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Encyclopedia > Manjeel

Manjil is a historical town in the southern basin of Caspian in Northern Iran. For Caspian Sea, go to: Caspian Sea CASPIAN Consumers Against Supermarket Privacy Invasion and Numbering (CASPIAN) is a national grass-roots consumer group dedicated to fighting supermarket loyalty or frequent shopper cards. ...


History and Geography

Wind turbines

Manjil is located between N36º45´18˝-N36º41´42˝ and E49º23´6˝ and E49º31´ 48˝. Its known as the windy city of Iran; a reputation caused by its geographical position in the Alborz mountains i.e., at a small cleft in Alborz that funnels the wind through Manjil to the Qazvin plateau. Throughout the history Manjil has been a gate to the Southern Caspian area. There are numerous archaeological site excavations (mostly illegal) in Manjil area because of its rich cultural history. Some of these sites are related to the Ismaili era i.e., Hassan Sabbah movement based in Alamoot forte (one may find artifacts from 2-3 millennia B.C., in some households in the area!). Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 398 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (2319 × 3492 pixel, file size: 2 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Manjil User:Marmoulak... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 398 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (2319 × 3492 pixel, file size: 2 MB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Manjil User:Marmoulak... Unsourced image removed: Image:IranElevationMap. ... Qazvin province contains fine examples of Iranian architecture from various ages. ... The IsmāʿīlÄ« (Urdu: اسماعیلی IsmāʿīlÄ«, Arabic: الإسماعيليون al-IsmāʿīliyyÅ«n; Persian: اسماعیلیان Esmāʿīliyān) branch of Islam is the second largest part of the ShÄ«a community, after the Twelvers (Ithnāʿashariyya). ... Artistic Rendering of Hassan-i-Sabbah Hassan-i-Sabbah or Hassan-e-Sabbah (Persian: بن صباح or حسن صباح) (circa 1034 - 1124) or The Old Man of the Mountain (Arabic: شيخ الجبل), was an Iranian Ismaili Nizari missionary who converted a community in the late 11th century in the heart of the Alborz Mountains of northern...


Manjil is also known for its olive gardens and the river Sepid Rood (or "Sefid Rood", "white river"). This river that passes by the town is formed in Manjil by two joining rivers and since 1960 has been the site of a dam built on it that significantly contributes to Gilan's agriculture while generating electric power. The lake behind the Sepid Rood dam also ads to the beauty of the area (visible on Google earth at the above coordinates). Binomial name Olea europaea L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Lebanon and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Guilan (گیلان in Persian) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran, during antique time known as part of Hyrcania, with a population of approximately 2 million and an area of 14,700 sq. ... Google Earth is a virtual globe program that was originally called Earth Viewer and was created by Keyhole, Inc. ...


Modern History

In modern era Manjil was the site of a historical battle between the nationalist revolutionary forces of Jangal (led by Mirza Koochak Khan) and the joint British and White Russian forces on June 12, 1918. The latter forces (led by General Dunsterville and Kernel Bicherakhov) willing to pass through Manjil as the only passage to the Caspian in order to reach Baku and overthrow the newly formed Baku commune (led by Stepan Shahumian). General Dunsterville's private diaries and notes, including those kept during his command of the Dunsterforce Mission to North Persia and Baku, 1918 were transcribed from the original by General Dunsterville's great granddaughter, and are co-located on the Great War Primary Documents Archive [1]. Mirza Koochak Khan (or Mirza Kuchek Khan, or Mirza Kouchek Khan) is a national hero in modern Persian history. ... White Army redirects here. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Municipality: Baku Area: 1000 km² Altitude: -28 m Population: 2,074,300 census 2003 Population density: 1280 persons/km² Postal Code: AZ10 Area code: +99412 Municipality code: BA Latitude: 41° 01 52 N Longitude: 21° 20 25 E Weather types: 9 of 11 Mayor: Hajibala Abutalybov The Baku region. ... Stepan Shahumyan Stepan Shahumyan (Armenian Ստեպան Շահումյան; * 13 October 1878, † 20 September 1918), also known as Stepan Georgevich Shaumyan (Russian Степан Георгиевич Шаумян) was an Armenian communist politician and revolutionary. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ...


Although devastated by an earthquake of magnitude 7.3 on June 12, 1990, for the last few decades Manjil has enjoyed industrial and economic growth but would have more potential given its natural and human resources. An earthquake is the result from the sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ...


External links

Coordinates: 36°44′N, 49°25′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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