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Encyclopedia > Marche
Regione Marche
Capital Ancona
President Gian Mario Spacca
(Democracy is Freedom - Daisy-Union)
Provinces 5
Comuni 246
Area 9,694 km²
 - Ranked 15th (3.2 %)
Population (2006 est.)
 - Total

 - Ranked
 - Density Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Marche. ... Ancona is a city and a seaport in the Marche, a region of central Italy, population 101,909 (2005). ... Daisy-Democracy is Freedom (full name in Italian: Democrazia è Libertà – La Margherita: Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy) is a centrist political Party in Italy. ... The Union (Italian: LUnione) is an Italian centre-left political party coalition. ... In Italy, the province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (Regione). ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ...


1,528,809
6th (2.6 %)
158/km²
Image:Italy Regions Marche Map.png
Map highlighting the location of Marche in Italy

Contents

Image File history File links Italy_Regions_Marche_Map. ...

Geography

The Marche (plural, originally le marche de Ancona = the Marches of Ancona) are a region of Central Italy, bordering Emilia-Romagna north, Tuscany to the north-west, Umbria to west, Abruzzo and Latium to the south and the Adriatic Sea to the east. Except for the river valleys and the often very narrow coastal strip, the land is hilly. In the 19th century a railroad from Bologna to Brindisi linked the Marche along the coast-line of the entire territory: inland, the mountainous nature of the region even today allows little communication north and south, except by rough roads over the passes. Mark or march (or various plural forms of these words) are derived from the Frankish word marka (boundary) and refer to an area along a border, e. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Central Italy, encompasses six of the countrys 20 autonomous regions: Abruzzo Lazio Marche Molise Toscana Umbria Although the regions of Abruzzo and Molise are geographically located in Central Italy, the European office for statistics (Eurostat) lists these two regions within Southern Italy. ... Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Tuscany (Italian: ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Umbria is a region of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany to the west, the Marche to the east and Lazio to the south. ... Abruzzo is a region of Southern Italy bordering Marche to the north, Lazio to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... Latium (Lazio in Italian) is a region of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzo, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea. ... Bologna (IPA , from Latin Bononia, BulÃ¥ggna in the local dialect) is the capital city of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy, in the Pianura Padana, between the Po River and the Apennines, exactly between the Reno River and the Sàvena River. ... Brindisi is an ancient city in the Italian region of Puglia, the capital of the province of Brindisi. ...


The Marche is divided into five provinces:


Provinces of Marche Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1056x816, 28 KB) Map of the provinces of the Marche region of Italy. ...

The Province of Ancona (Italian: Provincia di Ancona) is a province in the Marche region of central Italy. ... Ascoli Piceno (It. ... Fermo Province was constituted by italian law in 2004 and is the fifth province of Marche Region. ... Macerata (It. ... Pesaro e Urbino (It. ...

History

Marche was known in the ancient time as the Picenum territory. It was conquered by the Romans in 2nd century BC. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the region was invaded by the Goths. In Middle Ages the towns of Ancona, Fano, Pesaro, Rimini and Senigallia formed part of the byzantine empire in the Italian peninsula. This territory was called the Pentapolis. During the Renaissance the region was ruled by the rival aristocratic families, the houses of Malatesta and Montefeltro. From 1532 to 1860 the Marche became part of the Papal States. Picenum was a town and region of ancient Roman Italy. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Invasion of the Goths: a late 19th century painting by O. Fritsche, is a highly romanticized portrait of the Goths as cavalrymen. ... A Pentapolis, from the Greek words penta five and polis city(-state) is geographic and/or institutional grouping of five cities. ... Map of the Papal States. ...


Economy

 The harbour of Ancona
The harbour of Ancona

In a traditional mezzadria system, under which products are equally divided between the owners and the cultivators of the land, the rather unproductive soil and difficult terrain was fairly highly cultivated. In modern times the Marche developed the industrial sectors of shoes, paper, furniture, shipbuilding. The port of Ancona was the only really good harbor, the other small harbors were used by fishing fleets: the Marche furnished a large contingent of sailors to the Italian navy. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 144 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ancona ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 144 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ancona ... Ancona is a city and a seaport in the Marche, a region of central Italy, population 101,909 (2005). ...


Politics

Marche forms, along with Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany and Umbria, the italian "Red Quadrilateral", a strongly left-wing area. In the April 2006 elections, the people of Marche gave 55% of their votes to Romano Prodi. A general election for the renewal of the two Chambers of the Parliament of Italy was held on April 9 and April 10, 2006. ...   (born August 9, 1939) is a centre-left Italian politician. ...


Demographics

As of 2006, the Italian national institute of statistics ISTAT estimated that 81,890 foreign-born immigrants live in Marche, equal to 5,3% of total regional population.


Towns of Marche with a population of 50,000 or more:

City Population (2006 est.)
Ancona 101,862
Pesaro 91,955
Fano 62,455
Ascoli Piceno 51,732

Ancona is a city and a seaport in the Marche, a region of central Italy, population 101,909 (2005). ... Pesaro is a town and comune in the Italian region of the Marche, capital of the Pesaro e Urbino province, on the Adriatic. ... Country Italy Region Marche Province Pesaro e Urbino (PU) Mayor Stefano Aguzzi (since June 2004) Elevation 12 m Area 121 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 61,675  - Density 512/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Fanesi Dialing code 0721 Postal code 61032 Frazioni Bellocchi, Camminate... Ascoli Piceno is a town in the Marche region, Italy, capital of the province of the same name. ...

External links


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