FACTOID # 18: Alaska spends more money per capita on elementary and secondary education than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Maoist Communist Centre of India

The Maoist Communist Centre was one of the largest two armed Maoist groups in India, and fused with the other, the People's War Group in September 2004, to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist). Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Peoples War, usually called Peoples War Group (PWG). ... The Communist Party of India (Maoist) is an underground Maoist political party in India. ...

Contents

Dakshin Desh

When the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) was founded in 1969, rallying various Maoist tendencies into a unified organization, one group retained a separate identity and remained outside of CPI(ML). This group was nicknamed Dakshin Desh, after the name of its publication. The group had begun publishing Dakshin Desh in August 1966. The group was highly critical of the 'revisionism' of the Communist Party of India (Marxist). Dakshin Desh promoted armed agrarian revolution along Maoist lines. The group was joined by a sector of trade union activists.[1] The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) was formed by the All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries at a congress in Calcutta in 1969. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Communist Party of India (Marxist), or CPI(M), is a political party in India. ... A trade union or labor union is a continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment. ...


Dakshin Desh is Hindi for 'Southern Land' (implied in this naming was that India was the 'Southern land' whereas China was the corresponding 'Northern land'). Amulaya Sen and Kanai Chatterjee were the leading figures of the Dakshin Desh-group. In difference to CPI(ML), whose policies of armed struggle bordered individual terrorism, the Dakshin Desh-group upheld that mass mobilisations were requisites for engaging in armed struggle. The group began armed activities in the Jangal Mahal area, Burdwan district, West Bengal, were Dalits and Adivasis constituted large sections of the local population. The territory was covered with deep forests, considered ideal for guerrilla warfare. The group formed political militia squads, which moved around in the villages and conducted political activities to mobilise local peasants. The squads were often made up by recruits from Calcutta. The squads looted grain storages, captured firearms and assasinated landlords and perceived police informers. By 1973 it was estimated that the group had 37 squads in the area, with a combined membership of 106.[2] Hindi (Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is one of the official languages of the Union government of India. ... Bardhaman is a district in West Bengal. ... West Bengal   (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ, Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... In the Indian caste system, a Dalit, often called an untouchable,or an outcaste, is a person who does not have any varnas. ... Ä€divāsÄ«s (आदिवासी), literally original inhabitants, or tribal people comprise a substantial indigenous minority of the population of India. ... Guerilla may refer to Guerrilla warfare. ... This article is on Calcutta/Kolkata, the city. ...


MCC

In 1975 the group took the name Maoist Communist Centre. However, in spite of several years of political and armed activities, the group failed to make a breakthrough in the Jangal Mahal area. In 1976 it decided to expand its activities to other parts of the country. Soon it began activities in eastern Bihar, and for this purpose an apex Bengal-Bihar Special Area Committee was set up by the MCC. , Bihar (Hindi: बिहार, Urdu: بہار, IPA: ,  ) is a state of the Indian union situated in the eastern part of the country. ...


Chatterji died in 1982. Following his death, MCC was riddled by internal divisions. Chatterji's successor, Siveji, and his deputy, Ramadhar Singh, disagreed over the policy of individual annihilations. Singh broke away and joined Kanu Sanyal's group instead. In the mid- and late 1980, leadership of MCC was taken over by Sanjay Dusadh and Pramod Mishra. At this point, the influence of the group had spread to the central parts of Bihar. The group now counted with 500 wholetime cadres and 10 000 members. Mass organizations of MCC included Krantikari Kisan Committee (Revolutionary Peasants Committee), Jana Suraksha Sangarsh Manch (People's Defence Struggle Bloc), Krantikarai Buddhijevi Sangh and Krantikari Chhatra League (Revolutionary Students League). The armed wing of the party was called Lal Raskha Dal (Red Defence Force).[3]-1... Kanu Sanyal Kanu Sanyal is one of the founding leaders of Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) formed in 1969. ...


In rural Bihar the party had become a major force to reckon with in some areas. In the pockets of its influence the party ran a parallel juridicial system, with a system of people's courts. The expansion of the party occured as it became one of several caste-based armed groups in the area. The party mobilized lower-caste Biharis, and frequently clashes with various militia groups defending upper-caste interests. At times it also clashed with other Naxalite groups, such as when MCC militia killed 5 Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation members in Jehanabad district on April 4, 1994. Militia activities of MCC reached its peak by 1990.[4] Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social restriction and social stratification, enforced by law or common practice, based on endogamy, occupation, economic status, race, ethnicity, etc. ... Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation is a communist political party in India. ... Jehanabad district is one of the thirty-seven districts of Bihar state, India, and Jehanabad town is the administrative headquarters of this district. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ...


In September 1993, MCC, Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War and Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Party Unity decided to coordinate their struggles. As a result, the All India People's Resistance Forum was formed, with the participation of cadres from the three parties. AIPRF held a mass rally, with around 100 000 participants, on March 21, 1994.[5] Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Peoples War, usually called Peoples War Group (PWG). ... March 21 is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ...


Mergers with RCCI(M) and 2nd CC

In January 2003 the MCC and the Punjab-based Revolutionary Communist Centre of India (Maoist) led by Shamsher Singh Sheri merged. The unified organization was renamed Maoist Communist Centre of India. On May 19, 2003 Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Second Central Committee merged with MCCI. CPI(ML) 2nd CC had to withdraw its pro-Lin Biao stand for the merger to go through. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... Revolutionary Communist Centre of India (Maoist), was a minor communist group based in Punjab. ... Shamsher Singh Sheri, alias Karam Singh, was a communist leader in India. ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jandisha Janedisha Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Second Central Committee, an underground naxalite faction in India. ... An artistic rendition of Mao Zedong and Lin Biao as his heir apparent in the style of socialist realism in the prime of the Cultural Revolution. ...


References

  • A spectre haunting India, The Economist Volume 380 Number 8491, August 19th-25th 2006.
  1. ^ Basu, Pradip. Towards Naxalbari (1953-1967) – An Account of Inner-Party Ideological Struggle. Calcutta: Progressive Publishers, 2000. p. 83.
  2. ^ Singh, Prakash. The Naxalite Movement in India. New Delhi: Rupa & Co., 1999. p. 121-122.
  3. ^ Singh, Prakash. The Naxalite Movement in India. New Delhi: Rupa & Co., 1999. p. 122.
  4. ^ Singh, Prakash. The Naxalite Movement in India. New Delhi: Rupa & Co., 1999. p. 125-126.
  5. ^ Singh, Prakash. The Naxalite Movement in India. New Delhi: Rupa & Co., 1999. p. 141.

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m