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Encyclopedia > Manuel L. Quezon
Manuel L. Quezon


2nd President of the Philippines
1st President of the Commonwealth
In office
November 15, 1935 – August 1, 1944 [1]
Vice President(s) Sergio Osmeña
Preceded by Emilio Aguinaldo (position restored. 1935)
Succeeded by Sergio Osmena

Born August 19, 1878
Baler, Aurora
Died August 1, 1944
Saranac Lake, New York, United States
Political party Coalición Nacionalista
Spouse Aurora Aragon
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature Manuel L. Quezon's signature

Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (b. August 19, 1878 in Baler, Aurora, Philippines - d. August 1, 1944 in Saranac Lake, New York, United States) was the first Filipino president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines under U.S. occupation rule in the early period of the 20th century. He is also considered by most Filipinos, as the second President, after Emilio Aguinaldo (whose administration did not receive international recognition at the time and is not considered the first Philippine president by the United States). He has the distinction of being the first Senate President elected to the presidency, the first president elected through a national election, and was also the first incumbent to secure re-election (for a partial second term, later extended, due to amendments to the 1935 Constitution). He is known as the "Father of the National Language". Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (690x893, 140 KB)November 1942: President Quezon of the Philippines. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Sergio Osmeña Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 - October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines (August 1, 1944—May 28, 1946). ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Baler is the capital of the province of Aurora in the Philippines. ... Aurora is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The village of Saranac Lake, bottom, with Lower Saranac Lake, above, from Baker Mountain, to the East. ... “NY” redirects here. ... The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since 1907. ... Aurora Aragon Quezon (February 19, 1888–April 28, 1949), was the wife of Manuel L. Quezon, President of the Philippines. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1147x211, 11 KB)From a public document. ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Baler is the capital of the province of Aurora in the Philippines. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The village of Saranac Lake, bottom, with Lower Saranac Lake, above, from Baker Mountain, to the East. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Anthem Lupang Hinirang Location of the Philippines in Asia Capital Manila ¹ Language(s) Pilipino, English, Spanish Government Republic President  - 1935-1944 Manuel L. Quezon  - 1944-1946 Sergio Osmeña  - 1946 Manuel Roxas Vice President  - 1935-1944 Sergio Osmeña  - 1946 Elpidio Quirino Historical era American colonization  - Philippine Independence Act March... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ... Filipino (formerly Pilipino) is the national and an official language of the Philippines as designated in the 1987 Philippine Constitution. ...

Contents

Early life and career

Manuel L. Quezon, a Spanish mestizo, was born in Baler, Tayabas (now found at Aurora). His parents were Lucio Quezon and Maria Dolores Molina. While serving as aide-de-camp to Emilio Aguinaldo (he had been a Lieutenant, then a Major, in the Bataan sector during the retreat and surrender in 1901), he fought with Filipino nationalists in the Philippine-American War. Filipino mestizo is a term used in the Philippines, to designate Filipinos of mixed Austronesian (indigenous) and foreign (primarily European) ancestry. ... Baler is the capital of the province of Aurora in the Philippines. ... Tayabas was a province of the Philippines. ... Aurora is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... An aide-de-camp (French: camp assistant) is a personal assistant, secretary, or adjutant to a person of high rank, usually a senior military officer or a head of state. ... Combatants United States Philippines Commanders William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt Emilio Aguinaldo Strength 126,000 soldiers 80,000 soldiers Casualties 4,324 U.S. soldiers dead, 3,000 wounded 2,000 killed, dead, or wounded suffered by the Philippine Constabulary 16,000 soldiers killed est. ...


He received his primary education from his mother (a Spanish mestiza, and school teacher in their home town) and tutors (his father, a Chinese mestizo from Paco, Manila, was a Sergeant in the Spanish Army), and later boarded at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran where he completed secondary school. After the war, he completed Law at the University of Santo Tomas and passed the bar examinations in 1903, placing fourth. He worked for a time as a clerk and surveyor, entering government service as an appointed fiscal for Mindoro and later Tayabas. He became a councilor and was elected governor of Tayabas in 1906 as an independent. In 1907, he was elected to the first Philippine Assembly, where he served as majority floor leader and chairman of the committee on appropriations. From 1909-1916, he served as one of the Philippines' two resident commissioners to the U.S. House of Representatives, lobbying for the passage of the Philippine Autonomy Act or Jones Law. The Spanish Army (Ejército de Tierra in Spanish; literally, Land Army) is one branch of the Spanish Armed Forces, in charge of land operations. ... Colegio de San Juan de Letran (CSJL) (also as San Juan de Letran College (SJLC), Letran College (LC) or simply Letran), was founded in 1620. ... The Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines (or simply the University of Santo Tomas, UST or affectionately, Ustê), is a private Roman Catholic university run by the Order of Preachers in Manila. ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ...


Senate Presidency and Independence Missions

President Manuel L. Quezon prepares for his inaugural address
President Manuel L. Quezon prepares for his inaugural address

He was elected senator in 1916 and became Senate President, serving continuously until 1935 (19 years). He headed the first Independence Mission to the U.S. Congress in 1919, and brought home the Tydings-McDuffie Independence Law in 1934. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 481 × 332 pixelsFull resolution (481 × 332 pixel, file size: 17 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The inauguration of President Manuel L. Quezon as the President of the Philippine Commonwealth. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 481 × 332 pixelsFull resolution (481 × 332 pixel, file size: 17 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The inauguration of President Manuel L. Quezon as the President of the Philippine Commonwealth. ...


While in the United States, he personally met Napoleon Hill and was inspired to continue seeking the Independence of the Philippines. Napoleon Hill Napoleon Hill (October 26, 1883–November 8, 1970) was an American author who was one of the earliest producers of the modern genre of personal-success literature. ...


Presidency

The official Malacañan Palace portrait of President Quezon from 1935 to 1978

In 1935 Manuel L. Quezon won the Philippine's first national presidential election against Emilio Aguinaldo and Bishop Gregorio Aglipay. His original six-year term, without reelection, was extended by constitutional amendment, allowing him to serve two additional years for a total of eight. He was reelected in November, 1941. In a notable humanitarian act, Quezon, in cooperation with United States High Commissioner Paul V. McNutt, facilitated the entry into the Philippines of Jewish refugees fleeing fascist regimes in Europe. Quezon was also instrumental in promoting a project to resettle the refugees in Mindanao. Official portrait of Philippine president Manuel L. Quezon. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Manuel L. Quezon. ... Gregorio Labayan Aglipay was born on May 8, 1860 in Batac, Ilocos Norte, an orphan who grew up in the tobacco fields in the last volatile decades of the Spanish occupation of the Philippines. ... High Commissioner of the Philippines was the title of the personal representative of the President of the United States to the Commonwealth of the Philippines during the period 1935-1946. ... Paul V. McNutt in his Washington office, 1941. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. ...


Administration, Cabinet, and Supreme Court appointments 1935-1941

President Quezon was given the power under the reorganization act, to appoint the first all-Filipino Supreme Court of the Philippines in 1935. From 1901 to 1935, although a Filipino was always appointed chief justice, the majority of the members of the Supreme Court were Americans. Complete Filipinization was achieved only with the establishment of the Commonwealth of the Philippines in 1935. Claro M. Recto and Jose P. Laurel were among Quezon's first appointees to replace the American justices. The membership in the Supreme Court increased to 11: a chief justice and ten associate justices, who sat en banc or in two divisions of five members each. Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Filipino: Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas) is the...

OFFICE NAME TERM
President Manuel L. Quezon 1935–1941
Vice President Sergio Osmeña 1935–1941
Secretary of Public Instruction Sergio Osmeña 1935–1940
Jorge Bocobo 1940–1941
Secretary of Public Works and Communications Mariano Jesus Cuenco
Secretary of Justice Jose Yulo 1935–1938
Jose Abad Santos 1938–1941
Secretary of National Defense Teofilo Sison 1939–1941
Basilio Valdes December 23, 1941 (see War cabinet for changes)
Secretary of Finance Elpidio Quirino 1935–1936
Antonio de las Alas 1936–1938
Manuel Roxas 1938–1941
Serafin Marabut 1941
Secretary of the Interior Elpidio Quirino 1935–1938
Rafael Alunan 1938–1940
Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce Benigno Aquino 1935–1940
Rafael Alunan 1940–1941
Secretary of Labor Jose Avelino 1935–1938
Sotero Baluyut 1938–1941
Secretary to the President Jorge B. Vargas 1935–1941
Auditor-General Jaime Hernandez 1935–1941
Commissioner of the Budget Serafin Marabut 1935–1941
Commissioner of Civil Service Jose Gil 1935–1941
Resident Commissioner Quintin Paredes 1935–1938
Joaquin Elizalde 1938–1941

Ramon Avanceña (April 13, 1872 - June 12, 1957) was a Chief Justice of the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Chief Justice of the Philippines presides over the Supreme Court of the... Jose Abad Santos (top-left) is featured on the 1000-peso bill Jose Abad Santos (February 19, 1886—May 7, 1942) was the 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ... Claro Mayo Recto (February 8, 1890—October 2, 1960), was a Filipino politician and one of the most brilliant statesmen of his generation. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Jose P. Laurel José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. ... Jose Abad Santos (top-left) is featured on the 1000-peso bill Jose Abad Santos (February 19, 1886—May 7, 1942) was the 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Chief Justice of the Philippines presides over the Supreme Court of the... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Seal of the Vice President of the Philippines The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. ... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Biography Image:Mjcuenco. ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General or Attorney-General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... Jose Yulo (September 24, 1894 - October 2, 1976) was the Chief Justice of the Philippines of the Japanese Occupation during World War II.He served from 1942-1944. ... Jose Abad Santos (top-left) is featured on the 1000-peso bill Jose Abad Santos (February 19, 1886—May 7, 1942) was the 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ... Mexicos Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional (Secretariat of National Defense) is one of the many members of the State Secretariat that help the President of Mexico run the country. ... Elpidio Rivera Quirino (November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. ... The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior, concerned with such matters as national parks and The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ... Elpidio Rivera Quirino (November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... Benigno Aquino is the name of three generations of politicians from the Philippines: Benigno Aquino Sr. ... The United States Secretary of Labor is the head of the United States Department of Labor. ... José Avelino was a Filipino politician who served as President of the Philippine Senate. ... The Secretary to the President is the senior Irish civil servant who both fulfills four distinct roles vis-à-vis the presidency of Ireland. ... Jorge B. Vargas (August 24, 1890 – February 22, 1980) was a lawyer and youth advocate born in Bago City, Negros Occidental. ... Jaime (sometimes spelled Xaime) Hernandez (born 1959) is the co-creator of the black & white independent comic Love and Rockets (along with his brothers Gilbert and Mario). ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ...

Government-in-exile

President Quezon, with some of his family members, are welcomed in Washington, D.C. by President Roosevelt
President Quezon, with some of his family members, are welcomed in Washington, D.C. by President Roosevelt

After the Japanese invasion of the Philippines during World War II he evacuated to Corregidor, then the Visayas and Mindanao, and upon the invitation of the US government, was further evacuated to Australia and then to the United States, where he established the Commonwealth government in exile with headquarters in Washington, D.C.. There, he served as a member of the Pacific War Council, signed the declaration of the United Nations against the Axis Powers, and wrote his autobiography (Good Fight, 1946). Image File history File linksMetadata Quezon_Roosevelt. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Quezon_Roosevelt. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A government in exile is a political group that claims to be a countrys legitimate government, but for various reasons is unable to exercise its legal power, and instead resides in a foreign country. ... The Pacific War Council was an inter-governmental body established in 1942 and intended to control the Allied war effort in the Pacific and Asian campaigns of World War II. Following the establishment of the short-lived American-British-Dutch-Australian military command (ABDACOM) in January 1942, the governments of... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Quezon suffered from tuberculosis and died in Saranac Lake, New York on August 1, 1944. He was initially buried in Arlington National Cemetery. His body was later carried by the USS Princeton (CV-37) and re-interred in Manila, at the Manila North Cemetery and then moved to Quezon City within the monument at the Quezon Memorial Circle. Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... The village of Saranac Lake, bottom, with Lower Saranac Lake, above, from Baker Mountain, to the East. ... “NY” redirects here. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The fifth USS Princeton (CV-37) (also CVA-37, CVS-37, LPH-5) was a United States Navy Ticonderoga-class aircraft carrier (later refit into a Boxer-class LPH). ... Nickname: Motto: Linisin Ibangon Maynila Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (2007-2010 GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (AM/PDP-Laban... Mousoleo de los Veteranos de la Revolucion The Manila North Cemetery (or Cementerio del Norte), which measures 54 hectares, is considered the biggest and one of the oldest cemeteries in Metro Manila. ... Nickname: Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Quezon City Coordinates: 14°38 N, 121°2 E Country Philippines Region National Capital Region Districts 1st to 4th districts of Quezon City Barangays 142 Incorporated (town) October 12, 1939 (as Balintawak) Incorporated (city) October 12, 1939 Government  - Mayor Feliciano Sonny... The Quezon Memorial Circle is a national park and shrine located in Quezon City, former capital of the Philippines (1948-1976). ...


Quezon was married to his first cousin, Aurora Aragón Quezon, and had four children: María Aurora "Baby" Quezon (1919-1949), María Zeneida "Nini" Quezon Avancena (1921-), Luisa Corazón Paz "Nenita" Quezon (1923-1923) and Manuel L. "Nonong" Quezon, Jr. (1926-1998). His grandson, Manuel L. "Manolo" Quezon III (1970-),a prominent writer and political pundit, was named after him. Aurora Aragon Quezon (February 19, 1888–April 28, 1949), was the wife of Manuel L. Quezon, President of the Philippines. ...


In their column on the pronunciation of names, The Literary Digest wrote "The President and his wife pronounce the name keh'-zon. The pronunciation keh-son', although widely heard in the Philippine Islands, is incorrect." (Charles Earle Funk, What's the Name, Please?, Funk & Wagnalls, 1936.) The Literary Digest was an influential general-interest magazine in the early 20th century United States. ...


War Cabinet 1941-1944

The outbreak of World War II and the Japanese invasion resulted in periodic and drastic changes to the government structure. Executive Order 390, December 22, 1941 abolished the Department of the Interior and established a new line of succession. Executive Order 396, December 24, 1941 further reorganized and grouped the cabinet, with the functions of Secretary of Justice assigned to the Chief Justice of the Philippines.

OFFICE NAME TERM
President Manuel L. Quezon 1941–1944 (extended, 1943)
Vice President Sergio Osmeña 1941–1944 (extended, 1943)
Secretary of Justice and Finance Jose Abad Santos December 24, 1941– March 26, 1942
Secretary of Justice Jose Abad Santos March 26, 1941– May, 1942
Secretary of Finance, Agriculture, and Commerce Andres Soriano March 26, 1942– July 30, 1944
Secretary of National Defense, Public Works, Communications and Labor Basilio Valdes December 24, 1941–August 1, 1944
Secretary of Public Instruction, Health, and Public Welfare Sergio Osmeña December 24, 1941– August 1, 1944
Secretary to the President Manuel Roxas December 24, 1941– May, 1942
Arturo Rotor May, 1942– August 1, 1944
Secretary to the Cabinet Manuel Nieto 1943–1944
Auditor-General Jaime Hernandez December 30, 1941– August 1, 1944
Resident Commissioner Joaquin Elizalde December 30, 1941– August 1, 1944 (given cabinet rank, May, 1942)
Secretary of Information and Public Relations Carlos P. Romulo 1943–1944

Sources: The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Seal of the Vice President of the Philippines The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. ... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Jose Abad Santos (top-left) is featured on the 1000-peso bill Jose Abad Santos (February 19, 1886—May 7, 1942) was the 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General or Attorney-General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... Jose Abad Santos (top-left) is featured on the 1000-peso bill Jose Abad Santos (February 19, 1886—May 7, 1942) was the 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... The Secretary to the President is the senior Irish civil servant who both fulfills four distinct roles vis-à-vis the presidency of Ireland. ... Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. ... Jose Manuel Nieto ,1734 - 1804, was a soldier from the Presidio of San Diego who was assigned to the Mission San Gabriel at the time his land was granted by the Spanish Empire in 1784. ... Jaime (sometimes spelled Xaime) Hernandez (born 1959) is the co-creator of the black & white independent comic Love and Rockets (along with his brothers Gilbert and Mario). ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... Carlos P. Rómulo (b. ...


The Sixth Annual Report of the United States High Commission to the Philippine Island to the President and Congress of the United States, Covering the Fiscal Year July 1, 1941 to June 30, 1942 Washington D.C. October 20, 1942


Executive Orders of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, Manila, Bureau of Printing 1945


Quotes

"I prefer a country run like hell by Filipinos to a country run like heaven by Americans. Because, however bad a Filipino government might be, we can always change it."


"My loyalty to my party ends where my loyalty to my country begins."


"Social Justice is far more beneficial when applied as a matter of sentiment, and not of law."


Notes

  1. ^ Inaugurated for 2nd term, December 30, 1941; term extended by Act of U.S. Congress, November 15, 1943

is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • McArthur, Douglas (1964). Reminiscences. 
  • Quezon, Manuel L. (1946). The Good Fight. 
  • Perret, Geoffrey (1996). Old Soldiers Never Die: The Life of Douglas MacArthur. 

External links

  • The Philippine Presidency Project: Manuel L. Quezon
  • Philippine Presidents
  • Bonnie Harris, Cantor Joseph Cysner: From Zbaszyn to Manila.
Preceded by
Unknown
Fiscal of Mindoro
1903–1904
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Fiscal of Tayabas
1904–1905
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Councilor, Lucena City
1905–1906
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Governor of Tayabas
1906–1907
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Newly Established
Assemblyman and Majority Floor Leader
1907–1909
Succeeded by
Filemon Perez
Preceded by
Pablo Ocampo
Philippine Resident Commissioner
1909–1916
Succeeded by
Camilo Osias
Preceded by
Newly Established
President of the Senate of the Philippines
1916–1935
Succeeded by
Abolished
Restored in 1945 with Manuel Roxas
Preceded by
Frank Murphy
Governor General of the Philippines
President of the Philippines
1935–1944
Succeeded by
Sergio Osmeña
Preceded by
Newly Established
Head of the Civilian Emergency Administration
1941–1942
Succeeded by
Jorge B. Vargas
Philippine Executive Commission
Preceded by
Newly Established
Head of Government in Manila
1941–1942
Succeeded by
Masaharu Homma
Japanese Military Administration

 
 

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