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Encyclopedia > Maleme

Coordinates: 35°31′N, 23°51′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Maleme (Greek: Μάλεμε) is a town and airport 16km to the west of Chania, in North Western Crete, Greece. It is located in Platanias municipality, in Chania prefecture. Maleme is best known as the place where German paratroopers first attacked Crete in 1941, at the start of the Battle of Crete (Operation Mercury) of World War II. They captured the airstrip that was located just outside the town. Many lost their life in the attack and are buried in the German war cemetery located on a hill above Maleme. There is an Royal Air Force (RAF) Memorial to the airmen of 30 and 33 Squadrons who died during the battle. The memorial is located just outside Maleme and overlooks the Iron Bridge across the Tavronitis River. There are many stories of Cretan peasants attacking and killing paratroopers with their farming tools, walking sticks and even their bare hands. A Late Minoan tholos tomb has been discovered in the vicinity of Maleme. The modern town has a few large hotels and several pleasant apartments close to the beach and some bars and a discotheque at the western end. The beach is made of fine pebbles and is popular though often less crowded than the beaches of Gerani, Agia Marina and Platanias. The lighthouse in the Venetian harbour, a landmark of Chania Chania (IPA , Greek: Χανιά, also transliterated as Hania, older form Chanea and Venetian: Canea, Godart and Olivier abbreviation: KH, Ottoman Turkish: خانيه Hanya) is the second largest city of Crete and the capital of the Chania Prefecture. ... For the famous World War II battle, see: Battle of Crete For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... Platanias (Greek: Πλατανιάς) is a village on the Greek island of Crete. ... Chania prefecture is one of the four prefectures of Crete, Greece. ... An American Paratrooper using a T-10C series parachute Paratroopers are soldiers trained in parachuting and formed into an airborne force. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Combatants Greece United Kingdom New Zealand Australia Germany Italy Commanders Bernard Freyberg Kurt Student Strength United Kingdom: 15,000 Greece: 11,000 Australia: 7,100 New Zealand: 6,700 Total: 40,000 (10,000 without fighting capability. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Minoan Civilisation was a pre-Hellenic Bronze Age civilization which arose on Crete, a Greek island in the Aegean Sea. ... Agia Marina may refer to: a) Saint Marina, any one of three saints by that name. ... Platanias (Greek: Πλατανιάς) is a village on the Greek island of Crete. ...


War on Crete & post-war events in Maleme

Those 47.460 who rest in peace in Maleme

For deeper understanding of the WW2 and post-war Maleme events, please read a Robert Fulghum story "Maleme", where one shall find all associated feelings, that had to take place over the proud people of Crete to find a way to raise such a great memorial place and that have made the pain from WWII events turn out in a memento of peacefull co-existence. Maleme Memorial on WikiMapia Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1152 × 864 pixel, file size: 254 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Maleme Military Cemetary I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1152 × 864 pixel, file size: 254 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Maleme Military Cemetary I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the... Robert Fulghum (born June 4, 1937) is an American author, primarily of short essays. ...


Do read the Bob Fulghum's story, worth your time. Then visit Maleme memorial place to feel yourself the told story and touch the peace of mind there.


A few historical facts

The (Operation Mercury) was headed by Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte on the Nazi side. Allied forces were successfull only on blocking the Nazi ships from reaching Crete and opening the main huge invasion on the north coast-lines. Oberstleutnant von der Heydt, 1943 Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte was a German Luftwaffe officer who served with the Fallschirmjäger during World War II, reaching the rank of Oberstleutnant. ...


Von der Heydte had a quite hard time to make re-join and lead paratroopers initially sparsely located alongside the north-west coast. With a help of general Ringel´s Alpenjaegers (Mountain Yagers) the invasion got ahead to Galatas and Chania.


A WW2 story is told about his final success to take-over the that time capital city of Crete,Chania, and says, that after a week of hard fights from both sides, von der Heydte and his men lost under harsh conditions imposed by many injuries on landing parachutes into vineyards and rocky hills and by brave Greek, British and New Zealand defenders many parts of their weaponry, ammunition, supplies, uniforms. The lighthouse in the Venetian harbour, a landmark of Chania Chania (IPA , Greek: Χανιά, also transliterated as Hania, older form Chanea and Venetian: Canea, Godart and Olivier abbreviation: KH, Ottoman Turkish: خانيه Hanya) is the second largest city of Crete and the capital of the Chania Prefecture. ...


After more than a week the invaders took over of the territory and conquerred the city of Chania. Von der Heydte was finally sitting at a small table in a tavern there and asked to seek and bring in the Lord Mayor of the city to ask for unconditional capitulation. The lighthouse in the Venetian harbour, a landmark of Chania Chania (IPA , Greek: Χανιά, also transliterated as Hania, older form Chanea and Venetian: Canea, Godart and Olivier abbreviation: KH, Ottoman Turkish: خانيه Hanya) is the second largest city of Crete and the capital of the Chania Prefecture. ...


The Lord Mayor of the Chania, walked up with a translator to the tavern and once facing at the table to baron von der Heydte, he had, in response to Heydte's request to capitulate and hand-over the city to his hands, surprised the invader at the very Crete-style - saying that he is ready to capitulate, but does not see any officer to hand-over city to and simply rejected to discuss about any capitulation as he does not believe von der Heydte to be any kind of officer at all because he has no such uniform and cannot proof himself by any available means to be an officer...just in shirt, torn of trousers and wounded knees, no cap - he lost it days ago, just a tied hankerchief and only a belt was remembering the original uniform.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Maleme 20 May (4110 words)
The airfield at Maleme was the main target for the first wave of the attack on the morning of the 20th May, 1941.
The parachutists who dropped east of Maleme, in the area of 23rd Battalion, met stiff opposition as they had not expected troops to be there, while those who dropped west of the Tavronitis or on the Aghya Plain had the chance to form up into their fighting units.
Given the importance of the airfield at Maleme to the defence of Crete, Hargest's reaction to events is one of the puzzles of the whole battle, and a large factor in its outcome.
Maleme - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (242 words)
Maleme (Greek Μάλεμε) is a town and airport 16km to the west of Chania, in North Western Crete, Greece.
Maleme is best known as the place where German paratroopers first attacked Crete in 1941, at the start of the Battle of Crete (Operation Mercury) of World War II.
There is an Royal Air Force (RAF) Memorial to the airmen of 30 and 33 Squadrons who died during the battle.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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