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Encyclopedia > Maple
Maple
Acer pseudoplatanus (Sycamore Maple) foliage
Acer pseudoplatanus (Sycamore Maple) foliage
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Genus: Acer
L.
Distribution
Distribution
Species

See List of Acer species Maple can refer to: Maple (Acer), a genus of trees and shrubs. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Scientific classification redirects here. ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class of flowering plants. ... Families See text Sapindales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants. ... genera See text Sapindaceae, also known as the soapberry family, is a family of plants in the order Sapindales. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1031x518, 161 KB) Genus Acer (Maples) world map. ... List of Acer species (Maples): Acer acuminatolobum - maple Acer amplum - Broad Maple Acer argutum - Deep-veined Maple or Notched Maple Acer barbatum - Florida Maple Acer barbinerve - Bearded Maple Acer buergerianum - Trident Maple Acer caesium - maple Acer calcaratum - maple Acer campbellii - Campbells Maple Acer campestre - Field Maple Acer capillipes - Red...

Acer (maple) is a genus of trees or shrubs. They are variously classified in a family of their own, the Aceraceae, or (together with the Hippocastanaceae) included in the family Sapindaceae. Modern classifications, including the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification, favour inclusion in Sapindaceae. There are approximately 125 species, most of which are native to Asia,[citation needed] but several species also occur in Europe, northern Africa, and North America. For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... Type Genus Acer L. Genera   AcerL. - Maple   DipteroniaOliver The Aceraceae (Maple family) comprises between 120-150 species of trees and shrubs. ... Genera Aesculus Billia Handeliodendron The Hippocastanaceae is a small family, with the most widespread genus Aesculus (the horsechestnuts), which today is taken to include Pavia (the buckeyes). ... genera See text Sapindaceae, also known as the soapberry family, is a family of plants in the order Sapindales. ... The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group is an international group of systematic botanists who have come together to try to establish a consensus view of the taxonomy of flowering plants in the light of the rapid rise of molecular systematics. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... North American redirects here. ...


The word Acer is derived from a Latin word meaning "sharp" (referring to the characteristic points on the leaves) and was first applied to the genus by the French botanist Joseph Pitton de Tournefort in 1700. The type species of the genus is Acer pseudoplatanus (Sycamore Maple).[1] Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (June 5, 1656 – December 28, 1708) was a French botanist. ... A type species fixes the name of a genus (or of a taxon in a rank lower than genus). ... Binomial name L. Acer pseudoplatanus, commonly known as sycamore in many parts of Europe, sycamore maple in North America (to distinguish it from Platanus occidentalis, which is also called sycamore), and Plane in Scotland. ...

Contents

Morphology

Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple)
Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple)

Maples are mostly trees growing to 10-40 meters (30-130 ft) in height. Others are shrubs less than 10 metres tall with a number of small trunks originating at ground level. Most species are deciduous, but a few in southern Asia and the Mediterranean region are evergreen. Most are shade-tolerant when young, and are often late-successional in ecology; many of the smaller species are usually understory trees growing under the canopies of other larger trees, while the larger species eventually become dominant canopy trees. Maple root systems are typically dense and fibrous. A few species, notably Acer cappadocicum, frequently produce root sprouts, which can develop into clonal colonies.[1] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1932 × 2576 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1932 × 2576 pixel, file size: 1. ... Binomial name Marshall Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple) is a species of maple native to the hardwood forests of northeastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to southern Ontario, and south to Georgia and Texas. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... Pinus taeda cross section showing annual growth rings (Cheraw, South Carolina) In botany, trunk refers to the main structural member of a tree that is supported by and directly attached to the roots and which in turn supports the branches. ... For other uses, see Deciduous (disambiguation). ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... This article is about plant types. ... For other uses, see Root (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Gled. ... A sucker emerging from the base of a young tree This stump is almost entirely obscured by suckers. ... A clonal colony is a group of plants (or fungi) that have grown in a given location, all originating vegetatively, not sexually, from a given single ancestor. ...

Acer circinatum (Vine Maple) leaves showing the palmate veining typical of most species
Acer circinatum (Vine Maple) leaves showing the palmate veining typical of most species

Maples are distinguished by opposite leaf arrangement. The leaves in most species are palmate veined and lobed, with 3-9 (rarely to 13) veins each leading to a lobe, one of which is central or apical. A small number of species differ in having palmate compound, pinnate compound, pinnate veined or unlobed leaves. Several species, including Acer griseum (Paperbark Maple), Acer mandshuricum (Manchurian Maple), Acer maximowiczianum (Nikko Maple), and Acer triflorum (Three-flowered Maple), have trifoliate leaves. One species, Acer negundo (Manitoba Maple), has pinnately compound leaves that may be simply trifoliate or may have five, seven, or rarely nine leaflets. A few, such as Acer laevigatum and Acer carpinifolium (Hornbeam Maple), have pinnately-veined simple leaves. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (775 × 620 pixel, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Vine Maple foliage Description: Vine Maple (Acer circinatum) foliage. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (775 × 620 pixel, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Vine Maple foliage Description: Vine Maple (Acer circinatum) foliage. ... Binomial name Pursh Vine Maple (Acer circinatum Pursh) is a species of maple, native to western North America from southwest British Columbia to northern California, always within 300 km of the Pacific Ocean coast. ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In botany, the following terms are used to describe the shape of plant leaves: cordate leaf Acicular: slender and pointed Alternate (alternifolia): Arranged alternately Bipinnate (bipinnata): Each leaflet also pinnate Cordate (cordata): Heart-shaped, stem attaches to cleft Cuneate: Triangular, stem attaches to point Deltoid: Triangular, stem attaches to side... In botany, the following terms are used to describe the shape of plant leaves: cordate leaf Acicular: slender and pointed Alternate (alternifolia): Arranged alternately Bipinnate (bipinnata): Each leaflet also pinnate Cordate (cordata): Heart-shaped, stem attaches to cleft Cuneate: Triangular, stem attaches to point Deltoid: Triangular, stem attaches to side... Binomial name Acer griseum (Franch. ... Binomial name Acer mandshuricum Maxim. ... Binomial name Acer maximowiczianum Miq. ... Binomial name Acer triflorum Kom. ... Binominal name Acer negundo Manitoba Maple (Acer negundo), also known as Ash-leaved Maple or (confusingly) Boxelder, is a species of maple, which occurs throughout most of North America. ... Binomial name Wall. ... Binomial name Acer carpinifolium Siebold & Zucc. ...

Acer rubrum (Red Maple) flowers
Acer rubrum (Red Maple) flowers

The flowers are regular, pentamerous, and borne in racemes, corymbs, or umbels. They have four or five sepals, four or five petals about 1–6 mm long (absent in some species), four to ten stamens about 6-10 mm long, and two pistils or a pistil with two styles. The ovary is superior and has two carpels, whose wings elongate the flowers, making it easy to tell which flowers are female. Maples flower in late winter or early spring, in most species with or just after the leaves appear, but in some before them.[2] Red maple blossom Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL Pollinator 03:49, Nov 9, 2004 (UTC) ( ) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Red maple blossom Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL Pollinator 03:49, Nov 9, 2004 (UTC) ( ) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Binomial name Acer rubrum L. Red Maple (Acer rubrum) is also known as Swamp Maple or Soft Maple. ... For other uses, see Flower (disambiguation). ... The elaborate patterns on the wings of butterflies are one example of bilateral symmetry. ... This inflorescence of the terrestrial orchid Spathoglottis plicata is a typical raceme. ... White-fruited Rowan (Sorbus glabrescens) corymb; note the branched structure A panicle is a compound raceme; a branched, indeterminate inflorescence with pedicellate flowers (and fruit) attached along the secondary branches (in another words, a branched cluster of flowers in which the branches are racemes). ... A flower cluster having stalked flowers arranged singly along an elongated unbranched axis, as in the lily of the valley, in which all the individual flower stalks arise in a cluster at the top of the peduncle and are of about equal length. ... Flower of the Primrose Willowherb (Ludwigia octovalvis) showing petals and sepals A sepal is one member or part of the calyx of a flower. ... It has been suggested that Corolla be merged into this article or section. ... Stamens of the Amaryllis with prominent anthers carrying pollen Insects, while collecting nectar, unintentionally transfer pollen from one flower to another, bringing about pollination The stamen (from Latin stamen meaning thread of the warp) is the male organ of a flower. ... The Pistil is the part of the flower made up of one or more carpels. ... Longitudinal section of female flower of squash showing ovary, ovules, pistil, and petals In the flowering plants, an ovary is a part of the female reproductive organ of the flower or gynoecium. ... Amaryllis style and stigmas A carpel is the outer, often visible part of the female reproductive organ of a flower; the basic unit of the gynoecium. ... For other uses, see Winter (disambiguation). ... Spring is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ...

Acer platanoides (Norway Maple) samaras
Acer platanoides (Norway Maple) samaras

Maple flowers are green, yellow, orange or red. Though individually small, the effect of an entire tree in flower can be striking in several species. Some maples are an early spring source of pollen and nectar for bees. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 3. ... Binomial name L. The Norway Maple (Acer platanoides) is a maple native to eastern and central Europe and southwest Asia, from France east to Russia, north to southern Scandinavia and southeast to northern Iran[1] [2]. Norway Maple seeds It is a deciduous tree to 20-30 m tall with... SEM image of pollen grains from a variety of common plants: sunflower (Helianthus annuus), morning glory (Ipomoea purpurea), prairie hollyhock (Sidalcea malviflora), oriental lily (Lilium auratum), evening primrose (Oenothera fruticosa), and castor bean (Ricinus communis). ... Nectar of camellia Nectar, in botany, is a sugar-rich liquid produced by the flowers of plants in order to attract pollinating animals. ... For other uses, see Western honey bee and Bee (disambiguation). ...


The distinctive fruit are called samaras or "maple keys". These seeds occur in distinctive pairs each containing one seed enclosed in a "nutlet" attached to a flattened wing of fibrous, papery tissue. They are shaped to spin as they fall and to carry the seeds a considerable distance on the wind. Many people [Reference from "Many People" needed] call them helicopters for their unique spin. Seed maturation is usually in a few weeks to six months after flowering, with seed dispersal shortly after maturity. However, one tree can release hundreds of the seeds at a time. Depending on the species, the seeds can be small and green to yellow and big with thicker seed pods. The green seeds are released in pairs, sometimes with the stems still connected. The yellow seeds are released individually and almost always without the stems. Most species require stratification in order to germinate, and some seeds can remain dormant in the soil for several years before germinating.[1] For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... Maple samara or key A samara is a type of fruit in which a flattened wing of fibrous, papery tissue develops from the ovary wall. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... In horticulture, stratification is the process of pretreating seeds to simulate natural conditions that a seed must endure before germination. ... Not to be confused with Gemination in phonetics. ...


The genus is subdivided by its morphology into a multitude of sections and subsections. [3]


Pests and diseases

Rhytisma acerinum fungus on Acer pseudoplatanus leaf
Rhytisma acerinum fungus on Acer pseudoplatanus leaf

The leaves are used as a food plant for the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species (see List of Lepidoptera that feed on maples). Aphids are also very common sap-feeders on maples. In horticultural applications a dimethoate spray will solve this. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1424 × 1068 pixel, file size: 258 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Foto genomen, op 2 september 2005, in het verlengde van de Savelsbossen te Cadier en Keer, Nederland: Rhytisma acerinum infectie op een esdoorn, de zogenaamde inktvlekkenziekte. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1424 × 1068 pixel, file size: 258 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Foto genomen, op 2 september 2005, in het verlengde van de Savelsbossen te Cadier en Keer, Nederland: Rhytisma acerinum infectie op een esdoorn, de zogenaamde inktvlekkenziekte. ... A larval insect A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... Subdivisions See Taxonomy of Lepidoptera and Lepidopteran diversity. ... Families There are 10 families: Anoeciidae Aphididae Drepanosiphidae Greenideidae Hormaphididae Lachnidae Mindaridae Pemphigidae Phloeomyzidae Thelaxidae Aphids, also known as greenfly or plant lice, are minute plant-feeding insects. ...


Maples are affected by a number of fungal diseases. Several are susceptible to Verticillium wilt caused by Verticillium species, which can cause significant local mortality. Sooty bark disease, caused by Cryptostroma species, can kill trees which are under stress due to drought. Death of maples can rarely be caused by Phytophthora root rot and Ganoderma root decay. Maple leaves in late summer and autumn are commonly disfigured by "tar spot" caused by Rhytisma species and mildew caused by Uncinula species, though these diseases do not usually have an adverse effect on the trees' long-term health.[4] For the fictional character, see Fungus the Bogeyman. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Verticillium lecanii. ... Fields outside Benambra, Victoria, Australia suffering from drought conditions A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. ... Species Phytophthora arecae Phytophthora botryosa Phytoohthora cactorum Phytophthora cajani Phytophthora cambivora Phytophthora capsici Phytophthora cinnamomi Phytophthora citricola Phytophthora citrophthora Phytophthora clandestina Phytophthora colocasiae Phytophthora cryptogea Phytophthora drechslera Phytophthora erythroseptica Phytophthora fragariae Phytophthora gonapodyides Phytophthora heveae Phytophthora humicola Phytophthora idaei Phytophthora ilicis Phytophthora infestans Phytophthora inflata Phytophthora iranica Phytophthora katsurae Phytophthora... Type species Ganoderma lucidum Ganoderma is a genus of polypores which grow on wood. ... Mildew is a grey, mold-like growth caused by one of two different types of micro-organisms. ... Species Uncinula bicornis Uncinula macrospora Uncinula necator Uncinula is a genus of fungi. ...


Uses

Horticulture

A red Maple tree between many pine trees.
A red Maple tree between many pine trees.
Acer palmatum (Japanese Maple) has over 1,000 cultivars. This cultivar is A. palmatum 'Sango kaku', sometimes called "coralbark maple".
Acer palmatum (Japanese Maple) has over 1,000 cultivars. This cultivar is A. palmatum 'Sango kaku', sometimes called "coralbark maple".

Maples are planted as ornamental trees by homeowners, businesses and municipalities. Acer platanoides (Norway Maple) is especially popular as it is fast-growing and extremely cold-resistant, though it is also an invasive species in some regions. Other maples, especially smaller or more unusual species, are popular as specimen trees.[1] Subgenera Subgenus Strobus Subgenus Ducampopinus Subgenus Pinus See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 131 KB) Feuilles dAcer palmatum Sango kaku ou Senkaki File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Japanese Maple Maple Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 131 KB) Feuilles dAcer palmatum Sango kaku ou Senkaki File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Japanese Maple Maple Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Momiji redirects here. ... This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ... An ornamental plant is a plant species or cultivar that is grown indoors, or in gardens and parks for its amenity value, or for beauty (in its end use), rather than commercial or other value. ... Binomial name L. The Norway Maple (Acer platanoides) is a maple native to eastern and central Europe and southwest Asia, from France east to Russia, north to southern Scandinavia and southeast to northern Iran[1] [2]. Norway Maple seeds It is a deciduous tree to 20-30 m tall with... Lantana invasion of abandoned citrus plantation; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel The term invasive species refers to a subset of introduced species or non-indigenous species that are rapidly expanding outside of their native range. ...


Cultivars

Numerous maple cultivars have been selected for particular characteristics can be propagated only by asexual reproduction such as cuttings, tissue culture, budding or grafting. Acer palmatum (Japanese Maple) alone has over 1,000 cultivars, most selected in Japan, and many of them no longer propagated or not in cultivation in the western world. Some delicate cultivars are usually grown in pots and rarely reach heights of more than 50-100 cm. Maple is also a key wood in the construction of percussion instruments like drum kits. Some of the best drum building companies like DW (Drum Workshop) use maple extensively throughout their mid-pro range.[1] This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ... Headline text PLANT PROPAGATION TECHNIQUES Adrian Arias Biology 109 October 28, 2005 There are many ways to create new plants; they can be created by sexual or asexual techniques. ... Grafted apple tree Malus sp. ... Momiji redirects here. ... Occident redirects here. ...


Bonsai

Bonsai "Roter Federahorn"
Bonsai "Roter Federahorn"

Maples are a popular choice for the art of bonsai. Acer palmatum, Acer buergerianum (Trident Maple), Acer ginnala (Amur Maple), Acer campestre (Field Maple) and Montpellier Maple (A. monspessulanum) are popular choices and respond well to techniques that encourage leaf reduction and ramification, but most species can be used.[1] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (775x938, 165 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bonsai Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (775x938, 165 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bonsai Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Maple Bonsai in Heidelberg, Germany Bonsai displayed at a garden show in Tatton Park in Cheshire, England Bonsai   (Japanese: , literally potted plant) is the art of aesthetic miniaturization of trees by growing them in containers. ... Binomial name Miq. ... Binomial name Maxim. ... Binomial name L. Acer campestre (common name Field Maple) is a maple native to much of Europe, north to southern England (where it is the only native maple), Denmark, Poland and Belarus, and also southwest Asia from Turkey to the Caucasus, and north Africa in the Atlas Mountains. ... Binomial name Acer monspessulanum L. Montpellier Maple (Acer monspessulanum) is a species of maple native to the Mediterranean region from Morocco and Portugal in the west, to Turkey and Lebanon in the east, and north to the Jura Mountains in France and the Eifel in Germany. ... Naturally-occurring ramification helps gives these conifers a regular, cone-shaped outline. ...

Collections

Acer griseum is widely grown for its decorative bark
Acer griseum is widely grown for its decorative bark

Maple collections, sometimes called aceretums, occupy space in many gardens and arboreta around the world including the "five great W's" in England: Wakehurst Place Garden, Westonbirt Arboretum, Windsor Great Park, Winkworth Arboretum and Wisley Garden. In the United States, the aceretum at the Harvard-owned Arnold Arboretum in Boston is especially notable. In the number of species and cultivars, the Esveld Aceretum in Boskoop, Netherlands is the largest in the world.[1] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2848 × 2136 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2848 × 2136 pixel, file size: 1. ... Binomial name Acer griseum (Franch. ... This article is about a type of botanical garden. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Wakehurst Place Garden is located in Ardingly in West Sussex in southern England. ... Westonbirt Arboretum in autumn A tree-lined avenue at Westonbirt Westonbirt Arboretum is an arboretum near Tetbury in Gloucestershire, England. ... Deer crossing the Long Walk to Windsor Castle Windsor Great Park (locally referred to simply as the Great Park) is a large deer park and Crown Estate of 5,000 acres, to the south of the town of Windsor on the border of Berkshire and Surrey in England. ... Winkworth Arboretum is a National Trust-owned arboretum in Surrey, England. ... The Royal Horticultural Societys garden at Wisley in the English county of Surrey south of London, is one of the three most visited paid gardens in the United Kingdom alongside Kew Gardens and Alnwick Garden. ... Harvard redirects here. ... The Arnold Arboretum is one of the worlds finest research arboretums. ... Boston redirects here. ... Esveld Aceretum is (in the number of species and cultivars under cultivation at the site) the largest collection of maples in the world. ... Flag of Boskoop Boskoop (population: 15,225 in 2004) is a town in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ...


Tourism

Many maples have bright autumn foliage, and many countries have leaf-watching traditions. In Japan, the custom of viewing the changing colour of maples in the autumn is called "momijigari". Nikko and Kyoto are particularly favoured destinations for this activity. In addition, in Korea, the same viewing activity is called "Danpung-Nori" and Seoraksan and Naejang-san mountains are very famous places for it. Maple leaves in Brookfield, Massachusetts Autumn leaf color is a phenomenon that affects the normally green leaves of many deciduous trees by which they take on, during a few weeks in the autumn months, one or many colors that range from red to yellow. ... A couple walking amid the momiji at Ryōan-ji in Kyoto Momijigari ), from the Japanese momiji ), red leaves or maple tree and kari ), hunting, is the Japanese tradition of going to visit scenic areas where leaves have turned red in the autumn. ... Great Gate, Nikko, circa 1860-1900. ... For other uses, see Kyoto (disambiguation). ... Seorak-san is the highest mountain in the Taebaek mountain range in the Gangwon province in eastern South Korea. ... Naejang-san is a national park, located on the border of North Jeolla and South Jeolla provinces in southwestern South Korea, approximately three hours drive south of Seoul. ...


The particularly spectacular fall colours of the Acer rubrum (Red Maple) are a major contributor to the seasonal landscape in southeastern Canada and in New England. Fall tourism is a boon to the economy of this region, especially in Quebec, Vermont, New Hampshire and Western Massachusetts. In the American Pacific Northwest and British Columbia it is the spectacular fall colours of Acer circinatum (Vine Maple) that draw tourists and photographers. Binomial name Acer rubrum L. Red Maple (Acer rubrum) is also known as Swamp Maple or Soft Maple. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... Leaf peeping is an autumn activity in areas where foliage changes colors. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ... Western Massachusetts is a loosely defined geographical region of the state of Massachusetts which contains the Berkshires and the Pioneer Valley. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... Binomial name Pursh Vine Maple (Acer circinatum Pursh) is a species of maple, native to western North America from southwest British Columbia to northern California, always within 300 km of the Pacific Ocean coast. ...


Commercial uses

Maples are important as source of syrup and wood. Dried wood is often used for the smoking of food. They are also cultivated as ornamental plants and have benefits for tourism and agriculture. For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on Smoking Smoking is the process of flavoring, cooking, or preserving food by exposing it to the smoke from burning or smoldering plant materials, most often wood. ... Petunia This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tourist redirects here. ...


Maple syrup

Further information: Maple Syrup

The Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) is tapped for sap, which is then boiled to produce maple syrup or made into maple sugar or maple taffy. It takes about 40 litres of Sugar Maple sap to make a litre of syrup. Syrup can be made from closely-related species as well, but their output is inferior. Sugar maples typically have a lifespan of 300 years. Bottled maple syrup produced in Quebec. ... Binomial name Acer saccharum Marshall The Sugar Maple Acer saccharum is a prominent tree in the hardwood forests of eastern North America. ... Sap exuding (gummosis) from the stem of a koa tree, probably in response to surface damage Sap is the fluid carried in tubules inside a plant, circulating to distribute food and water to various parts of the plant. ... Bottled maple syrup produced in Quebec. ... Maple sugar is created when the blood of the dingo is boiled for longer than is needed to create maple syrup or [maple toffee. ...


Timber

A bench made of highly-figured maple wood
A bench made of highly-figured maple wood

Some of the larger maple species have valuable timber, particularly Sugar Maple in North America, and Sycamore Maple in Europe. Sugar Maple wood, often known as "hard maple", is the wood of choice for bowling pins, bowling alley lanes, pool cue shafts, and butcher's blocks. Maple wood is also used for the production of wooden baseball bats, though less often than ash or hickory. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2612x1600, 2355 KB) Photo taken by me, Aaron Morse, of carved bench made of highly-figured maple. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2612x1600, 2355 KB) Photo taken by me, Aaron Morse, of carved bench made of highly-figured maple. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... the sport of cricket|Bowling (cricket)}} For other uses, see Bowling (disambiguation). ... A cue stick A cue stick or simply cue, is an item of sporting equipment essential to the games of billiards, pool and snooker. ... Butcher block is a style of assembled wood (often sugar maple) used as heavy duty chopping blocks, table tops, and cutting boards. ... Four historically significant baseball bats showcased in the National Baseball Hall of Fames traveling exhibit Baseball As America. ... Species Many, see text. ... Species See text Comparison of Carya nuts Ripe hickory nuts ready to fall, Andrews, SC Hickory is a tree of the genus Carya, including 17-19 species of deciduous trees with pinnately compound leaves and large nuts. ...


Some maple wood has a highly decorative wood grain, known as flame maple and quilt maple. This condition occurs randomly in individual trees of several species, and often cannot be detected until the wood has been sawn, though it is sometimes visible in the standing tree as a rippled pattern in the bark. Guitar with flamed maple Flame or flamed maple is a type of maple in which the grain pattern of the wood has an abnormality that produces distinct lines known as flames. ... Quilt or quilted maple is a type of maple in which the grain pattern of the wood has an abnormality that produces a quilted look, often a water-like pattern. ...


Tonewood

Maple is considered a tonewood, or a wood that carries sound waves well, and is used in numerous musical instruments. Maple is harder and has a brighter sound than Mahogany, which is the other major tonewood used in instrument manufacture. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... This article is about the timber. ...


Most drums are made from maple. From the 70s to the 90s, maple drum kits were a vast majority of all drum kits made. In recent years, Birch has become popular for drums once again. Electric guitar necks are commonly made from maple. The necks of the Fender Stratocaster and Telecaster were originally an entirely maple one piece neck, but later were also avalible with rosewood fingerboards. Maple fingerboards have a brighter sound than rosewood. For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... A Fender Stratocaster with rosewood fingerboard and three-tone sunburst finish. ... 1950s-style Telecaster with natural finish, with metal bridge cover removed. ...


The tops of Gibson's Les Paul guitar are made from carved maple. Many Les Pauls have quilted or flamed maple tops, and these models are particularly prized by players and collectors. Very few solid body guitars are made entirely from maple, as it is considered too heavy. Many guitars do, however, have maple tops or veneers. Gibson uses laminated maple in the manufacture of many of its semi-hollowbody guitars. // Gibson may refer to: Gibson Amphitheatre Gibson Appliance Gibson Girl Gibson Guitar Corporation Gibson cocktail Alexander Gibson (conductor) (1926–1995), Scottish composer and music director Alexander Gibson (industrialist) (1819–1913), Canadian industrialist Alfred Gibson (?–1874), Australian explorer Althea Gibson (1927–2003), African-American tennis player Bob Gibson (born 1935), American... This article is about the musician. ...


Maple is also used to make bassoons and double basses. The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor registers and occasionally even higher. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ...


Agriculture

As they are a major source of pollen in early spring before many other plants have flowered, maples are important to the survival of honeybees that play a commercially-important role later in the spring and summer. SEM image of pollen grains from a variety of common plants: sunflower (Helianthus annuus), morning glory (Ipomoea purpurea), prairie hollyhock (Sidalcea malviflora), oriental lily (Lilium auratum), evening primrose (Oenothera fruticosa), and castor bean (Ricinus communis). ... Species Apis andreniformis Apis cerana, or eastern honey bee Apis dorsata, or giant honey bee Apis florea Apis koschevnikovi Apis laboriosa Apis mellifera, or western honey bee Apis nigrocincta Apis nuluensis Honey bees are a subset of bees which represent a far smaller fraction of bee diversity than most people...


Symbolism

The flag of Canada depicts a stylized maple leaf and is a prominent national symbol. In the United States, the maple has been adopted by New York,[5] Vermont,[6] Wisconsin[7] and West Virginia.[8] The Red Maple was adopted by Rhode Island [9]as their official state tree. The National Flag of Canada, popularly known as the Maple Leaf and lUnifolié (French for the one-leafed), is a base red flag with a white square in its centre featuring a stylized, 11-pointed, red maple leaf. ... A maple leaf with its distinctive shape. ... A national symbol is a symbol of any entity considering itself and manifesting itself to the world as a national community – namely sovereign states, but also nations and countries in a state of colonial or other dependence, (con)federal integration, or even an ethnocultural community considered a nationality despite the... This article is about the state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym West Virginian Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st in the US  - Total 24,230 sq mi (62,755 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This List of U.S. state trees includes official trees of the following states and U.S. possessions: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia National Grove of State Trees External link USDA list of state trees and flowers Categories: U.S. state insignia | Lists of plants | Trees ...

References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Acer
  1. ^ a b c d e f g van Gelderen, C. J. & van Gelderen, D. M. (1999). Maples for Gardens: A Color Encyclopedia
  2. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  3. ^ Classification of maples
  4. ^ Phillips, D. H. & Burdekin, D. A. (1992). Diseases of Forest and Ornamental Trees. Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-49493-8.
  5. ^ State of New York Dept. of State New York State Symbols. Retrieved Dec. 16 2006.
  6. ^ State of Vermont Department of Libraries State Tree. Retrieved Dec. 16 2006.
  7. ^ State of Wisconsin State Symbols. Retrieved Dec. 16 2006.
  8. ^ Legislature of West Virginia State Symbols. Retrieved Dec. 16 2006.
  9. ^ State of Rhode Island, Office of the Secretary of State. History And Facts About The Ocean State. Retrieved Dec. 16 2006.

  Results from FactBites:
 
PlanetMath: Maple (116 words)
Maple is a computer algebra system produced by Maplesoft.
This is version 3 of Maple, born on 2006-10-31, modified 2007-07-05.
Object id is 8500, canonical name is Maple.
Maple - MSN Encarta (333 words)
Maple, common name for a small family of trees, widespread in the temperate areas of the northern hemisphere, and for its representative genus.
Maples are widely grown as ornamentals and street trees for their foliage and autumn colors.
The red maple is classified as Acer rubrum, the sugar maple as Acer saccharum, and the fl maple as Acer nigrum (sometimes Acer saccharum nigrum).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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