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Encyclopedia > Manzikert

Manzikert (in Turkish Malazgirt) is a town in Muş in eastern Turkey, with a population of 23 697 (year 2000) (??of 68 990). Shows the Location of the Province Muş Mus (Turkish spelling: Muş; alternative transliteration: Mush) is a province in eastern Turkey. ...

Manzikert was an important trading post of the ancient Kingdom of Armenia. In one of the worse defeats in Byzantine's history, Emperor Romanus Diogenes was defeated and captured by the Turks' sultan, Alp Arslan. By May of 1071, Emperor Romanus had amassed 60,000 men on the Armenian border in the hopes of strengthening the eastern borders of Anatolia from the Seljuks by taking the war to them. Romanus' army consisted of native Byzantines as well as mercenaries. He divided his army into two columns and set out to capture the Armenian frontier fortress of Manzikert. The column led by Romanus then set out to meet the Seljuks. His second column, however, led by General Tarchaniotes, did not join him. Romanus was therefore left with about 30,000 men to face the enemy forces led by Alp Arslan. The ensuing battle began in the Byzantines' favor but that soon changed when a trap set by the Seljuks sprang into action. By feigning retreat, the Seljuks were able to draw Romanus' army forward. Romanus did fear a trap but his order to turn back was given too late. Seljuk cavalry raced forward, breaking the ranks of the Byzantines, some of whom managed to escape. Many, including the emperor, ended up surrounded. Romanus' mercenaries attempted to flee but were killed. The Byzantine emperor, Romanus, was captured and later released on conditions of a peace treaty, but he was replaced in a coup at home and killed by his own soldiers. The Seljuks considered the treaty broken and proceeded to invade and occupy Anatolia. As a result of this battle, the Eastern Empire lost much of Asia Minor, which included much of its grain and manpower sources. Its only effective army was also decimated and the ruler who emerged from the coup was forced to appeal to Rome for help against the Seljuks.Anatolia had been the Empire's primary recruitment ground for several hundred years before the disastrous battle, and the loss of both Armenia and the majority of Eastern Anatolia marked the end of Byzantine military and economic independence. The future emperors were now forced to place almost complete military power in the hands of foreign mecenaries, Christian and Muslim alike, almost none of whom felt any real loyalty to the Byzantine throne. The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia (sometimes referred to as Armenia Minor) was a state formed in the Middle Ages by Armenian refugees fleeing the Seljuk invasion of Armenia. ... Asia Minor lies east of the Bosporus, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Manzikert - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (248 words)
Manzikert (in Turkish Malazgirt) is a town in Muş in eastern Turkey, with a population of 23 697 (year 2000) of 68 990.
Manzikert was an important trading post of the ancient Kingdom of Armenia.
In 1071, Manzikert was the site of one of history's most decisive battles – the Battle of Manzikert when the Byzantine emperor Romanus IV fought against Sultan Alp Arslan of the Seljuk Turks.
Battle of Manzikert - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1501 words)
The Battle of Manzikert (Turkish Malazgirt Savaşı) occurred on August 26, 1071 between the Byzantine Empire and Seljuk Turkish forces led by Alp Arslan, resulting in the defeat of the Byzantine Empire and the capture of Emperor Romanus IV Diogenes.
Years and decades later, Manzikert came to be seen as a disaster for the Empire; later sources greatly exaggerate the numbers of troops and the numbers of casualties.
It is also considered one of the root causes for the later Crusades: the West saw Manzikert as a signal that Byzantium was no longer capable of being the protector of Eastern Christianity.
  More results at FactBites »



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