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Encyclopedia > Maná

Mana refers to a supernatural force said to exist within all things, sometimes associated with maternal or lunar magic in mythology. The supernatural refers to conscious magical, religious or unknown forces that cannot ordinarily be perceived except through their effects. ... This article is about a system of myths. ...

Contents

Polynesian origin

The word originates in Polynesian religion, and its modern use is a result of the popularization of the concept by anthropology and, to a great extent, by certain varieties of fantasy fiction. In Polynesian culture (e.g., Hawaiian, Māori), mana is analogous to respect, but it combines elements of respect, authority, power, and prestige. To have mana is to have influence and authority. This property is not limited to persons—peoples, governments, places, and inanimate objects can possess mana. In Hawaiian, mana loa means great power or almighty. Polynesia (from Greek, poly = many and nesi = island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands in the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος = human) consists of the study of humankind (see genus Homo). ... In April of 1990, Daniel K. Akaka became the first native Hawaiian and Chinese American to serve in the United States Congress as a Senator from the State of Hawaii. ... Te Puni, Māori Chief Māori is the name of the indigenous people of New Zealand, and their language. ... Dignity in humans involves the earning or the expectation of personal respect or of esteem. ... In politics, authority generally refers to the ability to make laws, independent of the power to enforce them, or the ability to permit something. ... Prestige means good reputation or high esteem. ... Hawaiian is the ancestral language of the indigenous people of the Hawaiian Islands, the Hawaiians, a Polynesian people. ...


Norse origin

The word mana is also found in Norse mythology, and it is at least in part to this source that we owe its modern use. However, in Norse mythology, mana was restricted to the vital life-essence of all that was good; i.e., love, harmony, etc. It was believed to be the source tapped into to perform white magic. Norse mythology, Viking mythology or Scandinavian mythology refer to the pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian people. ... Magic (also called magick to distinguish it from stage magic) is a supposed way of influencing the world through supernatural, mystical, or paranormal means. ...


Universal archetype

The concept of mana has been, in various other cultures, the power of magic; however, it was not the only principle, and others included the concept of sympathetic magic and seeking the intervention of a specific supernatural being, whether deity, saint, or deceased ancestor. The word culture comes from the Latin root colere (to inhabit, to cultivate, or to honor). ... The concept of power occurs in multiple areas. ... Look up Magic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The term magic is a Persian loanword into English and may refer to: Magic (paranormal) deals with the manipulation of what the practitioner believes to be genuine paranormal phenomena. ... Magic (also called magick to distinguish it from stage magic) is a supposed way of influencing the world through supernatural, mystical, or paranormal means. ... A deity or a god, is a postulated preternatural being, usually, but not always, of significant power, worshipped, thought holy, divine, or sacred, held in high regard, or respected by human beings. ... General definition of saint In general, the term Saint refers to someone who is exceptionally virtuous and holy. ... An ancestor is a parent or (recursively) the parent of an ancestor. ...


The magic of mana was embedded into all talismans and fetishes, whether devoted to ancient gods, Roman Catholic saint relics, the spirits of the ancestors, or the underlying element that makes up the universe and all life within it. The concept of mana has been used in various cultures to justify human sacrifices, as the lives or blood of sacrificial victims might contain supernatural powers whose offering would please a deity. Talisman can refer to: An amulet sometimes believed to have mystical powers The Talisman board game from Games Workshop External links Spiritual Healing of Body, mind and soul (quranichealing. ... This article concerns the concept of fetishism in anthropology. ... For the span of recorded history starting roughly 5,000-5,500 years ago, see Ancient history. ... The term God is ordinarily used to designate a singular, universal Supreme Being. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... General definition of saint In general, the term Saint refers to someone who is exceptionally virtuous and holy. ... The word relic comes from the Latin reliquiae (remains) and there are many pre-Christian instances of some bone or other part of the corpse, or some intimately associated object, carefully preserved with an air of veneration as a tangible memorial. ... A spirit or spiritual being is a non-corporeal entity found in many religions and belief systems throughout the world. ... An ancestor is a parent or (recursively) the parent of an ancestor. ... Generally, an element is a basic part that is the foundation of something. ... The deepest visible-light image of the cosmos. ... This article concerns the primary meanings of life in biology. ... Red blood cells (erythrocytes) are present in the blood and help carry oxygen to the rest of the cells in the body Blood is a circulating tissue composed of fluid plasma and cells (red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets). ...


Related cultural concepts

The concept of a life-energy inherent in all living beings seems to be a fairly universal archetype, and appears in numerous ancient religions and systems of metaphysics (in addition to having been borrowed by George Lucas's science-fiction films).


Analogies to mana in other societies include:

Also related are the philosophical concepts of: Egyptian mythology (or Egyptian religion) is the name for the succession of beliefs held by the people of Egypt until the coming of Christianity and Islam. ... In Egyptian mythology, the human soul is made up of five parts: the Ka, the Ba, the Akh, the Name and the Shadow. ... Greek mythology comprises the collected legends of Greek gods and goddesses and ancient heroes and heroines, originally created and spread within an oral-poetic tradition. ... Ichor is also another, rarely used name for bile. ... Inuit mythology has many similarities to the religions of other polar regions. ... In Inuit mythology, Inua or Inuat refers to a sort of soul which exists in all people, animals, lakes, mountains and plants. ... In Inuit mythology, Silap Inua or Sila was, similar to mana or ether, the primary component of everything that exists; it is also the breath of life and the method of locomotion for any movement or change. ... The Lenape (also known as Lenni-Lenape, Leni-Lenape, Delaware Indians and Munsee) are a tribe of Native Americans. ... Norse mythology, Viking mythology or Scandinavian mythology refer to the pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian people. ... The mythology of the Yorùbá is sometimes claimed by its supporters to be one of the worlds oldest widely practised religions. ... In Yoruba mythology, Oloddumare is a creative force that drove the establishment of existence and the entire universe. ... Philosophy (from a combination of the Greek words philos meaning love and sophia meaning wisdom), as a practice, aims at some kind of understanding, knowledge or wisdom about fundamental matters such as reality, knowledge, meaning, value, being and truth. ...

Chinese philosophy has a history of several thousand years. ... See Qi (disambiguation) for other meanings of Qi. Qi in English is often spelled as chi or chi. ... Alternative meanings: Tao (chess), Dao (sword) Tao (道 literally the Way or the Path; pronounced Dao), often translated as The Principle, is a basic element in Chinese philosophy. ... This article is about the continent. ... The Alchemist. ... The aether (also spelled ether) is a substance concept, historically, used in science and philosophy. ... The word Quintessence is used in different fields: In physics, Quintessence is a hypothetical form of energy postulated to exist as a possible explanation of observations of an accelerating universe. ... Prana is the vital air, or breath, of the human body, as visualized in Hinduism. ...

Biblical

The Polynesian word "mana" is not to be confused with the Hebrew "manna", which (according to the Bible) is a mysterious substance provided miraculously by God to the Hebrews in the desert. Some modern critics believe this may have been an edible wafer or sap of a variety of cactus found in the Sinai peninsula. Christian use of the word "manna" in reference to this, according to some, is thus unrelated to the Polynesian concept of "mana" (although there are definite archetypal similarities). "Man hu", or "manna" in the Hebrew language is translated as "what is it", and is likely only a phonetical coincidence with mana. Manna (sometimes or archaically spelled mana) is the name of the food miraculously produced for the Israelites in the desert in the book of Exodus. ... The Bible (From Greek (τα) βιβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, plural of βιβλιον, biblion, book, originally a diminutive of βιβλος, biblos, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos, meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported this writing material), is a word applied to sacred scriptures. ... The term God is ordinarily used to designate a singular, universal Supreme Being. ... In cooking, a wafer can refer to a crisp, sweet, very thin flat dry cake which is often used to decorate ice creams. ... Sap is: tree sap A small, blunt object used as a weapon, often constructed from a bag filled with loose, heavy objects such as lead shot or coins. ... The Modern Hebrew language is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family. ...


Political use of the term mana

The word Mana is found in the names of several political parties promoting Polynesian causes, notably the two New Zealand political parties Mana Motuhake and the Mana Maori Movement. Mana Maori Motuhake is a Maori political party in New Zealand. ... The Mana Maori Movement is a New Zealand political party. ...


Mana in fictional works

In some fantasy settings and games (in particular role-playing games), "mana" is a natural energy resource which is used or channeled by wizards to cast magic spells. This use of the term was coined by Larry Niven in his 1978 novella, The Magic Goes Away, which deals with mana as a limited natural resource, becoming depleted. The use of the word outside of anthropological circles may well derive from this. (See magic point for more on mana in games.) In literature, fantasy is a form of speculative fiction in which physical laws differ from our own through a reason for which no scientific explanation is offered, or which take place a world wholly different from our own. ... GAMES Magazine is a United States based magazine devoted to games published by GAMES Publications, a division of Kappa Publishing Group. ... A role-playing game (RPG) is a type of game where players assume the roles of fictional characters via role-playing. ... Albus Dumbledore, from the Harry Potter series, is a traditional wizard. ... Magic: The Gathering. ... Look up Spell in Wiktionary, the free dictionary For spelling in linguistics, see orthography. ... Laurence van Cott Niven (born April 30, 1938) is a US science fiction author. ... Events January January 1 - The Copyright Act of 1976 takes effect, making sweeping changes to United States copyright law. ... The Warlocks Era (The Magic Goes Away) This article or section should include material from Warlocks Wheel The fictional setting of Larry Nivens logical (as apposed to high) fantasy series. ... Magic points (MP), mind power, or mana, are units of magical power that are used in many role-playing games (RPGs). ...


In J. R. R. Tolkien's universe, mana is a Quenya word believed to mean "what is". [1] (http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/qlist.htm) J. R. R. Tolkien in 1916. ... A map of the Northwestern part of Middle-earth at the end of the Third Age, courtesy of the Encyclopedia of Arda. ... Text in Quenya, written in the Tengwar and Latin alphabets Quenya is one of the languages spoken by the Elves in J. R. R. Tolkiens work. ...


See also


This article is about a system of myths. ... In Inuit mythology, Inua or Inuat refers to a sort of soul which exists in all people, animals, lakes, mountains and plants. ... For information on the Inuit god Sila, see Silap Inua. ... The ancient symbol of the pentagram is often used as a symbol for magic. ... Polynesia is a triangle of islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... Honour (or honor) comprises the reputation, self-perception or moral identity of an individual or of a group. ... Animatism is a term coined by R. R. Marett to refer to the belief of certain cultures in supernatural forces and powers. ... In Egyptian mythology, the human soul is made up of five parts: the Ka, the Ba, the Akh, the Name and the Shadow. ... A late 19th-century artists conception of the Ark of the Covenant, employing a Renaissance cassone for the Ark and cherubim as latter-day Christian angels The Ark of the Covenant (in Hebrew: aron habrit) is described in the Hebrew Bible as a sacred container built at the command... Decalogue redirects here; for the film series by Polish director Krzysztof Kieślowski, see The Decalogue. ... This article is about elementals in alchemy. ... Sacrifice (is a Middle English verb meaning to make sacred, from Old French, from Latin sacrificium : sacer, sacred; sacred + facere, to make) is commonly known as the practice of offering food, or the lives of animals or people to the gods, as an act of propitiation or worship. ... The Great Apostasy is a term of opprobrium used by some religious groups to allege a general fallen state of traditional Christianity, or especially of Catholicism, reformist Protestantism and (often merely by implication) Eastern Orthodoxy: that it is not representative of the faith founded by Jesus and promulgated through his... In Yoruba mythology, Oloddumare is a creative force that drove the establishment of existence and the entire universe. ...

Miscellaneous

Other unrelated uses of the word mana include:

Mana shot to fame in Japan in the 1990s as the leader and guitarist of the influential visual kei band Malice Mizer. ... Malice Mizer (1992 – 2001) is widely considered one of the most influential bands of Japans visual kei music scene. ... Moi Dix Mois (which is French for Me Ten Months) is the solo project of Mana, formerly the leader and guitarist of the legendary Japanese Visual Kei band Malice Mizer. ... Maná Maná is a Mexican rock group that had its origins near the end of the 1970s in Guadalajara. ... Events and trends Technology Explosive growth of the Internet; decrease in the cost of computers and other technology Reduction in size and cost of mobile phones leads to a massive surge in their popularity Year 2000 problem (commonly known as Y2K) Microsoft Windows operating system becomes virtually ubiquitous on IBM... Music is an art, entertainment, or other human activity which involves organized sound, though definitions may vary. ... Maná Maná is a Mexican rock group that had its origins near the end of the 1970s in Guadalajara. ... Under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in the Caribbean and Réunion in the Indian Ocean became départements doutre-mer (Overseas departments) or DOMs. ...

External Links

  • Encyclopedia Mythica, Mana-like concepts in other cultures (http://www.pantheon.org/articles/m/mana.html)

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