FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Manitoba" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Manitoba
Manitoba
Flag of Manitoba
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Gloriosus et Liber
(Latin: "Glorious and free")
Map of Canada with Manitoba highlighted
Capital Winnipeg
Largest city Winnipeg
Official languages English French (de facto)
Government
Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard
Premier Gary Doer (NDP)
Federal representation in Canadian Parliament
House seats 14
Senate seats 6
Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th)
Area  Ranked 8th
Total 647,797 km² (250,116 sq mi)
Land 553,556 km² (213,729 sq mi)
Water (%) 94,241 km² (36,387 sq mi) (14.5%)
Population  Ranked 5th
Total (2007) 1,186,679 (est.)[1]
Density 2.14/km² (5.5/sq mi)
GDP  Ranked 6th
Total (2006) C$44,757 billion[2]
Per capita C$38,001 (8th)
Abbreviations
Postal MB
ISO 3166-2 CA-MB
Time zone UTC-6
Postal code prefix R
Flower Prairie Crocus
Tree White Spruce
Bird Great Grey Owl
Web site www.gov.mb.ca
Rankings include all provinces and territories

Manitoba (IPA: /ˌmænɨˈtoʊbə/) is one of Canada's 10 provinces, with a population of 1,182,921 (2007) . It was officially recognized by the Federal Government in 1870 as separate from the Northwest Territories, and became the first Province created from the Territories. It is the easternmost of the three Prairie Provinces. The word "Manitoba" is etymologically related to the native word "manitou" which means spirit. Image File history File links Flag_of_Manitoba. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Manitobas official flag since 1965 The Flag of Manitoba is a variation of the Red Ensign which bears the shield of the provincial coat of arms. ... The first part of the coat of arms of the province of Manitoba, Canada, officially The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of the Province of Manitoba, was the shield, which was assigned by royal warrant of King Edward VII on May 10, 1905. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The following are the current capitals of Canadas provinces and territories: Edmonton, Alberta Victoria, British Columbia Winnipeg, Manitoba Fredericton, New Brunswick St. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... This is a historical list of the lieutenant governors of Manitoba, a province of Canada. ... John Harvard, PC, OM (born June 4, 1938 in Glenboro, Manitoba) is a journalist, politician and office holder in Manitoba, Canada. ... Categories: Canada-related stubs | Manitoba premiers ... Gary Albert Doer, MLA (March 31, 1948) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... The New Democratic Party of Manitoba is a social democratic political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Senate Chamber of Parliament Hill in Ottawa. ... Type Lower House Speaker Peter Milliken, Liberal since January 29, 2001 Leader of the Government in the House of Commons Peter Van Loan, Conservative since January 4, 2007 Opposition House Leader Ralph Goodale, Liberal since January 23, 2006 Members 308 Political groups Conservative Party Liberal Party Bloc Québécois... The Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Here is a list of Canadian provinces and territories ranked by area. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU This is a list of Canadian provinces and territories by population, as of October 1, 2006. ... BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU This article lists Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product. ... BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU This article lists Canadian provinces and territories by gross domestic product. ... This is a list of Canadian provincial and territorial postal abbreviations. ... ISO 3166-2 codes for Canada describe 10 Provinces and 3 Territories. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... “UTC” redirects here. ... A Canadian postal code is a string of six characters that forms part of a postal address in Canada. ... Manitoba - 64 FSAs Categories: Canada Post ... Binomial name Anemone patens The Prairie Crocus (Anemone patens) is the provincial flower of Manitoba. ... Binomial name (Moench) Voss The White Spruce (Picea glauca) is a medium-sized evergreen tree growing to 15-30 m tall, rarely to 40 m tall, and with a trunk diameter of up to 1 m. ... Binomial name Strix nebulosa Forster, 1772 The Great Grey Owl or Lapland Owl (Strix nebulosa) is a very large owl. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. ... Map of the Canadian Prairie provinces, which include boreal forests, taiga, and mountains as well as the prairies (proper). ... Manitou may refer to: Manitou, Oklahoma Manitou, Manitoba Manitou River (Ontario) Manitou, New York train station Manitou, the German-style board game Gitche Manitou, the Great Spirit among Native American and First Nations cultures. ...


Its capital and largest city (containing over one half the provincial population) is Winnipeg, with a population of over 600,000. Other cities with more than 10,000 people are Brandon, Thompson, Portage la Prairie, and Steinbach. A person from Manitoba is called a Manitoban. Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... Brandon Manitoba, a city in southwestern Manitoba, Canada. ... The City of Thompson, Hub of the North is the regional trade and service centre of Northern Manitoba. ... Location of Portage la Prairie, Manitoba Portage la Prairie (pronounced in English) is a city in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Region Eastman Established 1874 Government  - City Mayor Chris Goertzen  - Governing Body Steinbach City Council  - MP (Provencher) Vic Toews  - MLA (Steinbach) Kelvin Goertzen Area  - City 25. ...

Contents

Geography

Main article: Geography of Manitoba

Manitoba is located at the longitudinal centre of Canada, although it is considered to be part of Western Canada. It borders Saskatchewan to the west, Ontario to the east, Nunavut and Hudson Bay to the north, and the American states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south. Map of Manitoba The Geography of Manitoba is the easternmost of the three prairie provinces, and is located in the longitudinal center of Canada. ... This article is about the region in Canada. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government - Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... For the Canadian federal electoral district, see Nunavut (electoral district). ... Hudson Bay, Canada. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ...


The province has a coast along Hudson Bay, and contains the tenth-largest fresh lake in the world[3], Lake Winnipeg, along with two other large lakes: Lake Manitoba, and Lake Winnipegosis. Manitoba's lakes cover approximately 14.5% or 94,241 km² of its surface area. Lake Winnipeg is the largest lake within the borders of southern Canada, and is one of the last remote lake areas with an intact watershed left in the world. The large rivers that flow into the east side of Lake Winnipeg's basin are pristine, with no major developments along them. Many uninhabited islands can be found along the eastern shore of this lake. There are thousands of lakes across the province.[4] Important watercourses include the Red, Assiniboine, Nelson, Winnipeg, Hayes, Whiteshell, and Churchill Rivers. Hudson Bay, Canada. ... Winnipeg Beach, Manitoba, on Lake Winnipeg Lake Winnipeg (52°30′N 97°47′W) is a very large (24,400 km²) lake in central North America, in the province of Manitoba, Canada, about 55 km north of the city of Winnipeg. ... Lake Manitoba is a large (4,624 sq. ... Lake Winnipegosis () is a large (5,370 km²) lake in central North America, in Manitoba, Canada, some 300 km northwest of Winnipeg. ... The Red River drainage basin, with the Red River highlighted The Red River in Greater Grand Forks, as viewed from the Grand Forks side of the river The Red River in Fargo-Moorhead, as viewed from the Fargo side of the river For other things named Red River, see the... Junction of the Assiniboine and Red rivers in downtown Winnipeg. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Winnipeg River is a Canadian river which flows from Lake of the Woods in the province of Ontario to Lake Winnipeg in the province of Manitoba and eventually empties into Hudson Bay via the Nelson River. ... The Hayes River is a river in Manitoba, Canada. ... Whiteshell River is one of the major rivers in Whiteshell Provincial Park, located in southeastern Manitoba, Canada, along the Ontario border. ... The Churchill River is a major river in Saskatchewan and Manitoba, Canada. ...


Most of Manitoba's inhabited south lies within the prehistoric bed of Glacial Lake Agassiz[5]. This south-central part of the province is flat with few hills. However, there are many hilly and rocky areas in the province, along with many large sand ridges left behind by glaciers. Baldy Mountain is the highest point at 832 m above sea level [6] (2,727 ft) and the Hudson Bay coast is the lowest at sea level. Other upland areas include Riding Mountain, the Pembina Hills, Sandilands Provincial Forest, and the Canadian Shield regions. Much of the province's sparsely-inhabited north and east lie within the irregular granite landscape of the Canadian Shield, including Whiteshell Provincial Park, Atikaki Provincial Park, and Nopiming Provincial Park. Birds Hill Provincial Park was originally an island in Lake Agassiz after the melting of glaciers. [7] Lake Agassiz was an immense lake—bigger than all of the present-day Great Lakes combined—in the center of North America, which was fed by glacial runoff at the end of the last ice age. ... Baldy Mountain is the highest peak in Manitoba, Canada. ... Riding Mountain National Park is a national park in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Pembina Escarpment (known in Canada as the Manitoba Escarpment) is a scarp that marks the boundary of glacial Lake Agassiz. ... The Sandilands Provincial Forest is located within the southeastern area of Manitoba, Canada and consists of thousands of acres of sand hills, forest, wetlands, and mostly unpopulated crown lands. ... Canadian Shield The Canadian Shield— also called the Precambrian Shield, Laurentian Shield, Bouclier Canadien (French), or Laurentian Plateau— is a large shield covered by a thin layer of soil that forms the nucleus of the North American craton. ... Canadian Shield The Canadian Shield— also called the Precambrian Shield, Laurentian Shield, Bouclier Canadien (French), or Laurentian Plateau— is a large shield covered by a thin layer of soil that forms the nucleus of the North American craton. ... Whiteshell Provincial Park is one of the Provincial Parks along the eastern border of Manitoba, near Ontario, Canada. ... Atikaki Provincial Wilderness Park is located in Manitoba, Canada, and is designated as a wilderness park. ... Nopiming Provincial Park is located in the province of Manitoba, Canada, on the southeast side of the province, along the border of Ontario. ... Birds Hill Provincial Park is a provincial park in Manitoba, Canada. ... A map of the extent of Lake Agassiz Lake Agassiz was an immense lake—bigger than all of the present-day Great Lakes combined—in the center of North America, which was fed by glacial runoff at the end of the last ice age. ...


Only the southern parts of the province support extensive agriculture. The most common type of farm found in rural areas is: cattle farming (34.6%)[8] followed by other grains (19.0%)[8] and oilseed (7.9%)[8]. Around 12% of Canadian farmland is in Manitoba.[9] The eastern, southeastern, and northern reaches of the province range through coniferous forests, muskeg, Canadian Shield, and tundra in the far north. Forests make up about 26.3 million hectares (or 48%) of the province's 54.8 million hectare land area. [10] The forests generally consist of pines (mostly jack pine, some red pine), spruces (white, black), larch, poplars (trembling aspen, balsam poplar), birch trees (white, swamp), and small pockets of Eastern White Cedar [10]. The great expanses of intact forested areas are considered by many naturalists and sportsmen as pristine wilderness areas. Some of the last largest and intact boreal forest of the world can be found along the east side of Lake Winnipeg, with only winter roads, no Hydro development, and few largely populated communities. There are many clean and untouched rivers, many that originate from the Canadian Shield in neighbouring Ontario. Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae. ... This article is about a community of trees. ... Muskeg is a soil type (also a peatland or wetland type called a bog) common in arctic and boreal areas. ... Canadian Shield The Canadian Shield— also called the Precambrian Shield, Laurentian Shield, Bouclier Canadien (French), or Laurentian Plateau— is a large shield covered by a thin layer of soil that forms the nucleus of the North American craton. ... For other uses, see Tundra (disambiguation). ... This article deals with the tree; for the e-mail client see Pine email client Species About 115. ... Species About 35; see text. ... Binomial name Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch Uses Young tree with fall colors The wood is tough and durable, but also flexible in thin strips, and was used by the Algonquian people for making snowshoes and other products where toughness was required. ... This article is about woody plants of the genus Populus. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Binomial name Thuja occidentalis L. Uses Eastern Arborvitae is very widely used as an ornamental tree, particularly for screens and hedges. ...

Entering Manitoba from Saskatchewan on the Yellowhead Highway.
Entering Manitoba from Saskatchewan on the Yellowhead Highway.

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 419 KB) Summary Affiche à la frontière Manitoba/Saskatchewan sur la transcanadienne 16 (Yellowhead highway), près de Harrowby, Manitoba. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 419 KB) Summary Affiche à la frontière Manitoba/Saskatchewan sur la transcanadienne 16 (Yellowhead highway), près de Harrowby, Manitoba. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... The Yellowhead Highway is a major east-west highway connecting the four western Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. ...

Climate

Due to its location in the centre of the North American continent, Manitoba has a very extreme climate. In general, temperatures and precipitation decrease from south to north, and precipitation also decreases from east to west. As Manitoba is far removed from the moderating influences of both mountain ranges and large bodies of water (all of Manitoba's large lakes freeze during the winter months), and because of the generally flat landscape in many areas, it is exposed to numerous weather systems throughout the year, including prolonged cold spells in the winter months when Arctic high-pressure air masses settle over the province. There are three main climatic regions.


The extreme southwestern corner has a semi-arid mid-latitude steppe climate (Koppen climate classification BSk). This region is somewhat drier than other parts of southern Manitoba and very drought-prone. It is very cold and windy in the winter and also the region most prone to blizzards in the winter due to the openness of the landscape. Summers are generally warm to hot, with low to moderate humidity.[11] Semi-arid generally describes regions that receive low annual rainfall (25 to 50 cm /10 to 20 in) and generally have scrub or grass vegetation. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... Fields outside Benambra, Victoria, Australia suffering from drought conditions A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. ... This article is about the winter storm condition. ...


The remainder of southern Manitoba, including Winnipeg, falls in the humid continental climate zone (Koppen Dfb). Temperatures here are very similar to the semi-arid climate zone, but this region is the most humid area in the Prairie Provinces with moderate precipitation.[12] The bitterly cold winters in this region have led to Winnipeg being nicknamed "Winterpeg". For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... The humid continental climate is a climate found over large areas of land masses in the temperate regions of the mid-latitudes where there is a zone of conflict between polar and tropical air masses. ...


The central and northern parts of the province - the majority of Manitoba's land area - fall in the subarctic climate zone (Koppen Dfc). This region features long and extremely cold winters and brief, mild summers, with relatively little precipitation. It is common to have overnight lows as low as -40°C (-40°F) several days each winter across the province (quite frequently in the north), and to have a few weeks that remain below -18°C (0°F).[13] Regions having a subarctic climate (also called boreal climate) are characterized by long, usually very cold winters, and brief, warm summers. ...


In the summer months the climate is influenced by low-pressure air masses originating in the Gulf of Mexico, often clashing with drier airmasses in the north and west, which results in hot and humid conditions and frequent thunderstorms. Southern parts of the province, located just north of Tornado Alley, experience a few tornadoes each year, with 15 confirmed touchdowns in 2006. In 2007, on June 22 and 23, numerous tornadoes touched down, including an F5[2] tornado that devastated parts of Elie, and an F3 tornado that was captured on video.[14] Temperatures exceed 35°C (95°F) numerous times each summer, and the combination of heat and humidity can bring the humidex value to the mid-40's, and the dewpoint to the upper 20's.[15]. Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... An outline of Significant Tornado Alley in the United States, where the highest percentage of violent tornadoes occur Tornado Alley is a colloquial term most often used in reference to the area of the United States in which tornadoes are most frequent. ... This article is about the weather phenomenon. ... Elie is a community in the Rural Municipality of Cartier in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ...


History

Main article: History of Manitoba

The geographical area now named Manitoba was inhabited shortly after the last ice age glaciers retreated in the southwest. The first exposed land was the Turtle Mountain area, where large numbers of petroforms and medicine wheels can be found.[16] The first human habitants of southern Manitoba left behind pottery shards, spear and arrow heads, copper, petroforms, pictographs, fish and animal bones, and signs of agriculture along the Red River near Lockport. Eventually there were the aboriginal settlements of Ojibwa, Cree, Dene, Sioux, Mandan, and Assiniboine peoples, along with other tribes that entered the area to trade. There were many land trails made as a part of a larger native trading network on both land and water. The Whiteshell Provincial Park region along the Winnipeg River has many old petroforms and may have been a trading centre, or even a place of learning and sharing of knowledge for over 2000 years.[17] The cowry shells and copper found in this area are proof of what was traded as a part of a large trading network to the oceans, and to the larger southern native civilizations along the Mississippi and in the south and southwest. In Northern Manitoba some areas were mined for quartz to make arrowheads. For thousands of years there have been humans living in this region, and there are many clues about their ways of life. Ongoing research will be needed to uncover more artifacts to lend to a more detailed understanding of past peoples and cultures in Manitoba. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Turtle Mountain, or the Turtle Mountains, generally refers to an area in the north-central portion of the U.S. state of North Dakota and southwestern portion of the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... Petroforms are large shapes that were made out of large rocks. ... Medicine wheels were commonly used by North American natives such as the Ojibwa. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Stone tool. ... Petroforms are large shapes that were made out of large rocks. ... Pictogram for public toilets A pictogram or pictograph is a symbol which represents an object or a concept by illustration. ... The Red River drainage basin, with the Red River highlighted The Red River in Greater Grand Forks, as viewed from the Grand Forks side of the river The Red River in Fargo-Moorhead, as viewed from the Fargo side of the river For other things named Red River, see the... Lockport is a small town in Manitoba, Canada located just north of the city of Winnipeg. ... Aboriginal people in Canada are Indigenous Peoples recognized in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982, sections 25 and 35, respectively, as Indians (First Nations), Métis, and Inuit. ... This article is about the native North American people. ... For other uses, see Cree (disambiguation). ... The Dene are a group of First Nations that live in the Arctic regions of Canada. ... The Sioux (IPA ) are a Native American and First Nations people. ... This article is about the Native American tribe. ... Assiniboine Family, Montana, 1890-1891. ... Whiteshell Provincial Park is one of the Provincial Parks along the eastern border of Manitoba, near Ontario, Canada. ... The Winnipeg River is a Canadian river which flows from Lake of the Woods in the province of Ontario to Lake Winnipeg in the province of Manitoba and eventually empties into Hudson Bay via the Nelson River. ... Petroforms are large shapes that were made out of large rocks. ... Species See text. ...


Henry Hudson, in 1611, was one of the first Europeans to sail into what is now known as Hudson Bay. The Nonsuch ship that sailed into Hudson Bay in 1668-1669 was the first trading voyage to reach Manitoba; it led to the formation of the Hudson's Bay Company. The Hudson's Bay Company was given the fur trading rights to the entire Hudson's Bay watershed, covering land in what is now Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Minnesota, North Dakota, and more. This watershed was named Rupert's Land, after Prince Rupert who helped to form the Hudson's Bay Company. Other traders and explorers from the British Isles eventually came to the Hudson's Bay shores and went south along the northern Manitoba rivers. The first European to reach present-day central and southern Manitoba was Sir Thomas Button, who travelled upstream along the Nelson River and Lake Winnipeg in 1612 and may have reached somewhere along the edge of the prairies, where he reported seeing a bison. Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, Sieur de la Vérendrye, visited the Red River Valley in the 1730s to help open the area for French exploration and exploitation. Many other French and Métis explorers came from the east and south by going down the Winnipeg River and the Red River. An important French-Canadian population (Franco-Manitobains) still lives in Manitoba, especially in the Saint-Boniface district of eastern Winnipeg. Fur trading forts were built by both the NorthWest Company and the Hudson's Bay Company along the many rivers and lakes, and there was often fierce competition between the two in more southern areas. The territory was won by Great Britain in 1763 as part of the French and Indian War. No portrait of Hudson is known to be in existence. ... Hudson Bay, Canada. ... The Nonsuch was the ship that sailed into Hudson Bay in 1668-1669, in the first trading voyage for what was to become the Hudsons Bay Company two years later. ... This article is about the trading territory. ... This article describes the archipelago in north-western Europe. ... Sir Thomas Button (d. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Winnipeg Beach, Manitoba, on Lake Winnipeg Lake Winnipeg (52°30′N 97°47′W) is a very large (24,400 km²) lake in central North America, in the province of Manitoba, Canada, about 55 km north of the city of Winnipeg. ... Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye (born November 17, 1685 - died December 5, 1749) was a French-Canadian military officer, fur trader and explorer. ... The Winnipeg River is a Canadian river which flows from Lake of the Woods in the province of Ontario to Lake Winnipeg in the province of Manitoba and eventually empties into Hudson Bay via the Nelson River. ... The Red River drainage basin, with the Red River highlighted The Red River in Greater Grand Forks, as viewed from the Grand Forks side of the river The Red River in Fargo-Moorhead, as viewed from the Fargo side of the river For other things named Red River, see the... Canadiens redirects here. ... Saint Boniface is an area of the city of Winnipeg, home to the Franco-Manitoban community. ... Combatants France First Nations allies: Algonquin Lenape Wyandot Ojibwa Ottawa Shawnee Great Britain American Colonies Iroquois Confederacy Strength 3,900 regulars 7,900 militia 2,200 natives (1759) 50,000 regulars and militia (1759) Casualties 3,000 killed, wounded or captured 10,040 killed, wounded or captured The French and...


There are a few possible sources for the name "Manitoba". The more likely is that it comes from Cree or Ojibwe and means "strait of the Manitou (spirit)". It may also be from the Assiniboine for "Lake of the Prairie".[18][19] Cree is the name for a group of closely-related Algonquian languages spoken by approximately 50,000 speakers across Canada, from Alberta to Labrador. ... The Anishinaabe language or the Ojibwe group of languages or Anishinaabemowin in Eastern Ojibwe syllabics) is the third most commonly spoken Native language in Canada (after Cree and Inuktitut), and the fourth most spoken in North America (behind Navajo, Cree, and Inuktitut). ... Manitou may refer to: Manitou, Oklahoma Manitou, Manitoba Manitou River (Ontario) Manitou, New York train station Manitou, the German-style board game Gitche Manitou, the Great Spirit among Native American and First Nations cultures. ... The Assiniboine language (also Assiniboin, Hohe, or Nakoda) is a Dakotan Siouan language of the Northern Plains, spoken by around 200 Assiniboine people, most of them elderly. ...


Most rivers and water in Manitoba eventually flow north, not south or east as is commonly assumed, and empty into Hudson's Bay. The Hudson Bay Archives is located within Winnipeg, Manitoba, and preserves the rich history of the fur trading era that occurred along the major water routes of the Rupert's Land area. For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... This article is about the trading territory. ...


The founding of the first agricultural community and settlements in 1812 by Lord Selkirk, north of the area which is now downtown Winnipeg, resulted in conflict between the British colonists and the Métis who lived and traded near there. Twenty colonists, including the governor, were killed by the Métis in the Battle of Seven Oaks in 1816, in which the settlers fired the first shots. There was also one Métis man killed. Many fur trading forts were also attacked during this period. Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk Thomas Douglas (June 20, 1771 - April 8, 1820) was the 5th Earl of Selkirk, born at Saint Marys Isle, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. ... The Métis (pronounced MAY tee, IPA: , in French or , in Michif ), also historically known as Bois Brule, mixed-bloods, Countryborn (or Anglo-Métis), are one of three recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada. ... The Battle of Seven Oaks (known to the Métis as la Victoire de la Grenouillière, or the Victory of Frog Plain) took place on June 19th 1816 during the long dispute between the Hudsons Bay Company and the North West Company, rival fur-trading companies in western...


When Rupert's Land was ceded to Canada in 1869 and incorporated into the Northwest Territories, a lack of attention to Métis concerns led their elected leader Louis Riel to establish a provisional government as part of The Red River Rebellion. Negotiations between the provisional government and the Canadian government resulted in the creation of the Province of Manitoba and its entry into Confederation in 1870. However, Louis Riel was pursued by Garnet Wolseley because of the rebellion, and he fled into exile. The Métis were blocked by the Canadian government in their attempts to obtain land promised to them as part of Manitoba's entry into confederation. Facing racism from the new flood of white settlers from Ontario, large numbers of Métis moved to what would become Saskatchewan and Alberta. This article is about the trading territory. ... For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. ... For the opera, see Louis Riel (opera). ... The Métis provisional government The Red River Rebellion of 1869 – 1870 is the term most often used to describe the actions of a provisional government established by Métis leader Louis Riel in 1869 at the Red River Settlement in what is now the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... 1882 caricature from Punch Garnet Joseph Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley of Cairo, (June 4, 1833 - March 26, 1913) was a British field marshal. ...


Originally, the province of Manitoba was only 1/18 of its current size and square in shape - it was known as the "postage stamp province." It grew progressively, absorbing land from the Northwest Territories until it attained its current size by reaching 60°N in 1912.


Numbered Treaties were signed in the late 1800s with the chiefs of various First Nations that lived in the area now known as Manitoba. These treaties made quite specific promises of land for every family, medicine chests, yearly payments, etc. This led to a reserve system under the jurisdicion of the Federal Government. There are still land claim issues because the proper amount of land promised to the native peoples was not always given.


The Manitoba Schools Question showed the deep divergence of cultural values in the territory. The French had been guaranteed a state-supported separate school system in the original constitution of Manitoba, but a grassroots political movement among Protestants in 1888-90 demanded the end of French schools. In 1890, the Manitoba legislature passed a law abolishing French as an official language of the province and removing funding for Catholic schools. The French Catholic minority asked the federal Government for support; however, the Orange Order and other anti-Catholic forces mobilized nationwide. The Conservatives proposed remedial legislation to over-ride Manitoba's legislation, but they in turn were blocked by Liberals, led by Wilfrid Laurier, who opposed the remedial legislation on the basis of provincial rights. Once elected Prime Minister in 1896, Laurier proposed a compromise stating that Catholics in Manitoba could have Catholic teaching for 30 minutes at the end of the day if there were enough students to warrant it, on a school-by-school basis. Tensions over language remained high in Manitoba (and nationwide) for decades to come. The Manitoba Schools Question was a political crisis in Manitoba and more generally in Canada in the late 19th century involving publicly funded separate schools for French and English and the deeper question of whether French would survive as a language or a culture in Western Canada. ... Orange parade in Glasgow (1 June 2003) The Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order, is a Protestant fraternal organisation based predominantly in Northern Ireland and Scotland with lodges throughout the Commonwealth and in Canada and the United States. ... “Laurier” redirects here. ...


Winnipeg was the 4th largest city in Canada by the early 1900s. A boomtown, it grew quickly from the late 1800s to the early 1900s. There were a lot of outside investors, immigrants and railways. Business was booming. Even today, one can see the many old mansions and estates that belonged to Winnipeg's growing wealthy class. When the Manitoba Legislature was built, it was expected that Manitoba would have a population of 3 million quite soon. Around the beginning of World War I, the quickly growing city began to cool down as large amounts of money were no longer invested to the same degree as before the war. Winnipeg eventually fell behind in growth when other major cities in Canada began to boom ahead, such as Calgary today. This article is about the Canadian city. ...

Crowd gathered outside old City Hall during the Winnipeg General Strike, June 21, 1919.

In the 1917 election in the midst of the conscription crisis, the Liberals were split in half and the new Union party carried all but one seat. As the war ended severe discontent among farmers (over wheat prices) and union members (over wage rates) resulted in an upsurge of radicalism. With Bolshevism coming to power in Russia, conservatives were anxious and radicals were energized. The most dramatic episode was the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919 which shut down most activity for six weeks. It began May 15 and continued until the strike collapsed on June 25, 1919, as the workers were gradually returning to their jobs and the Central Strike Committee decided to end the strike. As historian William Morton explained: Crowd gathered outside old City Hall, at Main Street and William Avenue, during the Winnipeg General Strike. ... Crowd gathered outside old City Hall, at Main Street and William Avenue, during the Winnipeg General Strike. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Conscription Crisis of 1917 was a political and military crisis in Canada during World War I. // At the outbreak of war in 1914, over 30,000 volunteers joined the army, far more than expected. ... Crowd gathered outside old City Hall during the Winnipeg General Strike, June 21, 1919 The Winnipeg General Strike of 1919 was one of the most influential strikes in Canadian history. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...

The strike, then, began with two immediate aims and two subsidiary but increasingly important aspects. One aim was the redress of legitimate grievances with respect to wages and collective bargaining; the other was the trial of a new instrument of economic action, the general strike, the purpose of which was to put pressure on the employers involved in the dispute through the general public. The first subsidiary aspect was that the general strike, however, might be a prelude to the seizure of power in the community by Labour, and both the utterances and the policies of the O.B.U. leaders pointed in that direction. The second subsidiary aspect was that, as a struggle for leadership in the Labour movement was being waged as the strike began, it was not made clear which object, the legitimate and limited one, or the revolutionary and general one, was the true purpose of the strike. It is now apparent that the majority of both strikers and strike leaders were concerned only to win the strike. The general public at large, however, subjected to the sudden coercion of the general strike, was only too likely to decide that a revolutionary seizure of power was in view. [Morton 365-6]

More recently, many historians have disagreed with Morton's interpretation of the strike and have written considerably different histories of it.


In the aftermath of the strike eight leaders went on trial, and most were convicted on charges of seditious conspiracy, illegal combinations, and seditious libel; four were aliens who were deported under the Immigration Act. Labor was weakened and divided as a result. Farmers, meanwhile, were patiently organizing the United Farmers of Manitoba, with plans to contest the 1920 provincial elections. The result was that no party held a majority. The Farmers, running against politics as usual, won in 1922, with 30 seats, against 7 returning Liberals, 6 Conservatives, 6 Labour, and 8 Independents.


Government

Manitoba Legislature
Manitoba Legislature

The Canadian province of Manitoba is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, which operates under the Westminster system of government. ... Canada is a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as the reigning monarch since February 6, 1952. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1265 KB) Summary Manitoba parliament building Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Winnipeg, Manitoba Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1265 KB) Summary Manitoba parliament building Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Winnipeg, Manitoba Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ...

Structure of Manitoba Government

Manitoba is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, which operates under the Westminster system of government. The executive branch is formed by the majority party and the party leader is the Premier of Manitoba, the head of government. The head of state is represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, who is appointed by the Governor General of Canada on advice of the Prime Minister of Canada. The head of state is mainly a ceremonial and a figurative role today. Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Legislative Assembly of Manitoba is located in central Winnipeg, at the meeting point of the Wolseley and Fort Rouge ridings. ... The Houses of Parliament, also known as the Palace of Westminster, in London. ... The executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the government or state. ... ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Categories: Canada-related stubs | Manitoba premiers ... This is a historical list of the lieutenant governors of Manitoba, a province of Canada. ... The Governor General of Canada (French (feminine): Gouverneure générale du Canada or (masculine) Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative in Canada of the Canadian monarch, who is the head of state; Canada is one of sixteen Commonwealth realms, all of which share the... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ...


The legislative arm of the Government of Manitoba consists of the 57 Members elected to represent the people of Manitoba. The horseshoe arrangement of the members seats within the Chamber is unique to Canada.[20]


Manitoba's primary political parties are the New Democratic Party of Manitoba, the Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba and the Liberal Party of Manitoba. The New Democratic Party of Manitoba is a social democratic political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba is a right-of-centre political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Manitoba Liberal Party is a political party in Manitoba, Canada. ...


Founding of the Legislative Assembly

The Legislative Assembly of Manitoba was established on July 14, 1870. At that time, Manitoba attained full fledged rights and responsibilities of self-government as the first Canadian province carved out of the Northwest Territories, control over which had been passed by Britain to the Government of Canada in 1869. For its first few decades, Manitoba was known as the "postage stamp province" because it was originally square, initially including only the southern 40% of the province's current territory. (The northern part lay in Rupert's Land, whose area was eventually divided by the Government of Canada between the provinces that bounded it and the NWT.) The Legislative Assembly of Manitoba is located in central Winnipeg, at the meeting point of the Wolseley and Fort Rouge ridings. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The creation of Manitoba out of the Northwest Territories was unusually quick. Saskatchewan and Alberta went through a long period of apprenticeship as part of the Northwest Territories until their creation as provinces in 1905. This article is about the Canadian province. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ...


The decision to make Manitoba a full-fledged province in 1870 resulted from three influences:

  • A misunderstanding on the part of the Canadian authorities.
  • The rise of nationalism of the Métis.
  • Fears of manifest destiny sentiments in the United States, ignoring Americans denials of any such goals.

Initially, the subject of provincial status did not come up during the negotiations between Canada, the United Kingdom and the Hudson's Bay Company. It was assumed that territorial status was granted in the Act for the Temporary Government of Ruperts' Land in 1869. The Métis (pronounced MAY tee, SAMPA: [meti], in French: [metis] or, [mEtIs]) are an ethnic group of the Canadian prairies and Ontario. ... This article is about the history and influence of the concept. ...


Louis Riel first introduced the subject of provincial status to the Committee of Forty appointed by the citizens of Red River in 1870. Riel's proposal to Donald Smith, emissary for the government of Canada, was rejected by the government of John A. Macdonald. For the opera, see Louis Riel (opera). ... Donald Smith may refer to: Donald Alexander Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, a Canadian railway financier and diplomat. ... For other persons named John Alexander Macdonald, see John Alexander Macdonald (disambiguation). ...


The list of demands from Riel did goad the government of Canada into acting on a proposal of its own on regarding Red River's status. John A. Macdonald introduced the Manitoba Act in the Canadian House of Commons and pretended that the question of province or territory was of no significance. The bill was given royal assent and Manitoba joined Canada as a province. The Manitoba Act was an Act of the Parliament of Canada, and was given Royal Assent on May 12, 1870. ... Type Lower House Speaker Peter Milliken, Liberal since January 29, 2001 Leader of the Government in the House of Commons Peter Van Loan, Conservative since January 4, 2007 Opposition House Leader Ralph Goodale, Liberal since January 23, 2006 Members 308 Political groups Conservative Party Liberal Party Bloc Québécois...


It was a significant leap of faith imposing responsible government on Manitoba in 1870 without any adjustment period. It went against all conventional wisdom of the time. However, Macdonald's misunderstanding of territorial versus provincial status, the rise of the Métis people and the burgeoning growth of the United States all compelled him to act in a nation building initiative. In the years that followed, much like the years that preceded, Manitoba went through many upheavals. However, parliamentary government and the Province that was created in 1870 prevailed.


Winnipeg became the Capital City and grew rapidly to become a major city in Canada. The present Manitoba Legislative Building was eventually built with neoclassical designs. It was built to accommodate Winnipeg's quickly growing population in the late 1800s and early 1900s. The Legislature was built to democratically represent about 3 million citizens, which was the expected population of the province. For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... The Manitoba Legislative Building is the meeting place of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba[1], in central Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ... The Cathedral of Vilnius (1783), by Laurynas Gucevičius. ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ...


The current premier of Manitoba is Gary Doer of the NDP (New Democratic Party). He is currently serving his third mandate with a majority government of 36 seats. The Progressive Conservative Party holds 19 seats, and the Liberal Party (which does not have official party status) has 2. The last election was held Tuesday, May 22, 2007. Gary Albert Doer, MLA (March 31, 1948) is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... This article is about the Canadian political party. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Official languages

English and French are the official languages of the legislature and courts of Manitoba, according to the Manitoba Act, 1870 (which forms part of the Canadian constitution):

Either the English or the French language may be used by any person in the debates of the Houses of the Legislature and both those languages shall be used in the respective Records and Journals of those Houses; and either of those languages may be used by any person, or in any Pleading or Process, in or issuing from any Court of Canada established under the Constitution Act, 1867, or in or from all or any of the Courts of the Province. The Acts of the Legislature shall be Printed and published in both those languages. [21]

However, with the rise to power of the English-only movement in Manitoba from 1890 onwards, this provision was disregarded in practice and by Manitoban legislation. In April 1890, the Manitoba legislature introduced a measure to abolish the official status of the French language in the legislature, the laws, records and journals, as well as the Courts of Manitoba. Among other things, the Manitoban Legislature ceased to publish legislation in French, but did so in English only. However, in 1985 the Supreme Court of Canada ruled in the Reference re Manitoba Language Rights that §23 still applied, and that legislation published only in English was invalid (so that Manitoba did not descend into a state of lawlessness, unilingual legislation was declared valid for a temporary period, to give the government of Manitoba time to issue translations.) The Supreme Court of Canada (French: Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada and is the final court of appeal in the Canadian justice system. ... Reference re Manitoba Language Rights [1985] 1 S.C.R. 721 was a reference question posed to the Supreme Court of Canada regarding provisions in the Manitoba Act stipulating the provision of French language services in the province of Manitoba. ...


Although French is an official language for the purposes of the legislature, legislation, and the courts, the Manitoba Act (as interpreted by the Supreme Court of Canada) does not require it to be an official language for the purpose of the executive branch of government (except when the executive branch is performing legislative or judicial functions.)[22] Hence, Manitoba's government is not completely bilingual, and as reflected in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982, the only completely bilingual province is New Brunswick. The Constitution Act, 1982 (Schedule B of the Canada Act 1982 (U.K.)) is a part of the Constitution of Canada. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ...


The Manitoba French Language Services Policy of 1999 is intended to provide a comparable level of provincial government services in both official languages.[3] Services to the public, including public utilities and health services, official documents such as parking tickets and court summonses, court and commission hearings, and government web sites are accessible in both English and French.

Downtown Winnipeg seen from The Forks.
Downtown Winnipeg seen from The Forks.

Download high resolution version (900x522, 134 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (900x522, 134 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... Link title The Forks market The Forks is a historic site and meeting place in downtown Winnipeg located at the confluence of the Red River and Assiniboine River. ...

Demographics

According to the 2001 Canadian census,[4] the largest ethnic group in Manitoba is English (22.1%), followed by German (18.2%), Scottish (17.7%), Ukrainian (14.3%), Irish (13.0%), French (12.6%), First Nations (9.9%), Polish (6.7%), Métis (5.2%), and Dutch (4.7%) - although almost a quarter of all respondents also identified their ethnicity as "Canadian." Manitoba is one of Canadas 10 provinces. ... English Canada is a term used to describe either: the anglophone residents of Canada or the Canadian provinces other than Quebec and, sometimes, New Brunswick, in which French is an official language of the provincial governments. ... Scottish-Canadians are Scottish people or people of Scottish descent living in Canada. ... First Nations is a Canadian term of ethnicity which refers to the aboriginal peoples located in what is now Canada, and their descendants who are neither Inuit nor Métis. ... The Métis (pronounced MAY tee, IPA: , in French or , in Michif ), also historically known as Bois Brule, mixed-bloods, Countryborn (or Anglo-Métis), are one of three recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada. ...


Population of Manitoba since 1871

Year Population Five Year
 % change
Ten Year
 % change
Rank Among
Provinces
1871 25,228 n/a n/a 8
1881 62,260 n/a 146.8 6
1891 152,506 n/a 145 5
1901 255,211 n/a 67.3 5
1911 461,394 n/a 80.8 5
1921 610,118 n/a 32.2 4
1931 700,139 n/a 14.8 5
1941 729,744 n/a 4.2 6
1951 776,541 n/a 6.4 6
1956 850,040 9.5 n/a 6
1961 921,686 8.4 18.7 6
1966 963,066 4.5 13.3 5
1971 988,245 2.3 7.2 5
1976 1,021,505 3.4 6.1 5
1981 1,026,241 0.4 3.8 5
1986 1,063,015 3.6 4.1 5
1991 1,091,942 2.7 6.4 5
1996 1,113,898 2.0 4.8 5
2001 1,119,583 0.5 2.5 5
2006* 1,177,765 5.2 5.7 5

*Preliminary 2006 census estimate.

Source: Statistics Canada[23][24]
Ten largest cities
by population
City 2006 2001
Winnipeg 641,483 626,956
Brandon 41,511 39,716
Thompson 13,446 13,256
Portage la Prairie 12,773 13,019
Steinbach 11,066 9,227
Selkirk 9,553 9,772
Winkler 9,106 7,943
Dauphin 7,906 8,085
Morden 6,547 6,159
The Pas 5,765 6,030

Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... Brandon Manitoba, a city in southwestern Manitoba, Canada. ... The City of Thompson, Hub of the North is the regional trade and service centre of Northern Manitoba. ... Location of Portage la Prairie, Manitoba Portage la Prairie (pronounced in English) is a city in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Region Eastman Established 1874 Government  - City Mayor Chris Goertzen  - Governing Body Steinbach City Council  - MP (Provencher) Vic Toews  - MLA (Steinbach) Kelvin Goertzen Area  - City 25. ... Location of Selkirk, Manitoba Selkirk is a city in the western Canadian province of Manitoba, located about 22 km northeast of the provincial capital Winnipeg on the Red River, near ( ) . As of the 2001 census, Selkirk had a population of 9,752. ... City motto: Where People Make The Difference Location in the province of Manitoba Region Pembina Valley Mayor Martin Harder Area  - Land  - Water 17. ... Location of Dauphin, Manitoba Dauphin is a city in Manitoba, Canada, with an approximate population of 8 085. ... Morden (49°12′N 098°06′W) is a town of about 6200 people in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... The Pas is a town in Manitoba, Canada, located at 54° N 101° W, some 630 km north of the provincial capital, Winnipeg. ...

Economy

Pre-Confederation

Manitoba's early economy depended on mobility and living off of the land. A number of Aboriginal Nations (including the Cree, Ojibwa, Dene, Sioux and Assiniboine) followed herds of bison and congregated to trade among themselves at key meeting places throughout the province.


The first fur traders entering the province in the 17th century changed the dynamics of the economy of Manitoba forever. For the first time, permanent settlements of forts were created and communities evolved over time. Most of the economy centred around the trade of beaver pelts and other furs. Many native scouts and native maps were used to help the fur traders make their way through the region. Some of the best early maps were made with the help of natives who knew the river routes within their traditional home territories. The natural rivers, creeks, and lakes were the most important routes for trade and travel.


The first major diversification of the economy came when Lord Selkirk brought the first agricultural settlers to the area just north of present day Winnipeg in 1811. The lack of reliable transportation and an ongoing dispute between the Hudson Bay Company, the North West Company and the Métis impeded growth. Categories: People stubs | 1771 births | 1820 deaths | Peers ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... The Hudsons Bay Company building in Montreal The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC) is the oldest corporation in Canada and is one of the oldest in the world still in existence. ... For the grocery chain, see The North West Company The North West Company a fur trading business headquartered in the city of Montreal in British North America from 1779 to 1821. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mestizo. ...


The eventual triumph of the Hudson Bay Company over its competitors ensured the primacy of the fur trade over widespread agricultural colonization. Any trade not sanctioned by the HBC was frowned upon. The Hudsons Bay Company building in Montreal The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC) is the oldest corporation in Canada and is one of the oldest in the world still in existence. ... HBC may refer to: Hit By Car - A common abbreviation in veterinary medical records Hudsons Bay Company - Canadas oldest department store. ...


It took many years for the Red River Colony to develop under HBC rule. The Company invested little in infrastructure for the community. It was only when independent traders such as James Sinclair and Andrew McDermot (Dermott) started competing in trade that improvements to the community began. The Red River Colony (or Selkirk Settlement) was a colonization project set up by Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk in 1811 on 300,000 km² of land granted to him by the Hudsons Bay Company under what is referred to as the Selkirk Concession. ... Andrew McDermot (1790-1891), was born in Bellangare House, Castlerea, Ireland in 1790, the eldest son of Miles MacDermot and Catherine (Kitty) O’Connor. ...


By 1849, the HBC faced even greater threats to its monopoly. A Métis fur trader named Pierre Guillaume Sayer was charged with illegal trading by the Hudson Bay Company. Sayer had been trading with Norman Kittson who resided just beyond the HBC's reach in Pembina, North Dakota. The court found Sayer guilty, but the judge levied no fine or punishment. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mestizo. ... Pierre Guillaume Sayer (c. ... Norman Wolfred Kittson ( 5 March 1814 – 10 May 1888) was variously a fur trader, steamboat-line operator, and railway entrepreneur. ... Pembina (pronounced PEM in uh, with the stress on the first syllable) is a city located in Pembina County, North Dakota. ...


In 1853, a second agricultural community started in Portage la Prairie. for the rural municipality see Portage la Prairie, Manitoba (rural municipality) Portage la Prairie is a city in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ...


The courts could no longer be used by the HBC to enforce its monopoly. The result was a weakening of HBC rule over the region and laid the foundations of provincehood for Manitoba.

See also: List of companies based in Manitoba and List of hospitals in Manitoba

Winnipegs Portage Ave. ... This is a incomplete list of hositals in Manitoba. ...

Transportation

Transportation and warehousing contributes approximately $2.2 billion to Manitoba’s GDP. Total employment in the industry is estimated at 34,500.[25]


Manitoba has a rail, air, road and marine component to its transportation industry.


The Trans-Canada Highway built between 1950 and 1971 crosses the province from east to west. Trucks haul 95% of all land freight in Manitoba, and trucking companies account for 80% of Manitoba's merchandise trade to the United States. Five of Canada's twenty-five largest employers in for-hire trucking are headquartered in Manitoba and three of Canada's 10 largest employers in the for-hire trucking industry are headquartered in Winnipeg. $1.18 billion of Manitoba's GDP directly or indirectly comes from trucking. Around 5% or 33,000 people work in the trucking industry. For the Boards of Canada record, see Trans Canada Highway (EP). ...


Manitoba has two Class I railways. They are CN and Canadian Pacific Railway. Winnipeg is centrally located on the main lines of both of these continental carriers, and both companies maintain large intermodal terminals in the city. CN and CP operate a combined 2,439 kilometres of track within Manitoba. The first railway through Manitoba was the CP Railway, and the tracks were diverted south to make Winnipeg as the capital and centre, and not Selkirk, which is located further north. The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... Location of Selkirk, Manitoba Selkirk is a city in the western Canadian province of Manitoba, located about 22 km northeast of the provincial capital Winnipeg on the Red River, near ( ) . As of the 2001 census, Selkirk had a population of 9,752. ...


A number of small regional and shortline railways exist in the province. They are the Hudson Bay Railway, the Southern Manitoba Railway, Burlington Northern Santa Fe Manitoba, Greater Winnipeg Water District Railway, and Central Manitoba Railway. Together, they operate approximately 1,775 kilometres of track within the province. The Hudson Bay Railway operates two ex-Canadian National branch lines in northern Manitoba. ... Southern Manitoba Railway (SMNR) was incorporated in July 1999 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ... This railway began as the Midland Railway of Manitoba incorporated in 1903 and it built various lines around Winnipeg. ... The Greater Winnipeg Water District Railway is a 102-mile long industrial railway from Winnipeg, Manitoba to Shoal Lake near Manitobas eastern boundary. ...


Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport is one of only a few 24-hour unrestricted airports in Canada, and is part of the National Airports System. It has a broad range of passenger and cargo services and served over 3 million people in 2003. The airport handles approximately 140,000 tonnes of cargo annually. A new airport terminal building is being built and is scheduled to be completed by 2009. Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport (IATA: YWG, ICAO: CYWG) is an airport in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ... Canadas National Airport System (NAS) was defined in the National Airports Policy published in 1994. ...


Eleven regional passenger carriers and nine smaller/charter carriers operate out of the airport, as well as 11 air cargo carriers and 7 freight forwarders. Winnipeg is a major sorting facility for both FedEx and Purolator. It also receives daily transborder service from UPS. Air Canada Cargo and Cargojet Airways use the airport as a major hub for national traffic. Federal Express redirects here. ... Purolator Courier is a Canadian courier 97% of which is owned by Canada Post. ... United Parcel Service, Inc. ... Air Canada is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... Cargojet Airways is a cargo airline based in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. ...


The Port of Churchill, owned by OmniTRAX, is Manitoba's window to the Arctic and the sea. The port of Churchill is nautically closer to ports in Europe than many other ports in Canada. It has 4 deep-sea berths for the loading and unloading of grain, general cargo and tanker vessels. The port is linked by the Hudson Bay Railway (also owned by OMNITRAX). Grain represented 90% of the port’s traffic in the 2004 shipping season. In that year, over 600,000 tonnes of agricultural product was shipped through the port. The Port of Churchill in Churchill, Manitoba, Canada is Canadas only Arctic port. ... OmniTRAX of Denver, Colorado, United States, an affiliate of The Broe Companies, Inc, is a North American transportation services company. ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border Satellite image of the Arctic surface The Arctic is the region around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctic region around the South Pole. ... The Hudson Bay Railway operates two ex-Canadian National branch lines in northern Manitoba. ...


Military

Canadian Forces Base Winnipeg (CFB Winnipeg) is a Canadian Forces Base located in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Canadian Forces Base Winnipeg (CFB Winnipeg) is a Canadian Forces Base located in Winnipeg, Manitoba. ... A Canadian Forces Base or CFB (fr. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ...


Co-located at the Winnipeg International Airport, CFB Winnipeg is home to many flight operations support divisions, as well as several training schools. It is also the 1 Canadian Air Division/Canadian NORAD Region Headquarters[26] The base is supported by over 3,000 military personnel and civilian employees. Winnipeg International Airport (IATA: YWG, ICAO: CYWG) is an airport in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ... 1 Canadian Air Division is the command and control center of the Canadian Air Force based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ... NORAD is short for: North American Aerospace Defense Command Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


17 Wing of the Canadian Armed Forces is based in Winnipeg near the international airport. The Wing is comprised of three squadrons and six schools.[27] It also provides support to the Central Flying School. Excluding the three levels of government, 17 Wing is the largest employer in the city. The Canadian Forces (CF) (Fr: Forces canadiennes (FC)) are the combined branches of the military of Canada. ...


The Wing also supports 113 units stretching from Thunder Bay, to the Saskatchewan/Alberta border and from the 49th Parallel to the high Arctic. 17 Wing also acts as a deployed operating base for CF-18 Hornet fighter-bombers assigned to the Canadian NORAD Region.[27] Nickname: Motto: Superior by nature Location of Thunder Bay, Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Region Northwestern Ontario District Thunder Bay District CMA Thunder Bay Settled 1679 as Fort Caministigoyan See histories of Port Arthur and Fort William Amalgamation 1 January 1970 Government [1][2]  - Type Municipal Government  - Mayor Lynn... This article is about the Canadian province. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... The 49th parallel of north latitude forms part of the International Boundary between Canada and the United States from Manitoba to British Columbia on the Canadian side and from Minnesota to Washington on the U.S. side. ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border Satellite image of the Arctic surface The Arctic is the region around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctic region around the South Pole. ... The McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet (CF-188) is a Canadian Forces aircraft, based on the American F/A-18 Hornet. ... NORAD is short for: North American Aerospace Defense Command Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Two squadrons based in the city are:

  • 402 “City of Winnipeg” Squadron. This squadron flies the Canadian-designed and -produced de Havilland Canada CT-142 Dash 8 navigation trainer in support of the Canadian Forces Air Navigation School’s Air Navigators and Airborne Electronic Sensor Operator training programs.[28]
  • 435 “Chinthe” Transport and Rescue Squadron. This squadron flies the powerful Lockheed CC-130 Hercules tanker/transport in the airlift search and rescue roles. In addition, 435 Squadron is the only Air Force squadron equipped and trained to conduct air-to-air refueling of fighter aircraft in support of operational and training activities at home and abroad. The CC-130 Hercules tanker is a key asset for the Canadian NORAD Region in its mission to defend Canada and the United States against aerial threats that originate outside or within North American airspace.[29]

For many years, Winnipeg was the home of The Second Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, or 2 PPCLI. Initially, the battalion was based at the Fort Osborne Barracks near present day Osborne Village.[30] They eventually moved to the Kapyong Barracks located in the River Heights/Tuxedo part of Winnipeg. Since 2004, the 550 men and women of the battalion have operated out of Canadian Forces Base Shilo near Brandon.[30] The de Havilland Canada company was an innovative aircraft manufacturer with facilities based in what is now the Downsview area of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Lockheed SR-71, remarkably advanced for its time and unsurpassed in many areas of performance The Lockheed U-2 first flew in 1955 providing much needed intelligence on Soviet bloc countries Lockheed Corporation was an aerospace company founded in 1912 which merged with Martin Marietta in 1995 to form... Princess Patricias Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI) is an infantry regiment in the Canadian Forces (CF), belonging to 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (1 CMBG). ... Gapyeong County is a county in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. ... River Heights is a neighborhood in Winnipeg, Manitoba, located south of the Assiniboine River, west of Fort Rouge (unofficial boundary Stafford Street), east of Tuxedo, and north of the Canadian National Railways mainline. ... Tuxedo (population 16,605 as of 2001, including Linden Woods) is an affluent residential suburb of Winnipeg, Manitoba. ... Canadian Forces Base Shilo (or CFB Shilo) is an Operations and Training base of the Canadian Armed Forces located 35 km east of Brandon, Manitoba. ... Brandon Manitoba, a city in southwestern Manitoba, Canada. ...


The Royal Winnipeg Rifles and The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada are infantry reserve units based at Minto Armouries in Winnipeg.[31] The Royal Winnipeg Rifles are a reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Armed Forces. ... The Queens Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada is a reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces. ...


Canadian Forces Base Shilo (or CFB Shilo) is an Operations and Training base of the Canadian Armed Forces located 35 km east of Brandon, Manitoba. During the 1990s, Canadian Forces Base Shilo was also designated as an Area Support Unit, which acts as a local base of operations for south-west Manitoba in times of Military and Civil Emergency.[32] Canadian Forces Base Shilo (or CFB Shilo) is an Operations and Training base of the Canadian Armed Forces located 35 km east of Brandon, Manitoba. ... The Canadian Forces (CF) (Fr: Forces canadiennes (FC)) are the combined branches of the military of Canada. ... Brandon Manitoba, a city in southwestern Manitoba, Canada. ... A Canadian Forces Base or CFB (fr. ...


CFB Shilo is the home of the 1st Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery , the 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (2PPCLI)—both battalions of the 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group—as well as being the Home Station of the Royal Canadian Artillery. The Royal Canadian Horse Artillery is the name given to the regular field artillery units of the Canadian Army. ... Princess Patricias Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI) is an infantry regiment in the Canadian Forces (CF), belonging to 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (1 CMBG). ... 1 CMBG badge 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (1CMBG) is a Canadian Forces brigade group that is part of Land Forces Western Area of the Canadian army. ... UBIQUE (Everywhere) and QUO FAS ET GLORIA DUCUNT (Whither Right And Glory Lead) History The Royal Canadian Artillery regiment is older than Canada itself. ...


In addition, CFB Shilo lodges training units such as the Western Area Training Centre Detachment Shilo and the Communications Reserve School.


It also serves as a base for some support units of Land Force Western Area, including 731 Signals Squadron.[32] Land Force Western Area is responsible for all Canadian army operations and administration in western Canada from the northern Lakehead region of Ontario to the Pacific Ocean. ...


Sports Teams

“CFL” redirects here. ... The Winnipeg Blue Bombers are a Canadian Football League team based in Winnipeg, Manitoba. ... The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL). ... The Manitoba Moose are an ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. ... This article refers to the modern Northern League. ... The Winnipeg Goldeyes have been two separate and distinct baseball teams based out of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada playing in the independent Northern League. ... The Western Hockey League is one of the three hockey Major Junior Tier I leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League. ... The Brandon Wheat Kings are a Canadian junior ice hockey team based in Brandon, Manitoba. ...

Former Sports Teams

NHL redirects here. ... The Winnipeg Jets were a professional ice hockey team based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... The Phoenix Coyotes are a professional ice hockey team based in the Phoenix suburb of Glendale. ... This article refers to the original incarnations of the Northern League, which operated between 1902 and 1971. ... The Winnipeg Maroons were a minor League Baseball team based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada that played in the Northern League from 1902-1942. ...

Map

Image:manmap.PNG Image File history File links Manmap. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Canada's population estimates 2007-09-27. Statistics Canada. Retrieved on 2007-09-27.
  2. ^ Statistics Canada. Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  3. ^ Lake Winnipeg Stewardship Board. Lake Winnipeg Facts. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  4. ^ Statcan. Land and Freshwater area, by province and territory. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  5. ^ Encyclopedia Britannica. Lake Agassiz. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  6. ^ Manitoba Conservation. Turtle Mountain. Find your Favorite Park. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  7. ^ Manitoba Conservation. Birds Hill Park. Find your Favorite Park. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  8. ^ a b c Statistics Canada. Statcan Summary Table of Wheats and Grains by Province. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  9. ^ Statcan
  10. ^ a b Manitoba Conservation. Manitoba Forest Facts. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  11. ^ Ritter, Micheal E. (2006). Midlatitude Steppe Climate. The Physical Environment. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  12. ^ Ritter, Micheal E. (2006). Humid Continental Climate. The Physical Environment. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  13. ^ Ritter, Micheal E. (2006). Subarctic Climate. The Physical Environment. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  14. ^ Manitoba Wedge Tornado Video. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  15. ^ Environment Canada. Mean Max Temp History at The Forks, Manitoba. Climate Data Online. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  16. ^ Manitoba Conservation. Turtle Mountain. Find your favorite park. Retrieved on 2007-09-08.
  17. ^ Manitoba Conservation. Whiteshell Provincial Park. Find your Favorite Park.
  18. ^ The Origin of the Name Manitoba. Province of Manitoba. Retrieved on 2007-04-15
  19. ^ Geonames - Manitoba name
  20. ^ Legislative Assembly. Government of Manitoba. Retrieved on 2007-07-01.
  21. ^ Manitoba Act - Section 23
  22. ^ In [1992] 1 S.C.R. 221-222 [1], the Supreme Court rejected the contentions of the Société franco-manitobaine that §23 extends to executive functions of the executive branch.
  23. ^ Statcan - Manitoba Population trend
  24. ^ Canada's population. Statistics Canada. Last accessed September 28, 2006.
  25. ^ Manitoba Government - Employment
  26. ^ Canada's Air Force, Structure, 1 Canadian Air Division (1 Cdn Air Div). Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  27. ^ a b 17 Wing - About Us. Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  28. ^ 402 Squadron. 17 Wing - Squadrons and Units. Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  29. ^ 435 Squadron. 17 Wing - Squadrons and Units.
  30. ^ a b 2 PPCLI - Regimental History. Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  31. ^ The Royal Winnipeg Rifles. Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  32. ^ a b Canadian Forces Base/Area Support Unit Shilo. Retrieved on 2007-09-05.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Carr, Ian and Robert E. Beamish. Manitoba Medicine: A Brief History (ISBN 0-88755-660-4) (1999)
  • Clark, Lovell. ed The Manitoba School Question: majority rule or minority rights? (1968) historians debate the issue
  • Chafe, J. W. Extraordinary Tales from Manitoba History (1973)
  • Cook, Ramsay. The Politics of John W. Dafoe and the Free Press (1963)
  • Dafoe, John W. Clifford Sifton in Relation to His Times (1931)
  • Donnelly, M. S. The Government of Manitoba (1963)
  • Ellis, J.H. The Ministry of Agriculture in Manitoba, 1870-1970 (1971)
  • Ewanchuk, Michael. Pioneer Profiles: Ukrainian Settlers in Manitoba (1981) (ISBN 0-9690768-4-3)
  • Raymond M. Hébert. Manitoba's French-Language Crisis: A Cautionary Tale McGill-Queen's University Press (2004) ISBN 0-7735-2790-7
  • Kinnear, Mary, ed. 1st Days, Fighting Days: Women in Manitoba History (1987)
  • Friesen, Gerald, and Potyondi, Barry. A Guide to the Study of Manitoba Local History (1981)
  • Morton, William Lewis. Manitoba: A History (1970) (ISBN 0-8020-6070-6), the standard scholarly history
  • Petryshyn, Jaroslav . Peasants in the Promised Land: Canada and the Ukrainians, 1891-1914 (1985)
  • Whitcomb, Ed. A Short History of Manitoba (1982) (ISBN 0-920002-15-3)
  • Yuzyk, Paul. The Ukrainians in Manitoba: A Social History (1953)

See also

Find more information on Manitoba by searching Wikipedia's sister projects
Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Quotations from Wikiquote
Source texts from Wikisource
Images and media from Commons
News stories from Wikinews
Learning resources from Wikiversity

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... The Manitoba Act was an Act of the Parliament of Canada, and was given Royal Assent on May 12, 1870. ... The Legislative Assembly of Manitoba is located in central Winnipeg, at the meeting point of the Wolseley and Fort Rouge ridings. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Current list of counsellors (as of October 12, 2004) in the Executive Council in the Canadian province of Manitoba formed by the New Democratic Party of Manitoba (informally known as Cabinet ministers): Categories: Manitoba politics | Provincial ministers ... Founded in 1961, Manitoba Hydro is the electric power and natural gas utility in the province of Manitoba, and is the 4th largest electrical utility in Canada. ... Manitoba Telecom Services TSX: MBT, or MTS, (formerly Manitoba Telephone System) is the primary telecommunications carrier in the Canadian province of Manitoba and the third largest telecommunications provider in Canada with 7000 employees. ... This is a complete list of airports, water aerodromes and heliports in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... This is a list of incorporated cities of Canada in alphabetical order by province. ... Proportion of seats won by major parties for each election This article provides a summary of results for the general elections to the Canadian province of Manitobas unicameral legislative body, the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. ... This is a historical list of the lieutenant governors of Manitoba, a province of Canada. ... This is a list of the premiers of the province of Manitoba, Canada, since it was created in 1870. ... The following is a list of Manitoba provincial highways. ... Regions in the province of Manitoba, Canada, showing the census divisions in each. ... Communities in the province of Manitoba, Canada See also: list of Manitoba regions, list of rural municipalities in Manitoba. ... This is a list of the symbols of Canadian provinces and territories. ... For the opera, see Louis Riel (opera). ... Crowd gathered outside old City Hall during the Winnipeg General Strike, June 21, 1919 The Winnipeg General Strike of 1919 was one of the most influential strikes in Canadian history. ... The Republic of Manitobah was a short-lived, unrecognized state founded in June 1867 by Thomas Spence at the town of Portage la Prairie in what is now the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... The Dominion Land Survey is the method used to divide most of western Canada into one-square-mile sections for agricultural and other purposes. ... Obelisk in Grand Forks commemorating the 1997 flood. ... Flag of Manitoba Same-sex marriage in Manitoba began on September 16, 2004, when Manitoba became the fifth jurisdiction in Canada to legalize same-sex marriage, after the provinces of Ontario, British Columbia, and Quebec, and Yukon Territory. ... Rural municipalities in province of Manitoba, Canada. ... This category includes the School Divisions of the Province of Manitoba, Canada. ... see also Manitoba#Geography Category: ... Scouting in Manitoba has a long history, from the 1900s to the present day, serving thousands of youth in programs that suit the environment in which they live. ... Mincome is the name of a Canadian cat litter brand Guaranteed Annual Income or Minimum Income Tax project that was held in Manitoba during the 1970s. ...

External links

Coordinates: 55°4′N 97°31′W / 55.067, -97.517 (Manitoba) Image File history File links Flag_of_Manitoba. ... Regions in the province of Manitoba, Canada, showing the census divisions in each. ... The Winnipeg Capital Region is located in the Red River Valley in the south central portion of the province of Manitoba, Canada, containing the provincial capital of Winnipeg and its surrounding rural municipalities (RMs), cities, and towns. ... Central Plains is the name given to a region in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... Eastman is the name given to a region in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... Interlake is the name given to a region in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... The Northern Region of Manitoba is situated on the Canadian Shield, and includes Manitobas Hudson Bay coastline. ... Parkland is the name given to a region in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... The Pembina Valley is the name given to the south-central region of the province of Manitoba, Canada. ... Westman is the name given to the Southwestern area of the province of Manitoba, Canada. ... The Red River Valley is a region in central North America that is drained by the Red River of the North. ... Regions in the province of Manitoba, Canada, showing the census divisions in each. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... This is a list of incorporated cities of Canada in alphabetical order by province. ... Brandon Manitoba, a city in southwestern Manitoba, Canada. ... Location of Dauphin, Manitoba Dauphin is a city in Manitoba, Canada, with an approximate population of 8 085. ... Flin Flon, Manitoba (pop. ... Location of Portage la Prairie, Manitoba Portage la Prairie (pronounced in English) is a city in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... Location of Selkirk, Manitoba Selkirk is a city in the western Canadian province of Manitoba, located about 22 km northeast of the provincial capital Winnipeg on the Red River, near ( ) . As of the 2001 census, Selkirk had a population of 9,752. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Region Eastman Established 1874 Government  - City Mayor Chris Goertzen  - Governing Body Steinbach City Council  - MP (Provencher) Vic Toews  - MLA (Steinbach) Kelvin Goertzen Area  - City 25. ... The City of Thompson, Hub of the North is the regional trade and service centre of Northern Manitoba. ... City motto: Where People Make The Difference Location in the province of Manitoba Region Pembina Valley Mayor Martin Harder Area  - Land  - Water 17. ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... Communities in the province of Manitoba, Canada See also: list of Manitoba regions, list of rural municipalities in Manitoba. ... Rural municipalities in province of Manitoba, Canada. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government - Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English, Canadian Gaelic Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about Yukon Territory in Canada. ... For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. ... For the Canadian federal electoral district, see Nunavut (electoral district). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



  Results from FactBites:
 
Manitoba Historical Society (706 words)
Founded in June 1879 by an Act of the Manitoba Legislature, the Manitoba Historical Society (MHS) is the oldest organization in western Canada devoted to the promotion of public interest in, and preservation of, the region’s historical resources.
The wisdom and foresight of McArthur’s vision was manifest, as the Manitoba Historical Society would later provide the foundations for the present Winnipeg Public Library, the Manitoba Museum, and the Provincial Archives of Manitoba.
MHS recognizes and honors the contributions of the early settlers of Manitoba by awarding the Centennial Farm Award to descendants of the pioneer families who have maintained ownership of the original farm for 100 years or more.
Manitoba Marathon: Join us for the Full Marathon, Half Marathon, Quit Marathon Relay, 10K Walk, 2.6 mile Super Run, or ... (420 words)
This year thanks to our outstanding Green Team, the Manitoba Marathon was able to divert a whopping 96 percent of the waste generated on race day!
The weather was just about perfect for the nearly 13,000 runners who woke up to a cool, cloudy day for the 29th running of the Manitoba Marathon, with a cooling 20 minute drizzle tossed in for the post-three hour marathoners and relay runners.
The woman's marathon was also won by a Winnipegger, as Cathy Cullen (winner of last year's Intrepid Dezine Half Marathon) made a successful jump up to the full distance, with a time of 3:07:51.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m