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Encyclopedia > Marblehead, Massachusetts
Marblehead, Massachusetts
Marblehead Neck as viewed from the Landing on State Street.
Official seal of Marblehead, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°30′00″N 70°51′30″W / 42.5, -70.85833
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Essex County
Settled 1629
Incorporated 1639
Government
 - Type Open town meeting
Area
 - Town  19.6 sq mi (50.8 km²)
 - Land  4.5 sq mi (11.7 km²)
 - Water  15.1 sq mi (39.1 km²)
Elevation  65 ft (20 m)
Population (2000)
 - Town 20,377
 - Density 4,498.9/sq mi (1,737.0/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01945
Area code(s) 339 / 781
Town Website
Website: http://www.marblehead.org

Marblehead is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 20,377. It is home to the Marblehead Neck Wildlife Sanctuary. A yachting resort, Marblehead includes the unincorporated community of Clifton. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1215, 1309 KB) Summary Taken by Keitei with a Canon AE-1 program from the State Street Landing. ... Image File history File links Marblehead_seal. ... Image File history File links Marblehead_ma_highlight. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Massachusetts. ... An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... Area code 339 is an overlay of parts of area code 781. ... Under the North American Numbering Plan for telephone area codes, area code 781 covers suburban Boston, Massachusetts. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... This article is in need of attention. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Yachting is a physical activity involving boats. ... Clifton is an unincorporated community, or neighborhood, in Essex County, Massachusetts. ...

Contents

History

Marblehead was first settled as a plantation of Salem in 1629 by John Peach Sr., then set off and incorporated in 1639. Originally called Massebequash after the river which ran between it and Salem, the land was inhabited by the Naumkeag Indians under the sachem, Nanepashemet. But epidemics in 16151619 and 1633, believed to be smallpox, devastated the tribe. Heirs of Nanepashemet would sell their 3,700 acres on September 16, 1684, the deed preserved today at the town hall. Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Essex County Settled 1626 Incorporated 1626 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kimberley Driscoll Area  - City  18. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... A sagamore is the head of a Native American tribe. ... In epidemiology, an epidemic (from [[Latin language] epi- upon + demos people) is a disease that appears as new cases in a given human population, during a given period, at a rate that substantially exceeds what is expected, based on recent experience (the number of new cases in the population during... Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... Events February 13 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition. ... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a highly contagious disease unique to humans. ... // 1400 - Owain Glyndŵr declared Prince of Wales by his followers. ... Events France under Louis XIV makes Truce of Ratisbon separately with the Empire and Spain. ...


At times called Marvell Head, Marble Harbour (by Captain John Smith) and Foy (by immigrants from Fowey, Cornwall), the town would be named Marblehead by settlers who mistook its granite ledges for marble. It began as a fishing village with narrow, crooked streets, and grew inland from the harbor. The shoreline smelled of drying fish, typically cod, which were exported abroad and to Salem. The town peaked economically just prior to the Revolution, as locally financed privateering vessels pirated the seas for bounty from large European ships. Much early architecture survives from the era, including the Jeremiah Lee Mansion. John Smith (1580–June 21, 1631), was an English soldier, sailor, and author. ... Fowey (pronounced , Cornish: Fowydh) is a town and civil parish in south Cornwall, England, at the mouth of the River Fowey. ... Cornwall (pronounced ; Cornish: ) is a county in south-west England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ... Close-up of granite from Yosemite National Park, valley of the Merced River Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ... Venus de Milo, front. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... This article is about the structures used for drying cod; for the flaked foods given to aquarium fish, see fish food. ... the world is coming to the end!!!!! cod is going to eat up alive and do us hard up the emmm. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen Colonies that... This article is about the concept in naval history. ... A European is primarily a person who was born into one of the countries within the continent of Europe. ... Section of the dome of Florence Cathedral. ... The Jeremiah Lee Mansion. ...


A large percentage of residents became involved early in the fight for American freedom, and the sailors of Marblehead, under General John Glover, are generally recognized by scholars as forerunners of the American Navy. The first vessel commissioned for the navy, the Hannah, was equipped with cannons, rope, provision (including the indigenous "Joe Frogger" molasses/sea water cookie)—and a crew from Marblehead. Many who set out for war, however, did not return. Indeed, the community lost a substantial portion of its population and economy. After the conflict, fishing would remain important, with 98 vessels (95 of which exceeded 50 tons) putting to sea in 1837. But a gale or hurricane at the Grand Banks of Newfoundland on September 19, 1846 sank 11 vessels and damaged others. With 65 men and boys lost in the storm, the town's fishing industry began a decline. John Glover (November 5, 1732–January 30, 1797) was an American fisherman and military leader from Marblehead, Massachusetts who served as a Brigadier General in the Continental Army. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Not to be confused with Canon. ... Coils of rope used for long-line fishing A rope (IPA: ) is a length of fibers, twisted or braided together to improve strength for pulling and connecting. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A gale is a wind of at least 28 knots, 32 MPH, or 51km/h; and up to 55 knots, 63 MPH, or 102km/h. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... The Grand Banks are a group of underwater plateaus southeast of Newfoundland on the North American continental shelf. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


During the late 1800s, Marblehead experienced a short-term boom from shoe-making factories. At the same time, the exceptional harbor attracted yachting and yacht clubs. It would become home to the Boston Yacht Club, Corinthian Yacht Club, Eastern Yacht Club, Marblehead Yacht Club, Dolphin Yacht Club, and the oldest junior yacht club in America, the Pleon Yacht Club. // Invention of the Jacquard loom in 1801. ... A yacht club in Cienfuegos, Cuba Columbia yacht club in Chicago, Illinois A yacht club is a sports club specifically related to sailing and yachting. ...

Geography

Marblehead is located at 42°29′49″N, 70°51′47″W (42.497146, -70.863236).GR1


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.8 km² (19.6 mi²). 11.7 km² (4.5 mi²) of it is land and 39.1 km² (15.1 mi²) of it (76.92%) is water. Marblehead is situated on Massachusetts Bay and Salem Bay. The town is comprised of a rocky peninsula that extends into the Atlantic Ocean, with a neck connected by a long sandbar. This ring of land defines Marblehead's deep, sheltered harbor. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Map of Massachusetts Bay. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Isthmus of Panama connects North and South America. ... Sand bars in the Mississippi River at Arkansas and Mississippi A bar is a linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. ...


Demographics

Old Bowen House in c. 1905
Old Bowen House in c. 1905

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 20,377 people, 8,541 households, and 5,679 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,736.8/km² (4,498.9/mi²). There were 8,906 housing units at an average density of 759.1/km² (1,966.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.56% White, 0.44% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.98% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Only Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population. Image File history File links Old_Bowen_House,_Marblehead,_MA.jpg‎ Summary Old Bowen House, Marblehead, MA; from a c. ... Image File history File links Old_Bowen_House,_Marblehead,_MA.jpg‎ Summary Old Bowen House, Marblehead, MA; from a c. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 8,541 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...

The Old Spite House in c. 1912
The Old Spite House in c. 1912

In the town the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males. Image File history File linksMetadata The_Old_Spite_House,_Marblehead,_MA.jpg‎ The Old Spite House, Marblehead, MA; from a c. ... Image File history File linksMetadata The_Old_Spite_House,_Marblehead,_MA.jpg‎ The Old Spite House, Marblehead, MA; from a c. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The median income for a household in the town was $73,968, and the median income for a family was $99,892. Males had a median income of $70,470 versus $44,988 for females. The per capita income for the town was $46,738. About 3.2% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


School Sports

The Marblehead High School sports teams have been very successful in recent years. In 2007, the Marblehead Fishwagons won the Massachusetts State Championships, at MIT. They sailed Tech Dinghies, but normally race Club 420s and occasionally Club FJs. The Cheerleading squad also won states and nationals that year. The Marblehead Magicians football team beat rival Swampscott 6-0 in the 2006 Thanksgiving day game, but that is a very rare occasion, as their football team is usually quite bad.

Crocker Park view in c. 1907

Image File history File linksMetadata View_from_Crocker_Park. ... Image File history File linksMetadata View_from_Crocker_Park. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Points of interest

  • Crocker Park, the gift of Uriel Crocker
  • Crowninshield Island
  • Devereux Beach
  • Herreshoff Castle
  • Marblehead Neck Wildlife Sanctuary [1]
  • The Driftwood
  • The Lighthouse
  • Pleon Yacht Club, the oldest junior yacht club in the United States. [2]

Herreshoff Castle. ... for Marblehead Lighthouse, Ohio see Marblehead Lighthouse Marblehead Light is situated at Marblehead Neck, Massachusetts Bay in Essex County, Massachusetts and falls into USCG district #1. ...

Historical Sites & Museums

Abbot Hall, Marblehead, Massachusetts. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Archibald MacNeal Willard (1836-1918) was an American painter from Bedford, Ohio. ... // Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

Notable residents

Frank Black (born April 6, 1965 as Charles Michael Kittridge Thompson IV) is an American singer, songwriter and guitarist. ... The Burgess Company was a U.S. airplane manufacturer between 1910 and 1918. ... Uriel Crocker (September 12, 1796 - July 19, 1887) was a public-spirited Boston citizen, head of the Crocker & Brewster publishing house during its 58-year existence (1818-1876), and actively involved in other enterprises including railroads. ... Shalane Flanagan (b. ... Elbridge Thomas Gerry (pronounced , rhymes with merry) (July 17, 1744 – November 23, 1814) was an American politician, a member of the Jeffersonian Republican Party. ... John Glover (November 5, 1732–January 30, 1797) was an American fisherman and military leader from Marblehead, Massachusetts who served as a Brigadier General in the Continental Army. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... Tyler Hamilton Tyler Hamilton (born March 1, 1971 in Marblehead, Massachusetts) is an American professional road bicycle racer. ... Ted Hood started the company Hood Sailmakers in Marblehead, Massachusetts which makes sails. ... The Americas Cup trophy The Americas Cup is the most famous and most prestigious regatta in the sport of sailing, and the oldest active trophy in international sport, predating the FA Cup by two decades and the Modern Olympics by 45 years. ... Harry Kemelman (1908-1996) was an American mystery writer and a professor of English. ... Peter Lynch (born January 19, 1944) is a successful Wall Street stock investor whose record ranks him as one of the best stock-pickers in the world. ... American jurist Joseph Story Joseph Story (September 18, 1779 - September 10, 1845), American jurist, was born at Marblehead, Massachusetts. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... Name: Cory Schneider Position: G Catches: Left Height: 6-2 Weight: 195 lbs Birthdate: 1986-03-18 Hometown: Marblehead, Mass. ... The Vancouver Canucks are a professional ice hockey team based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ...

Arts

Thunderstorm in c. 1910
Thunderstorm in c. 1910

Movies filmed in Marblehead include: Image File history File links Thunderstorm_at_Marblehead,_MA.jpg‎ Thunderstorm at Marblehead, MA; from a c. ... Image File history File links Thunderstorm_at_Marblehead,_MA.jpg‎ Thunderstorm at Marblehead, MA; from a c. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

H.P. Lovecraft based his fictional Massachusetts town Kingsport on Marblehead. The real Marblehead, as well as Lovecraft himself, appears in the 1985 Richard A. Lupoff novel Lovecraft's Book. It also features in the eponymous 1978 Marblehead by Joan Thompson. 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hocus Pocus is a childrens Halloween themed film released by Disney. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Moonlight Mile is a 2002 movie written and directed by Brad Silberling. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The Good Son is a film from 1993 directed by Joseph Ruben and written by Ian McEwan. ... In medicine, a coma (from the Greek koma, meaning deep sleep) is a profound state of unconsciousness. ... The Witches of Eastwick is a 1984 novel by John Updike. ... Whats the Worst That Could Happen? is an American comedy movie starring Martin Lawrence (as a master thief) and Danny DeVito (as a billionaire businessman) that was distributed by MGM in 2001. ... Settled: 1629 â€“ Incorporated: 1645 Zip Code(s): 01944 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Howard Phillips Lovecraft (August 20, 1890 – March 15, 1937) was an American author of fantasy, horror and science fiction, noted for combining these three genres within single narratives. ... Kingsport is a fictional town in the writings of H. P. Lovecraft. ... See also: 1984 in literature, other events of 1985, 1986 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Richard Allen Lupoff was born on February 21, 1935. ... See also: 1977 in literature, other events of 1978, 1979 in literature, list of years in literature. ...


Lovecraft once visited Marblehead in December 1922 and described his voyage as: Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ...

"…the most powerful single emotional climax experienced during my nearly forty years of existence. In a flash all the past of New England--all the past of Old England—all the past of Anglo-Saxondom and the Western World—swept over me and identified me with the stupendous totality of all things in such a way as it never did before and never did again. That was the high tide of my life.".[1]

Author Ben Sherwood set his acclaimed novel The Death and Life of Charlie St. Cloud in Marblehead, featuring the Waterside Cemetery. Harry Kemelman wrote a series of mystery novels around a character, "Rabbi Small", who solves various murder cases in a town very similar to Marblehead, nicknamed "Barnard's Crossing". Kemelman lived in Marblehead for 50 years. Marblehead is referred to as the Birthplace of the American Navy.


Robert B. Parker supposedly based the fictional town of Paradise on Marblehead in his Jesse Stone book series, going so far as to include the annual Race Week yachting event. Robert B. Parkers novel Cold Service Robert B. Parker (born September 17, 1932) is an acclaimed American writer of detective fiction. ...


References

  1. ^ H. P. Lovecraft, Selected Letters Vol. 3, pp. 126-127; cited in Joshi and Schultz, An H. P. Lovecraft Encyclopedia, p. 92.

External links

  • Maps and aerial photos for 42°29′50″N 70°51′48″W / 42.497146, -70.863236Coordinates: 42°29′50″N 70°51′48″W / 42.497146, -70.863236
    • Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local
    • Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia
    • Topographic map from TopoZone
    • Aerial image or topographic map from TerraServer-USA

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