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Encyclopedia > Malvern Hills
Malvern Hills
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Malvern Hills in June, looking north
Country England, United Kingdom
Counties Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Worcestershire
Location West Midlands, England
Highest point
 - location Worcestershire Beacon
 - elevation 425 m (1,394 ft)
Geology Igneous, Metamorphic, Pre-Cambrian
Plant Bracken, Gorse, Harebell
Animal Buzzard, Skylark

The Malvern Hills are a range of hills in the English counties of Worcestershire, Herefordshire and a small area of northern Gloucestershire. It has been designated by the Countryside Agency as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is an area of countryside with significant landscape value in England, Wales or Northern Ireland, that has been specially designated by the Countryside Agency on behalf of the United Kingdom government. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1067 KB) Malvern Hills, looking north. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... Herefordshire is a historic and ceremonial county and unitary district (known as County of Herefordshire) in the West Midlands region of England. ... Worcestershire (pronounced ; abbreviated Worcs) is a county located in the West Midlands region of central England. ... The West Midlands is an official Region of England, covering the western half of the Midlands. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... Worcestershire Beacon is a hill whose summit is the highest point of the Malvern Hills, a range of hills running some 13 kilometres north-south along the Herefordshire-Worcestershire border, though Worcestershire Beacon itself lies entirely within Worcestershire. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Igneous rocks are formed when molten rock (magma) cools and solidifies, with or without crystallization, either below the surface as intrusive (plutonic) rocks or on the surface as extrusive (volcanic) rocks. ... The term Metamorphic can be associated with a number of meanings:- Metamorphic rock The term for rocks that have been transformed by extreme heat and pressure. ... The Precambrian or Cryptozoic is the period of the geologic timescale from the formation of Earth around 4500 million years before the present (BP) to the evolution of abundant macroscopic hard-shelled fossils, which marked the beginning of the Cambrian, some 542 million years BP. Remarkably little is known about... Species Pteridium aquilinum Pteridium caudatum Pteridium esculentum Pteridium latiusculum and about 6-7 other species For the Irish television soap opera, see Bracken (TV). ... Species Ulex argenteus Ulex boivinii Ulex borgiae Ulex cantabricus Ulex densus Ulex europaeus - Common Gorse Ulex gallii - Dwarf Furze or Furse Ulex genistoides Ulex micranthus Ulex minor - Dwarf Gorse Ulex parviflorus Ref: ILDIS Version 6. ... Binomial name Campanula rotundifolia L. The Harebell (Campanula rotundifolia) is a short to medium, slender, hairless perennial. ... Binomial name Buteo buteo (Linnaeus, 1758) The Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo) is a bird of prey from the Old World. ... Binomial name Alauda arvensis Linnaeus, 1758 The Skylark (Alauda arvensis) is a small passerine bird. ... Malvern Hills is a local government district in Worcestershire, England. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... Worcestershire (pronounced ; abbreviated Worcs) is a county located in the West Midlands region of central England. ... Herefordshire is a historic and ceremonial county and unitary district (known as County of Herefordshire) in the West Midlands region of England. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... The Countryside Agency in England is a statutory body with the task of improving the quality of the rural environment and the lives of those living in it. ... An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is an area of countryside with significant landscape value in England, Wales or Northern Ireland, that has been specially designated by the Countryside Agency on behalf of the United Kingdom government. ...

Contents

Geography

The Malvern Hills are a famous beauty spot, with scenic views over both Herefordshire and Worcestershire. The Hills run north/south for about 13 km (eight miles), in between Great Malvern and the village of Colwall, and overlook the River Severn valley to the East, with the Cotswolds beyond. The highest point of the hills is the Worcestershire Beacon at 425 metres (1395 feet) (OS Grid reference SO768452), though they give the impression of looking considerably higher. The hills are famous for their natural mineral springs and wells, and were responsible for the development of Great Malvern as a spa in the early 19th century. km redirects here. ... Great Malvern is a town in Worcestershire, England positioned at the foot of, and partly on the sides of, the Malvern Hills. ... Colwall is a beautiful rural Herefordshire village nestling into the side of the Malvern Hills. ... “Severn” redirects here. ... The Cotswolds is the name given to a range of hills in central England, sometimes called the Heart of England, a hilly area reaching over 300 m or 1000 feet. ... Worcestershire Beacon is a hill whose summit is the highest point of the Malvern Hills, a range of hills running some 13 kilometres north-south along the Herefordshire-Worcestershire border, though Worcestershire Beacon itself lies entirely within Worcestershire. ... Great Malvern is a town in Worcestershire, England positioned at the foot of, and partly on the sides of, the Malvern Hills. ... A spa town is a town frequented, in times past, for health reasons, to take the waters. The name derives from the Belgian town Spa, and in continental Europe, a spa was known as a ville deau (town of water). ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...

June vegetation, shortly after sunrise.
June vegetation, shortly after sunrise.

There are two passes through the hills, the Wyche cutting and the A449 road just north of Herefordshire Beacon. The Malvern hills are made of some of the most ancient rock in England, mostly igneous and metamorphic rocks from the late pre-Cambrian, around 600 million years old. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1494 KB) Malvern Hills, a detail shortly after sunrise. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1494 KB) Malvern Hills, a detail shortly after sunrise. ... The A449 is a major road in the United Kingdom. ... The Herefordshire Beacon is one of the hills of the Malvern Hills. ... The Precambrian or Cryptozoic is the period of the geologic timescale from the formation of Earth around 4500 million years before the present (BP) to the evolution of abundant macroscopic hard-shelled fossils, which marked the beginning of the Cambrian, some 542 million years BP. Remarkably little is known about...


There is a tiny cave near the ridge of the hills called Clutter's Cave (or Giant's Cave or Waum's Cave, after the spring that once lay beneath it).


The Hills

A list of the hills in their order from north to south is shown below.

Hill Elevation (ft) Elevation (m)
End Hill 1,079 ft 329 m
Table Hill 1,224 ft 373 m
North Hill 1,303 ft 397 m
Sugarloaf Hill 1,207 ft 368 m
Worcestershire Beacon 1,395 ft 425 m
Summer Hill 1,253 ft 382 m
Perseverance Hill 1,066 ft 325 m
Jubilee Hill 1,073 ft 327 m
Pinnacle Hill 1,174 ft 358 m
Black Hill (north) 1,011 ft 308 m
Black Hill (south) 886 ft 270 m
Herefordshire Beacon (British Camp) 1,109 ft 338 m
Millennium Hill 1,073 ft 327 m
Broad Down 958 ft 292 m
Hangman's Hill 906 ft 276 m
Swinyard Hill 889 ft 271 m
Midsummer Hill 932 ft 284 m
Hollybush Hill 794 ft 242 m
Raggedstone Hill (east top) 820 ft 250 m
Raggedstone Hill (west top) 833 ft 254 m
Chase End Hill 625 ft 191 m

A good panorama of the length of the hills can be seen from the M5 Motorway, particularly between Junction 7 Worcester (south) and Junction 9 Tewkesbury . See [[1]]. Worcestershire Beacon is a hill whose summit is the highest point of the Malvern Hills, a range of hills running some 13 kilometres north-south along the Herefordshire-Worcestershire border, though Worcestershire Beacon itself lies entirely within Worcestershire. ... The Herefordshire Beacon is one of the hills of the Malvern Hills. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Panoramic photography. ... The M5 near J28, Devon This article concerns the M5 motorway in England. ... Worcester (pronounced ) is a city in the West Midlands of England, and is the county town of Worcestershire. ... The Tewkesbury War Memorial, locally known as the Cross Tewkesbury is a historic town in Gloucestershire, England. ...


History

The name Malvern is of Celtic origin and probably derives from moel bryn meaning 'bald hill'. The summits of the hills were excellent defensive points. The Herefordshire Beacon is known as the British Camp, as the remains of a large Iron Age hill fort can be found at the summit. In the middle ages the hills were in the middle of a royal forest where deer would be hunted. Monks at Great Malvern Priory first bottled the spring water at Holy Well. Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... A hill fort is a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for military advantage. ...


Traditionally the line down the spine of the hills has formed the county boundary between Herefordshire and Worcestershire. In 1884 the Malvern Hills Conservators were established through act of Parliament to preserve the natural aspect of the hills and protect them from encroachments. However by this time large-scale destruction of the landscape had already begun. Quarry works were set in motion in the 1870s at Tank Quarry and at Little Malvern by Pyx Granite Company. The Hills Conservators lobbied parliament to pass an act limiting the exploitation and although a second act was passed in 1924 its provisions were largely ineffectual. Quarrying continued until 1966 and has irreparably defaced the landscape.[2] The logo of the Malvern Hills Conservators, Courtesy of the Malvern Hills Conservators The Malvern Hills Conservators are a body corporate, with byelaw raising powers, charged with duties and granted powers under a 1884 act of Parliament and four subsequent acts with jurisdiction of what now amounts to approximately 3... Type Bicameral Houses House of Commons House of Lords Speaker of the House of Commons The Right Honourable Michael Martin MP Lord Speaker Hélène Hayman, Baroness Hayman, PC Members 1377 (646 Commons, 731 Peers) Political groups (as of May 5, 2005 elections) Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats...


Malvern Hills in cultural life

English writer J. R. R. Tolkien author of the The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit who was from the area, often walked on the hills and were inspiration for the Misty Mountains in the books. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien CBE (3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English philologist, writer and university professor, best known as the author of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. ... The Lord of the Rings is an epic high fantasy novel written by the English academic J. R. R. Tolkien. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long or excessively detailed compared to the rest of the article. ... The Misty Mountains as seen in the prologue to The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001). ...


The Malvern Hills were the inspiration and setting for the famous 14th Century poem The Visions of Piers Plowman by William Langland. This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Page from a 14th century Psalter, showing drolleries on the right margin and a plowman at the bottom. ... Langlands Dreamer: from an illuminated initial in a Piers Plowman manuscript held at Corpus Christi College, Oxford William Langland is the conjectured author of the 14th-century English dream-vision Piers Plowman. ...


English composer Edward Elgar, who was from the area, often walked, cycled, and reportedly flew kites on these hills. He wrote a cantata in 1898 entitled Caractacus, which employs the popular legend of his last stand at British Camp. In 1934, during the composer's final illness, he told a friend: "If ever after I'm dead you hear someone whistling this tune [the opening theme of his cello concerto] on the Malvern Hills, don't be alarmed. It's only me." Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet, OM, GCVO (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English Romantic composer. ... A cantata (Italian, sung) is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment and generally containing more than one movement. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Caratacus (also spelled Caractacus) was a historical British chieftain of the Catuvellauni tribe, who led the British resistance to the Roman conquest. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The poet W.H. Auden taught for three years at the Downs School, Colwall, in the Malvern Hills. He spent three years at the school in the 1930s and wrote some of his finest early love poems there, including: This Lunar Beauty; Let Your Sleeping Head; My Love, Fish in the Unruffled Lakes; and Out on the Lawn I Lie in Bed. He also wrote a long poem about the hills and their views, called simply The Malverns. Christopher Isherwood and W.H. Auden, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1939 Wystan Hugh Auden (February 21, 1907–September 29, 1973) was an English poet. ... Colwall is a beautiful rural Herefordshire village nestling into the side of the Malvern Hills. ... Face The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ...


See also

The logo of the Malvern Hills Conservators, Courtesy of the Malvern Hills Conservators The Malvern Hills Conservators are a body corporate, with byelaw raising powers, charged with duties and granted powers under a 1884 act of Parliament and four subsequent acts with jurisdiction of what now amounts to approximately 3... An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in England (AONB) is an area in England specially designated by the Countryside Agency. ... Malvern Hills is a local government district in Worcestershire, England. ... An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is an area of countryside with significant landscape value in England, Wales or Northern Ireland, that has been specially designated by the Countryside Agency on behalf of the United Kingdom government. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... The village of Arnside on the Kent estuary, with Arnside Knott behind Arnside and Silverdale is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in England, on the border between Lancashire and Cumbria, adjoining Morecambe Bay. ... The Blackdown Hills are a range of hills along the Somerset-Devon border in south-western England. ... viky + callum 4 everCannock Chase is a mixed area of countryside in the county of Staffordshire, England. ... Chichester Harbour is a large natural harbour to the south west of the city of Chichester on the English Channel; geographically it is a ria. ... The Chiltern Hills are a chalk escarpment in south east England. ... Cornwall (pronounced ; Cornish: ) is a county in south-west England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ... The Cotswolds is the name given to a range of hills in central England, sometimes called the Heart of England, a hilly area reaching over 300 m or 1000 feet. ... The Cranborne Chase and West Wiltshire Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) covers 379 square miles of Dorset, Hampshire, Somerset and Wiltshire. ... Dedham Vale is a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty on the Suffolk-Essex border. ... Dorset AONB covers 44% of the Westcountry County of Dorset, and includes the Dorset Downs, Blackmore Vale, West Dorset and Lyme Regis, Chesil Beach and the Fleet SSSI, the Isle of Purbeck, Poole Harbour and its islands, and north Dorset up to Sturminster Newton. ... East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) covers over 100 square miles of the East Devon countryside (England). ... The East Hampshire is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) in Hampshire, England, UK. The southern part of the AONB is mainly rolling chalk downland used for farming that is an extension of the Sussex Downs to the east. ... The Hills in the Forest of Bowland The area known as the Forest of Bowland occupies most of the north east of the county of Lancashire in England. ... A weald once meant a dense forest, especially the famous great wood once stretching far beyond the ancient counties of Sussex and Kent, England, where this country of smaller woods is still called the Weald. ... The Howardian Hills are an area of outstanding natural beauty in North Yorkshire, the United Kingdom. ... The Isle of Wight Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) on the Isle of Wight, Englands largest offshore island. ... St Martins taken from the helicopter to Penzance View from Tresco, the second largest member of the Isles of Scilly For the area of Surrey, see Scilly Isles, Surrey. ... Kent Downs is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) in Kent, England. ... The Lincolnshire Wolds is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (designated as such in 1973) covering 560 square kilometres of north and east Lincolnshire, England. ... The Mendip Hills (commonly called The Mendips) are a range of limestone hills (karst) situated to the south of Bristol and Bath in north Somerset, England. ... Upper Nidderdale Nidderdale is one of the Yorkshire Dales (although outside of the formal National Park area) in North Yorkshire, England. ... The Norfolk Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) covers over 450 km2 of coastal and agricultural land from the The Wash in the west through coastal marshes and cliffs to the sand dunes at Winterton in the east. ... The North Devon Coast is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in England The landscape of the North Devon AONB is diverse and has many common components, it nonetheless forms 5 broad landscape types. ... The North Pennines is the northernmost part of the so-called backbone of England, the range of hills which runs through the centre of the northern half of England, from north to south. ... The Northumberland Coast is a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) covering 39 miles of coastline from Berwick-Upon-Tweed to the River Coquet estuary in the north-east of England. ... The North Wessex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is located in the English counties of Berkshire, Hampshire, Oxfordshire and Wiltshire. ... The Quantock Hills are a range of hills west of Bridgwater in Somerset, England. ... The Shropshire Hills area is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), in the English county of Shropshire, close to the border with Wales. ... Map of Solway Firth. ... The South Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) covers 337 square Kilometres, including much of the South Hams area of Devon and the rugged coastline from Jennycliff to Elberry Cove near Brixham. ... The South Hampshire Coast is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) in Hampshire, England, UK that was subsumed into the New Forest National Park when it was established on 1 April 2005. ... Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Suffolk, England. ... The Surrey Hills is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) in Surrey, England. ... Near Beachy Head The South Downs is one of the two areas of chalk downland in southern England. ... The Calstock Viaduct crossing the River Tamar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
MALVERN - LoveToKnow Article on MALVERN (432 words)
It is beautifully situated on the eastern slopes of the Malvern Hills, which rise abruptly from the flat valley of the Severn to a height of 1395 ft. in the Worcestershire Beacon.
The district still bears the name of Malvern Chase, originally a Crown-land and forest, though it was granted to the earldom of Gloucester by Edward I. A ditch along the summit of the hills determined the ancient boundary.
Malvern was in early times an important ecclesiastical settlement, but its modern fame rests on its fine situation, pure air, and chalybeate and bituminous springs.
Great Malvern - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (384 words)
Great Malvern is a town in Worcestershire, England positioned at the foot of, and partly on the sides of, the Malvern Hills.
Malvern Theatres is the town's local theatre, and hosts a wide range of plays, films, and concerts.
Great Malvern developed around an 11th century priory, the remains of which now are largely part of Great Malvern Priory, now a large parish church.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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