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Encyclopedia > Malabo
Location of Malabo in Equatorial Guinea
Location of Malabo in Equatorial Guinea

Malabo is the capital city of Equatorial Guinea, located on the northern coast of Bioko Island (formerly Fernando Póo). Its population has grown rapidly over the past ten years to about 100,000. Malabo is located at 3°45' North, 8°45' East (3.75, 8.75). The city was first founded by the British in 1827, who leased the island from Spain during the colonial period. Named Port Clarence, it was used as a naval station in the effort to suppress the slave trade. Many newly freed slaves were also settled there, prior to the establishment of Sierra Leone as a colony for freed slaves. While many of them later relocated to Sierra Leone, some of their descendants, called Fernandinos, can still be found in Malabo and the surrounding area, where they constitute a distinct ethnic group, speaking their own Afro-Portuguese pidgin dialect. Image File history File links Information_icon. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 381 pixel Image in higher resolution (1684 × 803 pixel, file size: 619 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of the waterfront at Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, February 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 536 pixel Image in higher resolution (1792 × 1200 pixel, file size: 422 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)I have taken this from the air when flying over the city of Malabo I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 135 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This was taken as I was flying back to camp I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... Bioko (spelled also Bioco) is an island off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea, formerly called Fernando Pó or Fernando Póo. ... Naval Battle of Navarino by Carneray 1827 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Fernandinos are a relatively new ethnic group of Equatorial Guinea. ...


When the island reverted to complete Spanish control, Malabo was renamed Santa Isabel. It was chosen to replace the mainland town of Bata as the capital of the country in 1969, and was renamed Malabo in 1973 as part of President Francisco Macías Nguema's campaign to replace European place names with "authentic" African ones. Location of Bata in Equatorial Guinea Bata is the second largest city of Equatorial Guinea with a population of around 70,000 people. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Francisco Macías Nguema This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


During his "reign of terror," Macías Nguema led a near-genocide of the country's Bubi minority, which formed the majority on Bioko Island, and brought many of his own tribespeople, the Fang to Malabo. In the final years of his rule, when Equatorial Guinea was sometimes known as the "Auschwitz of Africa," much of the city's population fled as, indeed, about one-third of the country's population. Malabo has yet to recover from the scars of that period. The Bubi are an African ethnic group which is primarily located in Equatorial Guinea. ... The Beti-Pahuin are a group of related peoples who inhabit the rain forest regions of Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and São Tomé and Príncipe. ... Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ...


Layout

Despite its status as the capital of Equatorial Guinea for several decades, Malabo's street network remains poorly developed. Malabo itself has few paved roads leading into it, and less than one hundred paved and developed streets. Many of the street names reflect an African nationalist or anti-colonial theme, with names such as "Independence Avenue" or "Patrice Lumumba road" being main roads. The few large roads not named for an african nationalist ideal or person are named for cities in Equatorial Guinea or other places or countries in Africa, as well the road leading to the presidential palace. The palace and grounds consume a substantial part of the eastern side of Malabo, and it is off-limits. The heart of the city is the colonial cathedral at independence place. African nationalism is the nationalist political movement for one united Africa, or the lesser goal of the recognition of African tribes by establishing their own state and preservation of their native cultures. ... Patrice Lumumba as the Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1960 Patrice Émery Lumumba (2 July 1925 – 17 January 1961) was an African anti-colonial leader and the first legally elected Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo after he helped to win its independence... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ...


The south of Malabo is bordered by the rio consul, across this lies the hospital to the south east. To the west is the recently renovated airport. The coastal northern region of the city is pierced by headlands and bays. The largest headland is the crescent-shaped Tip of African Unity behind the presidential palace. Encompassing the entire eastern side of the Malabo bay, it is almost as long as Malabo is tall. Malabo is part of a wider bay that represents most of the northern coast of Bioko; it stretches from Europe Point in the west (home to the airport), to barren lands in the east..


Changes since the discovery of oil

Malabo has been significantly affected by Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo's growing cooperation with the oil industry. The country's production has reached 360,000 barrels/day as of 2004, an increase which had led to a doubling of the city's population [1].], but for the vast majority here, very little of that wealth has trickled down, instead most has been stashed in overseas accounts accessible only by the president who treats the national treasury as his own personal account..(which de facto it is) Insert non-formatted text hereMalabo and Equatorial Guinea continue to be plagued with corruption and nepotism. The current president (who claims to speak to god) has grossly mismanaged the current wealth flowing into the country and continues to squander the opputunities that petroleum resources could bring. Hospitals sit without medications or doctors, schools languish in disrepair with no money for books or resources, electrical supply is sporaidic at best, the vast majority of citizens still have no access to clean water or sanitation and HIV and host of other STD's have become rampant with the burgeoning prostitution trade while infant mortality rates are among the highest in Africa. All this while the president continues to indulge himself and family members with luxury goods of all sorts...including 5 luxury business jets alone worth over $120m. By living much of their time in luxurious overseas estates, the Nguema family manages to evade much of the squallor that pervades all of Equatorial Guinea. As Obiang's wealth increases, his health continues to fail and much tension exist over who will succeed him. The two likely candidates are his sons Teodorino or Gabriel. Being of the first wife, Teodorino has a leg up over his far more capable brother, Gabriel, but fear over what this cocaine snorting, wanna-be rap star, playboy would do with Equatorial Guinea's wealth has many people on edge. Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (born June 5, 1942) has been the President of Equatorial Guinea since 1979. ... The Oil industry brings to market what is currently considered the lifeblood of nearly all other industry, if not industrialized civilization itself. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Air Travel


Malabo is well served by several international carriers including Iberia, Swiss, Spanair, Air France, KLM, Jetair (charter to Gatwick) as well as a few regional airlines offering service to surrounding counties as well as to the mainland (Bata) Travel on these internal carriers should be duly considered as there is no capability of enforcing airworthiness standards in Equatorial Guinea and air traffic control is marginal at best.


Notable buildings in Malabo include Malabo Cathedral and the Malabo Court Building. The city is served by Malabo International Airport, while ferries sail from its port to Douala and Bata. Malabo Airport or Saint Isabel Airport ( 3°47N 8°43E) is an airport located at Punte Europa, Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, ca. ... Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Location of Bata in Equatorial Guinea Bata is the second largest city of Equatorial Guinea with a population of around 70,000 people. ...


Coordinates: 3°45′N 8°47′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Malabo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (407 words)
Malabo is the capital city of Equatorial Guinea, located on the northern coast of Bioko Island (formerly Fernando Poo).
It was chosen to replace the mainland town of Bata as the capital of the country in 1969, and was renamed Malabo in 1973 as part of President Francisco Macías Nguema's campaign to replace European place names with "authentic" African ones.
In the final years of his rule, when Equatorial Guinea was sometimes known as the "Auschwitz of Africa," much of the city's population fled as, indeed, about one-third of the country's population.
Malabo (264 words)
Malabo is the capital city of Equatorial Guinea.
It was chosen to replace the mainland town of Bata as the capital of the country in 1969, and was renamed Malabo in 1973 as part of President Macie Nguema Biyogo[?]'s campaign replace European place names with African ones.
In the final years of his rule, when Equatorial Guinea was sometimes known as the "Auschwitz of Africa," much of the city's population fled as, indeed, did much of the country's.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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