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Encyclopedia > Marcus Claudius Marcellus

Marcus Claudius Marcellus (ca. 268 BC-208 BC) was a Roman general, one of the commanders of the Roman Army during the Second Punic War and the conqueror of Syracuse. Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC - 260s BC - 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 273 BC 272 BC 271 BC 270 BC 269 BC 268 BC - 267 BC 266 BC 265... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC - 200s BC - 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC Years: 213 BC 212 BC 211 BC 210 BC 209 BC - 208 BC - 207 BC 206 BC... Combatants Image:SPQR-Stone. ... Syracuse (Italian, Siracusa, ancient Syracusa - see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a city on the eastern coast of Sicily and the capital of the province of Syracuse, Italy. ...


In his first consulship (222 BC) he was engaged, with Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus (uncle of Scipio Africanus) as colleague, in war against the Insubrian Gauls at the Battle of Clastidium, and won the spolia opima, the greatest of all possible honors for a Roman, for the third and last time in Roman history by slaying their chief Viridomarus in an one-on-one melee (Polybius ii. 34; Propertius v. 10, 39). Consul (abbrev. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC - 220s BC - 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC Years: 227 BC 226 BC 225 BC 224 BC 223 BC - 222 BC - 221 BC 220 BC... Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus (d. ... Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Major (Latin: P·CORNELIVS·P·F·L·N·SCIPIO·AFRICANVS¹) (235–183 BC) was a general in the Second Punic War and statesman of the Roman Republic. ... The Insubres or Insubri were a Celtic population who settled in Insubria, in what is now Lombardy. ... Combatants Roman Republic Gauls Commanders Marcellus Viridomarus† The Battle of Clastidium was fought in 222 BC between a Roman Republic army led by Marcus Claudius Marcellus and the Gauls led by Viridomarus. ... See Spolia for Roman reuse of building rubble, and Spolia (disambiguation) for other meanings Definition and History Spolia opima (or best spoils/trophies) refers to the armor, arms, and other effects that an ancient Roman general had stripped from the body of an opposing commander slain in single, hand-to... Viridomarus (died 222 BC) was a Gaulish military leader who led an army against an army of the Roman Republic at the Battle of Clastidium. ... Polybius (c. ... Sextus Aurelius Propertius was a Latin elegiac poet born between 57 BC and 46 BC in or near Mevania, who died in around 12 BC. Like Virgil and Ovid, Propertius was also a member of the poetic circle of neoteric poets which collected around Mæcenas. ...


During the Punic Wars he first served against Hamilcar in Sicily. In 216, after the defeat at Cannae, he took command of the remnant of the army at Casilinum, and although he was unable to prevent Capua going over to Hannibal, he saved Nola and southern Campania. Hamilcar Barca or Barcas (~270 – 228 BC) was a Carthaginian general and statesman, leader of the Barcid family, and father of Hannibal. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Cannae (mod. ... Casilinum (modern Capua), an ancient city of Campania, Italy, 3 m. ... Capua is a city in the province of Caserta, (Campania, Italy) situated 25 km (16 mi) north of Napoli, on the northeastern edge of the Campanian plain. ... Hannibal, the son of Hamilcar Barca, (247 BC – ca. ... For other uses, see Nola (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ...


In 214 BC, he was in Sicily as consul at the time of the revolt of Syracuse; he stormed Leontini and besieged Syracuse, but the skill of Archimedes repelled his attacks by sea. After a two years' siege he gradually forced his way into the city and took it in the face of strong Punic reinforcements. According to Plutarch, Marcellus took advantage of a poorly guarded fortification which he had seen during diplomatic negotiations, and conquered the city. Although (again, in Plutarch's mouth[1]) he wished to spare the lives of the Syracusans, he could not prevent the sack of the city by his soldiers: a by-product of which was the killing of Archimedes. Otherwise, Marcellus is said to have spared the lives of the inhabitants, but carried off their art treasures to Rome, the first instance of a practice afterwards common. Leontini (mod. ... Archimedes of Syracuse (Greek: c. ... Mestrius Plutarchus (Greek: Πλούταρχος; 46 - 127), better known in English as Plutarch, was a Greek historian, biographer, essayist, and Middle Platonist. ... Archimedes of Syracuse (Greek: c. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5...


Consul again in 210 BC, he took Salapia in Apulia, which had revolted to Hannibal, by help of the Roman party there, and put to death the Numidian garrison. Proconsul in 209 BC, he attacked Hannibal near Venusia, and after a desperate battle retired to that town; he was accused of bad generalship, and had to leave the army to defend himself in Rome. This article is about the Italian region. ... Numidia was an ancient Berber kingdom in North Africa that later alternated between a Roman province and a Roman client state, and is no longer in existence today. ... Venusia (modern Venosa) was an ancient city of Basilicata, Italy, on the Via Appia, about 10 km south of the river Aufidus (Ofanto), and not far from the boundary of Lucania. ...


In his last consulship (208 BC), he and his colleague, while reconnoitring near Venusia, were unexpectedly attacked, and Marcellus was killed. His successes have been exaggerated by Livy, but the name often given to him, the "sword of Rome" was well deserved. A portrait of Titus Livius made long after his death. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Note that Plutarch lived in the 1st-2nd century, when the respect for the Greek culture and technology was already present in the Roman culture. In Polybius, who wrote his account of Marcellus siege in the 2nd century BC, there is no reference to Marcellus respect for Syracusan citizens or properties.

Mestrius Plutarchus (Greek: Πλούταρχος; 46 - 127), better known in English as Plutarch, was a Greek historian, biographer, essayist, and Middle Platonist. ... Polybius (c. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

  • Plutarch's Life of Marcellus
  • Polybius' Histories
The Works of Plutarch
The Works Parallel Lives | The Moralia | Pseudo-Plutarch
The Lives

Alcibiades and Coriolanus1Alexander the Great and Julius CaesarAratus of Sicyon & Artaxerxes and Galba & Otho2Aristides and Cato the Elder1
Crassus and Nicias1Demetrius and Antony1Demosthenes and Cicero1Dion and Brutus1Fabius and Pericles1Lucullus and Cimon1
Lysander and Sulla1Numa and Lycurgus1Pelopidas and Marcellus1Philopoemen and Flamininus1Phocion and Cato the Younger
Pompey and Agesilaus1Poplicola and Solon1Pyrrhus and Gaius MariusRomulus and Theseus1Sertorius and Eumenes1
Tiberius Gracchus & Gaius Gracchus and Agis & Cleomenes1Timoleon and Aemilius Paulus1Themistocles and Camillus
Mestrius Plutarchus (Greek: Πλούταρχος; 46 - 127), better known in English as Plutarch, was a Greek historian, biographer, essayist, and Middle Platonist. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Plutarch in Greek Plutarchs Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans is a series of biographies of famous men, arranged in tandem to illuminate their common moral virtues or failings. ... External links The Moralia (loosely translatable as Matters relating to customs and mores) of Plutarch is an eclectic collection of 78 essays and transcribed speeches, which includes On the Fortune or the Virtue of Alexander the Great — an important adjunct to his Life of the great general — On... Pseudo-Plutarch is the conventional name given to the unknown authors of a number of pseudepigrapha attributed to Plutarch. ... 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Servius Sulpicius Galba (December 24, 3 BC – January 15, 69) was Roman Emperor from June 8, 68 until his death. ... Emperor Otho. ... Aristides (530 BC–468 BC) was an Athenian statesman, nicknamed the Just. He was the son of Lysimachus, and a member of a family of moderate fortune. ... Marcus Porcius Cato (Latin: M·PORCIVS·M·F·CATO[1]) (234 BC, Tusculum–149 BC) was a Roman statesman, surnamed the Censor (Censorius), Sapiens, Priscus, or the Elder (Major), to distinguish him from Cato the Younger (his great-grandson). ... Marcus Licinius Crassus (Latin: M·LICINIVS·P·F·P·N·CRASSVS[1]) (c. ... Nicias expeditions, before the Sicilian campaign. ... Demetrius I (337-283 BC, Greek: Δημήτριος), surnamed Poliorcetes (The Besieger), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a king of Macedon (294 - 288 BC). ... Bust of Mark Antony Marcus Antonius (Latin: M·ANTONIVS·M·F·M·N[1]) ( January 14 83 BC – August 1, 30 BC), known in English as Mark Antony, was a Roman politician and general. ... Demosthenes (384–322 BC, Greek: Δημοσθένης, DÄ“mosthénÄ“s) was a prominent Greek statesman and orator of ancient Athens. ... Cicero at about age 60, from an ancient marble bust Marcus Tullius Cicero (IPA:Classical Latin pronunciation: , usually pronounced in American English or in British English; January 3, 106 BC – December 7, 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, lawyer, political theorist, philosopher, widely considered one of Romes greatest orators... Dion (408-354 BC), tyrant of Syracuse in Sicily, was the son of Hipparinus, and brother-in-law of Dionysius I of Syracuse. ... Ancient marble bust of Marcus Brutus Marcus Junius Brutus (85 BC – 42 BC), or Quintus Servilius Caepio Brutus, was a Roman senator of the late Roman Republic. ... Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus (c. ... Pericles or Perikles (ca. ... Lucius Licinius Lucullus (c. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lysander (d. ... Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix (Latin: L·CORNELIVS·L·F·P·N·SVLLA·FELIX)[1] (ca. ... rome hotel According to legend, Numa Pompilius was the second of the Kings of Rome, succeeding Romulus. ... // Lycurgus Lycurgus (Greek: , Lukoûrgos; 700 BC?–630 BC) was the legendary lawgiver of Sparta, who established the military-oriented reformation of Spartan society in accordance with the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi. ... Pelopidas (d. ... Philopoemen (253-184 B.C.), Greek general, was born at Megalopolis, and educated by the academic philosophers Ecdemus and Demophanes or Megalophanes, who had distinguished themselves as champions of freedom. ... Titus Quinctius Flamininus (c. ... Phocion (c402 - c318 BC), Athenian statesman and general, was born the son of a small manufacturer. ... 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Gaius Gracchus (Latin: C·SEMPRONIVS·TI·F·P·N·GRACCVS) (154 BC-121 BC) was a Roman politician of the 2nd century BC. He was the younger brother of Tiberius Gracchus and, like him, pursued a popular political agenda that ultimately ended in his death. ... Son of Eudamidas II., of the Eurypontid family, commonly called Agis IV. He succeeded his father probably in 245 BC, in his twentieth year. ... Cleomenes III was the son of Leonidas II. In keeping with the Spartan agoge and the native pederastic tradition he was the hearer (aites) of Xenares and later the inspirer (eispnelos) of Panteus. ... Timoleon (c. ... Lucius Aemilius Paulus Macedonicus (229 BC-160 BC) was a Roman general and politician. ... This article cites its sources but does not provide page references. ... Marcus Furius Camillus (circa 446- 365 BC) was a Roman soldier and statesman of patrician descent. ...

The Translators John Dryden | Thomas North | Jacques Amyot | Philemon Holland | Arthur Hugh Clough
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1 Comparison extant 2 Four unpaired Lives John Dryden John Dryden (August 19 {August 9 O.S.}, 1631 - May 12 {May 1 O.S.}, 1700) was an influential English poet, literary critic, translator and playwright, who dominated the literary life of Restoration England to such a point that the period came to be known in literary circles... Sir Thomas North (1535? - 1601?), English translator of Plutarch, second son of the 1st Baron North, was born about 1535. ... Jacques Amyot (October 30, 1513 - February 6, 1593), French writer, was born of poor parents, at Melun. ... Philemon Holland (1552 - 1637) was an English translator. ... Arthur Hugh Clough (January 1, 1819 – November 13, 1861) was an English poet, and the brother of Anne Jemima Clough. ...

Preceded by
Gaius Flaminius and Publius Furius Philus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus
222 BC
Succeeded by
Publius Cornelius Scipio Asina and Marcus Minucius Rufus and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (Suffect)
Preceded by
Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus and Lucius Postumius Albinus
Consul (Suffect) of the Roman Republic
with Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus,
abdicated

215 BC
Succeeded by
Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus and Marcus Minucius Rufus and Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus (Suffect)
Preceded by
Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus and Marcus Minucius Rufus and Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus (Suffect)
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus
214 BC
Succeeded by
Quintus Fabius Maximus and Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus
Preceded by
Publius Sulpicius Galba Maximus and Marcus Minucius Rufus and Gnaeus Fulvius Centumalus Maximus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Marcus Valerius Laevinus
210 BC
Succeeded by
Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus and Quintus Fulvius Flaccus
Preceded by
Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus and Quintus Fulvius Flaccus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Titus Quinctius Crispinus
208 BC
Succeeded by
Gaius Claudius Nero and Marcus Livius Salinator

  Results from FactBites:
 
Marcus Claudius Marcellus (Julio-Claudian dynasty) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (253 words)
Marcus Claudius Marcellus (42-23 BC) was the son of Octavia Thurina Minor, sister of Caesar Augustus, and Gaius Claudius Marcellus Minor, a former consul.
He was descended from Marcus Claudius Marcellus, a famous general in the Second Punic War.
As he grew older, Marcellus was seen often in public with Augustus, including at his triumphs over Mark Antony and Cleopatra and a campaign against the Cantabri.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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