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Encyclopedia > Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
Costumed musicians, French Quarter, New Orleans
Official name Mardi Gras
Also called Shrove Tuesday, Fat Tuesday, Pancake Day
Type Local, cultural, Christian
Significance Celebration prior to fasting season of Lent.
Date Day before Ash Wednesday
2007 date February 20
2008 date February 5
Celebrations Parades, parties
Related to Carnival

Mardi Gras (French for "Fat Tuesday") is the day before Ash Wednesday, and is also called "Shrove Tuesday" or "Pancake Day". It is the final day of Carnival (English IPA: [kaː(ɹ)nɨvəl]). It is a celebration that is held just before the beginning of the Christian liturgical season of Lent.[citation needed] The religious festival Mardi Gras may refer to: Mardi Gras, Carnival festival held the day before Ash Wednesday New Orleans Mardi Gras, Carnival festival held in New Orleans, Louisiana Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, gay pride parade held in Sydney, Australia Mardi Gras may also refer to: Mardi Gras... Costumed musicians, French Quarter, Mardi Gras Day 1997. ... French Quarter: upper Chartres street looking down towards Jackson Square and the spires of St. ... In the Western Christian calendar, Ash Wednesday is the first day of Lent. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article describes the festival season. ... In the Western Christian calendar, Ash Wednesday is the first day of Lent. ... Pancakes with strawberry syrup and black currants Shrove Tuesday is the term used in the United Kingdom,[1] Ireland,[2] and Australia[3] to refer to the day after Shrove Monday (or the more old fashioned Collop Monday) and before Ash Wednesday (the liturgical season of Lent begins on Ash... Pancake Day or Pancake Tuesday is the name by which Shrove Tuesday is also known in Britain and Ireland, and Australia. ... This article describes the festival season. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... A liturgy is the customary public worship of a religious group, according to their particular traditions. ... It has been suggested that Cuaresma be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

Dates

The date is always on Tuesday and can vary from February 3 to March 9 in non-leap years or February 4 to March 9 in leap years. Like Lent, the date is dependent on that of Easter. is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A leap year (or intercalary year) is a year containing an extra day or month in order to keep the calendar year in sync with an astronomical or seasonal year. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Christian festival. ...


For more information, go to the list of dates for Mardi Gras for future years. Mardi Gras falls on the following dates in the following years: 2008 — February 5 2009 — February 24 2010 — February 16 2011 — March 8 2012 — February 21 2013 — February 12 2014 — March 4 2015 — February 17 2016 — February 9 2017 — February 28 2018 — February 13 2019 — March 5 2020 — February 25...


Locations

Float-making in New Orleans
Float-making in New Orleans

Perhaps the cities most famous for their Mardi Gras celebrations include New Orleans, Mobile, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Venice, Salvador da Bahia, and Mazatlán. Many other places have important Mardi Gras celebrations as well. The carnival is an important celebration in most of Europe, and in many parts of Latin America and the Caribbean. Panama's carnivals are gaining notoriety each year, with tourists from the U.S., Latin American and European countries increasing year after year.[citation needed] Image File history File links Taken on a visit to Mardi Gras World in New Orleans. ... A float is a decorated platform, either built on a vehicle or towed behind one, which is a component of many festive parades, such as the Macys Thanksgiving Day Parade and the Tournament of Roses Parade. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... NOLA redirects here. ... Look up Mobile in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... This article is about the city. ... Venice (Venetian: Venezsia, Italian: Venezia, Latin: Venetia) is the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... Nickname: Motto: Sic illa ad arcam reversa est, portuguese E Assim a Pomba Voltou à Arca Location of Salvador Coordinates: , Region State Founded 29 March 1549 Government  - Mayor João Henrique Area  - City 313 km²  (120. ... Mazatlán [masaˈtlan] is a city in the Mexican state of Sinaloa; the surrounding municipio (municipality) for which the city serves as the municipal seat is also called Mazatlán. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Caribbean Carnival is an event that takes place in many of the Caribbean islands annually. ...


South America, Latin America, and the Caribbean

Main article: Brazilian Carnival

In Brazil, the Carnival celebrations in Recife, Olinda, Salvador are well-known, among others, most notably Rio de Janeiro. The annual Carnival that is held in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil is related to Mardi Gras. The celebrations of the Carnival end on Mardi Gras. This festival is an annual event that is held 2 weeks before the traditional Christian fasting of Lent. Thousands of people from across Brazil and also from other parts of the world come to attend the festivities. Carnival comes with a lot of music, good food, color and of course the Samba dance. Mardi Gras, the last day, is an added attraction. Mangueira samba school parades in Rio de Janeiro The Brazilian Carnival (Portuguese: ) is an annual festival season in Brazil held 40 days before Easter and marks the beginning of Lent. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km²  (84. ... Igreja da Sé Ruas de Olinda Olinda (means oh beautiful) is a city in Pernambuco, Brazil, next to Recife and Paulista. ... Salvador and Baía de Todos os Santos from space, April 1997 Salvador (in full, São Salvador da Baía de Todos os Santos, or in literal translation: Holy Savior of All Saints Bay) is a city on the northeast coast of Brazil and the capital of the northeastern... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... For other uses, see Samba (disambiguation). ...

Carnival is celebrated in several Argentine cities in the subtropical northeast. Carnival in Buenos Aires is notable for the dancing murga troupes. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ...

Mardi Gras Papier-mâché masks, Jacmel, Haiti.
Mardi Gras Papier-mâché masks, Jacmel, Haiti.

In the Caribbean, Carnival is celebrated on a number of islands:Aruba, Barbados, Dominica,Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, St. Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Trinidad and Tobago are some of the celebrants. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1713x1161, 509 KB) [[ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mardi Gras Papier-mâché Jacmel ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1713x1161, 509 KB) [[ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mardi Gras Papier-mâché Jacmel ... Papier-mâché around a form such as a balloon to create a pig. ... Location of Jacmel Jacmel (Jakmèl in Kréyòl) also known by its indigenous name of Yaquimel is a city in southern Haiti founded in 1698, it is the capital of the department of Sud-Est. ... Caribbean Carnival is an event that takes place in many of the Caribbean islands annually. ...


In Mexico, there are big Carnival celebrations every year in Mazatlán, which has "The third largest Mardi Gras in the world", and Veracruz, which that include the election of a queen and street parades. There is also a week-long Carnival or Mardi Gras celebration in Mérida, Yucatán. Mazatlán [masaˈtlan] is a city in the Mexican state of Sinaloa; the surrounding municipio (municipality) for which the city serves as the municipal seat is also called Mazatlán. ... Veracruz is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Cathedral on the Plaza Mayor, the oldest in North America [1]. Mérida is the capital city of the Mexican state of Yucatán. ... Yucatán is the name of one of the 31 states of Mexico, located on the north of the Yucatán Peninsula. ...


Carnival is celebrated in several Panamanian cities such as Las Tablas, Ocu, Chitre, Penonomé and Panama City. Carnival in this country is characterized by the soaking of people mainly via the use of water trucks and hoses. The celebrations tend to last through a four day holiday weekend. In Uruguay, the city of Montevideo hosts a large and lively Carnival, especially in its southern barrios.


United States

While not observed nationally throughout the United States, a number of cities and regions in the country have notable celebrations. Mardi Gras arrived in North America with the Le Moyne brothers, [1] Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville and Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, in the late 17th century, when King Louis XIV sent the pair to defend France's claim on the territory of Louisianne, which included what are now the U.S. states of Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana.[1] Pierre Le Moyne dIberville. ... Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville (February 23, 1680–March 7, 1767) was a colonizer and governor of Louisiana. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ... Louisiana sold in 1803 by Napoléon to USA, which was a portion of the historical extent of French Louisiana Louisiana (French language: La Louisiane) was the name of an administrative district of New France in the 17th and 18th centuries. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


The expedition, led by Iberville, entered the mouth of the Mississippi River on the evening of March 2, 1699 Lundi Gras, not yet knowing it was the great river explored and claimed for France by de La Salle in 1683. The party proceeded upstream to a place on the west bank about 60 miles downriver from present-day New Orleans, where a small tributary emptied into the great river, and made camp. It was March 3, 1699... Mardi Gras, so in honor of this holiday, Iberville named the spot Point du Mardi Gras (French: "Mardi Gras Point") and called the small tributary Bayou Mardi Gras enlou. In 1699, the traditional Catholic celebration ensued leading to what many refer to as "North America's first Mardi Gras". Between 1700-1702, Bienville founded the settlement of Mobile (Alabama), as the first capital of French Louisiana, [2] and in 1703, the American Mardi Gras tradition began with French annual celebrations in Mobile.[1] [3] [4] Year 1704 began with the masked ball, Masque De La Mobile,[1] and in 1711, Mobile began the first parades.[1] By 1720, Biloxi became the 2nd capital of Louisiana. The French customs were adopted there,[1] and Mardi Gras is still celebrated along the Mississippi Gulf Coast to this day. Iberville can refer to Pierre Le Moyne dIberville Iberville Parish, Louisiana Iberville, Quebec Category: ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The tradition of Lundi Gras (in French, Fat Monday) began in New Orleans in 1874, 18 years after the beginning of modern Carnival celebrations in North America. ... Places named La Salle or LaSalle Canada LaSalle, Ontario LaSalle, Quebec, borough of Montreal LaSalle—Émard federal electoral district, Quebec France La Salle, Saône-et-Loire, a commune in the Saône-et-Loire département La Salle, Vosges, a commune in the Vosges département La Salle... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Iberville can refer to Pierre Le Moyne dIberville Iberville Parish, Louisiana Iberville, Quebec Category: ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... Events March 8 - William III died; Princess Anne Stuart becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville (February 23, 1680–March 7, 1767) was a colonizer and governor of Louisiana. ... It has been suggested that List of people from Mobile, Alabama be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Louisiana sold in 1803 by Napoléon to USA, which was a portion of the historical extent of French Louisiana Louisiana (French language: La Louisiane) was the name of an administrative district of New France in the 17th and 18th centuries. ... Events February 2 - Earthquake in Aquila, Italy February 4 - In Japan, the 47 samurai commit seppuku (ritual suicide) February 14 - Earthquake in Norcia, Italy April 21 - Company of Quenching of Fire (ie. ... Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... 1711 (MDCCXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... Biloxi Lighthouse (of 1848) Biloxi () is a city in Harrison County, Mississippi, in the U.S.. The 2000 census recorded the population as 50,644. ...


In 1723, the capital of Louisiana was moved, due to fear of tides and hurricanes, to an inland harbor town founded 1718[2] called "Nouvelle-Orléans" (New Orleans),[1] and the tradition, which had started 20 years earlier in Mobile, was expanded. Nearly 125 years after Mobile's first parade of 1711,[1] a krewe from Mobile, the Cowbellion de Rakin Society (1830), began the first known parades in New Orleans (1835).[1] Over the passing decades, following their European customs, Carnival celebrations took place in all towns and cities in the colony. Mardi Gras Carnival celebrations became an annual event highlighted by lavish balls and masked spectacles, such as Masque de la Mobile from 1704.[1] Some were small, private parties with select guest-lists, while others were raucous, public affairs. Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... Year 1718 (MDCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... A Krewe (pronounced identically to English crew) is an organization that puts on a parade and or a ball for the Carnival season. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Louisiana

New Orleans

New Orleans Mardi Gras celebrations draw hundreds of thousands of tourists to the city in addition to the celebrating locals for the parties and parades. Most tourists can be found within the French Quarter, especially Bourbon Street. Mardi Gras came to New Orleans with the French settlers at the start of the 18th century. Revelers, Frenchmen Street, Faubourg Marigny. ... Revelers, Frenchmen Street, Faubourg Marigny. ... “Tourist” redirects here. ... Chehel Sotouns Wall painting, that dates back to the Safavid era, depicts a Chaharshanbe Suri celebration. ... United States Marines on parade. ... French Quarter: upper Chartres street looking down towards Jackson Square and the spires of St. ... The famous sign of Bourbon Street in New Orleans. ...


New Orleans developed new traditions, including Carnival organizations called Krewes, which decorate gaily colored floats, "Truck parades" of huge, decorated trucks often have more than 100 entries. Other parades are held by "walking clubs," consisting of maskers promenading to the blare of the city's famous jazz bands. There are also elaborate masked, tableau balls held by most of the parading krewes and other organizations which limit their activities only to balls. Usually invitation-only affairs, many of the balls feature the presentation of the city's debutantes. A Krewe (pronounced identically to English crew) is an organization that puts on a parade and or a ball for the Carnival season. ...


Other Louisiana cities

New Roads, Louisiana hosts the state's oldest Mardi Gras celebration outside New Orleans. The family-friendly celebration consists of floats, marching bands and drill units. Lafayette, Louisiana is home to a large Mardi Gras celebration which includes eight parades of floats and bands during the Carnival season. The city of New Roads is the parish seat of Pointe Coupee Parish, in the US state of Louisiana. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... : Hub City : The Heart of Cajun Country United States Louisiana Lafayette 47. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Other places in the New Orleans metropolitan area also have celebrations; notably the suburbs of Metairie, La Place and Chalmette have large parades. Without the restrictions on commercial sponsorship of parades seen in Orleans Parish, there is much advertising and trademark placements on the parades in Metairie. Metairie parades also tend to be more family-oriented, and even include a children's parade. The New Orleans Metropolitan Area, consisting of the Greater New Orleans region and three addtional parishes which share the perimeter of Lake Ponchartrain, is the largest metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Louisiana, centered around the city of New Orleans. ... , Metairie (local pronunciations , ) is a suburb of New Orleans. ... Laplace (sometimes spelled LaPlace or La Place) is a census-designated place located in St. ... The unincorporated community of Chalmette is the parish seat of St. ...


Houma, Louisiana hosts a significant Mardi Gras celebration of nine parades, three of which roll on Shrove Tuesday, and the others on the two weekends preceding the big day. The city of Houma (pronounced ) is the parish seat of Terrebonne Parish, in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Other cities as well hold Mardi Gras parades, including Minden, Springhill, Natchitoches, and Columbia. Mardi Gras is one of the exceptions to the Louisiana law against wearing hoods and masks in public, the other two being Halloween and religious beliefs. The small city of Minden is the parish seat of Webster Parish, in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... Springhill is a small city in Webster Parish, Louisiana, United States. ... The city of Natchitoches (pronounced , or NAK-uh-tush) is the parish seat of Natchitoches Parish, in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ...


Courir de Mardi Gras

In parts of the Cajun country, such as Eunice, Louisiana, Basile, Louisiana Church Point, Louisiana and Mamou, Louisiana, the traditional Courir du Mardi Gras (French - Running of the Mardi Gras) is still run, sometimes by maskers on horseback led by "Le Capitaine" who gather ingredients for making the communal meal (usually a gumbo). Participants gather in costume and move from home to home requesting ingredients for the night's meal. This rural Mardi Gras draws on traditions that are centuries old as revelers sing "La Chanson de Mardi Gras," a song echoing medieval melodies. People escape from ordinary life partly through the alcohol many consume in their festive quest, but even more through the roles they portray. As they act out their parts in a wild, gaudy pageant, they are escaping from routine existence, freed from the restraints that confine them every other day in the year. [5] Cajuns are an ethnic group mainly living in Louisiana, consisting of the descendants of Acadian exiles and peoples of other ethnicities with whom the Acadians eventually intermarried on the semitropical frontier. ... Eunice is a city in St. ... Basile is a town located in Evangeline Parish, Louisiana. ... Church Point is a town located in Acadia Parish, Louisiana. ... Mamou is a town located in Evangeline Parish, Louisiana. ...


The capitaine maintains control over the Mardi Gras. He issues instructions to the riders as they assemble early in the morning and then leads them on their run. When they arrive at a farm house, he obtains permission to enter private property, after which the riders may charge toward the house, where the Mardi Gras sing, dance, and beg until the owner offers them an ingredient for a gumbo. Often, the owner will throw a live chicken into the air that the Mardi Gras will chase, like football players trying to recover a fumble. By mid to late afternoon, the courir returns to town and parades down the main street on the way to the location where the evening gumbo will be prepared. [6]


Other US cities

Galveston Island

Galveston, Texas is home to Texas' largest Mardi Gras festival, the island tradition begun in 1867, and which includes night parades, masked balls and exquisite costumes.


Detroit

Michigan's first Catholic settlers were French, but the Fat Tuesday celebrations of modern times in Detroit stem from more the recent influence of the Polish Paczki Day. Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... “Detroit” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Fauschnaut_Day be merged into this article or section. ...


Biloxi area

Biloxi, Mississippi holds a traditional morning parade by the Gulf Coast Carnival Association (GCCA). Nearby Gulfport, holds a traditional night parade sponsored by the Krewe of Gemini. Other parades include evening events in D'Iberville and Gautier, Mississippi. Damage from Hurricane Katrina has led to either deviations from traditional routes or parade cancellations in some locations. Biloxi Lighthouse (of 1848) Biloxi () is a city in Harrison County, Mississippi, in the U.S.. The 2000 census recorded the population as 50,644. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Location of Gulfport in the State of Mississippi Coordinates: , Country United States State Mississippi County Harrison Founded Incorporated Government  - Mayor Brent Warr Area  - City  64. ... DIberville is a city located in Harrison County, Mississippi. ... Gautier (go-Chay) is a city along the Gulf of Mexico, west of Pascagoula, in Jackson County, Mississippi, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ...


Mobile
Main article: Mardi Gras in Mobile

Mobile, Alabama, as the first capital of French Louisiana, has the longest tradition of observing Mardi Gras in America,[1][3][4] with the celebration of Mardi Gras in Mobile dating back to 1703, and detailed by the Mardi Gras Museum, located in downtown Mobile.[1] Mardi Gras in Mobile: the Order of Myths parade. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... It has been suggested that List of people from Mobile, Alabama be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Louisiana sold in 1803 by Napoléon to USA, which was a portion of the historical extent of French Louisiana Louisiana (French language: La Louisiane) was the name of an administrative district of New France in the 17th and 18th centuries. ... Events February 2 - Earthquake in Aquila, Italy February 4 - In Japan, the 47 samurai commit seppuku (ritual suicide) February 14 - Earthquake in Norcia, Italy April 21 - Company of Quenching of Fire (ie. ...

In 1704, Mobile began the annual masked ball, Masque de la Mobile,[1] and in 1711, Mobile began the first parades (Boeuf Gras society).[1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... It has been suggested that List of people from Mobile, Alabama be merged into this article or section. ... Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... 1711 (MDCCXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1723, the capital of Louisiana was moved to a new town founded 1718[2] called "Nouvelle-Orléans" (New Orleans),[1] and the tradition, which had started 20 years earlier in Mobile, was expanded. Nearly 125 years after Mobile's first parade of 1711,[1] a krewe from Mobile, the Cowbellion de Rakin' Society, began the first known organized parades in New Orleans (1835),[1] which were previously impromptu gatherings on the final day. Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ... Year 1718 (MDCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... A Krewe (pronounced identically to English crew) is an organization that puts on a parade and or a ball for the Carnival season. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Impromptu (disambiguation). ...

Mardi Gras in Mobile: Order of Myths in 2007
Order of Myths parade, in Mobile, 2007.

Mobile's celebrations were halted with the American Civil War,[1] but were revived in 1866 with a Tuesday parade in Mobile by Joe Cain, who had worked with New Orleans parades in 1865, and whose memory is still honored each Carnival (see: the Joe Cain Parade, including his honorary "Merry Widows"). The Mobile Mardi Gras season traditionally ends with the Order of Myths (OOM) parade, produced by the society of the same name since 1868.[1] This is a special honor, because the 'double-O M's' are one of the oldest continuously parading Mardi Gras societies in America. Other parading organizations of long-standing include the Infant Mystics, an annual event since 1874 and who roll on the Monday evening prior to Mardi Gras; the Knights of Revelry, who have rolled at midday on Fat Tuesday since 1875; and the satirical Comic Cowboys, who have paraded on Mardi Gras afternoon since 1884.[1] Mobile Mardi Gras royalty includes King Felix, who has reigned since 1872, and his queen, as well as the king and queen of the Mobile Area Mardi Gras Association. Each of Mobile's more than two dozen parades draw, according to careful police estimates, anywhere from 20,000 to 100,000 spectators. During these parades - held on Mardi Gras itself and in the three weeks preceding it - masked and costumed float riders toss candy, beads (bead necklaces), toys, stuffed animals, commemorative stamped coins, and Moon Pies, a sweet baked good that combines a graham cracker like crust with marshmallow and is then covered in a flavored frosting (typically chocolate, banana, or strawberry).[1] While most parading societies also hold elaborate balls, other societies stage balls only, such as the city's oldest mystic society, the Striker's Independent Society, formed in 1843.[1] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixel Image in higher resolution (1310 × 870 pixel, file size: 167 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Mardi Gras in Mobile, Alabama, at the Order of Myths parade: float showing catepillar from story (retouched photo, 2007-02-20). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixel Image in higher resolution (1310 × 870 pixel, file size: 167 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Mardi Gras in Mobile, Alabama, at the Order of Myths parade: float showing catepillar from story (retouched photo, 2007-02-20). ... Mardi Gras in Mobile: the Order of Myths parade. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 652 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1000 × 920 pixel, file size: 116 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Mardi Gras in Mobile, Alabama, at the Order of Myths parade: the insignia float traditionally has Folly chasing Death around the Pillar of... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 652 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1000 × 920 pixel, file size: 116 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Mardi Gras in Mobile, Alabama, at the Order of Myths parade: the insignia float traditionally has Folly chasing Death around the Pillar of... It has been suggested that List of people from Mobile, Alabama be merged into this article or section. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Joseph Stillwell Cain (Joe Cain) is largely credited for the rebirth of Mardi Gras in Mobile, Alabama. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Joseph Stillwell Cain (Joe Cain) is largely credited for the rebirth of Mardi Gras in Mobile, Alabama. ... A moon pie is a modern-day pastry food, invented during the first half of the 20th century. ... The Strikers Independent Society (S. I. S.) was founded in 1843 [1] and was one of the mystic societies in Mobile, Alabama which participated in Carnival during New Years Eve and New Years Day celebrations. ...


Pensacola

Pensacola, Florida hosts a Mardi Gras Celebration. The Pensacola celebrations also use Moon Pies in combination with beads, coins, candies & Krewe related trades. Nickname: Location in Escambia County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Escambia Government  - Mayor John Fogg Area  - City 39. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... A moon pie is a modern-day pastry food, invented during the first half of the 20th century. ...


St. Louis

St. Louis, Missouri hosts the St. Louis Mardi Gras festival in the Soulard district , generally attracting between 500,000 and 600,000 people and growing each year. The event is similar to the New Orleans celebration in that it hosts several parades during the Mardi Gras season. The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St Louis[1] Area  Ranked 21st  - Total 69,709 sq mi (180,693 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 300 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Soulard is a historic neighborhood in St. ...


Port Arthur

Port Arthur, Texas is home to a very fast-growing Mardi Gras celebration. It began in 1992. Port Arthur is a city in Jefferson County within the Beaumont-Port Arthur metropolitan area and is situated in southeast Texas. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ...


Later

As of 2005, there is a corporate sponsored party in the Gaslamp Quarter of downtown San Diego.[7] Mardi Gras celebrations in San Luis Obispo have been controversial in recent years, with leaders of this Central California city calling for an end to public celebrations in 2005. Civic and university leaders hope to end the event as a state-wide party destination for students. See: San Luis Obispo Mardi Gras controversy. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: San Diego | Stub ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin... The San Luis Obispo Mardi Gras controversy refers to a major town and gown conflict in the city of San Luis Obispo, California. ...


Europe

In the Belgian city of Binche the "Mardi Gras" is the most important day of the year and the summit of the Carnival of Binche. Around 1000 Gilles are dancing through the city from 4.00 AM to late hours on traditional carnival songs. In 2003, the Carnival of Binche was proclaimed one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. Binche is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... Map showing the Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Heritage by country designation as of 2005: red (countries with 4 designations), orange (3), yellow (2) and green (1). ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...


The celebration of Mardi Gras in Germany is called Karneval, Fastnacht, or Fasching[8]. Fastnacht means "Eve of the Beginning of the Fast", and thus it is celebrated until the day before Ash Wednesday.


Carnival is celebrated in much of Italy. That in Venice is one of the most famous in the world, along with that of Rio and New Orleans. See: Carnival of Venice For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... Example of masks used during the carnival Venice Shop Window (Spring 2002). ...


In Slovenia it is called Kurentovanje. It's from the word Kurent which is the name of a mask- made of sheep skin and is richly decorated. People make noise with bells attached on their hips. It's also one of the traditions to eat doughnuts. Kurentovanje is a ten day long rite of spring and fertility, celebrated in Slovenia. ...


In Sweden this is called Fettisdagen. It comes from the word "fett" (fat) and "tisdag" (Tuesday). Originally, this was the only day one should eat "Semlor" (Semla) (fat Tuesday buns), but these are now found in most grocery stores and bakeries preceding the holiday, and up until Easter. Fettisdagen (Fat Tusesday[1]) is the tuesday after the Quinquagesima and the last day before the Christian feast; the day between the Blue Monday, and the Ash Wednesday. ... A typical semla. ... This article is about the Christian festival. ...


Asia

In Goa, India, the Carnival is celebrated for three days culminating on Fat Tuesday. Goa was a Portuguese colony until 1961. For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ...


Australia

The large LGBT pride festival in Sydney, Australia is called the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, although it is held in February to early March. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Gay pride or LGBT pride refers to a world wide movement and philosophy asserting that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals should be proud of their sexual orientation and gender identity. ... This is about the city of Sydney in Australia. ... Performers in the 2006 Sydney Mardi Gras The Sydney Gay & Lesbian Mardi Gras is an annual gay pride parade and festival for the gay and lesbian community in Sydney, Australia. ...


References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "New Orleans & Mardi Gras History Timeline" (event list), Mardi Gras Digest, 2005, webpage: MG-time.
  2. ^ a b c "Timeline 18th Century:" (events), Timelines of History, 2007, webpage: TLine-1700-1724: on "1702-1711" of Mobile.
  3. ^ a b "Mardi Gras in Mobile" (history), Jeff Sessions, Senator, Library of Congress, 2006, webpage: LibCongress-2665.
  4. ^ a b "Mardi Gras" (history), Mobile Bay Convention & Visitors Bureau, 2007, webpage: MGmobile.
  5. ^ www.lsue.edu "Mardi Gras in Rural Acadiana"
  6. ^ www.lsue.edu "Mardi Gras in Rural Acadiana"
  7. ^ "Bourbon Street in San Diego", The San Diego Union-Tribune, February 7, 2005, [1].
  8. ^ http://www.serve.com/shea/germusa/karneval.htm

Jefferson Beauregard Jeff Sessions III (born December 24, 1946) is the junior United States Senator from Alabama. ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mardi Gras - MSN Encarta (1326 words)
Mardi Gras is the last opportunity for revelry and indulgence in food and drink before the temperance of Lent.
Mardi Gras is informally observed in many North American cities, usually invoking the spirit of the New Orleans festivities.
Distinctive Mardi Gras traditions are also maintained by the Cajuns, an ethnic group that derives its culture from French Canadian refugees who settled in southwestern Louisiana during the 18th century.
Mardi Gras (638 words)
Mardi Gras finds its origins in the Roman tradition of Carnival, which is Latin for "kiss your flesh goodbye." It is the long season between Christmas and Lent in which the Romans indulged in food and drink more than normal in preparation for the fasting which would come with the advent of Lent.
Mardi Gras itself (also know as Fat Tuesday) is the day before Ash Wednesday, the last day to overindulge before the self sacrifices of Lent.
Worldwide, Mardi Gras is known as a time to cut loose from the daily grind and partake in a "no-holds barred" celebration in the spirit of utter abandonment.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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