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Encyclopedia > Maramures (historical region)
Map of Romania with Maramureş region highlighted
Map of Romania with Maramureş region highlighted

Maramureş (in Romanian; Hungarian: Máramaros; Latin: Marmatia; Ukrainian: Мармарощина / Marmaroshchyna, Мараморщина / Maramorshchyna, Марамуреш / Maramuresh) is a historical region in the northern of Transylvania, along the upper Tisza River. The territory of its southern section is now parts of Maramureş County in the northern Romania; its northern section is included in the Zakarpattia Oblast of western Ukraine. Prior to this division, that occured in 1920, the region coincided with Máramaros comitatus of the Kingdom of Hungary. Image File history File links Maramures_Reg. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Map of Romania with Transylvania in yellow Transylvania (Romanian: or ; Hungarian: ; German: ; Serbian: / or / ) is a historical region in central and western Romania. ... The Tisza (in Hungarian, Ukrainian: Tysa/Тиса, Russian: Tisa/Тиса, Romanian, Slovak and Serbian: Tisa, German: Theiß, Latin: Tissus, Tisia or Pathissus) is a river, tributary of the Danube and one of the major rivers of Central Europe, passing through Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine... MaramureÅŸ (Hungarian: Máramaros) is a county (judeÅ£) in the MaramureÅŸ region, northern Romania, in the North of Transylvania with the capital city at Baia Mare (population: 149,735). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Máramaros is the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. ... Map of the counties in the Kingdom of Hungary around 1880 A comitatus (less frequently, a comitat, or, inaccurately, a county; for the various names, their origin and use see here) is the name of an administrative unit in the Kingdom of Hungary from the 10th century to 1918. ... The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is the name of a multiethnic kingdom that existed in Central Europe from 1000 to 1918. ...


Alternatively, the name Maramureş is used for the Maramureş County of Romania, which countains the southern section of the former historical region and also small parts of the interbellic Satu Mare County and Sălaj County counties (former pre-WWI Szatmar and Szolnok-Doboka comitata). MaramureÅŸ (Hungarian: Máramaros) is a county (judeÅ£) in the MaramureÅŸ region, northern Romania, in the North of Transylvania with the capital city at Baia Mare (population: 149,735). ... Satu Mare (Hungarian: Szatmár) is a county (judeÅ£) in North-Western Romania, in the North of Transylvania region - between MaramureÅŸ region and CriÅŸana region, with its capital city at Satu Mare (population: 130,573). ... Sălaj (Hungarian: Szilágy) is a county (judeÅ£) in North-Western Romania, in the Transylvania region, with the capital city at Zalău (population: 71,580). ... Szatmár is the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. ... Szolnok-Doboka is the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. ...

Contents

Geography

History

Main article: History of Maramureş

Unlike the surrounding areas, Maramureş is a big valley totally enclosed by mountains, with a thin opening at Khust, with several dozen small mountain rivers and creeks flowing into the river Tisza (Tisa). A forested, inaccessible region, it was under loose Hungarian control from the 11th century, nominally a part of the comitatus of Borsova. However it remained an autonomous region, gradually losing its privilleges, until it was fully included in the Hungarian Kingdom in the 14th century. It was allowed to preserve its specific “political” organization – the Voevodate - comprising itself many small autonomous parts. The King has long struggled to convince the Voivodes to accept the title of Count, with the implied dependency in political and financial matters, which to the locals meant losing their independence – something they could not bear to hear. The social organization during the middle ages was also very specific: the people in many mountain villages, where each family by definition had a considerable domain, were called nameşi (pronounced [name'sh']), i.e. free peasants taking pride in their family (the term points to the belonging to a small clan, from Romanian neam = extended family). Khust (Ukrainian and Rusyn: Xуст, Romanian: Hust, Hungarian: Huszt, Czech and Slovak: Chust) is a city located on the Khustets River in the Zakarpattia oblast (province) in western Ukraine. ... The Tisza or Tisa is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Map of the counties in the Kingdom of Hungary around 1880 A comitatus (less frequently, a comitat, or, inaccurately, a county; for the various names, their origin and use see here) is the name of an administrative unit in the Kingdom of Hungary from the 10th century to 1918. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Voivod or (more common) voivoda is a Slavic term initially denoting first in command of a military unit. ... A count is a nobleman in most European countries, equivalent in rank to a British earl, whose wife is also still a countess (for lack of an Anglo-Saxon term). ...


People

In the southern section, the majority of the population are Romanians. There are also some Hungarians, Ukrainians and Roma. In the northern section, the majority is Unkainian, with smaller Romanian and Hutsul (a Ukrainian subgroup) communities. MaramureÅŸ (Hungarian: Máramaros) is a county (judeÅ£) in the MaramureÅŸ region, northern Romania, in the North of Transylvania with the capital city at Baia Mare (population: 149,735). ... Tzigane redirects here; for the composition by Maurice Ravel, see Tzigane (Ravel). ... Hutsuls or Huculs (Ukrainian: Гуцули, singular Гуцул) are a group of Ukrainian highlanders, considered a subgroup of Rusyns by some references. ...


References


 
 

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