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Encyclopedia > Manitoulin Island

Manitoulin Island is the world's largest freshwater lake island, with an area of 2,766 square kilometres (1068 square miles). Part of Ontario, Canada, the island separates the larger part of Lake Huron to its south and west from Georgian Bay to its east. Manitoulin Island itself has 108 freshwater lakes, some of which have their own islands. Lake Manitou (Appx. 40 sq. mi.) is the largest lake in a freshwater island in the world. The island has three rivers, the Kagawong, Manitou, and Mindemoya Rivers, which provide spawning grounds for Atlantic Salmon and trout. For the village on the Isle of Wight, see Freshwater, Isle of Wight. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English Flower White trillium Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 4th 1... Lake Huron and the other Great Lakes Lake Huron, bounded on the west by Michigan and on the east by Ontario, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Georgian Bay (French: baie Georgienne) is a large bay of Lake Huron, located in Ontario, Canada. ... Lake Manitou is the largest lake on Manitoulin Island a so called islandlake and also largest lake in a freshwater island in the world (and, ironically, said freshwater island is the largest freshwater island in the world. ... The Kagawong River is a river on Manitoulin Island which flows from Lake Kagawong to empty into Mudge Bay on the North Channel Lake Huron. ... There are two Manitou Rivers in the province of Ontario, Canada. ... The Mindemoya River is a river on Manitoulin Island which flows from Mindemoya Lake to empty into Providence Bay on Lake Huron. ... Frog spawn Spawning is the production or depositing of eggs in large numbers by aquatic animals. ... The Chinook or King Salmon is the largest salmon in North America and can grow up to 58 long and 125 pounds. ... Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Biwa trout (Oncorhynchus masou subsp) Trout is the common name given to a number of species of freshwater fish belonging to the salmon family, Salmonidae. ...


There are 18 towns on Manitoulin, which include six Ojibwa reserves. During the summer months the population (12,600 permanent residents) on the island grows by more than a quarter of its usual size due to the popularity of boating and other activities offered to tourists. The island constitutes the Manitoulin District census division of Ontario. The Ojibwa, Aanishanabe or Chippewa (also Ojibwe, Ojibway, Chippeway, Anishinaabe, or Anishinabek) are the largest group of Native Americans/First Nations north of Mexico, including Métis. ... In Canada, an Indian reserve is specified by the Indian Act as a tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band. ... The Manitoulin District is a district in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Outline map of Canadas Census Divisions in 2001 Note: This page refers only to subdivisions in Canada. ...


The island is physio-graphically part of Southern Ontario, an "eastward extension of the Interior Plains, a region characterized by low relief and sedimentary underpinnings". It consists mainly of dolomite. It is a continuation of the Bruce Peninsula and Niagara Escarpment, a geological structure running south into Niagara Falls and continuing into New York. The Cup and Saucer Hiking Trail, which climbs the escarpment, provides a spectacular lookout over the island. Southern Ontario is the portion of the Canadian province of Ontario which lies south of the French River and Algonquin Park. ... Dolomite crystals from Touissite, Morocco Dolomite is the name of both a carbonate rock and a mineral consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate (formula: CaMg(CO3)2) found in crystals. ... Map of Southern Ontario showing Bruce Peninsula in red. ... Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... For other uses, see Niagara Falls (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq. ... In geology, an escarpment is a transition zone between different physiogeographic provinces that involves an elevation differential, often involving high cliffs. ...

Cup and Saucer Hiking Trail.
Cup and Saucer Hiking Trail.

Year-round motor-vehicle access to the island is via a one-lane swing bridge that crosses the North Channel at Little Current, which is also the largest town on the Island, with a population of about 1500 people. From late spring to early October, a daily passenger-vehicle ferry, the Chi-Cheemaun (Ojibwa for "Big Canoe"), travels between Tobermory on the tip of the Bruce Peninsula and South Baymouth on Manitoulin Island. Cup and Saucer Trail, Manitoulin my own photo View along the Cup and Saucer Hiking Trail on Manitoulin Island, Ontario File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Cup and Saucer Trail, Manitoulin my own photo View along the Cup and Saucer Hiking Trail on Manitoulin Island, Ontario File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Little Current is a community in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... The Chi-Cheemaun opening its bow visor. ... Tobermory is a small town lying at the north tip of the Bruce Peninsula in Ontario, Canada. ... Map of Southern Ontario showing Bruce Peninsula in red. ...


Manitoulin Island's soil is relatively alkaline, which precludes the growth of common Northern Ontario flora like blueberries, and allows for the island's trademark hawberries. These berries are so distinctive that people born on the island are referred to as Haweaters. Each year on the August long weekend, the island hosts the Haweater Festival. The festival is a large tourist draw and includes parades, firework shows, craft shows, and rural competitions such as horse pulls. The common (Arrhenius) definition of a base is a chemical compound that either donates hydroxide ions or absorbs hydrogen ions when dissolved in water. ... Northern Ontario is the part of the province of Ontario, Canada, which lies north of Lake Huron, Georgian Bay, the French River and Lake Nipissing. ... For other uses, see Blueberry (disambiguation). ... Hawberries are berries known to grow on Manitoulin Island thanks to its distinctive alkaline soil. ... Haweater is a nickname given to a person born on Manitoulin Island. ... A long weekend is a term used in Western countries to denote a weekend that is at least three days long (a three-day weekend), due to a holiday falling on either the Friday or Monday. ... Marines on parade A parade is an organized procession of people along a street, often in costume, and often accompanied by decorated vehicles called floats or sometimes large lighter-than-air balloons with complex shapes. ... Rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China Rural areas are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities and towns. ...


The island is also home to the Mounted Animal Nature Trail, made famous by Canadian humor band Arrogant Worms. The Arrogant Worms are a Canadian musical comedy trio that parodies many musical genres. ...


History

Manitoulin means spirit island in the Ojibwe language. The island was a sacred place for the native Anishinaabe people who were Ojibwe, Odawa and Potawatomi. Ojibwe, Ojibwa, Chippewa or Anishinaabemowin in Eastern Ojibwe syllabics) is the third most commonly spoken Native language in Canada (after Cree and Inuktitut), and the fourth most spoken in North America (behind Navajo, Cree, and Inuktitut). ... Anishinaabe is a self-description often used by people belonging to the indigenous Odawa, Ojibwe, and Algonkin peoples of North America, who share closely related Algonkian languages. ... For other uses of Chippewa, see Chippewa (disambiguation). ... The Ottawa (also Odawa or Odaawa) are a Native American people. ... Rain dance, Kansas, c. ...


The North Channel was part of the route used by the voyageurs to reach Lake Superior. The first known European to settle on the island was Father Joseph Poncet, a French Jesuit, who set up a mission near Wikwemikong in 1648. The Jesuits called the island "Isle de Ste. Marie". Diseases introduced by the visitors had a devastating effect on the island's population. Raids from the south by the Five Nations Iroquois drove the remaining people from the island by 1650. According to oral tradition, the island was burned to purify it as they left and it remained largely unsettled for the next 150 years. The coureurs des bois (runners of the woods) or voyageurs (travellers) is the name given to the men who engaged in the fur trade directly with the Amerindians in North America from the time of New France up through the 19th century, when much of the continent was still mostly... Lake Superior, viewed from Au Train Bay in Alger County, Michigan Lake Superior (known as Gichigami in an Ojibwe language), bounded by Ontario and Minnesota to the north and Wisconsin and Michigan in the south, is the largest of North Americas Great Lakes. ... World map showing Europe Europe is one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... The Society of Jesus (Societas Iesu (S.I. or S.J.) in Latin) is a Christian religious order of the Roman Catholic Church in direct service to the Pope. ... // Events January 17 - Englands Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Address, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War. ... Five Nations can refer to: The original five nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, a union of Native American tribes The Five Nations Championship in rugby union, now the Six Nations Championship The Five Nations of the Eberron Campaign Setting. ... // Events June 23 - Claimant King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland arrives in Scotland, the only of the three Kingdoms that has accepted him as ruler. ...


Native people (Odawa, Ojibwe, Potawatomi) began to return to the island following the War of 1812. The island was ceded to the Crown in 1836 and set aside as a refuge for natives. Jean-Baptiste Proulx re-established a Roman Catholic mission in 1838 which the Jesuits took over in 1845. In 1862, the Manitoulin Island treaty opened up the island for settlement by non-native people. The Wikwemikong chief did not accept this treaty and that reserve remains unceded. The Ottawa (also Odawa or Odaawa) are a Native American people. ... For other uses of Chippewa, see Chippewa (disambiguation). ... Rain dance, Kansas, c. ... Combatants United States United Kingdom Strength United States Regular army : 99,000 Volunteers: 10,000* Rangers: 3,000 Militia: 458,000** Naval and marine: 20,000 Indigenous peoples New York Iroquois: 600 Northwestern allies: ? Southern allies: ? United Kingdom Regular army: 10,000+ Naval and marine: ? Canadian militia: 86,000+** Indigenous... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reserve (usually known as Wikwemikong, or Wiky) is an Indian reserve in the north-eastern section of Manitoulin Island, Ontario, Canada. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Manitoulin Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (653 words)
Manitoulin Island is the world's largest freshwater lake island, with an area of 2,766 square kilometres (1068 square miles).
The island constitutes the Manitoulin District census division of Ontario.
Manitoulin Island's soil is relatively alkaline, which precludes the growth of common Northern Ontario flora like blueberries, and allows for the island's trademark hawberries.
Manitoulin District, Ontario - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (431 words)
The Manitoulin District is a district in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario.
In 2001, the population of Manitoulin District was 12,679.
Bruce - Dufferin - Elgin - Essex - Frontenac - Grey - Haliburton - Hastings - Huron - Lambton - Lanark - Leeds and Grenville - Lennox and Addington - Middlesex - Northumberland - Perth - Peterborough - Prescott and Russell - Renfrew - Simcoe - Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry - Wellington
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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