FACTOID # 12: It's not the government they hate: Washington DC has the highest number of hate crimes per capita in the US.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Manuel Roxas
Manuel Roxas
Manuel Roxas

5th President of the Philippines
3rd President of the Commonwealth
1st president of the 3rd Republic
In office
May 28, 1946 (as Commonwealth President until July 4, 1946, as Republic President thereafter) – April 15, 1948
Vice President(s)   Elpidio Quirino
Preceded by Sergio Osmena
Succeeded by Elpidio Quirino

Born January 1, 1892
Capiz (now Roxas City), Capiz
Died April 15, 1948
Angeles, Pampanga
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse Trinidad de Leon
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature

Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892April 15, 1948) was the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. He served as president from the granting of independence in 1946 until his abrupt death in 1948. Image File history File links Ph_pres_roxas. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Elpidio Rivera Quirino (November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Sergio Osmeña Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 - October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines (August 1, 1944—May 28, 1946). ... Elpidio Rivera Quirino (November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Roxas City is a 2nd class city in the province of Capiz, Philippines. ... Capiz is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Pampanga is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... The Liberal Party (Filipino: Partido Liberal) is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... Trinidad de Leon Roxas (1900-1995) was the wife of Philippine President Manuel Roxas and the fifth First Lady of the Philippines. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1145x233, 10 KB)From a public document. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ...

Contents

Early life and career

Roxas was born on January 1, 1892 in Capiz, Capiz, a city that was renamed in his honor, to Rosario Acuña. His father, Gerardo Roxas, Sr., died before he was born. January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Roxas City is a 2nd class city in the province of Capiz, Philippines. ... Capiz is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. ...


Roxas studied college in University of Manila, and law at the University of the Philippines and was the Bar topnotcher. He was a career politician who started as a provincial fiscal. In 1921, he was elected to the Philippine House of Representatives and in the following year he became speaker. University of Manila is a university in Manila, Philippines. ... The University of the Philippines (Filipino: Unibersidad ng Pilipinas) or U.P. or State U is the premiere state university of the Philippines. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ...


After the Commonwealth of the Philippines was established (1935), Roxas became a member of the unicameral National Assembly, and served (1938-1941) as the Secretary of Finance in President Manuel L. Quezon's cabinet. After the amendments to the 1935 Philippine Constitution were approved in 1941, he was elected (1941) to the Philippine Senate, but was unable to serve until 1945 because of the outbreak of World War II. Anthem: Lupang Hinirang Location of the Philippines in Asia Capital Manila ¹ Language(s) Pilipino, English, Spanish Government Republic President  - 1935-1944 Manuel L. Quezon  - 1944-1946 Sergio Osmeña  - 1946 Manuel Roxas Vice President  - 1935-1944 Sergio Osmeña  - 1946 Elpidio Quirino Historical era American colonization  - Philippine Independence Act March... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (b. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Having enrolled prior to World War II as an officer in the reserves, he was made liaison officer between the Commonwealth government and the United States Army Forces in the Far East headquarters of General Douglas MacArthur. He accompanied President Quezon to Corregidor where he supervised the destruction of Philippine currency to prevent its capture by the Japanese. When Quezon left Corregidor, Roxas went to Mindanao to direct the resistance there. It was prior to Quezon's departure that he was made Executive Secretary and designated as successor to the presidency in case Quezon or Vice-President Sergio Osmeña were captured or killed. Roxas was captured (1942) by the Japanese invasion forces. After a period of imprisonment, he was brought to Manila and eventually signed the Constitution promulgated by the Japanese-sponsored Philippine Republic. He was made responsible for economic policy under the government of Jose P. Laurel. During this time he also served as an intelligence agent for the underground Philippine guerrilla forces. In 1944 he unsuccessfully tried to escape to Allied territory. The returning American forces arrested him a Japanese collaborator. After the war, Gen. Douglas MacArthur cleared him and reinstated his commission as an officer of the US armed forces. This resuscitated his political career. Douglas MacArthur (January 26, 1880 - April 5, 1964), was an American general who played a prominent role in the Pacific theater of World War II. He was poised to command the invasion of Japan in November 1945 but was instead instructed to accept their surrender on September 2, 1945. ... Corregidor and the entrance to Manila Bay Corregidor in 1941 Corregidor is an island in the entrance of the Philippines Manila Bay. ... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... The City of Manila (Filipino: Lungsod ng Maynila), or simply Manila, is the capital of the Philippines and one of the municipalities that comprise Metro Manila. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Jose P. Laurel José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Douglas MacArthur (January 26, 1880 - April 5, 1964), was an American general who played a prominent role in the Pacific theater of World War II. He was poised to command the invasion of Japan in November 1945 but was instead instructed to accept their surrender on September 2, 1945. ...


When the Congress of the Philippines was convened in 1945, the legislators elected in 1941 chose Roxas as Senate President. In the Philippine national elections of 1946, Roxas ran for president as the nominee of the liberal wing of the Nacionalista Party. He had the staunch support of General MacArthur. His opponent was Sergio Osmeña, who refused to campaign, saying that the Filipino people knew his reputation. However, in the April 23, 1946 election, Roxas won 54 percent of the vote, and the Liberal Party won a majority in the legislature. When Philippine independence was recognized by the United States on July 4, 1946, he became the first president of the new republic. 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Liberal Party (Filipino: Partido Liberal) is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


Presidency

Official Malacañang Portrait of Manuel Roxas
Official Malacañang Portrait of Manuel Roxas

In 1948, Roxas declared amnesty for those arrested for collaborating with the Japanese during World War II, except for those who had committed violent crimes. Image File history File links Ph_pres_roxas. ... Image File history File links Ph_pres_roxas. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ...

Manuel Roxas (3d from left), on April 15, 1948, watching an air show at Clark AB. He would die hours after this picture was taken.
Manuel Roxas (3d from left), on April 15, 1948, watching an air show at Clark AB. He would die hours after this picture was taken.

Manuel Roxas was married to Doña Trinidad de Leon and had two children Ruby and Gerardo "Gerry" Roxas, Jr. who became congressman and a leader of Liberal Party. He died on April 15, 1948 at the age of 56, after suffering a fatal heart attack after delivering a speech at Clark Air Base in Angeles, pampanga. He was succeeded by his vice president, Elpidio Quirino. Image File history File links ManuelRoxas_Last. ... Image File history File links ManuelRoxas_Last. ... Trinidad de Leon Roxas (1900-1995) was the wife of Philippine President Manuel Roxas and the fifth First Lady of the Philippines. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Clark Air Base is a former U.S. Air Force base on Luzon Island in the Philippines, now known as the Clark Special Economic Zone. ... Elpidio Rivera Quirino (November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ...


Cabinet and Judicial Appointments 1946-48

The Commonwealth of the Philippines became the Republic of the Philippines on July 4, 1946. On that date, the Secretary of Foreign Affairs became the first in the order of precence among the cabinet. The roster of cabinet officials also became fixed as outlined below.

OFFICE NAME TERM
President Manuel Roxas 1946–1948
Vice-President Elpidio Quirino 1946–1948
Secretary of Foreign Affairs Elpidio Quirino 1946–1948
Secretary of the Interior Jose Zulueta 1946–1948
Secretary of Finance Miguel Cuaderno 1946–1948
Secretary of Justice Ramon Ozaeta 1946–1948
Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce Mariano Garchitorena 1946–1948
Secretary of Public Works and Communications Ricardo Nepumoceno 1946–1948
Secretary of Instruction Manuel Gallego 1946–1948
Secretary of Labor Pedro Magsalin 1946–1948
Secretary of National Defense Ruperto Kangleon 1946–1948
Secretary of Health and Public Welfare Antonio Villarama 1946–1948
General Auditing Office Sotero Cabahug 1945–1946
Secretary to the President Jose S. Reyes 1945–1946
Resident Commissioner Carlos P. Romulo 1945–1946

External links

  • The Philippine Presidency Project
  • A Country Study: Philippines

References

  • Zaide, Gregorio F. (1984). Philippine History and Government. National Bookstore Printing Press. 
Preceded by
?
Governor of Capiz
1919–1922
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Antonio Habana
Representative, 1st District of Capiz
1922–1934
Succeeded by
Ramon A. Arnaldo
Preceded by
Sergio Osmeña
Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
1922–1933
Succeeded by
Quintin Paredes
Preceded by
none
Delegate to the 1934-35 Constitutional Convention
1934–1935
Succeeded by
none
Preceded by
none
Assemblyman
1935–1938
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
?
Secretary of Finance
1938–1941
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
none
Liaison between the USAFFE Commander and the President of the Philippines
1941–1942
Succeeded by
none
Preceded by
Jorge Vargas
Executive Secretary
1942
Succeeded by
Arturo Rotor
Preceded by
?
Administrator, NARIC
1943–1945
Succeeded by
abolished
Preceded by
Restored
President of the Senate of the Philippines
1945–1946
Succeeded by
Jose Avelino
Preceded by
Sergio Osmena
President of the Philippines
1946–1948
Succeeded by
Elpidio Quirino


The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. ... Elpidio Rivera Quirino (November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior, concerned with such matters as national parks and The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General or Attorney-General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... The United States Secretary of Labor is the head of the United States Department of Labor. ... Ruperto Kadavero Kangleon (some sources spell his middle name Kadavero as Cadavero) was a Filipino military figure and politician. ... The Secretary to the President is the senior Irish civil servant who both fulfills four distinct roles vis-à-vis the presidency of Ireland. ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... Carlos P. Rómulo (b. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Legislative Districts... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... The National Assembly is the name of either a legislature, or the lower house of a bicameral legislature in some countries. ... The finance minister is a cabinet position in a government. ... A large number of international organizations and other bodies use the title secretary general or secretary-general for their chief administrative officer. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... José Avelino was a Filipino politician who served as President of the Philippine Senate. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Sergio Osmeña Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 - October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines (August 1, 1944—May 28, 1946). ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Elpidio Rivera Quirino (November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ...

Presidents of the Philippines - List
Seal of the President of the Philippines
  Aguinaldo | Quezon | Osmeña | Laurel | Roxas | Quirino | Magsaysay  
  Garcia | Macapagal | Marcos | Aquino | Ramos | Estrada | Arroyo   

  Results from FactBites:
 
Manuel Roxas Summary (1196 words)
Manuel Roxas (1892-1948) was the last president of the Commonwealth and the first president of the Republic of the Philippines.
Manuel Roxas was born in Capiz, Capiz Province, on Jan. 1, 1892.
Roxas studied college in University of Manila, and law at the University of the Philippines and was the Bar topnotcher.
Manuel Roxas - Encyclopedia.com (833 words)
After the Commonwealth of the Philippines was established (1935), Roxas became a member of the national assembly, served (1938-41) as secretary of finance in President Manuel Quezon 's cabinet, and was elected (1941) to the Philippine senate.
Manila Bulletin; 6/5/2004; 1865 words; Senator-elect Manuel Araneta Mar Roxas, grandson of the late President Manuel Roxas and son of the late Senator Gerardo Roxas, topped the recent Senate polls with...
Manuel "Mar" Roxas was educated in the Wharton School...
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m