It conveys sensation from the lower teeth, mandible as well as the lower lip, cheek and chin. It also supplies part of the tongue as well as the inside of the cheek (the buccal mucosa).
It runs into the mandible via the mandibular foramen where it becomes the inferior alveolar nerve. The inferior alveolar nerve carries sensation from the teeth of the lower jaw and their surrounding soft tissue.
The ciliary ganglion is connected with the ophthalmic nerve; the sphenopalatine ganglion with the maxillary nerve; and the otic and submaxillary ganglia with the mandibularnerve.
Nerves of the orbit, and the ciliary ganglion.
It passes forward on the lateral side of the optic nerve, and enters the postero-superior angle of the ciliary ganglion; it is sometimes joined by a filament from the cavernous plexus of the sympathetic, or from the superior ramus of the trochlear nerve.
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