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Encyclopedia > Malay Archipelago
World map depicting Malay Archipelago
World map depicting Malay Archipelago

The Malay Archipelago is a vast archipelago located between mainland Southeastern Asia (Indochina) and Australia. Straddling the Indian and Pacific Oceans, this group of some 20 000 islands, the world's largest archipelago in area, constitutes the territory of Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore, Brunei, the Malaysian states of Sarawak and Sabah along with the Federal Territory of Labuan, East Timor, and most of Papua New Guinea. There are, however, arguments for excluding the last-named country for cultural and geographical reasons: Papua New Guinea is culturally quite different from the other countries in the region, and the island of New Guinea itself is geologically not part of the continent of Asia, as the islands of the Sunda Shelf are (see Australia (continent)). Image File history File links Location_Malay_Archipelago. ... Image File history File links Location_Malay_Archipelago. ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Indochina, or the Indochinese Peninsula, is a region in Southeast Asia. ... State motto: United, Industrious, Dedicated (Malay: Bersatu, Berusaha, Berbakti ) Capital Kuching Governor T.Y.T Tun Datuk Patinggi Abang Muhammad Salahuddin Chief Minister Y.A.B. Datuk Patinggi Tan Sri Haji Abdul Taib Bin Mahmud / Pehin Sri Dr. Hj. ... State motto: Sabah Maju Jaya Capital Kota Kinabalu Governor Tun Haji Ahmadshah Abdullah Chief Minister Hj. ... State motto: Capital Victoria Governor  ? Chief Minister  ? Area 92 km2 Population 78,000 (est. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Geologically, the Sunda Shelf is an extension of the continental shelf of Southeast Asia, covered during interglacials by the South China Sea, which isolates as islands Borneo, Sumatra Java and smaller islands. ... A world map showing the continent of Australia This article deals with the continent. ...


The archipelago is sometimes also known as the East Indies, but some authorities apply a much broader meaning to this term by including Indochina, the Indian subcontinent, and even areas as far west as Iranian Baluchistan. The Indies, on the display globe of the Field Museum, Chicago The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term used to describe lands of South and South-East Asia, occupying all of the former British India, the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and... Indochina, or the Indochinese Peninsula, is a region in Southeast Asia. ... Satellite image of the Indian subcontinent Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... The Iranian part of Balochistan (or Baluchistan). ...


The Malay Archipelago encompasses many groups which may be considered archipelagoes in their own right. The major ones are:

The archipelago's area is more than 2 million km², and its total population is more than 300 000 000. The biggest islands in the archipelago are New Guinea (if included), Borneo, and Sumatra. The most heavily populated island is Java. The Greater Sunda Islands are a group of islands in the west part of the Malay Archipelago. ... Map of Lesser Sunda Islands The Nusa Tenggara, or Lesser Sunda Islands, are a group of islands in the middle-south part of the Malay Archipelago. ... The Maluku Islands (also known as the Moluccas, Moluccan Islands or simply Maluku) are an archipelago in Indonesia, and part of the larger Malay Archipelago. ... Borneo (left) and Sulawesi. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ...


Geologically the archipelago is very interesting, being one of the most active volcanic regions in the world. Geological uplifts in the region have also produced some impressive mountains, culminating in Mount Kinabalu in Sabah with a height of 4,101 m (or Puncak Jaya in Papua at 4,884 m, if New Guinea is included). Volcano 1. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A tectonic uplift is a geological process most often caused by plate tectonics which increases elevation. ... Mount Kinabalu (Malay: Gunung Kinabalu) is a prominent mountain in South East Asia. ... State motto: Sabah Maju Jaya Capital Kota Kinabalu Governor Tun Haji Ahmadshah Abdullah Chief Minister Hj. ... Puncak Jaya, sometimes called Carstensz Pyramid, is the highest mountain in Oceania, the highest point between the Himalayas and the Andes. ... Papua is a province of Indonesia comprising a majority part of the western half of the island of New Guinea and nearby islands (see also Western New Guinea). ...


The climate throughout the archipelago, owing to its position astride the equator, is tropical. It is notably rainier in the west than in the east, however. The Equator is an imaginary circle drawn around a planet (or other astronomical object) at a distance halfway between the poles. ...


The region known as Maritime Southeast Asia is more or less coextensive with the Malay Archipelago. The Wahey Archipelago is a subset of the Malay Archipelago. Maritime Southeast Asia is the name given to the island nations in Southeast Asia. ... Wahey Archipelago is a city in Brazil with a population of 9000. ...


Sources

The Encyclopædia Britannica (properly spelled with the æ ligature) is a general encyclopedia published by the privately held Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. ... Alfred Russel Wallace for the Cornish painter see Alfred Wallis Alfred Russel Wallace, OM , FRS (January 8, 1823 – November 7, 1913) was a British naturalist, geographer, anthropologist and biologist. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Malay archipelago - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (363 words)
Together with Australia, the Malay Archipelago marks the traditional boundary between the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Indian Ocean to the west.
The climate throughout the archipelago, owing to its position astride the equator, is tropical.
The Wahey Archipelago is a subset of the Malay archipelago.
Malay Archipelago - LoveToKnow 1911 (6759 words)
MALAY ARCHIPELAGO' (variously called Malaysia, the Indian Archipelago, the East Indies, Indonesia, Insulinde), the largest group of islands in the world, lying south-east of Asia and north and north-west of Australia.
To the naturalist the Malay Archipelago is a region of the highest interest; and from an early period it has attracted the attention of explorers of the first rank.
The Malay Archipelago was thus first invaded by the Caucasians, who eventually passed eastward and are to-day represented in the Malay Archipelago only by the Mentawi islanders.
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