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Encyclopedia > Malcolm Pasley


Sir John Malcolm Sabine Pasley, 5th Baronet (April 5, 1926March 4, 2004), commonly known as Malcolm Pasley born in Rajkot, India. A literary scholar best known for his dedication to and publication of the works of Franz Kafka. April 5 is the 95th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (96th in leap years). ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rajkot (2005 pop. ... Kafka redirects here. ...

Contents


Biography

Early life

Pasley was a direct descendant of Admiral Sir Thomas Pasley, who distinguished himself in the revolutionary wars against the French and achieved baronetcy in 1794. A baronet (traditional abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt), is the holder of an hereditary title awarded by the British Crown, known as a baronetcy. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


1944-1946 served in the Royal Navy.[1]


Academics and Honors

Following is the outline of the academic career of Sir Pasley:[1][2]

  • 1947: Attended Trinity College, Oxford
  • 1949: Graduated with a First in Modern Languages
  • 1949-50: Laming Travelling Fellow at The Queen's College, Oxford
  • 1950-58: Appointed Lecturer in German at Brasenose and Magdalen Colleges (University of Oxford)
  • 1958-86: Emeritus Fellow, Magdalen College
  • 1979-80: Vice-President, Magdalen College
  • 1980: Honorary doctorate from the University of Giessen
  • 1982: Succeeded to the family baronetcy
  • 1983: Elected to the German Academy of Language and Literature in Darmstadt
  • 1986: Retired
  • 1987: Austrian Cross of Honour for Learning and the Arts
  • 1991: Fellowship of the British Academy

College name Trinity College Named after The Holy Trinity Established 1555 Sister College Churchill College President The Hon. ... College name The Queens College Named after Queen Philippa of Hainault Established 1341 Sister College Pembroke College Provost Sir Alan Budd JCR President Sushrut Yalamanchili Undergraduates 304 Graduates 133 Homepage Boatclub The Queens College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United... College name Brasenose College Named after Bronze door knocker Established 1509 Sister College Gonville and Caius College Principal Prof. ... College name Magdalen College Named after Mary Magdalene Established 1458 Sister College Magdalene College President Professor David Clary FRS JCR President Iain Anstess Undergraduates 395 Graduates 230 Homepage Boatclub Magdalen College (pronounced ) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. ... The University of Gießen (Giessen), officially called Justus Liebig-Universität Gießen after its most famous member, the founder of modern agricultural chemistry and inventor of artificial fertilizer. ... A baronet (traditional abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt), is the holder of an hereditary title awarded by the British Crown, known as a baronetcy. ...

Marriage and Children

Sir Pasley was married in 1965 to Virginia Wait they had two sons:

  • Robert Pasley achieving baronetcy in 1965
  • Second son not identified

German Language

Pasley wrote of many German authors. His initial works on the German language and Nietzsche, in particular, gained him much fame. His work was pioneering and the book Germany: a companion to German studies, first published in 1972 is still in heavy demand.[1]


Kafka

Sir Pasley is best known for his work on the Kafka writings. He started studying Kafka in the early parts of his career and met Marianne Steiner, Kafka's niece, (daughter of his sister, Valli). Marianne's son, Michael, who was a student at Oxford, introduced them. Through this friendship Pasley became the key adviser to Kafka's heirs. Marianne regarded Pasley as "a younger brother".[2]


In [1956], Salmen Schocken and Max Brod placed Kafka's works in a Swiss vault. This was due to the concerns surrounding unrest in the Middle East and the safety of the manuscripts, which were with Brod in Tel Aviv. Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ...


After significant negotiation, Pasley took personal possession of Kafka's works that were in Brod's possession and hence in the Swiss vault. In 1961 Pasley transported them by car from Switzerland to Oxford. Pasley reflected on the adventure as one that "made his own hair stand on end".[1] The papers, except The Trial, were deposited in Oxford's Bodleian library. The Trial book cover The Trial (German Der Prozess) is a surreal novel by Franz Kafka about a character named Joseph K., who awakens one morning and, for reasons never revealed, is arrested and subjected to the rigours of the judicial process for an unspecified crime. ... Entrance to the Library, with the coats-of-arms of several Oxford colleges The Bodleian Library, the main research library of the University of Oxford, is one of the oldest libraries in Europe, and in England is second in size only to the British Library. ...


The Trial remained in the possession of Kafka heiress Ilse Ester Hoffe. In November 1988 German literary archives at Marbach, Germany purchased the manuscript for £ 1.1 million in an auction conducted by Sotheby's.[3][4] The Trial book cover The Trial (German Der Prozess) is a surreal novel by Franz Kafka about a character named Joseph K., who awakens one morning and, for reasons never revealed, is arrested and subjected to the rigours of the judicial process for an unspecified crime. ... Marbach am Neckar (pop. ... PR shot of Sothebys New York, from auditions for The Apprentice 2 Sothebys is an auction house. ...


At Oxford, Pasley headed a team of scholars (Gerhard Neumann, Jost Schillemeit, and Jürgen Born) that recompiled the text, remove Max Brod's edits and changes, and started publishing the works in 1982. This team restored the original German text to its full, and in some cases incomplete, state; special attention being paid to the unique Kafka punctuation; consider to be critical to the style.[5]


Criticism of Pasley's Work on Kafka

Subsequent to the publication of the Kafka works, Pasley began receiving criticism about the completeness of their German publication. To that end, Stroemfeld Verlag has requested permission to scan the manuscripts to produce a facsimile edition and CD-Rom.


Aside from the completeness, they cited a concern for the presevation of the works. The issue being that some were written in pencil, and many were fading and crumbling.


Pasley refused their requests. He is joined by Marianne Steiner, who in 1998, told The Observer "I cannot forgive them for [the terrible things they had said about Pasley]. I do not want them to have anything to do with the manuscripts."


In April 1998, Stroemfeld published a facsimile version of The Trial. This manuscript, being owned by the German government, was accessible to them. In this publication the manuscript and transcription are listed side by side.


Scholars in favor of the Stroemfeld editions include: Jeremy Adler, professor of German at King’s College London, American writers Louis Begley and Harold Bloom, professor of Humanities at Yale. [4] ... Harold Bloom, Literary Critic Dr. Harold Bloom (born July 11, 1930) is an American professor and prominent literary and cultural critic. ... Yale can refer to an educational institution: Yale University, one of the United States oldest universities. ...


Works

Published works

  • 1965 Kafka-Symposion, Co-author with Klaus Wagenbach
  • 1972 Germany: a companion to German studies (second edition, 1982) ISBN 0416336604
  • 1978 Nietzsche: Imagery and Thought, ISBN 0520035771
  • 1982 Das Schloß (The Castle) ISBN 3596124441
  • 1987/89 Max Brod, Franz Kafka: eine Freundschaft
  • 1990 Der Prozeß (The Trial) ISBN 3596124433
  • 1990 Reise- Tagebucher, Kafka's travel diaries
  • 1991 Die Handschrift redet (The Manuscript Talks)
  • 1991 The Great Wall of China and Other Stories
  • 1992 The Transformation and Other Stories ISBN 0140184783
  • 1993 Nachgelassene Schriften und Fragmente I
  • 1995 Die Schrift ist unveranderlich (The Script is Unchangeable)
  • 1996 Judgment & In the Penal Colony ISBN 0146001788

This article refers to the German novel. ... The Trial book cover The Trial (German Der Prozess) is a surreal novel by Franz Kafka about a character named Joseph K., who awakens one morning and, for reasons never revealed, is arrested and subjected to the rigours of the judicial process for an unspecified crime. ...

References

Footnotes:

  1. ^ a b c d The Telegraph obituary (http://www.kafka.org/index.php?id=184,200,0,0,1,0)
  2. ^ a b The (London) Independent, Jeremy Adler, March 26, 2004, (http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20040326/ai_n12775723)
  3. ^ The Trial, Franz Kafka, Schocken Book, 1998, Publisher's Note page xiii
  4. ^ a b "Scholars squabble in Kafkaesque drama", Von David Harrison, The Observer, May 17, 1998, S. 23 (http://www.textkritik.de/rezensionen/kafka/proc_03.htm)
  5. ^ Stepping into Kafka’s head, Jeremy Adler, Times Literary Supplement, Oct. 13, 1995(http://www.textkritik.de/rezensionen/kafka/einl_04.htm)

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
TLS, 13/10/95 (2908 words)
Pasley’s gentlemanly empiricism is everywhere in evidence in the essays here collected, in which he distances himself from the mystifying psychologizing so common in Kafka studies.
Pasley’s findings all belong within the ambit of his edition, but deserve to be read in their own right, not just for their insights, but for the respect they instil towards linguistic fidelity.
Pasley’s study of its manuscript brought major insights into the composition, such as the fact that Kafka wrote the conclusion immediately after the opening chapter, to provide a narrative framework, and so ensure closure.
Malcolm Pasley: Information from Answers.com (761 words)
Born in Rajkot, India, Pasley was a direct descendant of Admiral Sir Thomas Pasley, who distinguished himself in the revolutionary wars against the French and achieved baronetcy in 1794.
After significant negotiation, Pasley took personal possession of Kafka's works that were in Brod's possession and hence in the Swiss vault.
Pasley reflected on the adventure as one that "made his own hair stand on end".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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