FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Makruk" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Makruk

Makruk (thai หมากรุก) (or Thai chess) is a board game descended from the 6th century Indian game of chaturanga or a close relative thereof, and therefore related to chess. It is regarded as the most similar living game to this common ancestor of all chess variants.[1] Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... Image File history File links This image is used in the standard chess diagram template. ... A board game is a game played with counters or pieces that are placed on, removed from, or moved across a board (a premarked surface, usually specific to that game). ... The 6th century is the period from 501 - 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Chaturanga. ... Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ...


The name makruk is expressed with a low-shaking tone while saying mak and a high-level tone when saying ruk. Makruk is popular in Thailand and Cambodia. In these countries the game is more popular than chess. There are around two millions Thais who can play Makruk, of which about 5000 also play chess.[2]


According to Vladimir Kramnik, ...Makruk Thai is more strategic than international chess. You have to plan your operations with total care since Makruk Thai can be compared to an anticipated endgame of international chess.[3] Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Russian: ) (born June 25, 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster and the current World Chess Champion. ...

Contents

Rules

Pieces

  • The Pawn (called biia, a cowrie shell formerly used for money - thai เบี้ย) moves and capture like a pawn in chess, but cannot move two steps on the first move (and cannot capture en passant). A pawn that reaches the 6th rank is always promoted to a queen (met).
  • The Rook (called reuua, boat - thai เรือ) moves like a rook in Western chess: any number of steps horizontally or vertically.
  • The Knight (called maa, horse - thai ม้า) moves like a knight in Western chess: 2 steps in one direction and then 1 step perpendicular to that movement. It jumps over any pieces in the way.
  • The Bishop (called khohn - thai โคน) moves one step in any diagonal direction or one step forward (like the silver general in Shogi).
  • The Queen (called met or minister เม็ด) moves one step in any diagonal direction (as the Fers in Shatranj).
  • The King (called khoon, the lowest rank of the ancient Thai civil nobility - thai ขุน) moves like a king in Western chess - 1 step in any direction. The game ends when the king is checkmated.

In starting position, pawns are placed on 3rd and 6th rank. Queens are placed at the right side of Kings. Pawns promote to Queens when they reach 6th rank. There is no castling, as in a Western chess. ġĠ ġ Εý ŚÝ ¼Ћ This article is about the chess move en passant. For other uses, see En passant (disambiguation). ... Shogi ), or Japanese chess, is the most popular of a family of chess variants native to Japan. ... Shogi ), or Japanese chess, is the most popular of a family of chess variants native to Japan. ... Shatranj is an old form of chess, which has been popular in Persia and the Middle East for almost 1000 years[1]. The modern chess has gradually developed from this game. ...


Counting rules

When neither side has any pawns the game must be completed within a certain number of moves or it is declared a draw. When a piece is captured the count starts again only if it is the last piece of one side in the game. from scratch.

  • When neither side has any pawns left mate must be achieved in 64 moves. The one who is in disadvantage will be the one who will do the counting. He or she may stopping counting whenever he or she thinks he or she is not in disadvantage. If the disadvantage side checks mate the advantage side and did not stop counting at that move, the game will be declared a draw.

When the last piece that is not King of the disadvantage side is captured, the count restart from regular counting and the stronger side is now given a count value based on the pieces it has left:

  • At least two rooks: 8 moves
  • At least one rook: 16 moves
  • At least two bishops: 22 moves
  • At least two knights: 32 moves
  • At least one bishop: 44 moves
  • At least one knight: 64 moves
  • Only queens left: 64 moves

From these starting values, subtract 1 for each piece on the board. The resulting number is how many moves the stronger side has to win, otherwise the game becomes a draw.


For example, if white has two rooks and a knight against a lone black king, he has 3 moves to checkmate his opponent (the given value of 8 minus the total number of pieces, 5). If black captures a white rook, the count does not restart. Many players don't understand the rules and would restart.


Thai Chess Software

Peace Thai Chess


References

  1. ^ Murray, H.J.R. (1913). A History of Chess. Benjamin Press (originally published by Oxford University Press). ISBN 0-936-317-01-9. 
  2. ^ Pritchard, D. (2000). Popular Chess Variants. Bastford Chess Books. ISBN 0-7134-8578-7. 
  3. ^ Kramnik plays Makruk Thai by Dr. René Gralla.

Harold James Ruthven Murray (June 24, 1868 - May 16, 1955) born in Peckham Rye, London, son of James Murray (editor of the Oxford English Dictionary), the eldest of eleven children, was most prominent as a chess historian. ... A History of Chess is a history book by Harold James Ruthven Murray published in 1913. ... David Brine Pritchard (1919 - 2005) was a chess writer and indoor game consultant. ...

External links

  • How to play Thai Chess
  • Makruk | Chess Variant Pages
  • Makruk: Chess in Cambodia
  • Ouk Chatrang, the Cambodian Chess and Makruk, the Thai Chess

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chess in Cambodia (1217 words)
It was not the international chess they played but Makruk, the Thai variant, which however is close enough for a western chessplayer to learn it quickly.
It was strange and touching to see that in those streets where chess was played so passionately, on the one hand no one had heard of Kasparov or the Sicilian, while on the other hand their chess-machismo was exactly that of the analysis rooms and chess cafes here.
The people I stayed with tried to arrange a meeting or even a game with this living legend of Cambodian Makruk, and it is a pity it didn't happen, because it would have been interesting to know if his boast worked the other way, too.
Chess Variants, Chaturanga, Shatranj, Tamerlane Chess, Xianggi/Chinese Chess, Shogi/Japanese Chess, Janggi, Makruk, ... (262 words)
By and large it is believed that chess has its origin in India and then spread all over the world.
Makruk - This chess variant is played in Thailand.
Each player puts his pawns on the specified position., after that players place one major piece anywhere on his side of the board until all of the pieces are on the board.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m