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Encyclopedia > Marc Bloch

Marc Léopold Benjamin Bloch (July 6, 1886June 16, 1944) was a French historian of medieval France in the period between the First and Second World Wars, and a founder of the Annales School. Bloch was shot by the Gestapo during the German occupation of France for his work in the French Resistance and for his Jewish ancestry. is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... A historian is an individual who studies history and who writes on history. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Annales School (Annales is pronounced // in French) is a school of historical writing named after the French scholarly journal Annales dhistoire économique et sociale (later called , then renamed in 1994 as ) where it was first expounded. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination...

Contents

Biography

Born in Lyon to a Jewish family, the son of the professor of ancient history Gustave Bloch, Marc studied at the Ecole Normale Supérieure and Foundation Thiers in Paris, then at Berlin and Leipzig. He was in the infantry in World War I and won the Légion d'honneur. City flag City coat of arms Motto: (Franco-Provençal: Forward, forward, Lyon the best) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Rhône-Alpes Department Rhône (69) Subdivisions 9 arrondissements Intercommunality Urban Community of Lyon Mayor Gérard Collomb  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The quadrangle at the main ENS building on rue dUlm is known as the Cour aux Ernests – the Ernests being the goldfish in the pond. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, bicycles, or other means. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Chiang Kai-sheks Légion dhonneur. ...


After the war, he went to the university at Strasbourg, then in 1936 succeeded Henri Hauser as professor of economic history at the Sorbonne. A part of the University of Strasbourg is now named after him (see Marc Bloch University). City flag City coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Alsace Department Bas-Rhin (67) Intercommunality Urban Community of Strasbourg Mayor Fabienne Keller  (UMP) City Statistics Land area¹ 78. ... Henri Hauser [ozer] (1866, Oran - 1946, Paris), Algeria-born French economist, historian, geographer. ... Economic history is the study of economic change, and of economic phenomena in the past. ... The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The historic University of Paris (French: ) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganised as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ... The University Palace in Strasbourg, and a monument to one of the universitys students, Johann Wolfgang Goethe The University of Strasbourg in Strasbourg, Alsace, France, is divided into three separate institutions. ... The Université Marc Bloch, also known as Strasbourg II or UMB is a university in Strasbourg, Alsace, France. ...


In 1924 he published one of his most famous works Les rois thaumaturges: étude sur le caractère surnaturel attribué à la puissance royale particulièrement en France et en Angleterre (sometimes translated in English as The magic working kings or The royal touch: sacred monarchy and scrofula in England and France) in which he collected, described and studied the documents pertaining to the ancient tradition that the kings of the Middle Ages were able to cure the disease of scrofula simply by touching people suffering from it. This tradition has its roots in the magical role of kings in ancient societies. This work by Bloch had a great impact not only on the social history of Middle Ages but also on cultural anthropolgy. King Henry IV of France touching a number of sufferers of scrofula who are gathered about him in a circle. ...


In 1929, Bloch founded, with Lucien Febvre, the important journal Annales d'histoire économique et sociale (now called Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales) whose name came to be attached to an historical approach called the Annales School. Bloch's most important work centered on the study of feudalism. Lucien Febvre (July 22, 1878, Nancy - Saint-Amour, Jura, September 11, 1956) was a French historian best known for the role he played in establishing the Annales School of history. ... Roland pledges his fealty to Charlemagne; from a manuscript of a chanson de geste. ...


Bloch has had lasting influence in the field of historiography through his unfinished manuscript The Historian's Craft, which he was working on when he was killed by the Nazis. Bloch's book and What is History? by Edward Carr are often considered two of the most important historiographical works of the 20th century. Historiography is a term with multiple meanings that has changed with time, place and observer, and is thus resistant to a single encompassing meaning. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... Edward Hallett Carr (1892–1982) was a British historian and international relations theorist. ...


Bloch's last book, Strange Defeat (published posthumously), was a brief assessment of the rapid failure of the French army to repel the German Blitzkrieg in 1940. Bloch was shot by the Gestapo during the German occupation of France for his work in the French Resistance and for his Jewish ancestry. The defining characteristic of what is commonly known as Blitzkrieg is that it is a highly mobile form of mechanized warfare. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination...


Bloch's focus on the long duration and his emphasis upon structures underlying events led to accusations of a denial of human agency and a marginalisation of political history. Towards the end of his life, having witnessed the invasion of France by Nazi Germany, Bloch expressed reservations along these lines, 'We (historians) preferred to lock ourselves in fear haunted tranquility of our studies. Most of us can say we were good workers, is it also true to say we were good citizens?' (Strange Defeat). His involvement with the French resistance seems to suggest that he did maintain faith in the ability of the individual to alter the tide of history. Ironically, his execution by the Gestapo, made him a martyr for the very thing which much of his work was criticised for negating, agency of the individual.


References

Works

  • Feudal Society, Tr. L.A. Manyon, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961). ISBN 0-226-05979-0
  • French Feudal History, tr. Janet Sondheimer (Berkely: University of California, 1966). Translation of Les caractères originaux de l'histoire rurale française, 1931. ISBN 0-520-01660-2
  • Strange Defeat; a Statement of Evidence Written in 1940 (London: Oxford University Press, 1949).
  • The Historian's Craft, Tr. Peter Putnam, (New York: Vintage Book, 1953) Original French text: [1]

Bibliography

  • Carole Fink, Marc Bloch: A Life in History (Cambridge University Press, 1989) ISBN 0-521-40671-4
  • Joseph Lambie, ed., Architects and Craftsmen in History (1956)
  • H. Stuart Hughes, The Obstructed Path: French Social Thought in the Years of Desperation, 1930-1960 (1968)

The Royal Touch The headquarters of the Cambridge University Press, in Trumpington Street, Cambridge. ... H. Stuart Hughes (May 16, 1916 New York City – October 21, 1999 La Jolla, California) was an American historian, professor, and activist. ...


External links

  • Bio at Lewis-Clark State College
  • Centre Marc Bloch
  • Université Marc Bloch
  • www.marcbloch.fr

  Results from FactBites:
 
Marc Bloch - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (694 words)
Marc Léopold Benjamin Bloch (July 6, 1886 - June 16, 1944) was a French historian of medieval France in the period between the First and Second World Wars, and a founder of the Annales School.
Born at Lyon, the son of the professor of ancient history Gustave Bloch, Marc studied at the Ecole Normale Supérieure and Foundation Thiers in Paris, then at Berlin and Leipzig.
Bloch was shot by the Gestapo during the German occupation of France for his work in the French Resistance.
Marc Bloch University - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (105 words)
The Université Marc Bloch, also known as Strasbourg II or UMB is a university in Strasbourg, Alsace, France.
Its name used to be "l'Université des Sciences Humaines" (the University of Social Sciences), but it was renamed in 1998 in honour of the French historian Marc Bloch.
It retains its focus on humanities subjects and the social sciences.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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