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Encyclopedia > Marcel Proust
Marcel Proust

Born July 10, 1871(1871-07-10)
Auteuil, France
Died November 18, 1922 (aged 51)
Paris, France
Occupation Novelist, essayist, critic
Genres modernism
Notable work(s) In Search of Lost Time

Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (pronounced [maʁsɛl pʁust]) (July 10, 1871November 18, 1922) was a French novelist, essayist, and critic, best known as the author of À la recherche du temps perdu (in English, In Search of Lost Time; earlier translated as Remembrance of Things Past), a monumental work of twentieth-century fiction published in seven parts from 1913 to 1927. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The name Proust can refer to: Antonin Proust (1832-1905), French journalist and politician Joseph Proust (1754-1826), French chemist Marcel Proust (1871-1922), French author Proust (1931), an essay by Samuel Beckett Jean-Paul Proust (born 1940), The current Minister of State of Monaco Joseph Louis Proust (1754-1826... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Auteuil and Passy are part of the 16th arrondissement of Paris and Neuilly is a nearby suburb. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about work. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... An essayist is an author who writes compositions which can be about any particular subject. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A literary genre is one of the divisions of literature into genres according to particular criteria such as literary technique, tone, or content. ... For Christian theological modernism, see Liberal Christianity and Modernism (Roman Catholicism). ... In Search of Lost Time or Remembrance of Things Past (French: À la recherche du temps perdu) is a semi-autobiographical novel in seven volumes by Marcel Proust. ... Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon (January 16, 1675 - March 2, 1755), French soldier, diplomatist and writer of memoirs, was born at Versailles. ... Pierre de Bourdeille, seigneur (and abbé) de Brantôme (c. ... Balzac redirects here. ... “Baudelaire” redirects here. ... Anatole France (April 16, 1844 – October 12, 1924) was the pen name of French author Jacques Anatole François Thibault. ... Henri-Louis Bergson (October 18, 1859–January 4, 1941) was a major French philosopher, influential in the first half of the 20th century. ... Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (Russian: , Russian pronunciation: , sometimes transliterated Dostoyevsky, Dostoievsky, Dostojevskij or Dostoevski  ) (November 11 [O.S. October 30] 1821 – February 9 [O.S. January 28] 1881) was a Russian novelist and writer of fiction whose works, including Crime and Punishment and The Brothers Karamazov, have had a profound and... Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ... Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy(Lyof, Lyoff) (September 9 [O.S. August 28] 1828 – November 20 [O.S. November 7] 1910) (Russian: , IPA:  ), commonly referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer – novelist, essayist, dramatist and philosopher – as well as pacifist Christian anarchist and educational reformer. ... Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher best known for his work The World as Will and Representation. ... Stendhal. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Ahmet Altan, born on 1950, in Ankara, is a famous Turkish author. ... John Banville (born 8 December 1945) is an Irish novelist and journalist. ... Samuel Barclay Beckett (13 April 1906 – 22 December 1989) was an Irish dramatist, novelist and poet. ... Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (5 July 1889 – 11 October 1963) was a French poet, novelist, dramatist, designer, boxing manager and filmmaker. ... This article is about the writer. ... Jack Kerouac (pronounced ) (March 12, 1922 – October 21, 1969) was an American novelist, writer, poet, and artist. ... This article is about the Egyptian novelist. ... Manuel Mujica Laínez, Argentine fiction writer and art critic, was born in Buenos Aires on 11 September 1910 and died at Cruz Chica, Córdoba Province on 21 April 1984. ... Dame Jean Iris Murdoch DBE (July 15, 1919 – February 8, 1999) was an Irish-born British writer and philosopher, best known for her novels, which combine rich characterization and compelling plotlines, usually involving ethical or sexual themes. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, pronounced ) (April 22 [O.S. April 10] 1899, Saint Petersburg – July 2, 1977, Montreux) was a Russian-American, Academy Award nominated author. ... Ferit Orhan Pamuk (born on June 7, 1952 in Istanbul) is a Nobel Prize-winning Turkish novelist. ... Edmund Valentine White III (born January 13, 1940) is a novelist, short-story writer and critic. ... For the American writer, see Virginia Euwer Wolff. ... For other persons named Richard Wright, see Richard Wright (disambiguation). ... Richard McKay Rorty (October 4, 1931 - June 8, 2007) was an American philosopher. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... An essayist is an author who writes compositions which can be about any particular subject. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In Search of Lost Time or Remembrance of Things Past (French: À la recherche du temps perdu) is a semi-autobiographical novel in seven volumes by Marcel Proust. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ... For other uses, see Fiction (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Biography

Proust was born in Auteuil (the southern sector of Paris's then-rustic 16th arrondissement) at the home of his great-uncle, two months after the Treaty of Frankfurt formally ended the Franco-Prussian War. His birth took place during the violence that surrounded the suppression of the Paris Commune, and his childhood corresponds with the consolidation of the French Third Republic. Much of In Search of Lost Time concerns the vast changes, most particularly the decline of the aristocracy and the rise of the middle classes, that occurred in France during the Third Republic and the fin de siècle. Auteuil and Passy are part of the 16th arrondissement of Paris and Neuilly is a nearby suburb. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Appartment buildings in the 16th arrondissement of Paris The Stade Français rugby union fans at Parc des Princes. ... The Treaty of Frankfurt was signed May 10, 1871, at the end of the Franco-Prussian War. ... Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with South German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III François Achille Bazaine Patrice de Mac-Mahon, duc de Magenta Otto von Bismarck Helmuth von Moltke the Elder Strength 400,000 at wars beginning 1,200,000 Casualties 150,000... Le Père Duchesne looking at the statue of Napoleon I on top of the Vendome column: Eh ben ! bougre de canaille, on va donc te foutre en bas comme ta crapule de neveu !… (Well now! buggering rascal, we will knock you the fuck off just like your crook of... Motto Liberté, égalité, fraternité (Liberty, equality, brotherhood) Anthem La Marseillaise The French Third Republic, pre-World War I Capital Paris Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism, protestantism and judaism official religions (until 1905), None (from 1905 until 1940) (Law on the separation of Church and State of 1905) Government Republic... In Search of Lost Time or Remembrance of Things Past (French: À la recherche du temps perdu) is a semi-autobiographical novel in seven volumes by Marcel Proust. ... Fin de siècle is French for end of the century. The term turn-of-the-century is sometimes used as a synonym, but is more neutral (lacking some or most of the connotations described below), and can include the first years of a new century. ...


Proust's father, Achille Adrien Proust, was a prominent pathologist and epidemiologist, responsible for studying and attempting to remedy the causes and movements of cholera through Europe and Asia; he was the author of many articles and books on medicine and hygiene. Proust's mother, Jeanne Clémence Weil, was the daughter of a well-off and cultured Jewish family. Her father was a banker, whose life was marked with tragedy when he lost both his hands in a tragic boating accident[citation needed]. She was a literate and well-read woman. Her letters demonstrate a well-developed sense of humour, and her command of English was sufficient for her to provide the necessary impetus to her son's later attempts to translate John Ruskin.[1] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Epidemiology is the study of factors affecting the health and illness of populations, and serves as the foundation and logic of interventions made in the interest of public health and preventive medicine. ... Distribution of cholera Cholera, sometimes known as Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera, is an infectious gastroenteritis caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ...


By the age of nine, Proust had had his first serious asthma attack, and thereafter he was considered by himself, his family and his friends as a sickly child. Proust spent long holidays in the village of Illiers. This village, combined with aspects of the time he spent at his great-uncle's house in Auteuil became the model for the fictional town of Combray, where some of the most important scenes of In Search of Lost Time take place. (Illiers was renamed Illiers-Combray on the occasion of the Proust centenary celebrations). Combray is Marcel Prousts name for the village of Illiers in Normandy, of which the vivid recreation opens his vast semi-autobiographical novel In Search of Lost Time. ... Auteuil and Passy are part of the 16th arrondissement of Paris and Neuilly is a nearby suburb. ... In Search of Lost Time or Remembrance of Things Past (French: À la recherche du temps perdu) is a semi-autobiographical novel in seven volumes by Marcel Proust. ... Combray is Marcel Prousts name for the village of Illiers in Normandy, of which the vivid recreation opens his vast semi-autobiographical novel In Search of Lost Time. ...


Despite his poor health, Proust served a year (1889–90) as an enlisted man in the French army, stationed at Coligny Caserne in Orléans, an experience that provided a lengthy episode in The Guermantes' Way, part three of his novel. As a young man, Proust was a dilettante and a social climber, whose aspirations as a writer were hampered by his lack of application. His reputation from this period, as a snob and an amateur, contributed to his later troubles with getting Swann's Way, the first part of his large-scale novel, published in 1913. Orléans (Latin, meaning golden) is a city and commune in north-central France, about 130 km (80 miles) southwest of Paris. ... For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... A social climber is someone who seeks social prominence by obsequious behavior. ... This article is in need of attention. ...


Proust had a close relationship with his mother. In order to appease his father, who insisted that he pursue a career, Proust obtained a volunteer position at the Bibliothèque Mazarine in the summer of 1896. After exerting considerable effort, he obtained a sick leave which was to extend for several years until he was considered to have resigned. He never worked at his job, and he did not move from his parents' apartment until after both were dead (Tadié). Photograph of the library interior by German librarian Fritz Milkau, from the photographic workshop of the Prussian state library of 1926-1933 The Bibliothèque Mazarine is the oldest public library in France. ...

Grave of Marcel Proust at Père Lachaise Cemetery.
Grave of Marcel Proust at Père Lachaise Cemetery.

Proust, who was homosexual, was one of the first European novelists to treat homosexuality openly and at length. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 418 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Marcel Proust Père Lachaise Cemetery Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 418 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Marcel Proust Père Lachaise Cemetery Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Looking down the hill at Père-Lachaise. ... Since its coinage, the word homosexuality has acquired multiple meanings. ...


His life and family circle changed considerably between 1900 and 1905. In February 1903, Proust's brother Robert married and left the family home. His father died in September of the same year. Finally, and most crushingly, Proust's beloved mother died in September 1905, leaving him a considerable inheritance. (In today's terms, a principal of about $6 million, with a monthly income of about $15,000.) His health throughout this period continued to deteriorate.


Proust spent the last three years of his life largely confined to his cork-lined bedroom, sleeping during the day and working at night to complete his novel. He died in 1922 and is buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris. For other uses, see Cork. ... Looking down the hill at Père-Lachaise. ...


Early writing

Proust was involved in writing and publishing from an early age. In addition to the literary magazines with which he was associated, and in which he published, while at school, La Revue verte and La Revue lilas, from 1890–91 Proust published a regular society column in the journal Le Mensuel (Tadie). In 1892 he was involved in founding a literary review called Le Banquet (also the French title of Plato's Symposium), and throughout the next several years Proust published small pieces regularly in this journal and in the prestigious La Revue Blanche. For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation). ... The Symposium is a philosophical dialogue written by Plato sometime after 385 BC. It is a discussion on the nature of love, taking the form of a series of speeches, both satirical and serious, given by a group of men at a symposium or drinking party at the house of...


In 1896 Les Plaisirs et les Jours, a compendium of many of these early pieces, was published. The book included a foreword by Anatole France, drawings by Mme. Lemaire, and was so sumptuously produced that it cost twice the normal price of a book its size. Anatole France (April 16, 1844 – October 12, 1924) was the pen name of French author Jacques Anatole François Thibault. ...


That year Proust also began working on a novel which was eventually published in 1954 and titled Jean Santeuil by his posthumous editors. Many of the themes later developed in In Search of Lost Time find their first articulation in this unfinished work, including the enigma of memory and the necessity of reflection; several sections of In Search of Lost Time can be read in first draft in Jean Santeuil. The portrait of the parents in Jean Santeuil is quite harsh, in marked contrast to the adoration with which the parents are painted in Proust's masterpiece. Following the poor reception of Les Plaisirs et les Jours, and internal troubles with resolving the plot, Proust gradually abandoned Jean Santeuil in 1897 and stopped work on it entirely by 1899.

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Beginning in 1895 Proust spent several years reading Carlyle, Emerson and John Ruskin. Through this reading Proust began to refine his own theories of art and the role of the artist in society. Also, in Time Regained Proust's universal protagonist recalls having translated Ruskin's Sesame and Lilies. The artist's responsibility is to confront the appearance of nature, deduce its essence and retell or explain that essence in the work of art. Ruskin's view of artistic production was central to this conception, and Ruskin's work was so important to Proust that he claimed to know "by heart" several of Ruskin's books, including The Seven Lamps of Architecture, The Bible of Amiens, and Praeterita (Tadié 350). Thomas Carlyle (4 December 1795 – 5 February 1881) was a Scottish essayist, satirist, and historian, whose work was hugely influential during the Victorian era. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, poet, and leader of the Transcendentalist movement in the early nineteenth century. ... Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ... In Search of Lost Time (fr. ...


Proust set out to translate two of Ruskin's works into French, but was hampered by an imperfect command of English. In order to compensate for this he made his translations a group affair: sketched out by his mother, the drafts were first revised by Proust, then by Marie Nordlinger, the English cousin of his friend and sometime lover Reynaldo Hahn, then by Proust again finally polished. Confronted about his method by an editor, Proust responded, "I don't claim to know English; I claim to know Ruskin" (Tadié). The Bible of Amiens, with Proust's extended introduction, was published in French in 1904. Both the translation and the introduction were very well reviewed; Henri Bergson called Proust's introduction "an important contribution to the psychology of Ruskin" and had similar praise for the translation (Tadié 433). At the time of this publication, Proust was already at work on translating Ruskin's Sesame and Lilies, which he completed in June 1905, just prior to his mother's death, and published in 1906. Literary historians and critics have ascertained that, apart from Ruskin, Proust's chief literary influences included Saint Simon, Montaigne, Stendhal, Flaubert, George Eliot, Fyodor Dostoevsky and Leo Tolstoy. Reynaldo Hahn Reynaldo Hahn (born August 9, 1875 in Caracas, Venezuela, died January 28, 1947 in Paris, France) was a naturalised French composer, conductor, music critic and diarist. ... Henri-Louis Bergson (October 18, 1859–January 4, 1941) was a major French philosopher, influential in the first half of the 20th century. ... Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon (January 16, 1675 - March 2, 1755), French soldier, diplomatist and writer of memoirs, was born at Versailles. ... Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (February 28, 1533 - September 13, 1592) was an influential French Renaissance writer, generally considered to be the inventor of the personal essay. ... Stendhal. ... Gustave Flaubert Gustave Flaubert (December 12, 1821 – May 8, 1880) was a French writer who is counted among the greatest Western novelists. ... Mary Ann (Marian) Evans (22 November 1819 – 22 December 1880), better known by her pen name George Eliot, was an English novelist. ... Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (Russian: , Russian pronunciation: , sometimes transliterated Dostoyevsky, Dostoievsky, Dostojevskij or Dostoevski  ) (November 11 [O.S. October 30] 1821 – February 9 [O.S. January 28] 1881) was a Russian novelist and writer of fiction whose works, including Crime and Punishment and The Brothers Karamazov, have had a profound and... Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy(Lyof, Lyoff) (September 9 [O.S. August 28] 1828 – November 20 [O.S. November 7] 1910) (Russian: , IPA:  ), commonly referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer – novelist, essayist, dramatist and philosopher – as well as pacifist Christian anarchist and educational reformer. ...


1908 was an important year for Proust's development as a writer. During the first part of the year he published in various journals pastiches of other writers. These exercises in imitation may have allowed Proust to solidify his own style. In addition, in the spring and summer of the year Proust began work on several different fragments of writing that would later coalesce under the working title of Contre Saint-Beuve. Proust described what he was working on in a letter to a friend: "I have in progress: a study on the nobility, a Parisian novel, an essay on Sainte-Beuve and Flaubert, an essay on women, an essay on pederasty (not easy to publish), a study on stained-glass windows, a study on tombstones, a study on the novel" (Tadié 513). The word pastiche describes a literary or other artistic genre. ... Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve. ... Gustave Flaubert Gustave Flaubert (December 12, 1821 – May 8, 1880) was a French writer who is counted among the greatest Western novelists. ...


From these disparate fragments Proust began to shape a novel on which he worked continually during this period. The rough outline of the work centered on a first-person narrator, unable to sleep, who during the night remembers waiting as a child for his mother to come to him in the morning. The novel was to have ended with a critical examination of Sainte-Beuve and a refutation of his theory that biography was the most important tool for understanding an artist's work. Present in the unfinished manuscript notebooks are many elements that correspond to parts of the Recherche, in particular, to the "Combray" and "Swann in Love" sections of Volume 1, and to the final section of Volume 7. Trouble with finding a publisher, as well as a gradually changing conception of his novel, led Proust to shift work to a substantially different project that still contained many of the same themes and elements. By 1910 he was at work on À la recherche du temps perdu.


In Search of Lost Time

Begun in 1909, À la recherche du temps perdu consists of seven volumes spanning some 3,200 pages and teeming with more than 2,000 literary characters. Graham Greene called Proust the "greatest novelist of the 20th century", and W. Somerset Maugham called the novel the "greatest fiction to date." Proust died before he was able to complete his revision of the drafts and proofs of the final volumes, the last three of which were published posthumously and edited by his brother, Robert. In Search of Lost Time or Remembrance of Things Past (French: À la recherche du temps perdu) is a semi-autobiographical novel in seven volumes by Marcel Proust. ... This article is about the writer Graham Greene. ... William Somerset Maugham, CH (January 25, 1874 – December 16, 1965) was an English playwright, novelist, and short story writer. ...


The book was translated into English by C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, appearing as Remembrance of Things Past between 1922 and 1931. Charles Kenneth (C.K.) Scott-Moncrieff (September 25, 1889 - 1930) was a Scottish writer, most famous for his English translation of most of Prousts À la recherche du temps perdu, which he published under the Shakespearean title Remembrance of Things Past. ...


In 1995, Penguin undertook a fresh translation of the book by editor Christopher Prendergast and seven translators in three countries, based on the latest and most authoritative French text. Subsequently, the title of the novel was more accurately translated as In Search of Lost Time and is now often referred to as such. Its six volumes were published in Britain under the Allen Lane imprint in 2002. The first four (those which under American copyright law are in the public domain) have since been published in the U.S. under the Viking imprint and in paperback under the Penguin Classics imprint.


Bibliography

  • 1896 Les plaisirs et les jours ("Pleasures and Days")
  • 1904 La Bible D'Amiens; a translation of Ruskin's The Bible of Amiens
  • 1906 Sésame et les lys; a translation of Ruskin's Sesame and Lilies
  • 1913–27 À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time, also Remembrance of Things Past)
Vol. French titles Published English titles
1 Du côté de chez Swann 1913 Swann's Way
The Way by Swann's
2 À l'ombre des jeunes filles en fleurs 1919 Within a Budding Grove
In the Shadow of Young Girls in Flower
3 Le Côté de Guermantes
(published in two volumes)
1920/21 The Guermantes Way
4 Sodome et Gomorrhe
(published in two volumes)
1921/22 Cities of the Plain
Sodom and Gomorrah
5 La Prisonnière 1923 The Captive
The Prisoner
6 La Fugitive
Albertine disparue
1925 The Fugitive
The Sweet Cheat Gone
Albertine Gone
7 Le Temps retrouvé 1927 The Past Recaptured
Time Regained
Finding Time Again


Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ... Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ... In Search of Lost Time or Remembrance of Things Past (French: À la recherche du temps perdu) is a semi-autobiographical novel in seven volumes by Marcel Proust. ...

  • 1919 Pastiches et mélanges ("Mixtures")
  • 1954 Contre Sainte-Beuve ("Against Sainte-Beuve")
  • 1954 Jean Santeuil (unfinished)

Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve. ...

See also

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Marcel Proust
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Marcel Proust

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... In Search of Lost Time or Remembrance of Things Past (French: À la recherche du temps perdu) is a semi-autobiographical novel in seven volumes by Marcel Proust. ... Involuntary memory (fr. ... Marcel Proust describes in the opening chapter of his novel Swanns Way -- the first novel in his mammoth seven-part work, Remembrance Of Things Past -- an unexpected scent from the distant past that brings back a rush of memories. ... Valentin-Louis-Georges-Eugène-Marcel Proust (July 10, 1871 - November 18, 1922) was a French intellectual, novelist, essayist and critic, best known as the author of In Search of Lost Time (À la recherche du temps perdu, also translated previously as Remembrance of Things Past). ... Samuel Beckett wrote his essay Proust in the summer of 1930, in response to a commission precipitated by Thomas MacGreevy, Charles Prentice, and Richard Aldington, during his stay at École Normale in Paris. ...

References

  • Adorno, Theodor. "Prisms." The MIT Press: Cambridge, MA. 1967.
  • Aciman, André (2004) The Proust Project. New York Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • Albaret, Céleste (Barbara Bray, trans.) 2003 Monsieur Proust. New York: The New York Review of Books
  • Bernard, Anne-Marie (2002) The World of Proust, as seen by Paul Nadar. Cambridge: MIT Press
  • Carter, William C. (2000) Marcel Proust: A Life. New Haven: Yale University Press
  • Davenport-Hines, Richard (2006) A Night at the Majestic. London: Faber and Faber ISBN 978-0-571-22009-0
  • De Botton, Alain (1998) How Proust Can Change Your Life. New York: Vintage Books
  • Deleuze, Gilles (2004) Proust and Signs: The Complete Text. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press
  • Painter, George D (1959) Marcel Proust A Biography Vols. 1 & 2. London: Chatto & Windus
  • Shattuck, Roger (1963) Proust's Binoculars: A Study of Memory, Time, and Recognition in À la recherche du temps perdu. New York: Random House
  • Shattuck, Roger (2000) Proust's Way: A Field Guide To In Search of Lost Time, New York: W. W. Norton
  • Tadié, Jean-Yves: MARCEL PROUST: A Life. Viking, New York, 2000
  • White, Edmund (1998) Marcel Proust. New York: Viking Books

Footnotes

  1. ^ Tadié, J-Y. (Euan Cameron, trans.) Marcel Proust: A life. New York: Penguin Putnam, 2000.

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Marcel Proust
  • Le temps de Proust- a blog about (re)reading Proust and the associated secondary literature
  • Reading Proust- A reader enjoys the new Penguin/Viking translations of In Search of Lost Time.
  • Reinterpretation of Remembrance Of Things Past
  • Why Proust? And Why Now? - an essay on the lasting relevance of Proust and his work
  • A short Proust bibliography (bilingual)
  • TempsPerdu.com- many useful links, including to online texts of Lost Time in French and English
  • The Kolb-Proust Archive for Research
  • Marcel Proust, a personal site in Italian
  • Essay by Stephan Reimertz on Proust in Germany (in French)
  • Marcel Proust's Album, Marcel Proust receives a tribute in this album of "recomposed photographs".
  • Marcel Proust et l'aviation, Proust and airplanes.

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Stephan Reimertz (* 4th March 1962 in Aachen, Germany) ist an author of Swedish and Baltic German origin. ...

Online texts

  • Works by Marcel Proust at Project Gutenberg French text of volumes 1-4 and Swann's Way in English translation
  • University of Adelaide Library French text of volumes 1-4 and the complete novel in English translation
  • Works by Marcel Proust (public domain in Canada)
Persondata
NAME Proust, Marcel
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Proust, Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel
SHORT DESCRIPTION French Novelist, essayist
DATE OF BIRTH July 10, 1871
PLACE OF BIRTH Auteuil, France
DATE OF DEATH November 18, 1922
PLACE OF DEATH Paris, France
Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ... For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Essay (disambiguation). ... Look up translate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In Search of Lost Time or Remembrance of Things Past (French: À la recherche du temps perdu) is a semi-autobiographical novel in seven volumes by Marcel Proust. ... Albertine disparue (Albertine Gone) is the title of the sixth volume of Marcel Prousts seven part novel, À la recherche du temps perdu. ... In Search of Lost Time (fr. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... An essayist is an author who writes compositions which can be about any particular subject. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Auteuil and Passy are part of the 16th arrondissement of Paris and Neuilly is a nearby suburb. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Marcel Proust Letters, Articles, Translations (1420 words)
One of Marcel Proust's friends (Georges de Lauris) once commented that he "would have been hard put to it even to order a lamb chop in a restaurant in English".
One of Proust's literary pastiches, in the style of Henri de Régnier, poet and novelist (1864-1936).
From the Bibliothèque Nationale Marcel Proust exhibition catalogue 1965, from Corréspondance Générale Correspondance avec Madame Straus, Plon 1936 and the Kolb-Proust archive.
Proust, Marcel. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (497 words)
Proust’s semiautobiographical novel cycle is superficially concerned with its hero’s development through childhood and through youthful love affairs to the point of commitment to literary endeavor.
In Proust’s scheme the individual is isolated, society is false and ruled by snobbery, and artistic endeavor is raised to a religion and is superior to nature.
Proust’s ability to interpret innermost experience in terms of such eternal forces as time and death created a profound and protean world view and his work has influenced generations of novelists and thinkers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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