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Encyclopedia > Mannaz

Mannaz or Manwaz is the Proto-Germanic term for "man", in the gender-neutral sense of "person, human being". Map of the Pre-Roman Iron Age culture(s) associated with Proto-Germanic, ca 500 BC-50 BC. The area south of Scandinavia is the Jastorf culture Proto-Germanic, the proto-language believed by scholars to be the common ancestor of the Germanic languages, includes among its descendants Dutch, Yiddish... Image of a man on the Pioneer plaque sent to interstellar space A man is a male human adult, in contrast to an adult female, which is a woman. ...


The word developed into Old English man, mann "human being, person," (c.f. also German Mann, Old Norse maðr, Gothic manna "man"). Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... Old Norse or Danish tongue is the Germanic language once spoken by the inhabitants of the Nordic countries (for instance during the Viking Age). ... The Gothic language (*gutiska razda, *𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺𐌰 𐍂𐌰𐌶𐌳𐌰) is an extinct Germanic language that was spoken by the Goths and specifically by the Visigoths. ...


It is derived from a Proto-Indo-European base *man-, with a variant *mon- (cf. Sanskrit/Avestan manu-, Russian muzh "man, male"). Some etymologies treat the root as an independent one, as does the American Heritage Dictionary. This is perhaps the safest approach. If there are any further connections, they are not known, and there may not be. After all, men existed and must have had a word in the language(s) preceding Indo-European. The Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) is the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages. ... The Sanskrit language ( संस्कृता वाक्) is one of the earliest attested members of the Indo-European language family and is not only a classical language, but also an official language of India. ... Yasna 28. ... The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (AHD) is a dictionary of American English published by Boston publisher Houghton-Mifflin, the first edition of which appeared in 1969. ...


Of the etymologies that do make connections with other Indo-European roots, man "the thinker" is the most traditional — that is, the word is connected with the root *men- "to think" (cognate to mind). This etymology presumes that man is the one who thinks, which fits the definition of man given by Rene Descartes as a "rational animal", indebted to Aristotle's ζωον λογον εχων, which is also the basis for Homo sapiens (see Human self-reflection). This etymology is however not generally accepted. Cognates are words that have a common origin. ... René Descartes René Descartes (IPA: , March 31, 1596 – February 11, 1650), also known as Cartesius, worked as a philosopher and mathematician. ... Aristotle, marble copy of bronze by Lysippos. ... Human beings are defined variously in biological, spiritual, and cultural terms, or in combinations thereof. ... The Thinker by Auguste Rodin: An artists impression of Homo sapiens Human self-reflection is the basis of philosophy and is present from the earliest historical records. ...


A second etymology postulates the reduction of the ancestor of "human" to the ancestor of "man". Human is from *dhghem-, "earth". *(dh)ghom-on- is some sort of “earthling” and it is up to us to guess what. The word would reduce to just its final syllable, *m-on-. You may find this point of view in Eric Partridge, Origins, under man. Such a derivation may be credible if we had only the Germanic form, but the attested Indo-Iranian manu virtually excludes the possibility.


The earthmen also fit certain attendant circumstances. Tuisto, father of Mannus, is the god who sprang from the earth. Tuisto or Tuisco was according to Tacitus (Germania, ch. ... Mannus was a mythological character from whom a number of Germanic tribes were descended. ...


Restricted use of man in the sense "adult male" only began to occur in late Old English, around 1000 AD, and the word formerly expressing male sex, wer had died out by 1300 (but survives in e.g. were-wolf and were-gild). The original sense of the word is preserved in mankind, from Old English mancynn. Image of a man on the Pioneer plaque sent to interstellar space A man is a male human adult, in contrast to an adult female, which is a woman. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Were and wer are archaic terms for adult male humans and were often used for alliteration with wife as were and wife. Another like pair in older English was groom and girl. Since wife originally meant any female, bride was the more natural term for a married woman. ... Events Beginning of the Renaissance. ... A German Woodcut from 1722 A werewolf in folklore and mythology is a person who changes into a wolf, either by purposefully using magic or by being placed under a curse. ... Weregild (Alternative spellings: wergild, wergeld, weregeld, etc. ... Mankind may refer to: Human beings and their society An alias of professional wrestler Mick Foley The MMORTS Mankind The morality play Mankind. ...


*Manus in Indo-European mythology was the first man, see Mannus, Manu (Hinduism) Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies The existence of similarities among the gods and religious practices of the Indo-European peoples suggests that whatever population they actually formed had some form of polytheistic religion. ... Mannus was a mythological character from whom a number of Germanic tribes were descended. ... In Hindu mythology, Manu is a title accorded the progenitor of humankind during an eon called a Manvantara. ...


In the twentieth century, the generic meaning of "man" declined still further (but survives in compounds "mankind", "everyman", "no-man", etc), and is now mostly seen as archaic, with the word used almost exclusively to mean "adult male". Interestingly, exactly the same thing has happened to the Latin word homo: in most Romance languages, homme, uomo, hombre, homem have come to refer mainly to males, with residual generic meaning. The Romance languages, also called Romanic languages, are a subfamily of the Italic languages, specifically the descendants of the Vulgar Latin dialects spoken by the common people evolving in different areas after the break-up of the Roman Empire. ...


Mannaz is also the reconstructed name of the m-rune . A rune can mean a single character in the Runic alphabet as well as an inscription of several runic charcters or symbols. ...


See also


Were and wer are archaic terms for adult male humans and were often used for alliteration with wife as were and wife. Another like pair in older English was groom and girl. Since wife originally meant any female, bride was the more natural term for a married woman. ...

Runic alphabet | Rune poems
Elder Fuþark: ᚠ f | ᚢ u | ᚦ þ | ᚨ a | ᚱ r | ᚲ k | ᚷ g | ᚹ w | ᚺ h | ᚾ n | ᛁ i | ᛃ j |ᛇ ï | ᛈ p | ᛉ z | ᛊ s |ᛏ t | ᛒ b | ᛖ e | ᛗ m | ᛚ l | ᛜ ng | ᛞ d | ᛟ o

 
 

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