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Encyclopedia > Mannar

Mannar is a district of Sri Lanka.

Mannar means 'deer river' or 'silt river'. The ancient port was known as Manthai or Mathoddam. It means 'mango garden'. This is the location of Thiruketheeswaram. the ancient temple which was sung in Tevaram and visited by Sambanthar. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 107 KB) Summary This is a picture of Mannar District in Sri Lanka Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mannar ... Ketheeswaram temple also Thirukeethiswaram is a Hindu temple which is located near the town of Mannar, Sri Lanka. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Contents


Geology, Soil and Water

Murunkan is a place where Giant's Tank is situated. It has montmorillonite clay and is the only place in Sri Lanka where this kind of clay can be obtained. This clay is used in making cement. Montmorillonite is a very soft phyllosilicate mineral that typically forms in microscopic crystals, forming a clay. ...


Aruvi Aru (Malwattu Oya) is the second longest river in Sri Lanka and runs through Mannar and Anuradhapura districts. During ancient times Tamiravarni or Tambapanni (Tamirabarani) may be the alternate names of Aruvi Aru. Anuradhapura, (අනුරාධපුර in Sinhala), is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, world famous for its well preserved ruins of the Great Sri Lankan Civilization. ... Tambapanni is a name derived from Tamira Varni (in Sanskrit). ... Tamirabarani is perhaps the only river that could be called PERINIELL in the whole south India. ...


Mannar has artesian springs and aquifers. These water supply comes from Sri Lanka's central areas. The Northern Province has a supply of fresh water from aquifers and it was used in sucessful cultivation. It only exists in the areas where Red Yellow Latosol exists. These types of aquifers do not exist where Reddish Brown Earth is found. The rest of the Vanni area is void of perennial supply of fresh water. Geological strata giving rise to an Artesian well. ... An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, or permeable mixtures of unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) (see also groundwater). ... Northern Province may refer to: North Province, Cameroon Northern Province, Sri Lanka Northern Province, Papua New Guinea Northern Province, Zambia Limpopo Province, South Africa, formerly named Northern Transvaal Northern Cape Province, South Africa, in line with reference to the former Cape Province as simply The Province, particularly in rugby. ...


Demography

Mannar is a prdominantly Catholic Christian area. There was equal amount of Muslim population before 1990. The ethnic conflict created distrust between communities and LTTE expelled all Muslims out of Northern Province during 1990. Muslims refugees settled around Puttalam. Any settlement for the ethnic conflict has to decide on the fate of Muslim refugees, their fate and their properties. A reasonable settlement will need to accommodate a secular, federal state for all the communities to live in a peaceful neighbourhood without fear. Muslims have lived here from ancient times when Arab traders were travelling the Indian Ocean. Christians have lived here from Portuguese times. They both originate from the local Tamil population who changed their religion after the foreign traders or missionaries came to Mannar. Some Muslim lineages claim Arab ancestors married to Tamil women. An ethnic war is a war between ethnic groups often as a result of ethnic nationalism. ... LTTE is an acronym or initialism for: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Known for their guerilla warfare forcibly killing every other independent groups aiming for seperate state. ... Northern Province may refer to: North Province, Cameroon Northern Province, Sri Lanka Northern Province, Papua New Guinea Northern Province, Zambia Limpopo Province, South Africa, formerly named Northern Transvaal Northern Cape Province, South Africa, in line with reference to the former Cape Province as simply The Province, particularly in rugby. ... Puttalam is a district situated near to the west coast of Sri Lanka. ... An ethnic war is a war between ethnic groups often as a result of ethnic nationalism. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are an ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ...


Christian Churches

Mannar is part of the 'Catholic Belt' extending from Negombo to Jaffna. Portuguese first arrived in Colombo and established Catholicism in areas around Chilaw and further expanded their rule into Nagar Kovil,Kanyakumari and Tuticorin area. Thus the whole of Gulf of Mannar could be called a Catholic Belt. Negombo is a small town approximately 50 km north of Colombo in Sri Lanka. ... Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil, Jaffna Jaffna (யாழ்ப்பாணம் in Tamil meaning யாழ்=harp, பாணம்=town of harper, යාපනය in Sinhala) the capital city of the Northern Province, Sri Lanka. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: District Colombo Division, Colombo District Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Independent Group) Area    - City 248 mi²/ 642 km²  - Land / km²  - Water / km² Population    - City (2001) 377,396 (Colombo metropolitan area 2001 census)  - Density 3,305/km²  - Metro 2,234,289 (Colombo District) Time... It has been suggested that Catholic, One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church be merged into this article or section. ... There is a saying that Chilaw is famous for Crabs, Sri Lanka. ... The Tiruvalluvar statue The Vivekananda memorial The Gandhi Mandepam Kanyakumari is a town and a cape at the southernmost tip of the Indian peninsula. ... Thoothukudi (தூத்துக்குடி in Tamil), also known as Tuticorin is a city and district in Tamil Nadu, India. ... The Gulf of Mannar is an arm of the Indian Ocean, lying between the southern tip of India and the west coast of Sri Lanka at a width of between 160 and 200 km (100 to 125 mi). ...


The ancient Madu Church is one of the ancient churches in Asia and located near Murunkan. An ancient Kali Temple was demolished by Portuguese to construct the Catholic church on the same location.


The largest church in Sri Lanka is the Pesalai Church. Recent human rights violations by Sri Lanka Army has brought it to the media attention internationally. (see 2006 Mannar massacres) Sri Lankan Army Flag The Sri Lankan Army is a branch of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces with the responsbility of overseeing land-based operations. ... 2006 Mannar massacres is a series of unfolding massacres of minority Tamil civilians in the island of Mannar in Sri Lanka, all attributed to the LTTE forces. ...


Mannar Harbour

Mannar has an ancient port which needs to be expanded into a large harbour like Rameshwaram Harbour. The present 'Sethusamudram Project' by the Indian Government will bring 90% of the shipping traffic very near to the Mannar Harbour. Sethu Samudram is a Tamil name, that translates as Setu Sea. ...


The strategic advantages derive from obtaining a navigable sea route close to the coast, with a reduction in travel distance of more than 350 nautical miles (650 km) (for larger ships). The project is expected to provide a boost to the economic and industrial development of coastal Tamil Nadu. The project will be of particular significance to Jaffna, Kankesanthurai, Mannar, Point Pedro and Tuticorin harbour. Tuticurin has the potential to transform itself into a nodal port. The Tamil Nadu Government has announced its proposal to develop 13 minor ports, including Ennore, Cuddalore, Nagapattinam, Thondi, Valinokam, Kolachel and Kanyakumari.


Development of the canal and ports is also expected to provide increased maritime security for Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka.


All the other harbours of Sri Lanka will get bypassed by the ships and Indian harbours will be servicing the shipping traffic. As such a hundred million dollar project needs to be started to build a modern harbour in Mannar to compete. The location of such a harbour can be on the northern side and southern side of Mannar as both the sides can cater for deep sea vessels.


Wildlife

Mannar needs to be linked to Puttalam by a straight road which may be not more than 20 miles of distance. Part of this needs to be underground as it goes through the Wilpattu National Park. This will be of economic benefit to Sri Lanka as it will save so many kilometers of unnecessary drive through Anuradhapura and Wanni area to Jaffna. Puttalam is a district situated near to the west coast of Sri Lanka. ... Anuradhapura, (අනුරාධපුර in Sinhala), is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, world famous for its well preserved ruins of the Great Sri Lankan Civilization. ... Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil, Jaffna Jaffna (யாழ்ப்பாணம் in Tamil meaning யாழ்=harp, பாணம்=town of harper, යාපනය in Sinhala) the capital city of the Northern Province, Sri Lanka. ...


External links

  • Pesalai Church Attack

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gulf of Mannar - definition of Gulf of Mannar in Encyclopedia (246 words)
Gulf of Mannar, arm of the Indian Ocean extending east to west between India and Sri Lanka at a width of 160 to 200 km (100 to 125 mi).
Local fishermen rely on the reef to feed their families however destructive fishing methods combined with the stress of pollution and coral mining have meant both nearshore and offshore catches have decreased.
Located on the southeastern tip of the subcontinent, the Gulf of Mannar is known to harbour over 3,600 species of flora and fauna, making it one of the richest coastal regions in Asia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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