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Encyclopedia > Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo

Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo (November 3, 1856 - May 2, 1912) was a Spanish scholar and critic. November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... The Kingdom of Spain or Spain (Spanish and Galician: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. ... A critic (derived from the ancient Greek word krites meaning a judge) is a person who offers a value judgement or an interpretation. ...


He was born at Santander. In 1871-1872 he studied under Manuel Milà i Fontanals at the University of Barcelona, then proceeded to the central University of Madrid. His academic success was unprecedented; a special law was passed by the Cortes to enable him to become a professor at the age of twenty-two. Three years later he was elected a member of the Spanish Academy; but by this time he was well known throughout Spain. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Manuel Milà i Fontanals (May 4, 1818 - July 16, 1884), Spanish scholar, born at Vilafranca del Penedès, near Barcelona, was educated first at Barcelona, and afterwards at the university of Cervera. ... The University of Barcelona (Catalan Universitat de Barcelona) is a university located in the city of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ...


His first volume, Estudios críticos sobre escritores montañeses (1876), had attracted little notice, and his scholarly Horacio en Español (1877) appealed only to students. He became famous, through his Ciencia española (1878), a collection of polemical essays defending the national tradition against the attacks of political and religious reformers. The unbending orthodoxy of this work is even more noticeable in the Historia de los heterodoxos españoles (1880-1886), and the writer was hailed as the champion of the ultramontane party. as the Catholic Encyclopedia (1908-10) described his work "Every page of his writings reveals a wealth of strong common sense, clear perception, and a vein of wonderful and ever varying erudition. Thoroughly Catholic in spirit, he found his greatest delight, he declared, in devoting all his work to the glory of God and the exaltation of the name of Jesus."[1]  (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/16063a.htm). Ultramontanism literally alludes to a policy supporting those dwelling beyond the mountains (ultra montes), that is beyond the Alps - generally referring to the Pope in Rome. ...


His lectures (1881) on Calderón established his reputation as a literary critic; and his work as an historian of Spanish literature was continued in his Historia de las ideas estéticas en España (1881-1891), his edition (1890-1903) of Lope de Vega, his Antología de poetas líricos castellanos (1890-1906), and his Origenes de la novela (1905). The Spaniards are particularly averse to borrowing from the intellectual treasures of other nations. ...


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