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Encyclopedia > Malaysian Chinese Association
Malaysian Chinese Association
Leader Ong Ka Ting
Founded February 27, 1949
Headquarters 8th Floor, Wisma MCA,
163, Jalan Ampang
50450 Kuala Lumpur
Ideology Nationalism, Centrism, Conservatism

The Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA or Persatuan Cina Malaysia) (traditional Chinese: 馬來西亞華人公會; simplified Chinese: 马来西亚华人公会; pinyin: Mǎláixīyà Huárén Gōnghuì; Cantonese: Ma Loi Saiya Wah Yen Koong Wui) is a political party in Malaysia, made up of Malaysian Chinese and one of the three major parties that make up the ruling Barisan Nasional (or National Front). Dato Seri Ong Ka Ting (Chinese: 黃家定 Pinyin: Huáng Jiādìng) is a Malaysian politician and currently is the president of Malaysian Chinese Association. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ... In politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes. ... Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favor tradition and gradual change, where tradition refers to religious, cultural, or nationally defined beliefs and customs. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... This article is about all of the Cantonese (Yue) dialects. ... Malay name Malay: Orang Cina Malaysia A Malaysian Chinese is an overseas Chinese who is a citizen or long-term resident of Malaysia. ... Barisan Nasional (National Front or BN) is a major political coalition in Malaysia. ...


Along with the larger United Malays National Organisation and the smaller Malaysian Indian Congress, the MCA has a heavy influence on the politics of the country. Through its holding company Huaren Holdings, the MCA also controls five significant newspapers: The Star, Malaysia's best-selling English language newspaper; Sin Chew Jit Pao, the best-selling Chinese language newspaper; the Chinese language China Press, the leading and popular daily in Kuala Lumpur and Central Region; Nanyang Siang Pau; and smaller daily, Guang Ming. Sang Saka Bangsa The United Malays National Organisation, or UMNO, (Malay: Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu), is the right-Wing and the largest political party in Malaysia and a founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition, which has ruled the country uninterruptedly since its independence. ... The Malaysian Indian Congress (Kongres India Se-Malaysia, MIC) is a Malaysian political party and is one of the founding members of the ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional, previously known as the Alliance, that has been in power since the country achieved independence in 1957. ... The Star is the leading English-language newspaper in Malaysia. ... Sin Chew Jit Poh is the name of a newspaper in Malaysia. ... China Press (Chinese : 中國報) is a Malaysian Chinese newspaper first published in 1 February 1946 and was setup by Tun Henry Lee Hau Shik. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Nanyang Siang Pau or Nanyang Business Daily (Chinese : 南洋商報) was founded by philanthropist-entrepreneur Tan Kah Kee on 6 September 1923 in Singapore. ... Guang Ming Daily (Chinese : 光明日報) was previously known as Sin Pin Daily (Chinese : 星檳日報), Sin Pin Daily was founded by the Aw brothers which have also started Sin Chew Daily. ...

Contents

History

Malaysia

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Malaysia
Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Malaysia. ... The politics of Malaysia takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Malaysia is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



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The social contract in Malaysia refers to the agreement made by the countrys founding fathers in the Constitution. ... Flag of the Supreme Head of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong is a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ... Duli Yang Maha Mulia Al-Wathiqu Billah Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah is the 16th Sultan of the state of Terengganu, Malaysia, and the 13th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, or King, of Malaysia. ... The Cabinet of Malaysia is the executive branch of Malaysias government. ... The Prime Minister of Malaysia (in Malay Perdana Menteri) is the indirectly elected head of government of Malaysia. ... Dato Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi[1] (born November 26, 1939 in Kepala Batas, Penang) is the 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia. ... Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia (Timbalan Perdana Menteri in Malay) is the second highest political post in Malaysia. ... Dato Sri Mohd Najib Bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak (born July 23, 1953, in Kuala Lipis, Pahang) is a Malaysian politician and has been the countrys Deputy Prime Minister since January 7, 2004. ... The Malaysian Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur. ... The Dewan Negara is the Malaysian Senate. ... The Parliament of Malaysia consists of the lower house (Dewan Rakyat or literally Peoples Hall, in Malay) and upper house (Dewan Negara or Nations Hall in Malay). ... The Sultan Abdul Samad Building, as were surrounding colonial buildings near the Merdeka Square, had formerly housed all of the countrys judicial branches for decades. ... The Opposition in Malaysia is a term used to describe political parties represented in the Parliament of Malaysia that is not in government either on its own or as part of a governing coalition. ... Elections in Malaysia gives information on election and election results in Malaysia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Political parties in Malaysia lists political parties in Malaysia. ... Malaysia is a federation of 13 states. ... This article concerns the Foreign relations of Malaysia. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ...

Formation

The Malaysian Chinese Association was formed on February, 27 1949 as the Malayan Chinese Association by the Kuomintang (KMT) members as an alternative and also in opposition to the Malayan Communist Party. This formation was with the implicit support by post-World War II British Reoccupation Authority. Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Kuomintang of China (abbreviation KMT) [1], also often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC), now on Taiwan, and is currently the largest political party in terms of seats in the Legislative Yuan, and the oldest political party in the... Communist Party of Malaya (CnoPM), also known as the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) until the 1960s was founded in Singapore in 1930 with a predominantly Chinese membership, carrying out armed resistance to the Japanese during World War II. From 1948 to 1960, its military arm, the Malayan Peoples Liberation Army...


The first leaders of the MCA were Kuomintang army leaders. Mr Leong Yew Koh, was a KMT major general who became a cabinet minister and later became governor of Malacca; Malaysia's first minister of finance, Tun Henry H.S. Lee, was a colonel; and Dr Lim Chong Eu, the leader of the Radical Party, and joined the MCA in 1952, was a colonel (medical) doctor in the Kuomintang. Tun Dato Seri Dr. Lim Chong Eu (Chinese :林蒼祐) was born in 1919 in Penang. ... A number of political organizations have called themselves the Radical Party, or have Radical as part of their name. ...


At that time, the MCA members then were divided according to their respective home states. Tun Tan Cheng Lock, who was a member of the Malayan Anti-Japanese League, was its inaugural president. Tun Tan Cheng Lock did not enter the cabinet on independence. This was believed to be because his rival, Tun H.S. Lee, from Selangor, was in. Others thought that this was due to health reasons. Tun Dato Sir Tan Cheng Lock (Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; 1883–1960; born in Malacca), Malaysian Chinese, was the founder and first president of the Malayan Chinese Association (MCA), which represents the Malaysian Chinese population. ... State motto: Dipelihara Allah State anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Capital Shah Alam Royal capital Klang Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin  - Menteri Besar Dr Mohd Khir Toyo History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 7,956 km² Population  - 2005...


Post-May 1969 riots

The third Malaysian general elections were held on May 10, 1969. Of the 33 parliamentary seats contested, the Malaysian Chinese Association managed only to retain 13. The MCA lost control of the Penang State Government. In 1974, Tan Siew Sin resigned from all of his party and government posts on April 8 for "health reasons". Elections in Malaysia gives information on election and election results in Malaysia. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The new generation

The new generation MCA leaders understood the struggles of their previous leaders and uphold the party's mission and vision for a united and prosperous Malaysia for all. The cooperation within the National Front (Barisan Nasional) coalition by all parties is based on moderation and respect for each other; which is the foundation for a strong government.


List of presidents

  • Tun Tan Cheng Lock (27 February 1949 to March 1958)
  • Tun Dr. Lim Chong Eu (March 1958 to July 1959)
  • Dr. Cheah Toon Lok (acting) (July 1959 to November 1961)
  • Tun Tan Siew Sin (November 1961 to April 1974)
  • Tan Sri Lee San Choon (April 1974 to March 1983)
  • Datuk Dr. Neo Yee Pan (acting) (March 1983 to November 1985)
  • Tan Koon Swan (November 1985 to September 1986)
  • Tun Dr. Ling Liong Sik (September 1986 to May 2003)
  • Datuk Seri Ong Ka Ting (May 2003 to Present)

Tun Dato Sir Tan Cheng Lock (Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; 1883–1960; born in Malacca), Malaysian Chinese, was the founder and first president of the Malayan Chinese Association (MCA), which represents the Malaysian Chinese population. ... Tun Dato Seri Dr. Lim Chong Eu (Chinese :林蒼祐) was born in 1919 in Penang. ... Tun Tan Siew Sin (21 May 1916–17 March 1988)) was Malaysias first Minister of Commerce and Industry, Finance Minister for 15 years, and president of the Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA). ... Dato Seri Ong Ka Ting (Chinese: 黃家定 Pinyin: Huáng Jiādìng) is a Malaysian politician and currently is the president of Malaysian Chinese Association. ...

See also

Political parties in Malaysia lists political parties in Malaysia. ... The politics of Malaysia takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Malaysia is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...

References

  • Chin, James (2006). "New Chinese Leadership in Malaysia: The Contest for the MCA and Gerakan Presidency". Contemporary Southeast Asia (CSEA), Vol. 28, No. 1 (April 2006).
  • Chin, James (2000). "A New Balance: The Chinese Vote in the 1999 Malaysian General Election". South East Asia Research 8 (3), 281–299.
  • Chin, James (2001). "Malaysian Chinese Politics in the 21st Century: Fear, Service and Marginalisaton". Asian Journal of Political Science 9 (2), 78–94.
  • Goh, Cheng Teik (1994). Malaysia: Beyond Communal Politics. Pelanduk Publications. ISBN 967-978-475-4.
  • "National Front parties were not formed to fight for Malaysian independence". Malaysia Today. by Pillai, M.G.G. (Nov. 3, 2005)

External links

  • Malaysian Chinese Association — official site
  • MCA Lifelong Learning Campaign — official site
Political parties in Malaysia lists political parties in Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Barisan Nasional (National Front or BN) is a major political coalition in Malaysia. ... The United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu in Malay, is the largest political party in Malaysia and a founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition, which has ruled the country uninterrupted since independence. ... The Malaysian Peoples Movement Party (Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia) formed on 24th March 1968, is a liberal party in Malaysia. ... The Malaysian Indian Congress (Kongres India Se-Malaysia, MIC) is a Malaysian political party and is one of the founding members of the ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional, previously known as the Alliance, that has been in power since the country achieved independence in 1957. ... The Peoples Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Penduduk Malaysia) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The United Traditional Bumiputera Party (Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Sarawak United Peoples Party (Parti Rakyat Bersatu Sarawak) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Sabah Progressive Party (Parti Majuh Sabah) is a political party in Sabah, Malaysia. ... The Parti Bersatu Sabah (United Sabah Party) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Liberal Democratic Party (Parti Liberal Demokratik) is a Chinese minority political party in Sabah, Malaysia. ... The Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah (United Sabah Peoples Party) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation is a political party based in Sabah, east Malaysia. ... Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Sarawak Peoples Party (Parti Rakyat Sarawak) is a political party in Malaysia. ... Barisan Alternatif (BA, Alternative Front in Malay) is a coalition of Malaysian opposition parties, formed as a counterweight to the ruling Barisan Nasional. ... The Pan Malaysian Islamic Party (Malay: Parti Islam SeMalaysia), commonly known as PAS or Pas, is an Islamist political party in Malaysia and is currently headed by Datuk Seri Abdul Hadi Awang. ... This article is about the Peoples Justice Party of Malaysia. ... Democratic Action Party (DAP) logo The Democratic Action Party (DAP, Parti Tindakan Demokratik in Malay) is Malaysias largest secular and Socialist opposition party. ... The Malaysian Peoples Party (PRM, Parti Rakyat Malaysia in Malay) is a former Malaysian political party. ... The Malaysian Workers Party (Parti Pekerja-Pekerja Malaysia) is a leftist political party in Malaysia. ... Malaysian Dayak Congress (MDC) is a political party in Malaysia representing the Dayak indigenous population. ... The Pan Malaysian Islamic Front (Barisan Jemaah Islamiah Se-Malaysia, often known by its acronym Berjasa) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Parti Bangsa Dayak Sarawak (Sarawak Native Peoples Party) is a political party in the state of Sarawak in Malaysia. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This is an overview of political parties by country, in the form of a table with a link to a list of political parties in each country and showing which party system is dominant in each country . ... The politics of Malaysia takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Malaysia is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Malaysian Chinese Association - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (334 words)
The Malaysian Chinese Association (Persatuan Cina Malaysia, MCA) (Simplified Chinese: 马华公会; pinyin: Mǎ Huá Gōng Huì; Cantonese: Ma Wah Koong Wui) is a political party in Malaysia, made up of Chinese Malaysian and one of the three major parties that make up the ruling Barisan Nasional, or National Front.
Along with the larger UMNO and the smaller Malaysian Indian Congress, the MCA has a heavy influence on the politics of the country.
The Malaysian Chinese Association was formed on 27 February 1949 as the Malayan Chinese Association, with Sir Tun Tan Cheng Lock as the inaugural President.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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