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Encyclopedia > Makino Nobuaki


Count Nobuaki Makino (牧野伸顕 Makino Nobuaki ?) (24 November 1861 – 25 January 1949) was a Japanese statesman, active from the Meiji period through the Pacific War. The Meiji period ) denotes the 45-year reign of Emperor Meiji, running from 8 September 1868 (in the Gregorian calendar, 23 October 1868) to 30 July 1912. ... Combatants Republic of China U.S.A. (from 1941) U.K. (from 1941) Australia (1941) Netherlands (1941) New Zealand (1941) Canada (1941) U.S.S.R. (from 1945) Empire of Japan Commanders Chiang Kai-shek, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, Josef Stalin (from 1945) Hideki Tojo The Pacific War was...


Born to a samurai family in Satsuma domain present day Kagoshima Prefecture, Makino was the second son of Okubo Toshimichi, but adopted into the Makino family at a very early age. Japanese samurai in armour, 1860s. ... This article is about the province. ... Kagoshima Prefecture ) is located on Kyushu island, Japan. ... Ōkubo Toshimichi (大久保 利通 Ōkubo Toshimichi, 10 August 1830 - 14 May 1878), Japanese statesman, a samurai of Satsuma, is one of the five great nobles who led the revolution in 1868 against the shogunate. ...


In 1871, at the age of 11, he accompanied Okubo Toshimichi on the Iwakura Mission to the United States as a student, and briefly attended school in Philadelphia. After he returned to Japan, he attended Tokyo Imperial University, but left without graduating to enter the Foreign Ministry. Assigned to the London Embassy, he made the acquaintance of Ito Hirobumi. The Iwakura Mission or Iwakura Embassy was a diplomatic journey around the world, initiated by the oligarchs of the Meiji era. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... The Yasuda Auditorium on the University of Tokyos Hongo Campus. ... The Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan is the politician responsible for Japanese foreign policy. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... Born in Hagi, Yamaguchi, Prince Itō Hirobumi (伊藤 博文 Itō Hirobumi 16 October 1841–26 October 1909, also called Hirofumi/Hakubun and Shunsuke in his youth) was a Japanese politician and the countrys first Prime Minister (and the 5th, 7th and 10th). ...


After serving as governors of Fukui Prefecture, Ibaraki Prefecture, Ambassador to Austria and Ambassador to Italy, he served as Minister of Education under the 1st Saionji Cabinet, and as Minister of Agriculture and Commerce under the 2nd Saionji Cabinet. He was also appointed to serve on the Privy Council. Under the 1st Yamagata Cabinet, he was appointed Foreign Minister. Makino aligned his policies closely with Ito Hirobumi and later, with Saionji Kinmochi, and was considered one of the early leaders of the Liberalism movement in Japan. He was appointed to be Japan's ambassador pleponitary to the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, ending World War I. Fukui Prefecture ) is located in the ChÅ«bu region on HonshÅ« island, Japan. ... Ibaraki Prefecture (茨城県; Ibaraki-ken) is located in the Kanto region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Office building Office building The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology ), also known as MEXT, is one of the ministries of the Japanese government. ... Prince Saionji Kinmochi ), (23 October 1849 –24 November 1940) was a Japanese politician, statesman and twice Prime Minister of Japan. ... The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (農林水産省; Nōrin-suisan-shō) is one of ministries of the Japanese government. ... The Privy Council of Japan (Sumitsu-in) was an advisory council to the Emperor of Japan that operated from 1888 to 1947. ... Yamagata Aritomo (山県 有朋; April 22, 1838–February 1, 1922) was a Japanese military leader and politician, and the fourth (December 24, 1889–May 6, 1891) and 11th (1898–1900) Prime Minister of Japan. ... Prince Saionji Kinmochi ), (23 October 1849 –24 November 1940) was a Japanese politician, statesman and twice Prime Minister of Japan. ... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... The Paris Peace Conference, 1919, negotiated the treaties ending World War I. The Paris Peace Conference, 1946, negotiated the Paris Peace Treaties, 1947, with Germanys [[World War II allies and co-belligerents in Europe. ... Combatants Allied Powers: France Italy Russia Serbia United Kingdom United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg Reinhard...


In 1921, he became Imperial Household Minister and elevated in rank to danshaku (baron). Behind the scenes, he stroke to improve Anglo-Japanese and Japanese-American relations, and he shared Saionji Kinmochi’s efforts to shield the Emperor from direct involvement in political affairs. In 1925, he was appointed Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan. He relinquished the post in 1935, and was elevated in title to hakushaku (count). Although he relinquished his positions, his relations with Emperor Showa remained good, and he still had much power and influence behind the scenes. This made him a target for the militarists, and he narrowly escaped assassination at his villa in Yugawara during the February 26 Incident in 1936. He continued to be an advisor and exert a moderating influence on Emperor Showa until the start of World War II. The Imperial Household Agency is a government agency of Japan in charge of the state matters concerning Japans royal family. ... Baron is a specific title of nobility or a more generic feudal qualification. ... The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan ) was an administrative post not of cabinet rank in the government of the Empire of Japan. ... Look up Count in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Countess redirects here. ... Hirohito (裕仁), the Shōwa Emperor (昭和天皇), (April 29, 1901 - January 7, 1989) reigned over Japan from 1926 to 1989. ... Yugawara (湯河原町; -machi) is a town located in Ashigarashimo District, Kanagawa, Japan. ... The February 26 Incident (二・二六事件 Ni-niroku jiken) was an uprising against the Japanese government that took place in 1936. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...


After the war, his reputation as an “old liberalist” gave him high credibility, and the politician Ichirō Hatoyama attempted to recruit him to the Liberal Party as its chairman. However, Makino declined for reasons of health and age. He died in 1949, and his grave it at the Aoyama Cemetery in Tokyo. Ichirō Hatoyama (鳩山 一郎 Hatoyama Ichirō, January 1, 1883–March 7, 1959) was a Japanese politician and the 52nd, 53rd and 54th Prime Minister of Japan, serving terms from December 10, 1954 to March 19, 1955, from then to November 22, 1955, and from then to December 23, 1956. ... Liberal Party (自由党 Jiyuto) is the name of five different political parties in different time periods in Japan. ... Tokyo , literally Eastern capital)   is the capital and one of the forty-seven prefectures of Japan. ...


Trivia

  • Makino was first president of the Nihon Ki-in Go Society, and a fervent player of the game of go.

 
 

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