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Encyclopedia > Maquis (biota)

Maquis is a biota in Mediterranean countries, typically consisting of densely-growing evergreen shrubs such as sage, juniper and myrtle. The word is French, coming from the Italian macchie, the plural of macchia or thicket. It is most often associated with Corsica, from where the term originates, but is widely found on the mainland as well. Biota is the plant and animal life of a region or area. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Species see List of Salvia species Sage is a term used for plants of the genus Salvia of the mint family, Lamiaceae. ... Species 50-55 species; see text. ... Species Myrtus communis L. Myrtus nivellei Batt. ... Capital Ajaccio Area 8,680 km² Regional President Camille de Rocca-Serra Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 272,000 260,196 30/km² Arrondissements 5 Cantons 52 Communes 360 Départements Corse-du-Sud Haute-Corse Corsica (Corsican: Corsica; French: Corse) is the fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea...

Although maquis is by definition wild, its appearance in many places may well be due to human destruction of natural forest cover. It tends to grow in arid, rocky areas where only drought-resistant plants are likely to prosper.

The extremely dense nature of maquis made it ideal cover for bandits and guerrillas, who would use it to shelter from the authorities. It is from this meaning that the Second World War French resistance movement, the Maquis, derived its name. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The Maquis were the dominantly rural guerrilla bands of Belgian and French Resistance. ...

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