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Encyclopedia > Marazion
Marazion Parish
Penzanze Penwith
Shown within UK and Penwith
OS Grid Reference: SW523306
Lat/Lon: 50°07′N 5°27′W
Population: 1466(2001 Census)[1]
Dwellings:
Settlements
Major Settlement: Marazion
Settlement Type: Town
Population:
Dwellings:
Secondary Settlements:
Administration
Ward: Marazion and Perranuthnoe
District: Penwith
County: Cornwall
Region: South West England
Post Office and Telephone
Post town: Truro
Postcode: TR17 0xx
Dialling Code: 01736

Marazion (Cornish: Marghasyow) is a civil parish and town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. It lies on the shores of Mount's Bay, two miles east of Penzance and is served by the Great Western Railway. A causeway passable at low tide unites Marazion with the otherwise insular St Michael's Mount. Image File history File links UK_england-PZ.png Summary Created from UK_england. ... Image File history File links Penwith_marazion. ... Penwith (Cornish: Penwyth) is a local government district in Cornwall, UK. It is the westernmost district in the UK, other than the Isles of Scilly. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... A dwelling is a structure in which humans or other animals live. ... A dwelling is a structure in which humans or other animals live. ... A ward is an electoral district used in local politics, most notably in England, Scotland, and Wales, as well as Australia, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa and many cities in the United States and the federal district of Washington, DC. Wards are usually named after neighbourhoods... Perranuthnoe is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... Penwith (Cornish: Penwyth) is a local government district in Cornwall, UK. It is the westernmost district in the UK, other than the Isles of Scilly. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county in South West England on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK and Australian postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... Penwith (Cornish: Penwyth) is a local government district in Cornwall, UK. It is the westernmost district in the UK, other than the Isles of Scilly. ... Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county in South West England on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... Mounts Bay, Cornwall Mounts Bay from helicopter Mounts Bay is a large sweeping bay in Cornwall, England stretching from the Lizard Point to the eastern side of the Lands End peninsula. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... Penzance Harbour and surrounding area as seen from the air Penzances old docks with Abbey Slip and St Marys Church behind Penzance (Cornish: Pensans) is a civil parish and port town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. Granted various Royal Charters from 1512 onwards and incorporated... The original Bristol Temple Meads station, first terminus of the GWR, is the building to the left of this picture The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company, linking South West England, the West Country and South Wales with London. ... St. ...


The church of St Hilary, destroyed by fire in 1853, had a very fine spire, faithfully reproduced when the church was rebuilt. Unusual archaeological interest attaches to the churchyard. Its inscribed stones date from the fourth century, one being in honour of Constantine the Great. Another has Cornish lettering which can no longer be deciphered. There are also British and Roman crosses. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A modern spire on the Lancaster University Chaplaincy Centre A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, particularly a church tower. ... Archaeology, archeology, or archology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech/discourse) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artifacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Graves at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York A cemetery (also called a graveyard, churchyard or kirkyard) is a place (usually an enclosed area of land) in which dead bodies are buried. ... Inscriptions are words or letters written, engraved, painted, or otherwise traced on a surface and can appear in contexts both small and monumental. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ... Constantine. ... Principal sites in Roman Britain Roman Britain refers to those parts of the island of Great Britain controlled by the Roman Empire between 43 and 410. ...

Contents

History of Marazion

Marazion is one of the towns claiming to be Britain's oldest town. There are various towns which lay rival claims to be the oldest town in Britain: Abingdon in Oxfordshire Colchester in Essex Marazion in Cornwall Contents // (See talk. ...


The charter attributed to Robert, Count of Mortain granted lands and liberties to St Michael's Mount opposite Marazion and included a market on Thursdays. This appears to have been held from the first on the mainland. From it is probably derived the Marghasbigan (Parvum Forum) of the earlier and the Marghasyewe or Marketjew (Forum Jovis) of the later charters. It may be added that a Jewish origin has been ascribed to the place from the name Marketjew. Robert, Count of Mortain (c. ...


It is certain that Richard, Earl of Cornwall provided that the three fairs, on the two feasts of St Michael and at Mid-Lent, and the three markets which had hitherto been held by the priors of St Michael's Mount on land not their own at Marghasbighan, should in future be held on their own land at Marchadyou. He transferred in fact the fairs and markets from the demesne lands of the Bloyous in Marazion to those of the prior. Richard (5 January 1209 - 2 April 1272) was Count of Poitou (bef. ... The feudal concept of demesne is a form of manorial land tenure as conceived in Western Europe, initially in France but exported to England, during the Middle Ages. ...

Marazion town centre
Marazion town centre

To remedy the loss incurred by this measure Ralph Bloyou in 1331 procured for himself and his heirs a market on Mondays and a fair on the vigil, feast and morrow of St Andrew at Marghasyon. In Leland's time the market was held at Marhasdeythyow (Forum Jovis), and both Norden (1582) and Carew (1602) tell us that Marcajewe signifies the Thursday's market, which, whether etymologically sound or not, shows that the prior's market had prevailed over its rival. In 1595 Queen Elizabeth granted to Marazion a charter of incorporation. This ratified the grant of St Andrew's fair, provided for another on the Feast of St Barnabas and established a market on Saturdays. Download high resolution version (600x664, 37 KB)Marazion town centre This image is copyrighted and is not licenced under the GFDL. The licence holder allows anyone to use it for any non-commercial purpose, provided that the image is credited to Cornwall Image Library File history Legend: (cur) = this is... Download high resolution version (600x664, 37 KB)Marazion town centre This image is copyrighted and is not licenced under the GFDL. The licence holder allows anyone to use it for any non-commercial purpose, provided that the image is credited to Cornwall Image Library File history Legend: (cur) = this is... Events September 8 - Stefan Dusan declares himself king of Serbia Start of the reign of Emperor Kogon of Japan, first of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Births Coluccio Salutati, Florentine political leader (died 1406) Deaths January 14 - Odoric, Italian explorer October 27 - Abulfeda, Arab historian and geographer (born 1273) Categories: 1331... Events January 15 - Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland February 24 - Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian Calendar. ... This page is about the year. ...


The corporation was to consist of `a mayor, eight aldermen and twelve capital burgesses. This corporation continued to administer the affairs of the borough until it was dissolved under the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, when the property belonging to it was vested in charity commissioners. The chairman of the commissioners retains possession of the regalia. Of the fairs, only the Michaelmas fair has survived and all the markets have gone. It is frequently stated that Marazion had formerly the right of returning two members to parliament, but that owing to its inability to pay the members' expenses the right was lost. The Municipal Reform Act 1835 required members of town councils (municipal corporations) to be elected by ratepayers and councils to publish their financial accounts. ...


Under the Commonwealth an attempt was made to secure or recover the right, and two members are said to have been returned, but they were not allowed to take their seats. Remains of an ancient bronze furnace, discovered near the town, tend to prove that tin smelting was practised here at an early period. General Name, Symbol, Number tin, Sn, 50 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 5, p Appearance silvery lustrous gray Atomic mass 118. ...


Marazion was once a flourishing town, owing its prosperity to the throng of pilgrims who came to visit St Michael's Mount. During the first half of the 16th century it was twice plundered; first by the French, and later by Cornish rebels. The rise and progress of the neighbouring borough of Penzance in the 17th century marginalised Marazion. (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Penzance Harbour and surrounding area as seen from the air Penzances old docks with Abbey Slip and St Marys Church behind Penzance (Cornish: Pensans) is a civil parish and port town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. Granted various Royal Charters from 1512 onwards and incorporated... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


Marazion is now a thriving tourist resort with an active artists' community who produce and sell paintings and pottery at numerous art galleries.


Local Government

Following the restructure of local government in 1974 the Marazion parish regained its town status and right to elect a Mayor from the Marazion Town Council. As an historical oditity the civic regalia of the Mayor is still held by the Marazion Town Trust. As part of any Mayoral election in Marazion it is still a requirement for the Mayor-Elect to be appointed the Chairman of the town trust before the actual appointment can take place, this is reflected in the process of the Mayor choosing ceremony where 2 nominations take place for 2 separate offices. Penwith District Council and Cornwall County Council are now the principal local authorities in the area. Penwith (Cornish: Penwyth) is a local government district in Cornwall, UK. It is the westernmost district in the UK, other than the Isles of Scilly. ... Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county in South West England on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar. ...


References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links


 
Civil Parishes of Penwith District
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom |  England | Cornwall
Gwinear-Gwithian | Hayle | Ludgvan | Madron | Marazion | Morvah | Paul | Penzance | Perranuthnoe | Sancreed | Sennen | St Buryan | St Erth | St Hilary | St Ives | St Just | St Levan | St Michael's Mount | Towednack | Zennor

  Results from FactBites:
 
Marazion (997 words)
Marazion, or Market Jew, is in the hundred of Penwith, on the coast of Mount's Bay, 281 miles from London, through Exeter, Launceston, Bodmin, Truro, and Helston ; and 15 miles from the Land's End.
The parish of St. Hilary, in which Marazion stands, had in 1831 a population of 1,728, besides the population of the town, making 3,121 in all : many of these are engaged in mining.
Opposite the town of Marazion is St. Michael’s Mount, which is connected with the main land by the sands when the tide is out, but is insulated when it is high water.
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