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Encyclopedia > Manihiki
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Manihiki is an island in the Cook Islands known as the Island of Pearls. It is a triangular atoll 1160 km north of Rarotonga, and is said to be one of the group’s loveliest islands. Polynesians are believed to have lived on Manihiki since at least 1500 CE, although it was not discovered by Europeans until 13 October 1822, when it was sighted by the U.S. ship Good Hope and named Humphrey Island. Fanning Atoll (Tabuaeran) is a typical, small to moderate-sized atoll located in the central Pacific Ocean. ... Rarotonga Island from space, September 1994 A picture taken in Rarotonga. ... Polynesia is generally defined as the islands within the triangle Polynesia (from Greek, poly = many and nesos = island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... World map showing Europe (geographically) When considered a continent, Europe is the worlds second-smallest continent in terms of area, with an area of 10,600,000 km² (4,140,625 square miles), making it larger than Australia only. ... Jump to: navigation, search October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1822 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ...


Manihiki sits atop an underwater mountain rising 4000 m above the ocean floor. Its stunning 4 km-wide lagoon is laced with 40 tiny motu (islets), which are strung along the reef. The reef provides excellent swimming and snorkelling, with colourful tropical fish to view. A lagoon is a body of comparatively shallow salt water separated from the deeper sea by a shallow or exposed sandbank, coral reef, or similar feature. ... A reef surrounding an islet. ...


Diving is a major attraction, and the offshore diving is among the region's best (visitors must first get a permit at the village of Tauhunu). There is good fishing in the open waters beyond the reef, including catches of Yellow-fin Tuna (bonito).


The island is renowned for its black pearls and there are pearl farms dotted around the lagoon. The largest farm maintains some 250,000 oysters for pearl production. Tours can be arranged to the farms to learn about the cultivation process, and to watch the seeding of oyster shells for future pearl harvest. Tauhunu, on the western coast, is known for its pearl carvers and the Fare Ariki – one of the old houses still standing after Hurricane Martin, which struck the island in November 1997. Flying time to the island is about four hours, and there is a weekly flight every Thursday from Rarotonga. The name oyster is used for a number of different groups of molluscs which grow for the most part in marine or brackish water. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Manihiki, Cook Islands (843 words)
Manihiki is a beautiful atoll -- according to many people the most beautiful in the Cooks group -- comprising 40 tiny islets encircling the 2.5 mile (4 km) wide lagoon.
The fl-lipped mother of pearl shell Pinctada margaritifera is a native of the South Pacific and thrives in the clear, unpolluted waters of the lagoons of the Northern Cook islands of Manihiki and
The cyclone in Manihiki of November 1997 was a serious setback but the pearl companies have begun the process of reconstruction.
Manihiki - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (305 words)
Manihiki is an island in the Cook Islands known as the Island of Pearls.
It is a triangular atoll 1160 km north of Rarotonga, and is said to be one of the group’s loveliest islands.
Manihiki sits atop an underwater mountain rising 4000 m above the ocean floor.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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