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Encyclopedia > Marcus Aurelius Probus
For the village in Cornwall see Probus, Cornwall.

Marcus Aurelius Probus (c. 232September/October, 282), Roman emperor (276282), was a native of Sirmium in Pannonia.


At an early age he entered the army, where he distinguished himself under the emperors Valerian, Tacitus and Aurelian. He was appointed governor of the East by the emperor Tacitus, at whose death he was immediately proclaimed his successor by the soldiers.


Florianus, who had claimed to succeed his brother, was put to death by his own troops, and the Senate eagerly ratified the choice of the army. The reign of Probus was mainly spent in successful wars by which he re-established the security of all the frontiers, the most important of these operations being directed to clearing Gaul of German invaders.


Probus had also put down three usurpers, Saturninus, Proculus and Bonosus. One of his principles was never to allow the soldiers to be idle, and to employ them in time of peace on useful works, such as the planting of vineyards in Gaul, Pannonia and other districts. This increase of duties was naturally unpopular, and while the emperor was urging on the draining of the marshes of his native place he was attacked and slain by his own soldiers.


Scarcely any emperor has left behind him so good a reputation; his death was mourned alike by senate and people, and even the soldiers repented and raised a monument in his honour.


This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.


External link

  • Coinage of Probus (http://probvs.info/)

See also: Roman Empire and Henry IV Probus Duke of Poland.


Preceded by
Florianus
Roman Emperor
Succeeded by
Carus

  Results from FactBites:
 
Marcus Aurelius Probus - LoveToKnow 1911 (262 words)
MARCUS AURELIUS PROBUS, Roman emperor A.D. 276 to 282, was a native of Sirmium in Pannonia.
Florianus, who had claimed to succeed his brother, was put to death by his own troops, and the senate eagerly ratified the choice of the army.
The reign of Probus was mainly spent in successful wars by which he re-established the security of all the frontiers, the most important of these operations being directed to clearing Gaul of the Germans.
Marcus Aurelius Probus - Antwoorden.org (432 words)
Probus was geboren in een Romeinse provincie in de Balkan, als zoon van een uit de boerenstand afkomstige officier van het Romeinse leger, en verkoos een militaire carrière.
Na de moord op Tacitus in hetzelfde jaar riepen Probus' troepen hem uit tot keizer, maar er was een mededinger, Tacitus' halfbroer Florianus.
Daarna, in 281, trok Probus eindelijk naar Rome.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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