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Encyclopedia > Mallorca
Mallorca
Flag of Mallorca Coat of arms of Mallorca
Flag Coat of Arms
Location


Location of Mallorca in Balearic Islands Image File history File links Circle-question-red. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mallorca. ... Image File history File links EscudoMallorca. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1013x636, 292 KB) Mapa de las islas Baleares. ...

Coordinates : 39° 30’N , 3°0'E
Time Zone : CET (UTC+1)
- summer: CEST (UTC+2)
General information
Native name Mallorca (Catalan)
Spanish name Mallorca
Postal code 07001-07691
Area code 34 (Spain) + 971 (Illes Balears)
Website http://www.mallorca.es/index.php?lang=en
Administration
Country Spain
Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Islas Baleares
Province Illes Balears
Administrative Divisions 53
Mayor [[]] ([[|]])
Geography
Land Area 3,640.16 km²
Altitude 222 m AMSL
Population
Population 777,821 (2005)
- rank in Spain: 15th
Density 214 hab./km² (2005)

Mallorca (also called Majorca in English), Spain's largest island, is located in the Mediterranean Sea and part of the Balearic Islands archipelago (Catalan: Illes Balears, Spanish: Islas Baleares). Like the other Balearic Islands, Ibiza (Catalan: Eivissa), Formentera, and Minorca (Catalan/Spanish: Menorca), the island is a popular tourist destination. In Germany and the United Kingdom, where package tourism to the island started in May 1952, Mallorca has remained a popular destination. Since the 1960s, it has also become a synonym for mass tourism. The name derives from Latin insula maior, "larger island"; later Maiorica. A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... UTC redirects here. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... UTC redirects here. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra and one of several co-official languages in the Spanish autonomous communities of Catalonia, the Balearic Islands and Valencia (under the name Valencian). ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Postal codes are generally clearly visible outside local Australian post offices. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or subdomain on the World Wide Web on the Internet. ... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... In political geography and international politics a country is a geographical entity, a territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation. ... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Capital Palma de Mallorca Official language(s) Spanish and Catalan Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 17th  4,992 km²  1. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... In physics, density is defined as mass m per unit volume V. Mathematically, it is expressed as where, in SI units: ρ (rho) is the density of the substance, measured in kg·m-3 m is the mass of the substance, measured in kg V is the volume of the substance... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Capital Palma de Mallorca Official language(s) Spanish and Catalan Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 17th  4,992 km²  1. ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra and one of several co-official languages in the Spanish autonomous communities of Catalonia, the Balearic Islands and Valencia (under the name Valencian). ... Ibiza or Eivissa is one of the Balearic Islands located in the Mediterranean Sea (), belonging to Spain. ... Flag of Formentera Formentera is the smallest and most southerly island of the Balearic Islands group; it is one of the two Illes Pitiüses, along with Ibiza. ... Flag of Minorca This is a taula from the site of Talatì de Dalt about 4km west of Maó Minorca (Menorca both in Catalan and Spanish and increasingly in English usage; from Latin Balearis Minor, later Minorica minor island) is one of the Balearic Islands (Illes Balears Catalan official name... A package holiday or package tour consists of transport and accommodation advertised and sold together by a vendor known as a tour operator. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Look up Synonym in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Tourists at Oahu island, Hawaii Tourism is the act of travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...


The capital of the island, Palma, is also the capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. The Cabrera archipelago is administratively grouped with Mallorca (in the municipality of Palma). The national anthem of Mallorca is La Balanguera. Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Palma (Catalan) Spanish name Palma de Mallorca Postal code 070XX Area code 34 (Spain) + 971 (Palma de Mallorca) Website http://www. ... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades autónomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades autónomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... Cabrera is one of the minor Balearic Islands belonging to Spain, just south of Majorca, in the Mediterranean Sea, at approximately 39° 9 N, 3° E. It is the largest of a small archipelago of islands and islets, including (from south to north) the Estells de Fora, LImperial, Cabrera... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... La Balanguera misteriosa, com una aranya dart subtil, buida qui buida sa filosa, de nostra vida treu lo fil, com una parca bé cavil·la, teixint la tela pel demà, la Balanguera fila, fila, la Balanguera filarà. Girant l’ullada cap enrere guaita les ombres de l&#8217...

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Contents

Download high resolution version (1280x958, 174 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1280x958, 174 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

History

Founding of Mallorca

Mallorca has been inhabited since antiquity. Burial chambers and traces of habitation from the Paleolithic period (6000-4000 BC) have been discovered. The island was occupied by the Carthaginians before passing to the Romans in 123 BC under Quintus Caecilius Metellus. It flourished under Roman rule, during which time the towns of Pollentia (Alcúdia), and Palmaria (Palma) were founded. The local economy was largely driven by Olive cultivation, viniculture, and salt mining. The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic (Greek παλαιός paleos=old and λίθος lithos=stone or the Old Stone Age) was the first period in the development of human technology of the Stone Age. ... (7th millennium BC – 6th millennium BC – 5th millennium BC – other millennia) Events c. ... (5th millennium BC – 4th millennium BC – 3rd millennium BC - other millennia) Events City of Ur in Mesopotamia (40th century BC). ... This article is about the ancient city-state of Carthage in North Africa. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC - 120s BC - 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC Years: 128 BC 127 BC 126 BC 125 BC 124 BC - 123 BC - 122 BC 121 BC... The Caecilii Metellii was one of the most important and wealthiest families in the Roman Republic. ... Alcúdia location in Majorca island. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Palma (Catalan) Spanish name Palma de Mallorca Postal code 070XX Area code 34 (Spain) + 971 (Palma de Mallorca) Website http://www. ... Binomial name Olea europaea L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Lebanon and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian... Viniculture is the science of winemaking, or the craft of growing grapes to make wine. ... A salt mine is an operation involved in the extraction of salt. ...


In 426, the Vandals sacked the island , and annexed it to their kingdom in 465. In 534, Mallorca was conquered by the Byzantine Empire, and administered as part of the province of Sardinia. Under Byzantine rule, Christianity flourished and numerous churches were built. But from 707, the island was increasingly attacked by Muslim raiders from North Africa. Events Saint Augustine of Hippo publishes the City of God. ... The Vandals traditional reputation: a colored steel engraving of the Sack of Rome (455) by Heinrich Leutemann (1824-1904), c 1860-80 Vandal and Vandali redirect here. ... Events Song Qian Fei Di, then Song Ming Di become ruler of the Song Dynasty in China. ... Events January 1 - Decimus Theodorius Paulinus appointed consul, the last to hold this office in the West. ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... Sardinia (pronounced ; Italian: Sardegna; Sardinian: Sardigna or Sardinna) is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily). ... 707 A south Australian counter-strike team consisting of fbz, bl1zz, carnage, ic3solo and Jonevo. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, generally divided by the formidable barrier of the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ...


In 902, the Caliphate of Cordoba conquered Mallorca, ushering in a new period of prosperity for the island. With the Caliphate at its height, the Moors improved agriculture with irrigation, developed local industries and the island benefited from the overall prosperous times. After the Caliphate dismembered in 1015, a new, more decadent, era started. Mallorca came under rule by the Taifa of Denia, and from 1087-1114 was an independent taifa. However, in 1114, a group of Pisa-Catalans overran the island, laying siege to Palma for 8 months. After the city fell, the invaders retreated, and were replaced by the Almoravides from North Africa, who ruled till 1203. The Almoravides were replaced by the Almohad dynasty until 1229. In the ensuring confusion and unrest, King James I of Aragon launched an invasion with 15,000 men and 1,500 horses, annexing the island to his Crown of Aragon after a 3 month campaign. Events Births Deaths Categories: 902 ... The interior of the Great Mosque in Cordoba, now a Christian cathedral. ... Moorish Ambassador to Queen Elizabeth I of England The Moors were the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus (the Iberian Peninsula including present day Gibraltar, Spain and Portugal) as well as the Maghreb and western Africa, whose culture is often called Moorish. ... High-altitude aerial view of irrigation in the Heart of the Sahara ( ) Irrigation is the replacement or supplementation of rainfall with water from another source in order to grow crops or plants. ... Events August: Canute the Great invades England. ... The term taifa in the history of Iberia refers to an independent Muslim-ruled principality, an emirate or petty kingdom, of which a number formed in Spain (Arabic: Al-Andalus) after the final collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031. ... The fort of Denia overlooks the city. ... Events January 7 - Matilda, daughter of Henry I of England, marries Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Births Deaths Categories: 1114 ... This article discusses the Italian city. ... Anthem: Els Segadors Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Catalan, Spanish and, in Val dAran, Aranese Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 6th  32,114 km²  6. ... Almoravides (In Arabic المرابطون al-Murabitun, sing. ... Events April 16 - Philip II of France enters Rouen, leading to the eventual unification of Normandy and France. ... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... Events February 18 - The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy. ... James I of Aragon (Catalan: Jaume I, Spanish: Jaime I, Occitan: Jacme I) (Montpellier, February 2, 1208 – July 27, 1276) surnamed the Conqueror, was the king of Aragon, count of Barcelona and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276. ... King of Aragons arms in 15th century The Crown of Aragon or Aragonese Empire was the regime of a large portion of what is now Spain, plus numerous Mediterranean possessions, for much of the later Middle Ages. ...


After the death of James I in 1276, his kingdom was divided between his sons. James II became king of the new Kingdom of Mallorca. In 1344, King Peter IV of Aragon invaded, and re-incorporated the island into the Crown. For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Coat of Arms of the Kings of Majorca used only abroad James II (Catalan: Jaume II) was king of Majorca and Lord of Montpellier from 1243 until 1311. ... The Kingdom of Majorca (also Kingdom of Mallorca) was created by James I of Aragon (Jaume I, The Conqueror) as a vassal kingdom of the Kingdom of Aragon. ... Events English king Edward III introduces three new gold coins, the florin. ... Peter IV of Aragon (1319-1387), king of Aragon (1336-1387), the Ceremonious or el del punyalet (the one of the little dagger). ...


From 1479, the Crown of Aragon was in dynastic union with that of Castile. In the early 18th century, the War of the Spanish Succession resulted in the replacement of that dynastic union with a unified Spanish monarchy. In 1716 the Decretos de Nueva Planta made Mallorca part of the Spanish province of Baleares, roughly equivalent to present-day Illes Balears province and autonomous community. Events January 20 - Ferdinand II ascends the throne of Aragon and rules together with his wife Isabella, queen of Castile over most of the Iberian peninsula. ... The starting point of Crown of Castile can be considered when the union of the Kingdoms of Castile and Leon in 1230 or the later fusion of their Cortes (their Parlaments). ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ... // Events August 5 - In the Battle of Peterwardein 40. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Nueva Planta decrees. ... In addition to its seventeen autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty provinces. ... Capital Palma de Mallorca Official languages Catalan and Castilian Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 17th  4 992 km²  1,0% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 14th  916 968  2,2%  183,69/km² Demonym  – English  – Catalan  – Spanish Balearic balear balear...


Palma de Mallorca

Main article: Palma de Mallorca

The capital of Mallorca, Palma, was founded as a Roman camp called Palmaria upon the remains of a Talaiotic settlement. The turbulent history of the city saw it subject to several Vandal sackings during the fall of the Roman Empire. It was later reconquered by the Byzantine, colonised by the Moors (who called it Medina Mayurqa), and finally established by James I of Aragon. In 1983, Palma was adopted as the capital of the autonomous region of the Balearic Islands. Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Palma (Catalan) Spanish name Palma de Mallorca Postal code 070XX Area code 34 (Spain) + 971 (Palma de Mallorca) Website http://www. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Palma (Catalan) Spanish name Palma de Mallorca Postal code 070XX Area code 34 (Spain) + 971 (Palma de Mallorca) Website http://www. ... Area under Roman control  Roman Republic  Roman Empire  Western Empire  Eastern Empire Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a city-state founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... TALAIOT Megalithic prehistoric structures found in the Balearic islands. ... The Vandals were an East Germanic tribe that entered the late Roman Empire during the 5th century and created a state in North Africa, centered on the city of Carthage. ... The Roman Empire is not the Holy Roman Empire (843-1806). ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Moorish Ambassador to Queen Elizabeth I of England The Moors were the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus (the Iberian Peninsula including present day Gibraltar, Spain and Portugal) as well as the Maghreb and western Africa, whose culture is often called Moorish. ... James I of Aragon (Catalan: Jaume I, Spanish: Jaime I, Occitan: Jacme I) (Montpellier, February 2, 1208 – July 27, 1276) surnamed the Conqueror, was the king of Aragon, count of Barcelona and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ... Capital Palma de Mallorca Official language(s) Spanish and Catalan Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 17th  4,992 km²  1. ...


20th Century to today

Demographics of Palma de Mallorca (1900-2005)

Since the 1950s, the advent of mass tourism radically changed the physionomy of both the city and the island, transforming it into a centre of attraction for foreign visitors and attracting workers from mainland Spain. This contributed to a huge change in the traditions, the sociolinguistic map, urbanisation and acquisitive power. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (974x604, 33 KB) Evolución de la población de Palma de Mallorca Fuente: Instituto Nacional de Estadística www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (974x604, 33 KB) Evolución de la población de Palma de Mallorca Fuente: Instituto Nacional de Estadística www. ... // Recovering from World War II and its aftermath, the economic miracle emerged in West Germany and Italy. ... Tourists at Oahu island, Hawaii Tourism is the act of travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ...


The boom in tourism caused Palma to grow significantly, with repercussions on immigration. In 1960 Mallorca received 500,000 visitors, while in 1997 it received 6,739,700. In 2001, more than 19,200,000 people passed through Son Sant Joan Airport in Palma, with an additional 1.5 million arriving by sea. 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Son Sant Joan Airport or Aeropuerto de Son Sant Joan (IATA: PMI, ICAO: LEPA) is an airport located approximately 8 km east of Palma de Mallorca, next to the village Can Pastilla. ...


In the 21st century, urban redevelopment, by the so-called Pla Mirall (English "Mirror Plan"), attracted important groups of immigrant workers from outside the European Union, especially from Africa and South America. A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


On November 14, 2005, the local newspaper Diario de Mallorca reported allegations that the CIA used an airport on the island for a program of covert transfers of terror suspects. November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Terrorist redirects here. ...


Geography

Topography of Mallorca
Topography of Mallorca

Mallorca has two mountainous regions each about 70km in length. These occupy the northwestern (Serra de Tramuntana or Tramuntana range) and eastern thirds of the island. The highest peak on Mallorca is Puig Major (1,445m) in the Serra de Tramuntana. As this is a military zone, the neighbouring peak at Puig Massanella is considered the highest accessible peak (1,352m). The northeast coast comprises two sweeping bays: the Badia de Pollença and the larger Badia d'Alcúdia. The northern coast is generally rugged and has many cliffs. The central zone extending from Palma is generally flat fertile plain known as Es Pla. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1574x1274, 1786 KB) Description, Source Description: Topography of Mallorca, created with GMT 4. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1574x1274, 1786 KB) Description, Source Description: Topography of Mallorca, created with GMT 4. ...


The climate is Mediterranean, with markedly higher precipitation in the Serra de Tramuntana. Summers are hot in the plains and winters cool to chilly, getting colder in the Tramuntana range; in this part of the island brief episodes of snow during the winter are not unusual. A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles those of the lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea. ...


The island is surrounded by two uninhabited small islands: Cabrera (southeast of Palma) and Dragonera (west of Palma). Cabrera is one of the minor Balearic Islands belonging to Spain, just south of Majorca, in the Mediterranean Sea, at approximately 39° 9 N, 3° E. It is the largest of a small archipelago of islands and islets, including (from south to north) the Estells de Fora, LImperial, Cabrera...

The Alfabia Mountains are a mountain range in Mallorca located in the municipality of Fornalutx. ... Els Cornadors Els Cornadors are a mountain range in Mallorca located in the municipality of Fornalutx. ... Cap Formentor and the island Colomer as seen from Talayot de Almallutx Faro de Formentor at the cape Cap de Formentor forms the eastern end of Mallorcas Formentor peninsula. ...

People

Famous Mallorcans include writer and philosopher, Ramon Llull, and Junípero Serra, the Franciscan friar who founded the mission chain in Alta California. From the 19th century, the military commander, Joaquin Jovellar y Soler, and two time Spanish Prime Minister, Antonio Maura Montaner. More recently, sportsmen from the island include top tennis players Rafael Nadal and Carlos Moya. Rafael Nadal's uncle is the former Spanish international footballer, Miguel Ángel Nadal. In 2006, Mallorca's Jorgé Martinez won the world 250cc motor cycling title. Ramon Llull. ... Blessed Junípero Serra (November 24, 1713 – August 28, 1784) was a Majorcan (Spain) Franciscan friar who founded the mission chain in Alta California. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Alta California (Upper California) was formed in 1804 when the province of California, then a part of the Spanish colony of New Spain, was divided in two along the line separating the Franciscan missions in the north from the Dominican missions in the south. ... Joaquín Jovellar y Soler (28 December 1819 - 17 April 1892), general of Spain, was born in Palma de Mallorca. ... Antonio Maura y Montaner (Palma de Mallorca, May 2, 1853 - Madrid, December 13, 1925) was Prime Minister of Spain on two separate occasions: October 23, 1900 to March 6, 1902 and January 25, 1907 to October 21, 1909 // Born into a rich family, he studied law in Madrid. ... Rafael Rafa Nadal Parera (IPA: ) (born June 3, 1986, in Manacor, Mallorca) is a Spanish tennis player. ... Carles Moy Llompart, also known as Carlos Moy and Carlos Moy (born August 27, 1976), is a Spanish tennis player. ... Miguel Ángel Nadal Homar (born July 28, 1966 in Manacor, Mallorca) is a footballer from Spain. ...


Many famous people have lived on the island. Frédéric Chopin and George Sand, romantically involved, rented space from a monastery for a short time. Robert Graves, after the experiences in his autobiography, Good Bye to All That, moved to Mallorca and stayed for the rest of his life. Joan Miró died in Son Abrines, Palma de Mallorca on December 25, 1983, after spending his later years on the Island. In 1992 the Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró was established in Mallorca. Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin (French: Frédéric François Chopin; English: IPA: or ; French: ) (March 1, 1810[1] â€“ October 17, 1849) was a Polish pianist and composer of the Romantic era. ... George Sand in 1864 (picture by Nadar). ... Portrait of Robert Graves (circa 1974) by Rab Shiell Robert von Ranke Graves (24 July 1895 – 5 November 1955) was an English poet, scholar, and novelist. ... Cover of An autobiography, from the Greek auton, self, bios, life and graphein, write, is a biography written by the subject or composed conjointly with a collaborative writer (styled as told to or with). The term dates from the late eighteenth century, but the form is much older. ... Goodbye to All That, an autobiography by Robert Graves, first appeared in print in 1929. ... Joan Miró photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, June, 1935 Joan Miró i Ferrà (April 20, 1893 – December 25, 1983) was a Spanish (Catalan) painter, sculptor and ceramist born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining in the year. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Of the modern celebrities, Catherine Zeta-Jones and Michael Douglas have maintained a residence since the late 1990s on the north shore of the island, spending as much as half the year there. Also, Michael Schumacher, Claudia Schiffer, Annie Lennox, Julian Lennon, Cynthia Charles (former wife of John Lennon), tennis player Boris Becker, the former England footballer Steve McManaman and former Spanish leader Felipe González, maintain residences on the island. Catherine Zeta-Jones (born 25 September 1969) is an Academy Award-winning Welsh actress who began her career on stage at an early age. ... Douglas at the Cinedom Movie Theater in Cologne, Germany, January, 1997 For other people bearing this name, see Michael Douglas (disambiguation). ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Michael Schumacher (pronounced / /, born January 3, 1969, in Hürth Hermülheim, Germany)[1] is a former Formula One driver, and seven-time world champion. ... Claudia Schiffer (born August 25, 1970) is a German supermodel and actress, who reached the height of her popularity during the 1990s. ... Ann Griselda Lennox (born 25 December 1954) is an Oscar, Brit, Grammy and Golden Globe award-winning Scottish pop musician and vocalist. ... John Charles Julian Lennon known universally as Julian Lennon, (born April 8, 1963 in Liverpool, England) is an English singer, songwriter, musician, and first son of Beatle John Lennon and the only child of his first wife Cynthia Lennon. ... Felipe González Márquez (born March 5, 1942) is a Spanish socialist politician. ...


Language

The official languages of Mallorca are Catalan and Spanish. The local dialect of Catalan is known as Mallorquí by indigenous population, also often referred to as Balear or Balearic, even though the dialects are different in each island and in each village. Typically, young Mallorcans are bilingual in Catalan and Spanish, with some knowledge of English or German as a foreign language, especially due to the large number of tourists and foreign residents on the island. Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra and one of several co-official languages in the Spanish autonomous communities of Catalonia, the Balearic Islands and Valencia (under the name Valencian). ... A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language used by people from a particular geographic area. ... Balearic is the Catalan variant spoken in the Balearic Islands (Spanish las Islas Baleares), Spain. ... The term bilingualism (from bi meaning two and lingua meaning language) can refer to rather different phenomena. ... A foreign language is a language not spoken by the indigenous people of a certain place: for example, English is a foreign language in Japan. ...


Politics

Typical scenery of Mallorca
Typical scenery of Mallorca

The Balearic Islands, of which Mallorca forms part, are currently governed by the Partido Popular (People's Party) under Jaume Matas. Despite some popular opposition, Matas's government is currently pursuing a massive road building and development plan that, critics say, threatens to ruin Mallorca's landscape and render the island environmentally unsustainable. This development plan was widely detailed in Matas's program for election in 2003, which he won with absolute majority. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 631 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mallorca Fornalutx Alfabia Mountains Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 631 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mallorca Fornalutx Alfabia Mountains Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... The Peoples Party (Spanish: Partido Popular) is the largest liberal conservative political party in Spain. ...


There is a specific government for the island which is called Consell Insular de Mallorca (Mallorca Insular Council) with competences in culture, roads and municipal administration. The insular councillors are the same which are elected for the Balearic Parliament representing the island. The current president of the institution is Maria Antònia Munar (UM), who controls the island alone with the People's Party parliamentary support. The Mallorcan Union (Unió Mallorquina) is a regional liberal party in Spain. ... The Peoples Party (Spanish: Partido Popular) is the largest liberal conservative political party in Spain. ...


Administration

The island is administratively divided into these municipalities:

Municipalities of Mallorca
Municipalities of Mallorca

Alaró is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Alcúdia location in Majorca island. ... Algaida is a municipality on the Spanish Balearic island of Mallorca. ... Andratz in the south-west Andratx is a municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Ariany is a small municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Arta is a small municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Banyalbufar (in Spanish, Bañalbufar) is a municipality on the Spanish Balearic island of Mallorca. ... Binissalem is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Búger is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Bunyola is a municipality of the island of Mallorca (Spain) located in the spurs of the Serra de Tramuntana (Tramontana mountain range), at a distance of 9 miles from Palma de Mallorca. ... Calvià is a municipality of the Spanish autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. ... Campanet is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Campos, Mallorca. ... Capdepera is a small municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Consell is a small municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Costitx is a small municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Deyá (Castilian) or Deià (Catalan) is a small coastal village in the northern ridge of the Spanish island of Majorca. ... Blue Gorge Escorca is a municipality in north-west Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Esporles is a small municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Estellencs is a small municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Felanitx, is a municipality in the Spanish autonomous community of the Balearic Islands, and is located southeast of Mallorca. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Inca is a town on the Spanish island of Majorca in the Mediterranean. ... Lloret de Vistalegre is a small municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Lloseta is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Llubí is a small municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... The district of Llucmajor (Spanish Lluchmayor) is the largest district (in terms of surface area) of the Balearic Island Mallorca. ... Location Coordinates : 39° 34’N , 3°12’E Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Manacor (Catalan) Spanish name Manacor Postal code 07500 Website http://www. ... Mancor de la Vall is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Maria de la Salut is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Marratxí is a municipality in the Raiguer region of Mallorca. ... Montuiri is a mountainous municipality in central Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Muro is a small municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Palma (Catalan) Spanish name Palma de Mallorca Postal code 070XX Area code 34 (Spain) + 971 (Palma de Mallorca) Website http://www. ... Petra is a town on the island of Majorca in Spain. ... Sa Pobla (Spanish: La Puebla) is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Pollença (Pollensa) is a town situated in the far north-east corner of the island of Majorca, near Formentor and Alcúdia, and has an estimated population of 15,536[1]. It lies about seven kilometres east of its port, Port de Pollença (Porto Pollensa). ... Porreres is a municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Puigpunyent is a municipality in western Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Santa Eugania is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Santa Margalida is a small municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Santa Maria del Cami is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Santanyí is a municipality on Mallorca, in the Balearic Islands of Spain. ... Sant Joan (official name; Spanish: San Juan) is a municipality on Majorca, Spain, situated in the center of the island in the comarca of Pla de Mallorca. ... Sant Llorenç des Cardassar is a small municipality on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Selva is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Sencelles (Spanish: Sencellas) is a mountainous municipality in central Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Ses Salines is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Sineu is a mountainous municipality in central Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Sóller is a town near the northwest coast of Majorca, in the Balearic Islands of Spain. ... Son Servera is a municipality in north-east Mallorca, in the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Valldemossa Valldemossa is a village and municipality on the island of Majorca, part of the Spanish autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. ... Vilafranca de Bonany (Spanish: Villfranca de Bonany) is a small municipality in the district of Raiguer on Mallorca, one of the Balearic Islands, which are controlled by Spain. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Attractions

Bellver Castle is a circular castle on a hill near Palma de Mallorca in the island of Majorca, Balearic Islands. ... La Seu cathedral located in Palma de Mallorca, Spain. ...

Cuisine

Ensaïmades
Ensaïmades

Typical dishes of Mallorca are ensaïmada, a pastry made with pork lard (saïm) and sobrassada, sausage with lard and paprika. Image File history File links Ensaimada. ... Image File history File links Ensaimada. ... Ensaïmades The Mallorcan ensaïmada is a pastry product with great tradition on the island, which has been continuously made and eaten on Mallorca for a very long time. ... Two halves of a pig being delivered Pork is the meat taken from pigs. ... A slice of bread spread with lard was a typical staple in traditional rural cuisine of many countries. ... Sobrassada and botifarró are the traditional Mallorcan sausage meat products prepared in the laborious but festive rites that still mark the autumn pig slaughter in Mallorca (Spain). ... Plate with German Wurst (liver-, blood- and hamsausage) A sausage consists of ground meat, animal fat, herbs and spices, and sometimes other ingredients, usually packed in a casing (historically the intestines of the animal, though now generally synthetic), and sometimes preserved in some way, often by curing or smoking. ...


See also

The collective name of the Gymnesian Islands (Catalan: Illes Gimnèsies; Spanish: Islas Gimnesias) distinguishes the two largest (and eastern-most) Balearic islands (Majorca and Minorca), from the Pine Islands (Catalan Illes Pitiüses; Spanish Islas Pitiusas: Ibiza and Formentera). ... Real Club Deportivo Mallorca is a Spanish football team from Palma. ... Ensaïmades The Mallorcan ensaïmada is a pastry product with great tradition on the island, which has been continuously made and eaten on Mallorca for a very long time. ... Sobrassada and botifarró are the traditional Mallorcan sausage meat products prepared in the laborious but festive rites that still mark the autumn pig slaughter in Mallorca (Spain). ...

External links

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Coordinates: 39°37′N 2°59′E Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mallorca - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1350 words)
Mallorca (in Catalan, Spanish, and English; also called Majorca in English) is one of the Balearic Islands (Catalan: Illes Balears, Spanish: Islas Baleares), which are located in the Mediterranean Sea and are part of Spain.
In 534, Mallorca was conquered by the Byzantine Empire, and administered as part of the province of Sardinia.
In 902, the Caliphate of Cordoba conquered Mallorca, ushering in a new period of prosperity for the island.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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