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Encyclopedia > Maratha
Castes of India
Marathas
Classification Kshatriya
Subdivisions ninety-six clans
Significant populations in Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh
Languages Marathi
Religions Hinduism


The Marāthās (Marathi: मराठा, also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. The Indian caste system describes the social stratification and social restrictions in the Indian Subcontinent, in which social classes are defined by thousands of endogamous, hereditary groups often termed as jātis or sub-castes. ... For the Bollywood film of the same name see Kshatriya Kshatriya (Hindi: , from Sanskrit: , ) is one of the four varnas, or castes, in Hinduism. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... This article is for the Indian state. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India (Maharashtrians). ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... The Indo-Aryans are a wide collection of peoples united by their common status as speakers of the Indo-Aryan (Indic) branch of the family of Indo-European and Indo-Iranian languages. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Drawing of a Thracian peltast of 400 BC A warrior is a person habitually engaged in warfare. ... In a detail of Brueghels Land of Cockaigne (1567) a soft-boiled egg has little feet to rush to the luxuriating peasant who catches drops of honey on his tongue, while roast pigs roam wild: in fact, hunger and harsh winters were realities for the average European in the... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Flag of the Maratha Empire Extent of the Maratha Empire ca. ...


The "Marathas" were known by that name since their native tongue was almost invariably Marathi, however, not all those whose native tongue is Marathi are Marathas. In present time, the term "Maratha" refers only to those marathi-speaking people who also belong to certain specific Hindu castes: for one available listing, refer to Maratha clan system. Thus, the terms "Marathi people" and "Maratha people" are not interchangeable and should not be confused for each other. Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social restriction and social stratification, enforced by law or common practice, based on endogamy, occupation, economic status, race, ethnicity, // 1555, a race of men, from L. casto chaste, from castus pure, cut off, separated, pp. ... Flag of the Maratha Empire Maratha king Shivaji Bhonsale The Marāthās is a collective term referring to a group of Hindu, Marathi language speaking castes of warriors and peasants, hailing mostly from the Indian state of Maharashtra. ... The Marathi people or Maharashtrians (Marathi: मराठी माणसं or महाराष्ट्रीय) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group, that inhabit the Maharashtra region and state of western India. ...


The Marathas were designated by the officials of British India as a "Martial Race"[1] Anthem God Save The Queen/King British India, circa 1860 Capital Calcutta (1858-1912), New Delhi (1912-1947) Language(s) Hindi, Urdu, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1877-1901 Victoria  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - January-December 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George... Martial Race or Martial races theory is an ideology based on the assumption that certain ethnic races were more martially inclined as opposed to the general populace or other races. ...

Contents

Etymology

The etymology of the words "Marātha" and "Marāthi" is uncertain. It may be a derivative of the Prakrit word Mahratta found in Jain Maharashtri literature, itself from Sanskrit Maharāṣṭra "great realm" (from maha "great" and rāṣṭra "nation, dominion, district"). One theory holds that a reference to a clan known as Rāṣṭrika in some of Ashoka's inscriptions alludes to a people of the Deccan who were progenitors of the Marathi-speaking people; that the later "Mahārāṣṭri Prakrit" is associated with these people Prakrit (also spelt Pracrit) (Sanskrit: , original, natural, artless, normal, ordinary, usual, i. ... Maha may refer to: // Micro-Angiopathic Hemolytic Anemia mahā is the Sanskrit word for great (see also mahi, mega), and occurs in numerous names and titles. ... In many Indian languages, Raj literally means Prince or Royalty though is often used to mean something more like the English term of empire and as such is often used in reference to the Mughal Raj and the British Raj: the period of direct colonial rule of India by the... Allegiance: Magadhan Empire Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Dasaratha Maurya Reign: 273 BC-232 BC Place of birth: Pataliputra, India Battles/Wars Kalinga War Emperor Ashoka the Great (Devanagari: अशोक(:); IAST transliteration: , pronunciation: ) (304 BC–232 BC) (Imperial Title:Devanampiya Piyadassi ie He who is the beloved of the Gods who, in... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India (Maharashtrians). ...


Other theories link the words Marātha and Rāṣṭri with Ratta, supposedly a corruption of Rāshtrakuta, the name of a dynasty that held sway over the Deccan from the 8th to 10th centuries. Jain cave in Ellora The Rastrakutas (Sanskrit/Maharashtri Prakrit [1]/Marathi[2][3]:राष्ट्रकूट, Kannada: ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಕೂಟ) were a dynasty which ruled the southern and the central parts or the Deccan, India during the 8th - 10th century. ...


All theories however affirm, as do linguists, that the modern Marathi language has developed from the Prakrit known as Mahārāshtri. Prakrit (also spelt Pracrit) (Sanskrit: , original, natural, artless, normal, ordinary, usual, i. ... Maharashtri is a language of medieval India, descended from Sanskrit, and spoken in what is now Maharashtra and other parts of India. ...

Shivaji and his faithful Maratha comrades
Shivaji and his faithful Maratha comrades

Image File history File links Shivaji_and_Marathas. ...

Maratha clans

Main article: Maratha clan system

According to some sources, every maratha must belong to one of 96 different clans (the "96 Kuli Marathas"). The list of 96 Maratha clans is different as per different historians. An authoritative listing was apparently first attempted in 1888 and a list finalised in 1956 by the Government of India. Flag of the Maratha Empire Maratha king Shivaji Bhonsale The Marāthās is a collective term referring to a group of Hindu, Marathi language speaking castes of warriors and peasants, hailing mostly from the Indian state of Maharashtra. ...


According to notable writer of Shivaji Maharaj - Founded 5 clans,7 clans, 12 clans & then 96 Clan(Kuli) First 5 clans contain Bhosale(S.Maharaj,Satara,Kolhapur) Mohite from Talbid, Jadahv from Sindakhed, Ghorpade from Mudhol, More from Javali. kunbi


Population

The Marathas originated as a social class of Marathi speakers (Indo-Aryans). They number some 40 million[citation needed], about half the number of native Marathi speakers. Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... The Indo-Aryans are a wide collection of peoples united by their common status as speakers of the Indo-Aryan (Indic) branch of the family of Indo-European and Indo-Iranian languages. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ...


List of Common Surnames It is quite common in the state of Maharashtra that following family names may be used by other castes.


Adik, Aware, Akalkar, Angre, Amtekar, Babar, Bachale, Bhalerao, Brahmankar, Bele, Bendre, Bhagavath, Bhuwad, Bhope, Belkar, Bhoir, Bodhale, Bante, Bhosale, Bhute, Baraskar, Balgude, Chowdhary, Choudhari, Chavan, Dhone, Dange, Darekar, Dongre, Dore, Desai, Deshmukh, Deoskar, Deorkar, Dhanwate, Dhawle, Dhoke,Dighe, Dhadse, Dhamankar, Dhande, Dhamakar, Dhongade, Dixit, Dubey, Gaikwad, Garude, Gaonkar, Geete, Gurve, Gund patil, Gaithonde, Gore, Gode, Gaikwad, Gedam, Gawande, Gurve, Gaidhane, Gharat, Gavankar, Gavaskar, Gujar, Harad, Halmare, Hande, Hathonde, Jadhav, Junarkar, Jichkar, Jharbade, Jagdale, Joshi, Karade, Katle, Khandar, Khairnar, Kadam, Kedar, Ketkar, Kale, Kor, Kahalkar, Khambe, Lunge, Lalke, Lambat, Lode, Lande, Lade, Lakade, Lute, Ingle, Ingole, Malusare, Muthal, Misal, Mathankar, Matondkar, Mandavkar, More, Munde, Mahajan, Manik, Mate, Metkar, Mane, Mahalle, Mankar, Mhaskar, Mirwankar, Nagle, Nagale, Navalkar, Naik, Nayak, Nikam, Nikunj, Nakhate, Pabley, Parimal, Patankar, Patkar, Patil, Pawar, Pandey, Pashte, Panse, Pimple, Pimpale, Prabhu, Premkhede, Punglekar, Rao, Rode, Raut, Rane, Rasal, Raul, Rewale, Shinde,Shirodkar, Sable,Salke, Sawant, Salve, Shinde, Shelar, Solanke, Solkar, Shigvan, Suryavanshi, Taiwade, Thakur, Thakre, Taley, Tambe, Thape, Tope, Thombre, Ture, Temkar, Tambe, Uparker, Wankhade, Wankhede, Watonde, Wagh, Waghmare, Yadav, Yeole, Zarapkar, Zurmoore, Zooting, Zade


Historical prominence

The extent of the Maratha Confederacy c.1760 AD, roughly corresponding to its peak (denoted by the yellow region)
The extent of the Maratha Confederacy c.1760 AD, roughly corresponding to its peak (denoted by the yellow region)
Main article: Maratha Empire

Different Maratha (also called as Rastriks or Maha-rathis or Mahrattas) rulers during Medieval period (before 12th century) include Satavahana, Rashtrakuta, Yadhav-Jadhavs. They re-united into historical prominence under the leadership of Chhatrapati Shivaji in the 17th century. Shivaji Maharaj, born into the Bhosale clan of Marathas, secured an independent state by dint of lifelong struggle and thereby founded an empire, the remnants of which lasted until the independence of India in 1947. The state thus founded by Chhatrapati Shivaji attained its zenith under the tutelage of the Peshwas in the 18th century, extending from the Indus in present-day Pakistan to Orissa in the east and from the Punjab to central Karnataka in the south. The kingdom of Thanjavur in present-day Tamil Nadu was also ruled by a Maratha dynasty, albeit outside the ambit of the main Maratha Empire. At its peak, the Maratha Empire established a protectorate over the mughal emperor and paramountcy over the numerous Rajput chieftains of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Central India and elsewhere. They had also managed to bring Punjab under their sway and end Muslim rule there and keeping the field open for the Sikhs. This vast empire declined gradually after the third battle of Panipat (1761); by 1818, all of present-day India had fallen to the British East India Company. Download high resolution version (1154x1485, 222 KB)Extent of the Maratha Empire in 1760 Copyright Information: From The Public Schools Historical Atlas edited by C. Colbeck. ... Download high resolution version (1154x1485, 222 KB)Extent of the Maratha Empire in 1760 Copyright Information: From The Public Schools Historical Atlas edited by C. Colbeck. ... Flag of the Maratha Empire Extent of the Maratha Empire ca. ... The Sātavāhanas (Marathi:सातवाहन Telugu:సాతవాహనులు), also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled from Junnar, Pune over Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates suggest that it lasted... Jain cave in Ellora The Rastrakutas (Sanskrit/Maharashtri Prakrit [1]/Marathi[2][3]:राष्ट्रकूट, Kannada: ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಕೂಟ) were a dynasty which ruled the southern and the central parts or the Deccan, India during the 8th - 10th century. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The Bhonsle or Bhonsale were a prominent Maratha clan who served as rulers of several states in India . ... Flag of the Maratha Empire Maratha king Shivaji Bhonsale The Marāthās is a collective term referring to a group of Hindu, Marathi language speaking castes of warriors and peasants, hailing mostly from the Indian state of Maharashtra. ... The Maratha Empire at its peak in 1760 The Peshwa(Marathi:पेशवे or पेशवा) (also known in Marathi as Peshwe) were Brahmin Prime Ministers to the Maratha Chattrapatis (Kings), who began commanding Maratha armies and later became the hereditary rulers of the Maratha empire of central India from 1749 to 1818. ... The Indus River (Urdu: Sindh; Sindhi: Sindhu; Sanskrit and Hindi: सिन्धु ; Persian: حندو ; Pashto: ّآباسنFather of Rivers; Tibetan: Lion River; Chinese: Yìndù; Greek: Ινδός Indos) is the longest and most important river in Pakistan and one of the most important rivers on the Indian subcontinent and has given the country India its... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 Punjab (Persian: ‎, meaning Land of the five Rivers) (c. ... , Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the two Union Territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ... , “Tanjore” redirects here. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Flag of the Maratha Empire Extent of the Maratha Empire ca. ... Flag of the Maratha Empire Extent of the Maratha Empire ca. ... The following list of Indian monarchs is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... Rajput is a Hindu Kshatriya caste. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... The geography of India is extremely diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, hills and plateaus. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 Punjab (Persian: ‎, meaning Land of the five Rivers) (c. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ...


The history of the states and dynasties comprising the Maratha Empire constitutes a major portion of the history of late medieval India. While that extensive history is detailed elsewhere, it is noteworthy that the rise of the Marathas: Flag of the Maratha Empire Extent of the Maratha Empire ca. ...

  • represented the revival of the political power of the Hindus in north India after many centuries of Muslim rule;
  • prevented the spread of the Mughal Empire and associated Islamic culture to south India;
  • was the primary cause of the decline of the Mughal Empire;
  • led to the dilution of the caste system as an overwhelming number of Brahmins too, fought along with them;
  • led to the modernisation of India's armed forces, as they introduced indigenously designed and manufactured muskets(known as Gardi muskets)
  • encouraged the development of the Marathi language and was seminal to the consolidation of a distinct Maharashtrian identity.

This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Dark green region marks the approximate extent of northern India while the regions marked as light green lies within the sphere of north Indian influence. ... Flag Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Agra, Delhi Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy List of Mughal emperors  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the two Union Territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ... Flag Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Agra, Delhi Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy List of Mughal emperors  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... Maharashtra (महाराष्ट्र) is a state in west-central India. ...

Maratha states

Since the Marathas ruled much of India in the period immediately preceding the consolidation of British rule in India, the Maratha states came to form the largest bloc of princely states in the British Raj, if size be reckoned by territory and population. Prominent Maratha states included: Anthem God Save The Queen/King British India, circa 1860 Capital Calcutta (1858-1912), New Delhi (1912-1947) Language(s) Hindi, Urdu, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1877-1901 Victoria  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - January-December 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... Anthem God Save The King The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (until 1912), New Delhi (after 1912) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy²  - 1858...

Ruins of the Raigad Fort which served as a capital of Maratha Empire in the 17th century

Image File history File links Raigad. ... Image File history File links Raigad. ... Raigad was the capital of Shivajis kingdom. ... Flag of the Maratha Empire Extent of the Maratha Empire ca. ... Kolhapur   (Marathi:कोल्हापुर) is a city situated in the south west corner of Maharashtra, India. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर /   is the commercial capital of the Malwa region and the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... Dewas is a city in western Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Dhar is a town in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Chhatarpur is a city and a municipality in Chhatarpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Mudhol is a town in the Bagalkot District in the Northern part of the state of Karnataka, India. ... Before Indias independence, Sandur was a princely state, the seat was at the town of Sandur. ... Bellary District is a district in Karnatka. ... , Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... Akkalkot is a town in the Indian state of Maharashtra that lies at the border between Maharashtra and Karnataka and at a distance of 38 km from the city of Solapur. ... Phaltan is a taluka and a town in the Satara District of the Indian state of Maharastra. ... Jath, also spelt as Joth, was a princely state of India. ... Jawhar is a town and a hill station in the Thane District of Maharastra state. ... Sawantwadi (Marathi: सावंतवाडी) is a town in Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra. ... For the moth genus, see Satara (moth). ... Map of the districts comprising the Aurangabad Division of Maharashtra. ... , “Tanjore” redirects here. ... , Nashik (Marathi: ) ( ) or Nasik (Marathi: ) is a city in Indias Maharashtra state. ... , Jalgaon (जळगाव) is a city in western India, to the north of the Maharashtra state in Jalgaon District, which itself is located on the northern Deccan Plateau. ...

Prominent Maratha dynasties

The Sātavāhanas (Marathi:सातवाहन Telugu:సాతవాహనులు), also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled from Junnar, Pune over Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates suggest that it lasted... Paithan, formerly Pratishthana, was the capital of the Sātavāhana empire of ancient India. ... The Yadava Dynasty ruled a kingdom in what is now Maharashtra, India from the 12th century to the 14th century. ... Daulatabad (from Persian دولت‌آباد meaning Built by the Government), also called Deogiri or Devagiri, is a hill-fortress in Maharashtra state, India, in about 40 miles northwest of the city of Aurangabad in Aurangabad district. ... Sindkhed Raja is a city and a municipal council in Buldana district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. ... Map of the districts comprising the Vidarbha region. ... , Nashik (Marathi: ) ( ) or Nasik (Marathi: ) is a city in Indias Maharashtra state. ... Mudhol is a town in the Bagalkot District in the Northern part of the state of Karnataka, India. ... The Bhonsle or Bhonsale were a prominent Maratha clan who served as rulers of several states in India . ... Kolhapur   (Marathi:कोल्हापुर) is a city situated in the south west corner of Maharashtra, India. ... For the moth genus, see Satara (moth). ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... , Sawantwadi (Marathi: सावंतवाडी) (sometimes also written as Sawantvadi or Savantvadi) is a Taluka place in Sindhudurg district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. ... , “Tanjore” redirects here. ... The Sindhia, also spelled Scindia , Sindia, or Shinde are a prominent Maratha family in India. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... The Gaekwad or Gaekwar (once rendered as Guicowar) (Gujarati: ગાયકવાડ ; Marathi: गायकवाड) was a Maratha dynasty that ruled the princely state of Baroda in western India from the mid-eighteenth century until 1947. ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... Sharadchandra Govindrao Pawar (born December 12, 1940) is president of the Nationalist Congress Party which he formed in 1999 in India. ... Dewas is a city in western Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Dhar is a town in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Chhatarpur is a city and a municipality in Chhatarpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. ...

Bilingual Marathas

The empire also resulted in the voluntary relocation of substantial numbers of Maratha and other Marathi-speaking people outside Maharashtra, and across a big part of India. Thus, there are today several small but significant communities descended from these emigrants living in the north, south and west of India. These communities tend often to speak the languages of those areas, although many do also speak Marathi in addition. Gujarati, Hindi, Konkani, Kannada, Telugu and Tamil are some of the other languages thus spoken , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી GujÇŽrātÄ«; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is one of the two official languages of India, the other being English. ... Konkani is a term used to refer both to a language and to an Indian ethnic group. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... Telugu (తెలుగు) is a Dravidian language (South-Central Dravidian languages) primarily spoken in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where it is the official language. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ...


Notable Marathas

Historical

Shivaji Bhosle, also known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosle (Marathi: छत्रपती शिवाजी राजे भोसले) (February 19, 1627 to March 4, 1680) was the founder of Maratha empire in western India in 1674. ... Shahaji Bhosale was the eldest son of Maloji Bhonsale of Verul in present day Maharashtra. ... Jijabai with the infant Shivaji Jijabai was the mother of Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire. ... Sambhaji Raje Bhonsle (Marathi: धर्मवीर संभाजी राजे भोसले) (May 14, 1657 – March 11, 1689) was the eldest son of the Maratha Empire founder Shivaji, and succeeded him as the Chhatrapati or the High Protector of the Maratha Empire. ... Tarabai (1675-1761) was a queen of the Maratha Empire in India. ... Champion Of Arts, Skills & Healthcare - Serfoji II Rajah Serfoji II (1777–1832) was the Maratha ruler of the Kingdom Of Tanjore (also known as Thanjavur). He was a descendant of Shivaji. ... , “Tanjore” redirects here. ... Shahu IV of Kolhapur Shahu Chhatrapati, (also known as Rajarshi Shahu) (1874-1922) was Maharaja of the Indian princely state of Kolhapur between 1874 and 1922. ... Prataprao Gujar (actual name Kudtoji Gujar) was the second Sarnaubat (Commander-in-chief) of Shivajis army,which was probably the most successful guerilla force in 17th century India. ... Santaji Ghorpade was one of Sambhajis associates and a famous Maratha warrior. ... Tanaji Malusare, also known as Sinha (the Lion), was a renowned warrior and military leader in the army of Shivaji, a maharaja of Maharashtra in 17th century India. ... Sinhagad: View of Fort sinhagad from foothills Sinhagad: View from Fort sinhagad Sinhagad is a hill fort located near the city of Pune, India. ...

Political

Yashwantrao Chavan (12 March 1913 - 25 November 1984) was the first Chief Minister of Maharashtra. ... The Home Minister, or more properly the Minister for Home Affairs, is a position in the Indian Cabinet, at both State and Union levels. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Shankarrao Bhaurao Chavan (July 14, 1920 - February 26, 2004) was an Indian politician who served two times as Chief Minister of Maharashtra from 1975 until 1977 and from 1986 until 1988. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... The Home Minister, or more properly the Minister for Home Affairs, is a position in the Indian Cabinet, at both State and Union levels. ... Sharadchandra Govindrao Pawar (Marathi: शरदचंद्र गोविंदराव पवार)(born December 12, 1940) Maratha strongman and president of the Nationalist Congress Party which he formed in 1999 in India; and he leads its delegation in the Lok Sabha, representing his home town of Baramati. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Department of Defence redirects here. ... Madhavrao Scindia (1945-2001) was a prominent Indian politician and minister from the Scindia family, who formerly ruled Gwalior. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... R R Patil (born August 16, 1958, Anjani , Tasgaon Taluka , Sangli Zilla, Maharashtra, India) is an Indian politician from the state of Maharashtra. ... Deputy chief minister is an optional post in some states of India second to the chief minister. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Pratibha Patil (Marathi: प्रतिभा पाटील) (born December 19, 1934) is the 13th and current President of India. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ...

Science

  • Vijay Bhatkar

Writers

Pralhad Keshav Atre was a Marathi literateur, based in Pune, India. ... Pandurang Sadashiv Sane, known as Sane Guruji to his followers, was a famous Marathi author and social activist. ... Purushottam Laxman Deshpande (November 8, 1919 - June 12, 2000) was a noted Indian writer in Marathi. ...

Artists

Vijay Kadam, Raja Gosavi, Sivaji Satam, Mohan Aghashe, Vikas Kadam, Vijay Gokhale, Mahesh Kothare, Raja Paranjape, Ramesh Bhatt, Ramesh Dev, Sachin Pilgaonkar, Supriya Pilgaonkar, Sharad Talwalkar, Kirti Talwalkar, Ajayinkya Dev Smita Patil (Marathi:स्मिता पाटील) (1955 – 13 December 1986) was a leading Bollywood actress from the 1970s to the 1980s in both Hindi and Marathi cinema. ... Rajinikanth (Tamil: ரஜினிகாந்த்; Marathi: रजनीकांत; Telugu:రజనికాంత్; Kannada: ರಜನೀಕಾಂತ್) (born Shivaji Rao Gaekwad on December 12, 1949) is an Indian actor, and one of the most prominent figures in the Indian film industry. ... Nirmiti Sawant is Marathi actress,who acts in marathi cinemas & Marathi dramas. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Atul Kulkarni (born [[September 10 1965]in an maharashtrian bramhin family], ) is an Indian Actor who has won two National Awards. ... Reema Lagoo is an Indian actress who appears in Bollywood films. ... Mahesh Manjrekar is the Indian film director, actor, writer and producer. ... Namrata Shirodkar (born 22 January 1972 in Mumbai) is an Indian actress, sister of actor Shilpa Shirodkar. ... Shilpa Shirodkar (born 20 November 1969) is an Indian actress and model who enjoyed a period of popularity in the 1990s. ... Sanjay Narvekar (left) in the marathi movie Aga Bai Arecha Sanjay Narvekar is an actor from Mumbai. ... Nana Patekar (Marathi:नाना पाटेकर) (born 1 January 1951 as Vishwanath Patekar) is a highly acclaimed Indian actor and filmmaker. ... Madhuri Dixit (Marathi: माधुरी दीक्षित) (born as Madhuri Shankar Dixit to a Marathi Chitpavan Brahmin family on May 15, 1967) is an award winning Indian Bollywood actress and one of the biggest stars of the Indian film industry. ... Sayaji Shinde is a Marathi film actor from India who is popular in Bollywood, Kollywood and Tollywood. ... Gayatri Joshi (Marathi: गायत्री जोशी born 20 March 1977 in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India) is a model turned Bollywood actress. ... Ashutosh Gowariker (Marathi: आशुतोष गोवारीकर) (born February 15, 1968) is an Indian actor, writer, producer and director. ... Urmila Matondkar(Marathi:उर्मिला मातोंडकर) (born on February 4, 1974 in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India) is a well-known Indian Bollywood actress. ... Rakhi Sawant. ... Dilip Prabhavalkar is an Indian Marathi-speaking stage, film and television actor. ... (Sometimes credited as Vikram Gokhle) A well known theatre and Marathi and Hindi film actor. ... Aditi Gowitrikar is an Indian model, actress and a physician. ... Ashok Saraf ( born January 1 ) is an Indian actor and Comedian. ... she is an marathi actress ... Deepika Padukone, (Kannada:ದೀಪಿಕ ಪಡುಕೋಣೆ ) (born 1986 in Mangalore, Karnataka) is an Indian model. ... Durga Khote (14 January 1905−22 September 1991) was an Indian actress active in Bollywood and Marathi cinema for over 50 years, from 1931 to 1983. ... Gauri Pradhan (born 16th September) is a famous Indian television actress. ... Ishaa Koppikar (* 19 September 1976) is a Bollywood actress and a model. ... Kajol Devgan, née Mukherjee (Bengali: কাজল দেবগন Kajol Debgôn, Marathi: काजोल देवगण, IPA: , ITRANS: kajol), born August 5, 1975 in Mumbai, India, popularly known as Kajol, is an award-winning popular Bollywood actress. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Makrand Deshpande is an Indian actor, writer, and director in Hindi and Marathi films and theatre. ... Prashant Damle is a versatile Marathi actor who has acted in numerous Marathi dramas, movies and television serials for over 15 years. ... Priya Arun is an actress in the Marathi language film industry of India. ... Sonali Bendre (Marathi:सोनाली बेंद्रे) (* 1 January 1975) is an Indian Bollywood actress and model. ... Tanisha Mukherjee (Bengali: ) (born 1 January 1978 in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India), known as Tanisha, is a Bollywood actress. ... Tanuja Samarth (September 23, 1943) is an Indian actress. ... Milind Soman is an Indian supermodel and actor. ...


Wrestlers

  • Khashaba Jadhav (Helsinki olympic Games, bronze medal winner)
  • Maruti Mane Hindkesari
  • Harishchandra Biradar (Hindkesari)
  • Yuvaraj Chaugule (Hindkesari)
  • Kaka Pawar
  • Ganapatrao Andalkar
  • Dadu Chaugule (Hindkesari)
  • Vinod Chaugule Maharashtra kesari

The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ...

Armed forces

Army

Yeshwant Ghadge was an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... The Victoria Cross (VC) is a military decoration awarded for valour in the face of the enemy to members of armed forces of some Commonwealth countries and previous British Empire territories. ... The Param Vir Chakra is an Indian military decoration given for valour in combat operations. ... The Mahavir Chakra is the second highest decoration in India and is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy whether on land, at sea or in the air. ...

Air force

An Air Commodoress sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Commodore is the fourth most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force today, after the deactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air Force as a substantive rank in peacetime during defence cuts of the 1990s. ... The Distinguished Flying Cross (D.F.C.) is a decoration for courage shown in air combat. ... An air marshals sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Marshal (Air Mshl or AM) is a rank in the Royal Air Force. ...

Sports

  • Tejaswini Sawant (Shooting)
  • Uday Pawar (Badminton)
  • Sujata Jain-Pawar (Badminton)
  • Veerdhaval Khade (Swimming)

Tejaswini Sawant (born: 12 September 1980) is an Indian shooter from the Maharashtrian city of Kolhapur. ...

References

  1. ^ Glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and NWFP, H A Rose
  1. Haplogroups of the Marathi people
  2. Molecular insight into the genesis of ranked caste populations of western India by Sonali Gaikwad and VK Kashyap
  3. Influence of language and ancestry on genetic structure of contiguous populations by Sanghamitra Sahoo and VK Kashyap
  4. Polarity and Temporality of High-Resolution Y-Chromosome Distributions in India Identify Both Indigenous and Exogenous Expansions and Reveal Minor Genetic Influence of Central Asian Pastoralists by Sengupta et al.

North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is geographically the smallest of the four provinces of Pakistan. ...

See also

Flag of the Maratha Empire Extent of the Maratha Empire ca. ... Flag of the Maratha Empire Maratha king Shivaji Bhonsale The Marāthās is a collective term referring to a group of Hindu, Marathi language speaking castes of warriors and peasants, hailing mostly from the Indian state of Maharashtra. ... Forward castes or Upper castes are terminology used in India to denote people from any religion who do not qualify currently for quota benefits of Government of India for Backward castes, scheduled castes and tribes [10] The Government of India does not publish a separate list of forward castes. ... Shivaji Bhosle, also known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosle (Marathi: छत्रपती शिवाजी राजे भोसले) (February 19, 1627 to March 4, 1680) was the founder of Maratha empire in western India in 1674. ... The Maratha Empire at its peak in 1760 The Peshwa(Marathi:पेशवे or पेशवा) (also known in Marathi as Peshwe) were Brahmin Prime Ministers to the Maratha Chattrapatis (Kings), who began commanding Maratha armies and later became the hereditary rulers of the Maratha empire of central India from 1749 to 1818. ... For the Bollywood film of the same name see Kshatriya Kshatriya (Hindi: , from Sanskrit: , ) is one of the four varnas, or castes, in Hinduism. ... Hundreds of princely states in British India existed prior to the independence of India and Pakistan (including the present Bangladesh) in 1947, ruled by semi-independent potentates. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Marathas and the English Company 1707-1818 by Sanderson Beck (20125 words)
The Marathas captured Hindaun and Sambhar, and in 1735 the Emperor recognized Baji Rao as the governor of Malwa.
Sikhs allied with the Marathas and plundered Sirhind and Lahore.
Zabita Khan was defeated by the Marathas as Mahadji Sindia and Visaji Krishna occupied Delhi.
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The Maratha dynasties of the ancient (pre-Muslim) period are the Chalukyas (500 C.E. to 750C.E.), the Rastrakutas (750 C.E. to 978 C.E. and the Yadavas or Jadhavs (1175 C.E. to 1318 C.E.).
She was the nominal leader of the Marathas from 1700 to 1707, although the military activities were coordinated by the duo of Santaji and Dhanaji.
Politically speaking too, the Maratha intermission from around 1720 to 1790 was too brief a period and though the writ of the Marathas ran in the whole of western India with parts of the north and south under their domination they could not bring the entire country uniformly under their rule.
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