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Encyclopedia > Malcolm Rifkind
The Rt Hon Sir Malcolm Rifkind KCMG QC MP

In office
5 July 1995 – 2 May 1997
Prime Minister John Major
Preceded by Douglas Hurd
Succeeded by Robin Cook

In office
10 April 1992 – 5 July 1995
Preceded by Tom King
Succeeded by Michael Portillo

In office
28 November 1990 – 10 April 1992
Preceded by Cecil Parkinson
Succeeded by John MacGregor

In office
11 January 1986 – 28 November 1990
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by George Younger
Succeeded by Ian Lang

Born June 21, 1946 (1946-06-21) (age 61)
Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Political party Conservative
Profession Lawyer
Religion Jewish

Sir Malcolm Leslie Rifkind, KCMG, QC (born 21 June 1946) is a Scottish Conservative and Unionist politician and Member of Parliament for the constituency of Kensington and Chelsea. He is a patron of the Tory Reform Group. He was a candidate in the 2005 Conservative Party leadership election, but withdrew before the voting commenced. Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... The title of Foreign Secretary has been traditionally used to refer to the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Sir John Major, KG, CH (born 29 March 1943) is a former British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the British Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997. ... Douglas Richard Hurd, Baron Hurd of Westwell, CH, CBE, PC (born 8 March 1930), is a senior British Conservative politician and novelist, who served in the governments of Margaret Thatcher and John Major between 1979 and his retirement in 1995. ... Robert Finlayson Cook (28 February 1946 – 6 August 2005) was a politician in the British Labour Party. ... The Secretary of State for Defence is the senior United Kingdom government minister in charge of the Ministry of Defence. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... G-Unit member Thomas Jeremy King, Baron King of Bridgwater, CH , PC (born June 13, 1933), Educated Sheriff House, Rugby School, is a British Conservative politician who was Member of Parliament for Bridgwater in Somerset, from 1970 until 2001. ... Michael Denzil Xavier Portillo PC (born 26 May 1953) is an English journalist, broadcaster, and former Conservative politician. ... The Secretary of State for Transport is the member of the cabinet responsible for the British Department for Transport. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... John Macgregor (1802-1858) was a Scottish shipbuilder. ... The Secretary of State for Scotland (Rùnaire Stàite na h-Alba in Scottish Gaelic) is the chief minister in the government of the United Kingdom with responsibilites for Scotland, at the head of the Scotland Office (formerly The Scottish Office). ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC (born October 13, 1925), former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in office from 1979 to 1990. ... George Kenneth Hotson Younger, Baron Younger of Prestwick, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie KT KCVO TD PC (September 22, 1931–January 26, 2003), known to many as Gentleman George, was a Scottish politician whose long career as Conservative & Unionist MP for Ayr (1964–1992) included periods as Secretary of State... Ian Bruce Lang, Baron Lang of Monkton, PC, (born June 27, 1940) is a Scottish Conservative & Unionist politician. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Edinburgh (() pronounced ; Scottish Gaelic: ) is the capital of Scotland and its second largest city. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic) Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English (de facto) Recognised regional languages Gaelic, Scots1 Demonym Scot, Scots... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... A lawyer, according to Blacks Law Dictionary, is a person learned in the law; as an attorney, counsel or solicitor; a person licensed to practice law. ... For a discussion of Jews as an ethnicity or ethnic group see the article on Jew. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... Cherie Booth QC wearing her ceremonial robes (including full-bottomed wig) as Queens Counsel at the Bar of England and Wales. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic) Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English (de facto) Recognised regional languages Gaelic, Scots1 Demonym Scot, Scots... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Kensington and Chelsea is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... The Tory Reform Group (TRG) is a group within the United Kingdoms Conservative Party, that uphold the One Nation Tory vision, which they describe[citation needed] as being the promotion of: Social justice Political progress Prosperity for all // Europe The TRG is commonly seen as being pro-European. ... David Cameron, the eventual winner of the contest. ...

Contents

Early Life

Rifkind was born to a Jewish [1] family in Edinburgh, and was educated at George Watson's College and Edinburgh University where he studied law before taking a postgraduate degree in political science (his thesis was on land apportionment in Southern Rhodesia). While at University he took part in an overland expedition to the Middle East and India. He also appeared on University Challenge. He is a strong supporter of Israel and has family in Israel. He is the father of Times columnist Hugo Rifkind. For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... , Edinburgh (() pronounced ; Scottish Gaelic: ) is the capital of Scotland and its second largest city. ... George Watsons College is a leading co-educational independent day school in Scotland, situated on Colinton Road, in the Merchiston area of Scotlands capital city Edinburgh. ... The University of Edinburgh was founded in 1583 as a renowned centre for teaching in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... Southern Rhodesia was the name of the British colony situated immediately to the north of South Africa, known today as Zimbabwe. ... University Challenge is a long-running British television quiz show, licensed and produced by Granada Television. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom since 1788. ... Hugo Rifkind was born in Edinburgh in 1977 and is a British writer. ...


Member of Parliament

Rifkind first stood for Parliament in 1970 when he lost the Edinburgh Central constituency. He entered Parliament in the February 1974 general election representing Edinburgh Pentlands for the Scottish Conservative and Unionist Party. He was appointed Junior Minister at the Scottish Office in the 1979 Thatcher Government and became Minister of State at the Foreign Office in 1983. Edinburgh Central is a constituency represented in the Scottish Parliament. ... The UK general election of February 1974 was held on February 28, 1974. ... Edinburgh Pentlands was created as a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom at the general election of 1950 and was abolished at the general election of 2005. ... The Conservative Party is one of the two largest political parties in the United Kingdom and the most successful party in political history based on election victories. ... Categories: Stub | Scotland | Departments of the United Kingdom Government ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC (born October 13, 1925), former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in office from 1979 to 1990. ...


In government

In 1986 he was promoted into the cabinet as Secretary of State for Scotland. He gained a reputation as being a moderate voice on social and economic issues, and sometimes had disputes with Margaret Thatcher. On 21 December 1988, Rifkind was the first British government minister in Lockerbie after the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103, as Scottish Secretary. After touring the wreckage, he gave the first indication that the plane had exploded. He told reporters: "The aircraft clearly experienced some form of explosion, which has resulted in many parts of the aircraft falling in many different locations—that we know. But what might have caused that to happen, I'm sorry, I could not even speculate."[1] It would later turn out that a terrorist bomb blew up the aircraft. The Secretary of State for Scotland (Rùnaire Stàite na h-Alba in Scottish Gaelic) is the chief minister in the government of the United Kingdom with responsibilites for Scotland, at the head of the Scotland Office (formerly The Scottish Office). ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC (born October 13, 1925), former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in office from 1979 to 1990. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Lockerbie Town Hall, 2006. ... Pan Am Flight 103 was Pan American World Airways third daily scheduled transatlantic flight from Londons Heathrow International Airport to New Yorks John F. Kennedy International Airport. ... The Secretary of State for Scotland is the chief minister in the government of the United Kingdom with responsibilites for Scotland, at the head of the Scotland Office. ...


In 1990 he was moved by John Major to a series of Cabinet posts, from Secretary of State for Scotland, Transport and Defence Secretary in 1992. In 1994 he announced the Front Line First defence cuts. In the final years of the Major administration he was the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs. In that role, on 24 September 1996 Rifkind addressed the United Nations General Assembly and called for a UN Declaration barring political asylum for terrorists, arguing that they should not be able to benefit from the provisions of the 1951 UN Convention on Refugees to secure political asylum. In the same speech he emphasised Britain's commitment to the goal of global free trade by 2020 and said all governments should liberalise their economies and lift trading restrictions.[2] Sir John Major, KG, CH (born 29 March 1943) is a former British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the British Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997. ... The Secretary of State for Scotland (Rùnaire Stàite na h-Alba in Scottish Gaelic) is the chief minister in the government of the United Kingdom with responsibilites for Scotland, at the head of the Scotland Office (formerly The Scottish Office). ... The Secretary of State for Defence is the senior United Kingdom government minister in charge of the Ministry of Defence. ... Front Line First: The Defence Cost Study was a programme of defence cuts announced on 1994-07-14 by then Defence Secretary Malcolm Rifkind. ... The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (commonly referred to as Foreign Secretary) is a member of the British Government responsible for relations with foreign countries, heading the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (often called simply the Foreign Office). ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


1997 Elections Defeat

He received a knighthood in John Major’s resignation honours in 1997, becoming a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, in recognition of his work in foreign and Commonwealth affairs. A statue of an armoured knight of the Middle Ages For the chess piece, see knight (chess). ... The Prime Ministers Resignation Honours in the United Kingdom are honours granted by an outgoing Prime Minister following his or her resignation. ...


In the 1997 general election he lost his Pentlands seat in common with all Conservatives in Scotland (and Wales), and was succeeded by Labour candidate Lynda Clark. Rifkind was one of the few MPs to try again in his old seat, rather than seeking a safer one, standing again for Edinburgh Pentlands against Clark in the 2001 general election; although he improved his showing somewhat, he was unable to overturn the sizeable 10.6% majority in an election where the Conservatives made little progress. During this time he remained politically active, as president of the Scottish Conservatives, and used his position outside Westminster to criticize the 2003 invasion of Iraq and the Blair Government's support of it. At the time, the Conservative Party was staunchly in support of the invasion. The UK general election, 1997 was held on 1 May 1997. ... Edinburgh Pentlands was created as a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom at the general election of 1950 and was abolished at the general election of 2005. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic) Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English (de facto) Recognised regional languages Gaelic, Scots1 Demonym Scot, Scots... This article is about the country. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Lynda Margaret Clark, Baroness Clark of Calton, QC (born 26 February 1949) is a Scottish politician, formerly the Labour Member of Parliament for Edinburgh Pentlands. ... Tony Blair William Hague Charles Kennedy The UK general election, 2001 was held on 7 June 2001 and was dubbed the quiet landslide by the media. ... The subject of this article is the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency...


On April 13, 2004, Rifkind was named "non-executive chairman" of ArmorGroup, a private military contractor that "makes 60 per cent of its revenues in Iraq," the Financial Times reported on November 5, 2005. ArmorGroup "has over 5000 personnel located in over 40 subsidiaries based in over 50 countries." [3] is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ArmorGroup International is a British private security company, or PSC. ArmorGroup has provided defensive, protective security services to national governments, multinational corporations and international peace and security agencies operating in hostile environments since 1981. ... A private military contractor (PMC) is a corporation that provides armed forces trained in combat, private military, for other corporations, organizations, individuals and state military forces. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Return to the House of Commons

The Edinburgh Pentlands seat was abolished for the 2005 general election, as part of a general reduction of the number of seats Scotland is entitled to, freeing Rifkind to look for a new seat to contest. In the 2005 general election he won the ultra safe seat of Kensington and Chelsea with a majority of 12,418. He succeeded Michael Portillo, who retired from politics at that election. On May 10, 2005 he was appointed Shadow Work and Pensions Secretary. On August 14, 2005 he announced that he would stand as a contender to replace Michael Howard as Conservative leader in its contest expected November 2005. Appearing on Newsnight on August 31, after Ken Clarke had announced his candidacy and stressed his opposition to the war in Iraq, Rifkind underlined his own opposition to the war, criticised the government's record in Iraq since the war, and called for British troops to be withdrawn and replaced by troops from moderate Arab countries. It has been suggested that Marginal constituencies in the United Kingdom be merged into this article or section. ... A safe seat is a seat in a legislature which is regarded as fully secured by a certain political party with very little chance of an election upset because of the nature of the electorate in the constituency concerned. ... Kensington and Chelsea is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Michael Denzil Xavier Portillo PC (born 26 May 1953) is an English journalist, broadcaster, and former Conservative politician. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Rt Hon. ... Newsnight is a British daily news analysis, current affairs and politics programme broadcast between 22:30 and 23:20 on weekdays on BBC Two. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about Kenneth Clarke the politician, not Kenneth Clark the art historian. ... There have been three conflicts in the late 20th century and early 21st century called Gulf War, all of which refer to conflicts in the Persian Gulf region: Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) (aka First Gulf War). ...


On October 11, 2005, he announced that he was withdrawing from the leadership contest and that he would be supporting Kenneth Clarke's candidacy. is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kenneth Harry Clarke, QC, MP, (born 2 July 1940) is a leading Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. ...


On December 7, 2005 he left the Conservative front bench as incoming leader David Cameron formed his team. Rifkind admitted that he had not wished to remain a Shadow Cabinet minister unless in the post of Shadow Foreign Secretary, but this post had gone to William Hague. Rifkind declared his loyalty to the new party leader and remains one of the Conservative Party's most experienced senior figures. is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is the Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition in the United Kingdom, positions he has occupied since December 2005. ... The Shadow Cabinet (also called the Shadow Front Bench) is a senior group of opposition spokespeople in the Westminster system of government who together under the leadership of the Leader of the Opposition (or the leader of other smaller opposition parties) form an alternative cabinet to the governments, whose... The title of Foreign Secretary has been traditionally used to refer to the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. ... William Jefferson Hague (born 26 March 1961) is a British politician, the Member of Parliament for Richmond, North Yorkshire, former leader of the Conservative Party, and current Conservative Shadow Foreign Secretary. ...


References

  • Torrance, David, The Scottish Secretaries (Birlinn 2006)
  1. ^ Cody, Edward. "Pan Am Jet Crashes in Scotland, Killing 270", Washington Post, 22 Dec 1988. 
  2. ^ The Times, 25 September 1996
  3. ^ P.W. Singer, Corporate Warriors: The Rise of the Privatized Military Industry [Ithaca & London: Cornell University Press, 2003], p. 84

The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom since 1788. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...

Publications

  • Rights and wrongs: The European Convention on Human Rights and its application in the United Kingdom (SSC biennial lecture) by Malcolm Rifkind (2000, Society of Solicitors in the Supreme Courts of Scotland) ISBN B0000CP0RH
  • Head to Head on the Euro: Kenneth Clarke and Malcolm Rifkind edited by Janet Bush (2000, New Europe) ISBN 0-9536360-3-8
  • Conservative Britain in the 21st century by Malcolm Rifkind (1996, Centre for Policy Studies) ISBN 1-897969-53-8
  • Hume Occasional Paper No.46: UN Peacekeeping – Past Lessons and Future Prospects (Hume Occasional Papers) by Malcolm Rifkind (1995, The David Hume Institute) ISBN 1-870482-43-3
  • Towards 2000 by Malcolm Rifkind (1988, Conservative Political Centre) ISBN 0-85070-788-9

See also

‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ...

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom (1801–present)
Preceded by
Norman Wylie
Member of Parliament for Edinburgh Pentlands
19741997
Succeeded by
Lynda Clark
Preceded by
Michael Portillo
Member of Parliament for Kensington and Chelsea
2005 – present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
George Younger
Secretary of State for Scotland
1986–1990
Succeeded by
Ian Lang
Preceded by
Cecil Parkinson
Secretary of State for Transport
1990–1992
Succeeded by
John MacGregor
Preceded by
Tom King
Secretary of State for Defence
1992–1995
Succeeded by
Michael Portillo
Preceded by
Douglas Hurd
Foreign Secretary
1995–1997
Succeeded by
Robin Cook

  Results from FactBites:
 
Malcolm Rifkind - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1163 words)
Sir Malcolm Leslie Rifkind, KCMG, QC (born 21 June 1946) is a Scottish Conservative and Unionist politician and Member of Parliament for the constituency of Kensington and Chelsea.
Rifkind was born to a Jewish [1] family in Edinburgh, and was educated at George Watson's College and Edinburgh University where he studied law before taking a postgraduate degree in political science (his thesis was on land apportionment in Southern Rhodesia).
Rifkind stood again for his Edinburgh Pentlands seat against Clark in the 2001 general election, and improved his showing somewhat but was not elected.
:: ak13 :: Blue in the face - Malcolm Rifkind (1514 words)
Handbag: Malcolm managed the Herculean task of remaining a member of Thatcher's government for 11 years without once offending her enough to be handbagged back to obscurity.
Malcolm Rifkind QC to be a legal and international affairs brain on legs, capable of bringing sensible, informed and considered debate to any discussion.
Malcolm Leslie Rifkind was born in Edinburgh in 1946.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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