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Encyclopedia > Manfred Eigen

Manfred Eigen (born May 9, 1927, Bochum) is a German biophysicist and a former director of the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen. May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Bochum is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Biophysics (also biological physics) is an interdisciplinary science that applies theories and methods of the physical sciences to questions of biology. ... The Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e. ... Göttingen ( ) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ...


In 1967, he received, together with Ronald George Wreyford Norrish and George Porter, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. They were distinguished for their studies of extremely fast chemical reactions induced in response to very short pulses of energy. 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to the present day. ... A chemical reaction is a process that results in the interconversion of chemical substances [1]. The substance or substances initially involved in a chemical reaction are called reactants. ... In medicine, a persons pulse is the throbbing of their arteries as an effect of the heart beat. ...


In addition, his name is linked with the theory of the chemical hypercycle, the cyclic linkage of reaction cycles as an explanation for the self organization of prebiotic systems, which he described with Peter Schuster in 1979. The quasispecies [kwaa-zei-spee-seez] model is a description of the process of the Darwinian evolution of self-replicating entities within the framework of physical chemistry. ... Self-organization is a process in which the internal organization of a system, normally an open system, improves automatically without being guided or managed by an outside source. ... Pre-Cambrian stromatolites in the Siyeh Formation, Glacier National Park. ... Peter K. Schuster (born March 7, 1941) is a renowned biophysicist, known for his work with Manfred Eigen in developing the quasispecies model. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ...


See also: Quasispecies model The quasispecies [kwaa-zei-spee-seez] model is a description of the process of the Darwinian evolution of self-replicating entities within the framework of physical chemistry. ...


Bibliography

  • Manfred Eigen and Peter Schuster The Hypercycle: A principle of natural self-organization, 1979, Springer ISBN 0387092935
  • Manfred Eigen, Ruthild Winkler: The Rules of the Game, 1993, Princeton University Press, ISBN 0691025665
  • Manfred Eigen, "Molekulare Selbstorganisation und Evolution." (Self organization of matter and the evolution of biological macro molecules.) Naturwissenschaften 58 (10). 1971 pp. 465-523. In English. Influential theoretical paper on origin-of-life biochemistry.

Peter K. Schuster (born March 7, 1941) is a renowned biophysicist, known for his work with Manfred Eigen in developing the quasispecies model. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...

External links

  • Manfred Eigen's homepage at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry
  • Video of Manfred Eigen at the Peoples Archive

  Results from FactBites:
 
Manfred Eigen (269 words)
Eigen was born in Bochum, Germany, received the Ph.D. in physics and chemistry at the University of Gottingen (1950) and became Professor and Director of the Max-Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry there.
Eigen was able to study many extremely fast chemical reactions by a variety of methods that he introduced and which are called relaxation techniques.
Eigen studied what happened to the solution in the extremely brief interval between the two equilibria by means of absorption spectroscopy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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