class, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for the grayback, a small herring of great commercial importance in the Great Lakes. ...


Riverine training

In 1969, during the Vietnam War, the US Navy transferred their Brown Water Navy Riverine Training Operations from Coronado, California to Mare Island. Motorists travelling along Highway 37 from the Vallejo/Fairfield areas to the Bay Area, which passes through Mare Island, could often view US Navy Swift Boats (PCF-Patrol Craft Fast) and PBR's (Patrol Boat River), among other riverine type boats, maneuvering through the sloughs of the currently named Napa-Sonoma State Wildlife Area; which borders the north and west portions of Mare Island. US Navy Reserve Units may still operate the slough portions of the State Wildlife Area for training purposes, as the navigable waters are considered public property. The US Navy Brown Water Riverine Forces deactivated after the Vietnam War, maintaining only the US Naval Reserve PBR's and auxiliary craft at Mare Island, until the 1996 base closure; at which time the Reserve units moved to new facilities in Sacramento, California.[citation needed] Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Riverboat of the U.S. brownwater navy deploying napalm during the Vietnam War Brown water navy is a term in American naval jargon referring to actions in near shore and riverine environments. ... Flag of Coronado Coronado is a city in San Diego County, California, United States. ... Aerial photo of the southern part of Mare Island Mare Island is an island in Vallejo, California, about 30 miles northeast of San Francisco. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE SR-251 MRN 0. ... The Welcome to Fairfield roadside sign Fairfield Courthouse Fairfield is a city located northeast of the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California, USA. it is approximately 45 miles from both San Francisco and Sacramento. ... USGS satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Swift Boat PCF71 in Vietnam, showing forward twin . ... Patrol Boat PBR Mark II PBR Mark II forward . ... Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority (Borough of Slough) in England. ... Public property is land which is owned by a local government, and is accessible to everybody. ... Sacramento redirects here. ...


Final nuclear service

1970 saw the launching of USS Drum, the last nuclear submarine built in California. In 1972, the Navy officially ceased building new nuclear submarines at Mare Island, though overhaul of existing vessels continued. The USS Nautilus was decommissioned at Mare Island in 1980, then rigged for towing back to Groton, Connecticut to serve as a museum of naval history.[5] USS Nautilus (SSN-571) was the worlds first operational nuclear-powered submarine and the first vessel to complete a submerged transit across the North Pole. ... Waterfront of Groton, Connecticut looking upriver Groton is a town located on the Thames River in New London County, Connecticut. ...


Base closure

Mare Island Naval Shipyard expanded to over 5,200 acres (21 km²) in its service life and was responsible for construction of over 500 naval vessels and overhauling thousands of other vessels. Though it remained a strong contender for continued operations, MINS was identified for closure during the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) process of 1993. Naval operations ceased and the facility was decommissioned on April 1, 1996. The California Conservation Corps, Touro University, and numerous commercial and industrial businesses are currently leasing property aboard the former naval shipyard. Many of these businesses are still served via the California Northern Railroad (CFNR) which maintains rights to operate what was once over 100 miles of track used for transporting ship building supplies on the island. In May 2000, the Navy completed the transfer of a former housing area called Roosevelt Terrace using an "economic development conveyance"; a method to accelerate the transfer of BRAC facilities back to civilian communities for their economic benefit. The Navy is also transferring property at the shipyard to other government agencies such as Fish and Wildlife Service refuge, a Forest Service office building, an Army Reserve Center, a Coast Guard communications facility, and a Department of Education school. Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) is a process of the United States federal government directed at the administration and operation of the US Armed Forces, used by the United States Department of Defense and Congress to close excess military installations and realign the total asset inventory in order to save... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The California Conservation Corps (CCC) is a state agency modeled after the Civilian Conservation Corps of the 1930s and was initiated as a pet project in 1976 by then Governor Jerry Brown. ... Touros Lander Hall holds the schools laboratories and classrooms. ... The California Northern Railroad (AAR reporting mark CFNR) is one of several Class III short-line railroad companies owned by RailAmerica, Inc. ... The USFWS logo The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is a unit of the United States Department of the Interior that is dedicated to managing and preserving wildlife. ... Logo of the U.S. Forest Service. ... The United States Army Reserve is the federal reserve force of the United States Army. ... USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is at all times a branch of the United States armed forces a maritime law enforcement agency, and a federal regulatory body. ... The Lyndon Baines Johnson Department of Education Building[1]) , ED headquarters in Washington, DC A construction project to repair and update the building facade at the Department of Education Headquarters building in 2002 resulted in the installation of structures at all of the entrances to protect employees and visitors from...


References

  • Steffes, James, ENC Retired. "Swift Boat Down- The Real Story of the Sinking of PCF-19." (2006); ISBN 1-59926-612-1
  1. ^ Battleship Iowa: Mare Island
  2. ^ Mare Island History. Vallejo Convention & Visitors Bureau website. Accessed August 22, 2007
  3. ^ Battleship Iowa: Mare Island
  4. ^ FAS Military Analysis Network: Mare Island Naval Shipyard (MINS)
  5. ^ Chief of Naval Operations, Submarine Warfare Division: Submarine Chronology

is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

See also

Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park is located in Richmond, California, near San Francisco, at the site of a former Ford Motor Company manufacturing plant. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mare Island Golf Club (466 words)
Established in 1892, Mare Island Golf Club is the oldest course west of the Mississippi.
As for the horse, he belonged to Mare Island Marine Lieutenant Jack Meyers and was forever ambling up to the Golf Course where golfers invariably found him standing between their ball and the pin.
It was one of two buildings on Mare Island Naval Shipyard to receive the first call of the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
Mare Island Naval Shipyard at AllExperts (438 words)
The Mare Island Naval Shipyard (MINS) was the first United States Navy shipyard established on the Pacific Coast.
The Napa River (Mare Island Strait) separates the peninsula shipyard (Mare Island, California) from the city of Vallejo, California.
Naval operations ceased and the facility was decommissioned on April 1, 1996.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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