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Encyclopedia > Mall of America
Mall of America

Mall logo at entrance
Mall facts and statistics
Location Bloomington, Minnesota, United States
Opening date August 11, 1992
Developer Melvin Simon & Associates &
Triple Five Group
Management Triple Five Group
Owner Triple Five Group [1]
No. of stores and services 520+
No. of anchor tenants 4
Total retail floor area 2.5 million sq ft.
(230,000 m²)
Parking 20,000 spaces, including 2 7-story ramps and overflow surface lots.
No. of floors 4
Website http://www.mallofamerica.com

Mall of America (also MOA, MoA, or the Megamall) is a shopping mall located in the Twin Cities suburb of Bloomington, Minnesota. It is just southeast of the junction of Interstate 494 and Minnesota State Highway 77, and is across the interstate from the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... location in Hennepin County, Minnesota Coordinates: Country United States State Minnesota County Hennepin Founded 1843 Incorporated 1858 Mayor Gene Winstead Area    - City 99. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Simon Property Group, Inc. ... Gross leasable area (GLA) in the retail development industry is a term applied to shopping malls, lifestyle centers, outlet malls and other retail centers to indicate the amount of floor space available to be rented. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A map of the Twin Cities metropolitan area. ... location in Hennepin County, Minnesota Coordinates: Country United States State Minnesota County Hennepin Founded 1843 Incorporated 1858 Mayor Gene Winstead Area    - City 99. ... Interstate 494 is a spur route of Interstate 94 circling through the southern and western portions of the Minneapolis-St. ... Minnesota State Highway 77 is a Limited Access Highway that connects Apple Valley, Minnesota to Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport, by far the largest and busiest airport in the state of Minnesota, straddles the southern border of the cities of Saint Paul and Minneapolis. ...

Contents

Design

Mall of America has a gross area of 4.2 million sq ft. (390,000 m²), with 2.5 million sq ft. (230,000 m²) available as retail space.[citation needed] The mall is a nearly symmetrical building, with a roughly rectangular floor plan. Over 520 stores are arranged along three levels of pedestrian walkways on the sides of the rectangle, with a fourth level on one side. An addition planned north of the mall will bring store amount up to 900. Four "anchor" department stores are located at the corners. The Mall is organized into 4 different zones, each with its own decorative style. Sphere symmetry group o. ... In geometry, a rectangle is defined as a quadrilateral where all four of its angles are right angles. ... Floor plan (floorplan, floor-plan) in its original meaning is an architecture term, a diagram of a room, a building, or a level (floor) of a building as if seen from the above (i. ... The interior of a typical Macys department store. ...


Despite Minnesota's sub-zero temperatures in the winter, only the mall's entrances are heated. Heat is allowed in through skylights above The Park at MOA. Heat is produced by lighting fixtures, other electric devices and also by employees and guests of the mall in sufficient amounts to keep it comfortable. In fact, even during the winter, air conditioning systems need to be run nonstop during peak hours to ensure a comfortable shopping environment. The word skylight, when used alone, has several possible meanings in the English language. ... Note: in the broadest sense, air conditioning can refer to any form of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. ...


Two nearly identical seven story parking ramps on east and west sides provide approximately 13,000 parking spaces. Parking lots on the north and south of the building, along with nearby overflow parking, bring the total number of spaces up to approximately 20,000. Parking is the act of stopping a vehicle, exiting it, and leaving the vehicle unoccupied for more than a brief time. ... Parking lot showing diagonal parking pattern designed for one-way traffic. ...


The mall is used as a major transportation hub in the region, with bus and light rail service linking the mall to other destinations. Regular public transit service is provided by Metro Transit and other area bus lines, and nearby Mystic Lake Casino offers free shuttles to their establishment. The primary bus/rail station for scheduled local service is in the lower level of the eastern parking ramp. There, the Hiawatha Line light rail line connects the mall to the Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport and from there to downtown Minneapolis (another major shopping destination in the region, particularly during weekdays). The mall is being discouraged as a park and ride facility, and overnight parking is banned to prevent passengers taking the train to the airport. Commuters are encouraged to use the nearby 28th Avenue Station's parking lot. A Go North East bus parked in a lay-by in Tyne and Wear, England. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Metro Transit logo Metro Transit is the transit division of the Metropolitan Council, a regional governmental agency in the Minneapolis-St. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Hiawatha Line is a 12-mile (19-kilometer) light-rail corridor in Hennepin County, Minnesota that extends from downtown Minneapolis to the southern suburb of Bloomington, connecting to the Minneapolis-St. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport (IATA: MSP, ICAO: KMSP) is the largest and busiest airport in the five-state upper Midwestern region of Minnesota, Iowa, South Dakota, North Dakota, and Wisconsin. ... a park-and-ride bus in Oxford Park and ride terminals are public transport stations that allow commuters to drive short distances in their personal automobiles to catch a ride on a bus or railroad system (usually classified as light rail or the heavier commuter rail). ... Connections Route 54 Platforms Island platform Parking 600 spaces Other information Opened December 4, 2004 Accessible Owned by Metro Transit The 28th Avenue light rail station is on the Hiawatha Line in the Twin Cities region of U.S. state of Minnesota. ...


History

The concept was designed and built by Triple Five Group, owned by the Ghermezian brothers of Canada, who also own the biggest shopping mall in North America, the West Edmonton Mall. Mall of America is located on the former site of Metropolitan Stadium, where the Minnesota Vikings and Minnesota Twins played until the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome opened. The teams left Met Stadium in 1982. A plaque in the amusement park commemorates the former location of home plate. One seat from Met Stadium was placed in Mall of America at the exact location (including elevation) it occupied in the stadium, to commemorate a 520 foot home run hit by hall-of-famer Harmon Killebrew on June 3, 1967. There are no corresponding references to the Vikings, although some have suggested that a statue of Armen Terzian might be appropriate. West Edmonton Mall (WEM), located in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada is the largest shopping mall in North America and third largest in the world. ... Metropolitan Stadium (often referred to as the Met) was a sports stadium that once stood in Bloomington, Minnesota, USA. It opened in 1956 as the home of a minor league baseball team, the Minneapolis Millers of the American Association, replacing ancient Nicollet Park and built to specifications of major league... City Minneapolis, Minnesota Other nicknames The Vikes, The Purple People Eaters Team colors Purple, Gold, and White Head Coach Brad Childress Owner Zygi Wilf General manager Rob Brzezinski Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Ragnar League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1903-1960... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 62 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related... Harmon Clayton Killebrew (born June 29, 1936 in Payette, Idaho) is a former Major League Baseball player and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. ... June 3 is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Armen Terzian was an official in the NFL from 1961 through 1978. ...


In 1986, The Bloomington Port Authority signed an agreement with the Ghermezian Organization. Groundbreaking for the mall took place on June 14, 1989. Organizations involved include Melvin Simon and Associates, Teachers Insurance and Annuity, the Triple Five Group, and the office of architect Jon Jerde. June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Melvin Simon and Associates, better known as the Simon Company or Simon Property Group (NYSE: SPG), headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, is the largest developers of shopping malls in the United States. ... TIAA-CREF is one of the largest financial services companies in the United States, with some $360 billion in assets under management as of Sept. ... Jon Jerde is an American architect based in Venice Beach California, principle of the Jerde Partnership and known for innovative mall design and experience architecture. After 13 years in the mall business working for others, Jerdes first big break was the 1977 design for Horton Plaza in downtown San...


The mall opened its doors to the public August 11, 1992. Even before opening, Mall of America had earned several nicknames, including "The Megamall" (or "The Megamess" during construction), "Sprawl of America", "Hugedale" (in reference to the four major "Dale" shopping malls within the Twin Cities, Rosedale, Southdale, Ridgedale and Brookdale) and, simply, "The Mall". is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Inside the Southdale Center Southdale Center, commonly known as just Southdale, was the first fully-enclosed and completely climate-controlled shopping mall in the United States. ... Brookdale Center is a large shopping mall located in Brooklyn Center, Minnesota. ...


It became the second largest shopping mall in total area and largest in total store vendors in the world when it opened, however, the mall has never been the largest in the world (at the time it opened, it was #2 globally to the West Edmonton Mall). Mall of America is the most visited shopping mall in the world with more than 40 million visitors annually (or roughly eight times the population of the state of Minnesota). The mall employs over 12,000 workers. Antarctica Oceania Africa Asia Europe North America South America Middle East Caribbean Central Asia East Asia North Asia South Asia Southeast Asia SW. Asia Australasia Melanesia Micronesia Polynesia Central America Latin America Northern America Americas C. Africa E. Africa N. Africa Southern Africa W. Africa C. Europe E. Europe N... West Edmonton Mall (WEM), located in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada is the largest shopping mall in North America and third largest in the world. ...


From September 4th, 1995, The Mall became a venue for live television for the first time. Time-Warner owned professional wrestling company World Championship Wrestling set up in the building for the Inaugral edition of WCW Monday Nitro. This debut broadcast on Turner Network Television, along with later editions broadcast from the Mall, would go onto compete with The World Wrestling Federation World Championship Wrestling (WCW) was an American professional wrestling promotion which existed from 1988 to 2001. ... WCW Monday Nitro was a weekly professional wrestling program produced by World Championship Wrestling. ... Turner Network Television, usually referred to as TNT, is an American cable TV network created by media mogul Ted Turner and currently owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ...


During its run as an all encompassing entertainment and retail venue, certain aspects-most notably bars and smoking-have come under scrutiny. A Mardi Gras themed bar, Fat Tuesdays, shut its doors in early 2000 due to indecent exposure and alcohol related offenses on New Years Eve 1999. Following that verdict were other problems, such as foot traffic within the Mall after the bars (all located on the fourth floor) had closed for the evening. The Mall storefronts were closed, however. A citywide smoking ban in 2004, together with Minneapolis' "Block E" development, helped the Mall of America lose virtually all of its fourth floor clientele. The Hooters restaurant and the AMC movie theatre are the only establishments remaining. In 2003, after a protracted six year legal battle between Simon Properties, the managing general partner of the property, and the Ghermezian brothers/Triple Five Group, over majority ownership of the site, a federal appeals judge ruled in favor of the Ghermezians, effectively transferring control and planning authority of the mall back to its original conceptualizer.[2] The dispute stemmed from a 1999 purchase of Teacher's Insurance 27.5% equity stake by Simon Properties, giving them majority ownership. The Ghermezians claimed they were never told of the deal and sued Simon, citing fiduciary responsibility. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... AMC Promenade 16 multiplex in the Woodland Hills area of Los Angeles, California. ... Melvin Simon and Associates, better known as the Simon Company or Simon Property Group (NYSE: SPG), headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, is the largest developers of shopping malls in the United States. ...


On November 3, 2006, the Ghermezians gained full control of Mall of America, spending US$1 billion to do so.[2] is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


The ruling cleared the way for Triple Five to begin work on what is being called "Phase II", the development of the parcel of land north of the mall, the former site of the Met Center. The Metropolitan Sports Center (also known as the Met Center) was an indoor arena that formerly stood in Bloomington, Minnesota, a suburb of Minneapolis, Minnesota. ...

Mall of America Phase II concept.

Phase II, in current form, includes a dinner theatre, ice rink, three hotels, and a waterpark; similar in design to the West Edmonton Mall. The plan has been impeded by outside forces, however. Questions have arisen among Bloomington city officials as to the fiscal ability of the Ghermezians to finish Phase II. [3] Image File history File links MOA2. ... Image File history File links MOA2. ... West Edmonton Mall (WEM), located in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada is the largest shopping mall in North America and third largest in the world. ...


Groundbreaking for Phase II is set for early spring 2007, and the construction will integrate the existing IKEA store into Phase II as one of its new anchor stores. The expansion section will connect to the mall on all four levels, and the IKEA via a second level bridge. There will be a NHL-sized arena for public & private skating. There will also be an additional parking structure, adding 8,000 parking spaces. South of the mall is the Kimpton Hotel, expected to open in 2008 with more than 200 rooms. It is expected that the expansion will bring more high-end retailers to Minnesota. IKEA is a privately-owned, international, low-cost home products retailer that sells modern, utilitarian design furniture, much of which is assembled by the consumer. ...


Bam Margera did a skate demo at the MOA as seen on his show Viva la Bam. Brandon Cole Bam Margera (born September 28, 1979 in West Chester, Pennsylvania) is a professional skateboarder, creator of the CKY skate/prank/stunt videos, and radio personality. ... Viva La Bam was a reality television series which starred Bam Margera and his crew. ...


The Park at MOA

The Park at MOA logo.
Main article: The Park at MOA

The Park at MOA is an indoor theme park in the center of the mall. The park features two roller coasters among numerous other rides and attractions, and is the largest indoor theme park in the United States. Unlike many indoor amusement parks, The Park at MOA has a great deal of natural foliage in and about the park, and its floor has a wide variance in height - the highest ground level in the park is 15 feet above the lowest. This allows for a far more naturalistic experience than would normally be possible in an indoor amusement park. The park is currently being rebranded into "Nickelodeon Universe", with the transition scheduled to be completed in March 2008.[3] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Park at MOA, formerly Camp Snoopy, February 2000. ... Theme Park is a simulation computer game designed by Bullfrog Productions, released in 1994, in which the player designs and operates an amusement park. ... A typical roller coaster The roller coaster is a popular amusement ride developed for amusement parks and modern theme parks. ...


Other notable attractions

Lego sculptures are on display for visitors at the Mall of America

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 2567 KB) Summary Lego masterpieces are on display for visitors at the w:Mall of America. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 2567 KB) Summary Lego masterpieces are on display for visitors at the w:Mall of America. ... Air Combat Entertainment Simulations (A.C.E.S.) is a flight simulator entertainment business. ... Lego Group logo. ... City Minneapolis, Minnesota Other nicknames The Vikes, The Purple People Eaters Team colors Purple, Gold, and White Head Coach Brad Childress Owner Zygi Wilf General manager Rob Brzezinski Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Ragnar League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969... Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... Race for the Cure Logo Race for the Cure is a series of road races run to benefit the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation and to raise awareness about breast cancer. ... A celebratory Mothers Day cookie cake. ... Rainforest Cafe is a themed restaurant chain owned by Landrys Restaurants, Inc. ... United Airlines Flight 93 was a regular flight from Newark International Airport (now known as Newark Liberty International Airport) in Newark, New Jersey, to San Francisco International Airport, then continuing on to Narita International Airport in Tokyo, Japan, on a different aircraft. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... AMC Promenade 16 multiplex in the Woodland Hills area of Los Angeles, California. ... A typical multiplex (AMC Promenade 16 in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, United States). ... A wedding chapel is a place, other than a legal court, and usually also, other than a church, where couples can get legally married. ... Hulk Hogan promotes his Pastamania restaurant Hulk Hogans Pastamania was a restaurant in the Mall of America created by professional wrestler Terry Bollea, better known as Hulk Hogan. ... Planet Hollywood at night, Downtown Disney, Florida, USA. Planet Hollywood Niagara Falls, Ontario Planet Hollywood, a theme restaurant chain inspired by the popular portrayal of Hollywood, was launched in New York on October 22, 1991, with the backing of Hollywood stars Sylvester Stallone, Bruce Willis, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and Demi Moore. ... National American University is a private, regionally-accredited, multi-campus institution of higher learning committed to building a learning partnership with students locally, nationally and worldwide. ... Toms Restaurant, a restaurant in New York made familiar by Suzanne Vega and the television sitcom Seinfeld A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to order, to be consumed on the premises. ... Harmon Clayton Killebrew (born June 29, 1936 in Payette, Idaho) is a former Major League Baseball player and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. ... Metropolitan Stadium (often referred to as the Met) was a sports stadium that once stood in Bloomington, Minnesota, USA. It opened in 1956 as the home of a minor league baseball team, the Minneapolis Millers of the American Association, replacing ancient Nicollet Park and built to specifications of major league... Metropolitan Stadium (often referred to as the Met) was a sports stadium that once stood in Bloomington, Minnesota, USA. It opened in 1956 as the home of a minor league baseball team, the Minneapolis Millers of the American Association, replacing ancient Nicollet Park and built to specifications of major league... Underwater Adventures Aquarium is a public aquarium located in the Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota. ...

Anchors

A typical Barnes & Noble bookstore. ... Bloomingdales is a chain of upscale American department stores owned by Federated Department Stores, which is also the parent company of Macys. ... A location in Eden Prairie, MN Sports Authority is a full line sporting goods retailer. ... DSW, Inc. ... Macys is a chain of American department stores with its flagship store in Herald Square, New York City, which has been billed as the worlds largest store since completion of the Seventh Avenue addition in 1924. ... TJX Companies (NYSE: TJX) is the Framingham, Massachusetts-based corporate parent of several discount retail chains. ... Nordstrom, Inc. ... Old Navy is a brand of clothing and chain of stores owned by Gap Inc. ... Sears, Roebuck and Company is an American mid-range chain of international department stores, founded by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck in the late 19th century. ...

Former anchors

Filenes Basement, also called The Basement, is a Massachusetts-based chain of American department stores owned by Retail Ventures, Inc. ... ... Service Merchandise was a chain of large stores carrying fine jewelry, toys, sporting goods, and electronics that existed from 1934 to 2002. ... A typical Barnes & Noble bookstore. ...

Square Footage / square metrage

  • Bloomingdale's (210,000 sq. ft. / 19,506.6 m²)
  • The Park at MOA (292,000 sq. ft. / 17,127.7 m²)
  • Macy's (280,000 sq. ft. / 26,012.9 m²)
  • Nordstrom (220,000 sq. ft. / 20,438.7 m²)
  • Sears (177,904 sq. ft. / 16,527.8 m²)
  • Sports Authority (51,531 sq. ft. / 4,787.4 m²)
  • Underwater World at MOA (43,886 sq. ft. / 4,077.1 m²)

Bloomingdales is a chain of upscale American department stores owned by Federated Department Stores, which is also the parent company of Macys. ... Macys is a chain of American department stores with its flagship store in Herald Square, New York City, which has been billed as the worlds largest store since completion of the Seventh Avenue addition in 1924. ... Nordstrom, Inc. ... A location in Eden Prairie, MN Sports Authority is a full line sporting goods retailer. ...

Gallery of images

See also

This following is a List of largest buildings in the world by usable space (volume), mass and area. ... This is a list of the largest shopping malls in the United States of America. ...

Citations

  1. ^ http://www.translucency.com/frede/moa.html
  2. ^ Star Tribune (LexisNexis Search), Brothers win back control of megamall; Simon Property will contest a ruling that transfers majority ownership., September 12, 2003.
  3. ^ Carissa Wyant, MOA unveils Nickelodeon theme park name, Minneapolis / St. Paul Business Journal, July 25, 2007.

External links

Coordinates: 44°51′15″N, 93°14′32″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mall of America - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1151 words)
The mall became the largest shopping mall in total area in the United States when it opened in 1992; however, the mall has never been the largest in the world (at the time it opened, it was #2 globally).
Mall of America is, however, the most visited shopping mall in the world with more than 40 million visitors annually (or roughly eight times the population of the state of Minnesota).
The Park at MOA is an indoor theme park in the center of the mall.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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