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Encyclopedia > Malcolm Campbell
Portrait of Sir Malcolm Campbell (undated), courtesy of the Florida Photographic Collection
Portrait of Sir Malcolm Campbell (undated), courtesy of the Florida Photographic Collection

Sir Malcolm Campbell (born March 11, 1885 in Chislehurst, Kent, England - died December 31, 1948 in Reigate, Surrey, England) was a racing motorist and motoring journalist. He gained the world speed record on land and on water at various times during the 1920s and 1930s using vehicles called Bluebird. His son, Donald Campbell, was killed in 1967, attempting to repeat his achievements. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (600x761, 35 KB)[edit] Summary Portrait of Sir Malcolm Campbell (undated), courtesy of Florida Photographic Collection [edit] Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (600x761, 35 KB)[edit] Summary Portrait of Sir Malcolm Campbell (undated), courtesy of Florida Photographic Collection [edit] Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Chislehurst is a place in the London Borough of Bromley. ... Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Statistics Population: 21,820 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ2649 Administration District: Reigate and Banstead Shire county: Surrey Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Surrey Historic county: Surrey Services Police force: Surrey Fire and rescue: Surrey Ambulance: South East Coast Post office... Not to be confused with Surry. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Ralph DePalma in his Packard 905 Special at Daytona Beach in 1919, courtesy Florida Photographic Collection The land speed record is the fastest speed achieved by a vehicle on land, as opposed to one on water or in the air. ... Model of Spirit of Australia in which Ken Warby set the world water speed record in 1978 on Blowering Dam, New South Wales, Australia The World Unlimited water speed record is the officially recognised fastest speed achieved by a water-borne vehicle. ... The 1920s was a decade sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... The 1930s (years from 1930-1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... Donald Campbell Donald Malcolm Campbell C.B.E.(March 23, 1921 â€“ January 4, 1967) was a British car and motorboat racer who broke eight world speed records in the 1950s and 60s. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ...

Contents

Grand Prix career

He competed in Grand Prix motor racing, winning the 1927 and 1928 Grand Prix de Boulogne in France driving a Bugatti T39A. Georges Boillot winning the 1912 French Grand Prix in Dieppe, France Grand Prix motor racing has its roots in organized automobile racing that began in France as far back as 1894. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Bugatti is one of the fastest marques of automobile and one of the most exclusive Italian-French car producers of all time. ...


Land speed record

Sir Malcolm Campbell in his Bluebird II (undated), courtesy of the Florida Photographic Collection
Sir Malcolm Campbell in his Bluebird II (undated), courtesy of the Florida Photographic Collection

Malcolm broke nine land speed records between 1924 and 1935, with three at Pendine Sands and five at Daytona Beach. Image File history File links Pr09069. ... Image File history File links Pr09069. ... Pendine Sands is a 7 mile long beach on the shores of Carmarthen Bay on the south coast of Wales. ... Daytona Beach Road Course was a race track that was instrumental in the formation of NASCAR. It originally became famous as the location where fifteen world land speed records were set. ...


He set his final land speed record at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah on September 3, 1935, and was the first person to drive an automobile over 300 miles per hour (301.337 mph). Bonneville Salt Flats The Bonneville Salt Flats are a 121 km² (47 mi²) salt flat in northwestern Utah. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the magazine called automobile, see Automobile Magazine. ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ...


Water speed records

He set the water speed record four times. His highest speed was 141.740 mph in the Bluebird K4. He set the record on August 19, 1939 on Coniston Water in Great Britain. Model of Spirit of Australia in which Ken Warby set the world water speed record in 1978 on Blowering Dam, New South Wales, Australia The World Unlimited water speed record is the officially recognised fastest speed achieved by a water-borne vehicle. ...


Death

He died after a long illness in 1948. He was one of the few land speed record holders of his era to die of natural causes.


Awards

The International Motorsports Hall of Fame is a Hall of Fame dedicated to enshrining those who have contributed the most to auto racing either as a driver, owner, developer or engineer. ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Portrait of Sir Henry Segrave (ca. ... The Motorsports Hall of Fame of America is a Hall of Fame and museum in Novi, Michigan for American motorsports legends. ...

Miscellaneous

He was a Vice President of the Middlesex County Automobile Club. Website:[www. ...


He became interested in the search for buried treasure in the Cocos Islands.


Campbell was also involved in politics. He stood for Parliament without success at the 1935 general election in Deptford for the Conservative Party. Stanley Baldwin Clement Attlee The UK general election held on 14th November 1935 resulted in a large, though reduced, majority for the National Government now led by Stanley Baldwin. ... Deptford was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Deptford district of South London. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Campbell was depicted by Robert Hardy in a BBC dramatisation of the attempt on the land speed record with Bluebird II. Robert Hardy as Cornelius Fudge in the film Harry Potter and Prisoner of Azkaban Timothy Sydney Robert Hardy, CBE (born October 29, 1925) is one of Britains best-known and most popular actors, and also an acknowledged expert on the longbow. ...


External links

  • www.SirMalcolmCampbell.com
  • Newspaper articles and pic of 1935 land speed record
  • www.racingcampbells.com - dedicated to the memory of Campbell and his son Donald
  • Biography
  • Find-A-Grave profile for Malcolm Campbell

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Racing Campbells - Donald & Malcolm Campbell - Malcolm (694 words)
Malcolm, now with the news that the British challenge would be taken up by Seagrave with Golden Arrow, set about rethinking Bluebird in an attempt to regain the Land Speed Record.
Malcolm was also a shareholder and director in several businesses, including Brooklands racing circuit, where he was active in the running of the track and designed the Campbell road racing circuit within the confines of the site.
Sir Malcolm was buried in Chiselhurst, in the same grave as his mother and father.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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