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Encyclopedia > Mandriva Linux
Mandriva Linux
The Mandriva logo is a star

Mandriva Linux 2007.1 LiveCD
Website: mandriva.com
Company/
developer:
Mandriva
OS family: Linux
Source model: Free Software
Latest stable release: 2008 (2008.0) / 2007-10-09
Latest unstable release: Cooker / ongoing
Package manager: urpmi
Kernel type: Monolithic kernel, Linux
Default user interface: KDE/GNOME
License: Various
Working state: Current

Mandriva Linux (formerly Mandrakelinux or Mandrake Linux) is a Linux distribution created by Mandriva (formerly Mandrakesoft). The first release was based on Red Hat Linux (version 5.1) and KDE (version 1.0) in July 1998. It has since diverged from Red Hat and has included a number of original tools mostly to ease system configuration. Mandriva Linux (at the time named Mandrake Linux) was originated by Gaël Duval, who was also a co-founder of Mandrakesoft and was fired from the company in 2006. Image File history File links Mandriva logo. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Gnoppix 0. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... The term software company could be applied to: a) a company that produces software, distributes software from a third party, or provides services such as custom software development. ... For other uses, see Software developer (disambiguation). ... Mandriva (merger of Mandrakesoft, Lycoris, and Conectiva) is a French software company, and creator of Mandriva Linux. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... This article is about free software as used in the sociopolitical free software movement; for non-free software distributed without charge, see freeware. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... urpmi is a Mandrake Linux package management tool for installing, removing, updating and querying software packages of local or remote (networked) media. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... It has been suggested that Monolithic system be merged into this article or section. ... The Linux kernel is a Unix-like operating system kernel. ... The user interface is the part of a system exposed to users. ... KDE (K Desktop Environment) (IPA: ) is a free software project which aims to be a powerful system for an easy-to-use desktop environment. ... This article is about the mythical creature. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... A Linux distribution, often simply distribution or distro, is a member of the Linux family of Unix-like operating systems comprising the Linux kernel, the non-kernel parts of the GNU operating system, and assorted other software. ... Mandriva (merger of Mandrakesoft, Lycoris, and Conectiva) is a French software company, and creator of Mandriva Linux. ... Red Hat Linux was a popular Linux distribution assembled by Red Hat until the early 2000s, when it was discontinued. ... KDE (K Desktop Environment) (IPA: ) is a free software project which aims to be a powerful system for an easy-to-use desktop environment. ... Gaël Duval, born 1973, is a graduate of the Caen University in France, where he studied networks and documentary applications. ...

Contents

Features

The major features of Mandriva Linux are:


Installation, control and administration

Mandriva Linux uses the Mandriva Control Center for administration of Linux rather than using a text editor to change settings. It has many programs known as Drakes or Draks, collectively named drakxtools, to configure many different settings. Examples include MouseDrake to set up a mouse, DiskDrake to set up disk partitions and drakconnect (previously known as draknet but forced to change its name after a company of the same name complained) to set up a network connection. They are written using GTK+ and Perl, and most of them can run in both graphical and text mode using the ncurses interface . drakconf 10. ... DiskDrake is a computer program for hard disk drive partitioning released under GPL license made as a part of Mandrake Linux, a popular Linux distribution. ... GTK+, or the GIMP Toolkit, is one of the two most popular widget toolkits for the X Window System for creating graphical user interfaces. ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of Perl Programming Perl is a dynamic programming language created by Larry Wall and first released in 1987. ... ncurses is a programming library providing an API, allowing the programmer to write text user interfaces in a terminal-independent manner. ...


Desktops

Mandriva Linux is geared to use KDE or GNOME as the standard desktops, but includes others such as IceWM, Blackbox, Window Maker and twm. A unique theme provides consistency between applications and desktop environments. Mandrakegalaxy debuted in version 9.1 and Mandrakegalaxy II appeared in 10.0. A variant of Mandrakegalaxy is "Mandrakegalaxy Squared", which uses square window buttons rather than round ones. A new default theme named "Ia Ora" was introduced with the release of Mandriva Linux 2007, but "Galaxy" remains available as an option for those who prefer it. KDE (K Desktop Environment) (IPA: ) is a free software project which aims to be a powerful system for an easy-to-use desktop environment. ... This article is about the mythical creature. ... In Unix computing, IceWM is a window manager for the X Window System graphical infrastructure, written by Marko Maček. ... In Unix computing, Blackbox is a window manager for the X Window System. ... Window Maker is a window manager for the X Window System, which allows graphical applications to be run on Unix-like operating-systems. ... twm desktop In computing, twm (Toms Window Manager or Tab Window Manager) is the standard window manager for the X Window System, version X11R4 onwards. ... Maple Story desktop theme for Windows Server 2003. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... For other uses, see Square. ... Circle illustration This article is about the shape and mathematical concept of circle. ...


Package manager

Mandriva Linux uses a package manager called urpmi, which functions as a wrapper to the RPM package management system. It is similar to apt-get in that it allows seamless installation of a given software package by automatically installing the other packages needed. It is also media-transparent due to its ability to retrieve packages from various media, including network/Internet, CD/DVD and local disk. Urpmi also has an easy-to-use graphical front-end called RPMdrake which is integrated into the Mandriva Control Center. Illustration of a package management system being used to download new software. ... urpmi is a Mandrake Linux package management tool for installing, removing, updating and querying software packages of local or remote (networked) media. ... A wrapper can refer to several things: In computer science: a wrapper pattern (such as a driver wrapper) is a design pattern where a piece of code allows classes to work together that normally could not because of incompatible interfaces. ... RPM Package Manager (originally Red Hat Package Manager, abbreviated RPM) is a package management system. ... Advanced Packaging Tool, or APT, is a package management system used by the Debian project. ...


Remote sources for urpmi / rpmdrake can be added during the installation of recent Mandriva Linux versions. After installation, they can be added through an option in the Software Sources Manager, or by using console commands generated either manually or by one of several helper sites such as Easy URPMI. This functionality allows the user to choose some or all of the various software repositories available for their version of Mandriva Linux and can greatly expand the amount of software that the user can install through the urpmi system. Instructions on adding repositories and installing software can be found on the Mandriva Wiki.


Name changes

From its inception to version 8.0, Mandrake named its flagship distribution Linux-Mandrake. From version 8.1 to 9.2 it was called Mandrake Linux.


In February 2004 MandrakeSoft lost a court case against Hearst Corporation, owners of King Features Syndicate. Hearst contends that MandrakeSoft is infringing upon King Features' trademarked character Mandrake the Magician. The word Mandrake is not unique to the King Features character, and MandrakeSoft was appealing the decision. The Hearst Corporation is a large privately-held media conglomerate based in New York City. ... King Features Syndicate is a syndication company owned by The Hearst Corporation; it distributes about 150 comic strips, newspaper columns, editorial cartoons, puzzles and games to thousands of newspapers around the world. ... Mandrake the Magician is a U.S. comic strip created in 1934 by Lee Falk (also creator of The Phantom) and mainly appearing in syndication in newspapers. ... Mandrake may refer to: The plant Mandrake The Harry Potter mandrake plant. ...


As a precaution, MandrakeSoft renamed its products by removing the space between the brand name and the product name and changing the first letter of the product name to lower case, thus creating one word. Starting from version 10.0, Mandrake Linux became known as Mandrakelinux, and its logo changed accordingly. Similarly, MandrakeMove became Mandrakemove.


In April 2005 Mandrakesoft announced that after the corporate acquisition of Conectiva, and the legal dispute with Hearst Corporation, the new company name would be Mandriva, and that Mandriva Linux would be the new name covering products. Conectiva is a company founded in August 28, 1995, that was the pioneer in the distribution of Linux and Open Source in Brazilian Portuguese, Spanish and English for all of Latin America. ...


Availability

Mandriva provides multiple editions of Linux. Some are freely-distributable, while others are sold online and via a network of authorized resellers. Mandriva also provides the Mandriva#Mandriva Club, which allows paying members to download commercial editions at no additional cost (depending on membership level). Mandriva (merger of Mandrakesoft, Lycoris, and Conectiva) is a French software company, and creator of Mandriva Linux. ...


Versions

Latest version

The latest stable version is Mandriva Linux 2008 (2008.0), released on 2007-10-09. Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Development version

The development tree of Mandriva Linux has always been known as Cooker. This tree is directly released as a new stable version.


The next release will be named 2008.1 and is scheduled for release in Spring of 2008. An exact release date has not yet been given.


Table of versions

Year Number Name
1998 5.1 Venice
1998 5.2 Leeloo
1999 5.3 Festen
1999 6.0 Venus
1999 6.1 Helios
2000 7.0 Air
2000 7.1 Helium
2000 7.2 Odyssey (called Ulysses during beta)
2001 8.0 Traktopel
2001 8.1 Vitamin
2002 8.2 Bluebird
2002 9.0 Dolphin
2003 9.1 Bamboo
2003 9.2 FiveStar
2004 10.0 Community and Official
2004 10.1 Community
2004 10.1 Official
2005 10.2 Limited Edition 2005
2005 2006.0 Mandriva Linux 2006
2006 2007 Mandriva Linux 2007
2007 2007.1 Mandriva Linux 2007 Spring
2007 2008.0 Mandriva Linux 2008

Editions

Each release of Mandriva Linux is split into several different editions. Each edition is derived from the same master tree, most of which is available on the public mirrors (some commercial software is not available on the public mirrors, but all free / open source packages are).


Mandriva Linux Free

Mandriva Linux Free[1] is a 'traditional' distribution (i.e. one that comes with a dedicated installer—named DrakX—which is first used to install the distribution to the hard disk of the computer before it is run). It is 'free' in both senses: as in speech—it consists entirely of free/open-source software—and as in beer—it is made available for public download at no charge. It is usually available in CD (three or four discs) and DVD editions for x86 32- and 64-bit CPU architectures. It is aimed at users to whom software freedom is important, and also at users who prefer a traditional installer to the installable live CD system used by One. The package selection is tailored towards regular desktop use. It consists of a subset of packages from the 'main' and 'contrib' sections of the master tree. x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ...


Mandriva One

Mandriva One[2] is free to download. It is a hybrid, being both a LiveCD and an installer (with an installation wizard that includes disk partitioning tools). Gnoppix 0. ...


Several One versions have been provided for each Mandriva Linux release. Users could choose between different human languages, select either the KDE or GNOME desktops and include or exclude non-free (as in speech) software. (It is not possible to fit both KDE and GNOME desktops, or more than one language, on a single live CD.) The 'lead' version is the KDE version with non-free software included. The One images consist of a subset of packages from the 'main', 'contrib' and 'non-free' sections of the master tree, with the documentation files stripped from the packages to save space.


Mandriva Linux One 2008 no longer has a free-as-in-speech variant, but a single KDE version.


Mandriva Linux Discovery

Mandriva Linux Discovery[3] is a commercial distribution aimed at first-time and novice Linux users. It is sold via the Mandriva Store website and authorized resellers, or can be downloaded by some subscribers to the Mandriva Club. Mandriva Linux 2008 does not include a Discovery edition, having added optional novice-friendly features to the Powerpack edition.


In releases prior to Mandriva Linux 2007, Discovery was a 'traditional' distribution built on the DrakX installer. In Mandriva Linux 2007 and 2007 Spring, Discovery is a hybrid "Live DVD" which can be booted without installation or installed to hard disk in the traditional manner. Gnoppix 0. ...


Discovery was a DVD rather than a CD, allowing all languages to be provided on one disc. It consisted of a subset of packages from the 'main', 'contrib', 'non-free' and 'non-free-restricted' sections of the master tree. The package selection was tailored towards novice desktop users. A theme chosen to be appealing to novice users was used, and the 'simplified' menu layout in which applications are described rather than named and not all applications are included was the default (for all other editions, the default menu layout was the 'traditional' layout, where all graphical applications installed on the system were included and were listed by name).


Mandriva Linux Powerpack

Mandriva Linux Powerpack[4] is a 'traditional' distribution (i.e. one that comes with a dedicated installer - named DrakX - which is first used to install the distribution to the hard disk of the computer before it is run). It is the main commercial edition of Mandriva Linux, and as such it is neither free as in speech or free as in beer. It contains several non-free packages intended to add value for the end user, including non-free drivers like the NVIDIA and ATI graphics card drivers, non-free firmware for wireless chips and modems, some browser plugins such as Java and Flash, and some full applications such as Cedega, Adobe Reader and RealPlayer. It is sold directly from the Mandriva Store website and through authorized resellers. It is also made available via a subscription service, which allows unlimited downloads of Powerpack editions for the last few Mandriva releases for a set yearly fee. It consists of a subset of packages from the 'main', 'contrib', 'non-free' and 'restricted' sections of the master tree.


In Mandriva Linux 2008, the Discovery and Powerpack+ editions have been merged into Powerpack, which will become Mandriva's only commercial offering. Users will be able to choose between a novice-friendly Discovery-like setup or an installation process and desktop aimed at power users.[5]


Mandriva Linux Powerpack+

Mandriva Linux Powerpack+[6] was a version of Powerpack with additional packages, mostly commercial software. Like Powerpack, it is sold directly from the Mandriva Store website and through authorized resellers; it is also a free download for Mandriva Club members of the Gold level and above. Powerpack+ is aimed at SOHO (small office / home office) users, with the expectation that it could be used to run a small home or office server machine as well as desktop and development workstations. The package selection is tailored with this in mind, including a wide range of server packages. It consisted of a subset of packages from the 'main', 'contrib', 'non-free' and 'restricted' sections of the master tree.


Mandriva 2008 no longer includes a Powerpack+ edition. Instead, the Powerpack edition includes all the available packages.


Derivatives

Derivatives are distributions that are based on Mandriva Linux, some by Mandriva itself, others by independent projects. Some maintain compatibility with Mandriva Linux, so that installing a Mandriva Linux RPM also works on the offspring.


Current Derivatives

Mandriva Flash

Mandriva Flash [7] is a pre-installed Mandriva Linux distribution on a 4GB USB key. The user can choose how much space is used for system files and how much is reserved for user files. An earlier version of Mandriva Flash was 2GB in size with fixed ratios. It can be booted directly from the key on systems that support booting from USB devices, or from a 'kickstart' CD (the image for the CD is provided with the Flash) on systems that do not. Flash runs faster than live CDs due to the relative speed of flash memory, and the read/write nature of the medium allows users to save files, configuration options and even to install new packages.


Mandriva Linux Clustering

Based on the CLIC project, this distribution allows users to set up a cluster. This product includes Drakcluster (GUI) for improved usability.


This product is dedicated to the HPC market but it could also be used (with some modifications) to all kinds of clusters (such as High Availability, applicative or grid). It features parallel commands (bash, copying tools), deployment (disks), software upgrade/downgrade (urpmi parallel), monitoring (ganglia), etc. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Supercomputing. ...


Clustering [8] is available on x86 and x86-64 architectures.


Mandriva Corporate Server

Mandriva Corporate Server [9] is a distribution specifically tailored for enterprise-level general purpose server usage. Development is started from the basis of a previous Mandriva Linux release, with the package selection altered, important packages updated, certain extra configuration tools and applications added, and some extra support for enterprise-level hardware. The maintenance lifetime of each release is five years. The current release of Corporate Server is 4.0.


Mandriva Corporate Desktop

Mandriva Corporate Desktop [10] is the desktop counterpart to Corporate Server. Again it is based on a Mandriva Linux release with enterprise-specific modifications and a five-year maintenance lifetime. The current release of Corporate Desktop is 4.0.


Multi Network Firewall

Linux Mandrake 7.2 had a version tailored specifically for use as a firewall, known as Single Network Firewall (SNF). Its successor, based on Mandrake 8.2, was titled Multi Network Firewall (MNF). The third iteration is named MNF 2 and is based upon Mandrakelinux 10.0.


These firewall distributions are designed to provide security for computer networks, and can be administered remotely via a browser-based interface or Secure Shell. MNF 2 is now counted as part of the Corporate product line and can only be bought, with support, from Mandriva. Secure Shell or SSH is a network protocol that allows data to be exchanged over a secure channel between two computers. ...


MCNLive

MCNLive is a live CD distribution based on Mandriva Linux. As such it shares some features with Mandriva One, but it is an unofficial project developed in a different way. MCNLive has introduced many innovative features, including the ability to install to a bootable USB stick and to hard disk. MCNLive is a Mandriva-based LiveCD and LiveUSB Linux distribution. ...


Discontinued Derivatives

GlobeTrotter

GlobeTrotter is a LaCie mobile USB drive loaded with a specific version of Mandriva Linux. Like Move, it can boot most PCs into Linux without installing first. The 40 GB hard drive makes it a convenient way to carry a Linux workstation around. GlobeTrotter was launched in August 2003 and can be ordered through Mandriva's online store. It is now superseded by Mandriva Flash. LaCie is a computer hardware company specializing in external hard drives, RAID arrays, optical drives, and computer monitors. ...


Gaming edition

Mandrake Linux 8.1 had a Gaming Edition, which was a game oriented Linux distribution. It had a port of The Sims using the Transgaming WineX technology. For games with Sim in the title, see List of Sim games. ... TransGaming Technologies is a company that sells a proprietary fork of Wine for running Windows games on Linux and other operating systems. ... Cedega (formerly known as WineX) is TransGaming Technologies proprietary fork of Wine (from when the license of Wine wasnt the LGPL but the X11 license), which is designed specifically for running games written for Microsoft Windows under Linux. ...


CLIC

CLIC (aka Cluster LInux pour le Calcul) is a dedicated version of Mandrakelinux created by MandrakeSoft specifically for clustering environments. It was sponsored by the RNTL, other partners were ID-IMAG, Groupe Bull and Mandrakesoft. This project's aim was to produce a HPC Linux Distribution for 32- and 64-bit processors. Groupe Bull (also known as Bull Computer or, informally, as Bull) is a French computer company based in Paris. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Supercomputing. ...


The objective of project CLIC was to allow the realization of large scientific computers while being based on free software. The objective consists of the realization a Linux distribution for clusters of machines, meeting the needs for deployment, administration and programming of clusters within the framework of exploitation for intensive calculation. This article is about free software as used in the sociopolitical free software movement; for non-free software distributed without charge, see freeware. ...


It features an automated installation of a full cluster using the Ka tools, urpmi and the clusterscripts.


This project was finished on 1 December 2003 and Mandrakesoft decided to continue that project with a product called Mandrakeclustering (see Mandriva Linux Clustering above). is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Mandrake Move

A LiveMove is the set formed by a LiveCD and a bootfloppy or USB flash drive. Gnoppix 0. ... “JumpDrive” redirects here. ...


Mandrake Move was a Mandriva product that benefits from a Mandrake Linux LiveCD which doesn't need to be installed to run on a computer, and a USB key that automatically records bootloader, hardware configuration and personal data. Mandriva (merger of Mandrakesoft, Lycoris, and Conectiva) is a French software company, and creator of Mandriva Linux. ...


The first version of Mandrake Move was released in December 2003 (but only distributed to customers in January 2004, due to production delays). It brought two main innovations compared to competitors:

  • ability to eject the cdrom if the machine has 256 MB of RAM or more (Knoppix also can, but needs to copy the whole cdrom into RAM, therefore needs a machine with 1 GB of RAM or more), and continue to operate in a "downgraded" mode allowing only to play multimedia files
  • transparent save of any user modification of his/her own files and system configuration files, if operated with a USB key

The second version, now simply called Move, was released in October 2004. Hardware support and stability have seen much improvement. Move is now superseded by Mandriva One and Mandriva Flash. “RAM” redirects here. ... Knoppix, or KNOPPIX, is a complete Linux distribution on a CD. This includes a working computer operating system and a powerful suite of graphical user software which can be used as a live CD. It is a Debian-based Linux distribution, developed by Linux consultant Klaus Knopper. ...


See also

Free software Portal
  • VnlinuxCD (Vietnamese Linux LiveCD based on Mandriva Linux)

Image File history File links Free_Software_Portal_Logo. ... VnlinuxCD is the first Vietnamese Linux LiveCD based on Mandriva Linux and livecd project. ...

External links

  • Mandriva Linux
  • Shareholder newsletter regarding the Hearst lawsuit
  • Mandriva Linux at DistroWatch
  • Mandriva Linux 2007 ONE for home users
  • Unofficial Mandriva Linux 2006 Starter Guide
  • Unofficial Mandriva 2007 (Free) Starter Guide

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mandriva Linux - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1695 words)
Mandriva Linux (formerly Mandrakelinux or Mandrake Linux, and an acquisition of Conectiva and Lycoris) is a GNU/Linux distribution created by Mandriva, SA (formerly Mandrakesoft, SA).
Mandriva Linux is also notable for compiling its packages with optimizations for Pentium and AMD64-class and more advanced processors which are incompatible with older CPU versions such as 386 and 486.
Mandriva Linux is geared to use KDE or GNOME as the standard desktops, but includes others such as IceWM, Blackbox, Window Maker and Twm.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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