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Encyclopedia > Malbec
Malbec
Malbec grapes
Species: Vitis vinifera
Also called: Auxerrois in Cahors, Côt, Pressac (more)
Origin: Flag of France France
Notable regions: Argentina, Chile, Cahors

Malbec is a black, mellow grape variety originally grown in France, in the Loire Valley and Cahors. Long known as one of the six grapes used in the blending of red Bordeaux wine, it is increasingly celebrated as an Argentine varietal wine. It is also grown on Long Island New York and in the cooler regions of California. It has an extensive listing of synonyms, currently more than two hundred.[citation needed] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 680 pixel, file size: 126 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by IanL. Taken at the Robert Mondavi Winery in Rutherford, California (in the Napa Valley), August 30, 2004. ... Binomial name Vitis vinifera L. For thousands of years, the fruit and plant of Vitis vinifera, the European grapevine, have been harvested for both medicinal and nutritional value; its history is intimately entwined with the history of wine. ... Auxerrois is a historical province of France, part of Burgundy. ... Cahors is a town in Western France in the Lot département. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This list of wine-producing regions catalogues significant growing regions where vineyards are planted. ... Cahors is a town in Western France in the Lot département. ... It has been suggested that Veraison be merged into this article or section. ... Loire Valley (French: Vallée de la Loire) is known as the Garden of France and the Cradle of the French Language. ... Cahors is a town in Western France in the Lot département. ... Bordeaux with sub-wine regions A Bordeaux wine is any wine produced in the Bordeaux region of France. ... Varietal describes wines made from a single named grape variety. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...

Contents

Description

The Malbec grape is a thin skinned grape and needs more sun and heat than either Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot to mature.[1] It is a "midseason ripener and it can bring very deep color, ample tannin, and a particular plum-like flavor component to add complexity to claret blends."[2] As a varietal it creates a rather inky red (or violet), intense wine, so it is also commonly used in blends, such as with Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon to create the renowned red French Bordeaux "claret" blend. Other wine regions use the grape to produce Bordeaux-style blends.[3] The grape also needs a high differential between day and evening temperatures, a minimum fluctuation of 27 degrees Fahrenheit in a day.[4] The varietal is sensitive to frost, has a proclivity to shatter or coulure.[2] The grape is also blended with Cabernet franc and Gamay in some regions such as Loire Valley.[5] Old vine Cabernet Sauvignon at Chateau Montelena in Napa Valley. ... Merlot grapes on the vine. ... Old vine Cabernet Sauvignon at Chateau Montelena in Napa Valley. ... Claret is a name used in English for red wine from the Bordeaux region of France, along the valleys of the rivers Gironde, Garonne and Dordogne, including Medoc, Graves and St Emilion. ... Coulure (pronounced coo-LYUR) is the French word for the result of a metabolic and weather conditions that causes the failure of the grapes to develop after flowering. ... Cabernet Franc is a red wine grape variety similar to and a parent of Cabernet Sauvignon. ... A California Gamay Gamay is a purple-colored grape variety used to make red wines, most notably grown in Beaujolais. ...


Called Auxerrois in Cahors, Côt in the Loire and or Pressac in other places, the grape became less popular in Bordeaux after 1956 when frost killed off 75% of the crop. However, Malbec continued to be popular in Cahors where it was mixed with Merlot and Tannat to make dark, full-bodied wines, and more recently has been made into 100% malbec wines there. Despite a similar name, the grape Malbec Argente is not Malbec either but rather the southwestern France grape Abouriou.[6] The grape is also confused with Auxerroirs blanc, which is an entirely different variety.[5] Auxerrois is a historical province of France, part of Burgundy. ... Cahors is a town in Western France in the Lot département. ... This article is about the French department. ... Frost on black pipes Frost is a solid deposition of water vapor from saturated air. ... Merlot grapes on the vine. ... Tannat grapes before ripening Tannat vines in August Tannat is a red wine grape, predominantly grown in southern France. ... Abouriou is a red wine grape grown primarily in southwest France and, in small quantities, in California. ...


Regional production

Malbec leaves

Malbec is the dominant red varietal in Cahors where the Appellation Controlée regulations for Cahors require a minimum content of 70%.[2] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Cahors is a town in Western France in the Lot département. ... Appellation dOrigine Contrôlée (AOC), which roughly translates as term of origin is the French certification granted to certain French geographical indications for wines, cheeses, butters, and other agricultural products, by the government bureau Institut National des Appellations dOrigine (INAO). ...


Introduced to Argentina by French agricultural engineer Michel Pouget in 1868, Malbec is widely planted in Argentina producing a softer, less-tannic driven variety than the wines of Cahors. The best examples of these wines come from the Argentine region of Mendoza. In Argentina, where Malbec seems to have found a natural home, the grape is used to produce very popular varietal wines. It is now thought that the variety known as Fer in that country is a clone. Although the grape is currently Argentina's premier grape, wine makers tried to remove it from the vineyard. In the 1980s Argentina a "vine pull" program was initiated until there were only 10,000 acres (40 km²) of the grape left. In the 1990s, Malbec's potential and the increase of wine exports from South America saved the grape.[7] Tannins are astringent, bitter-tasting plant polyphenols that bind and precipitate proteins. ... Mendoza is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the western central part of the country in the Cuyo region. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


There were once 50,000 hectares planted with Malbec in Argentina; now there are 25,000 hectares. Chile has about 6,000 hectares planted, France 5,300 hectares and California just 45 hectares. In California the grape is used to make Meritage.[3] Malbec is also grown in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, British Columbia and northeastern Italy. Meritage is a word used to distinguish wines that are made in the style of Bordeaux but without infringing on that regions legally protected appellation. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km...


Synonyms

Agreste, Auxerrois, Auxerrois De Laquenexy, Auxerrois Des Moines De Picpus, Auxerrois Du Mans, Balouzat, Beran, Blanc De Kienzheim, Cahors, Calarin, Cauli, Costa Rosa, Cot A Queue Verte, Cotes Rouges, Doux Noir, Estrangey, Gourdaux, Grelot De Tours, Grifforin, Guillan, Hourcat, Jacobain, Luckens, Magret, Malbec, Malbek, Medoc Noir, Mouranne, Navarien, Negre De Prechac, Negrera, Noir De Chartres, Noir De Pressac, Noir Doux, Nyar De Presak, Parde, Perigord, Pied De Perdrix, Pied Noir, Pied Rouge, Pied Rouget, Piperdy, Plant D'Arles, Plant De Meraou, Plant Du Roi, Prechat, Pressac, Prunieral, Quercy, Queue Rouge, Quille De Coy, Romieu, Teinturin, Terranis, Vesparo, [8] Côt, Plant du Lot.


See also

Argentine wine, as with many aspects of Argentine cuisine, has its roots in Spain. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ http://www.cellarnotes.net/malbec_grape.html
  2. ^ a b c http://www.winepros.org/wine101/grape_profiles/malbec.htm
  3. ^ a b http://wine.appellationamerica.com/grape-varietal/Malbec.html
  4. ^ http://www.dallassecretwine.com/malbec.html
  5. ^ a b http://www.epicurious.com/drinking/wine_dictionary/entry?id=7052
  6. ^ J. Robinson Vines, Grapes & Wines pg 204 Mitchell Beazley 1986 ISBN 1-85732-999-6
  7. ^ http://www.invinoveritas.com/bestof/malbec.shtml
  8. ^ Maul, E.; Eibach, R. (1999-06-00). Vitis International Variety Catalogue. Information and Coordination Centre for Biological Diversity (IBV) of the Federal Agency for Agriculture and Food (BLE), Deichmanns Aue 29, 53179 Bonn, Germany. Retrieved on 2007-04-24.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Malbec - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (309 words)
Malbec is a fl, mellow grape variety originally grown in France, in the Loire Valley and Cahors.
However, Malbec continued to be popular in Cahors where it was mixed with Merlot and Tannat to make dark, full-bodied wines, and more recently has been made into 100% malbec wines there.
Malbec is widely planted in Argentina producing a softer, less-tannic driven variety than the wines of Cahors.
Malbec: Old Grape, New Continent (832 words)
One of the factors contributing to the decline of malbec in the old world is its nomenclature: malbec is called by so many different names in France that its names have come to mean almost nothing there.
Malbec is still there, but it is a memory, while the future is 10,000 miles away in Argentina.
Malbec's new world persona is reminiscent of California merlot: strong on fruit and structure, amenable to barrel fermenting and oak aging, enough tannin to let you know you've tasted something real, but smooth and user-friendly at the same time.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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