In biology, it refers to one half of a heterogamous reproduction system, where the female is the other half. The male sex comprises those organisms that produce sperm cells (which is defined as the smaller gamete). Male and female designate reproductive structures in plants, so the concept is not limited to animals.
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Dieting is one of the most powerful eating disorder triggers for both males and females, and one study indicates that up to seventy percent of high school students diet at one time or another to improve their appearance.
Some, but not all, males with eating disorders are members of the gay community where men are judged on their physical attractiveness in much the same way that women are judged in the heterosexual community.
Heterosexual males are not exposed to the same intense cultural pressures to be thin that women and girls endure.
However, the 1997 homicide death rates were judged to be statistically valid for fl males aged 15 to 34, and the estimated rate for ages 35 to 44 was used as an input in calculating a total homicide risk for the 15-to-44 age range.
The probability of an African-American male between the ages of 15 and 45 dying of a homicide in Brooklyn declined by 67.2 percent from 1991 to 1998, compared with a national decline of 36.9 percent for all African-American males.
Estimation for the decline in the murder probability for all fl males from ages 15 to 44 was calculated by using the percentage decline in the national homicide rate from 1997 to 1998.
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