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Encyclopedia > Makin Raid
Makin Raid
Part of the Pacific Theater of World War II

U.S. Marines arrive at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on August 26, 1942 on board the U.S. submarine Nautilus following their raid on Makin Island on August 17-18, 1942.
Date August 17August 18, 1942
Location Butaritari (Makin Island) in the Pacific Ocean
Result Inconclusive
Combatants
United States Empire of Japan
Commanders
Chester Nimitz,
Evans Carlson
Kose Abe,
Kanemitsu
Strength
211 83-90
Casualties
21 killed,
9 captured
83[1]
Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign
Makin RaidTarawaMakinKwajaleinTrukEniwetok

The Makin Raid occurred on August 17-18, 1942 and was an armed raid by United States (U.S.) Marines on Japanese military forces on Makin Island (now known as Butaritari Island) in the Pacific Ocean. The purpose of the raid was to to destroy Japanese installations, take prisoners, gain intelligence on the Gilbert Islands area, and divert Japanese attention and reinforcements from the Allied landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi. In the raid, the U.S. Marines landed from two submarines, wiped-out the Japanese defenders on the island, and were evacuated from the island by the same two submarines. Nine U.S. Marines were left behind during the evacuation and subsequently captured and executed by Japanese forces. Combatants Republic of China U.S.A. (from 1941) U.K. (from 1941) Australia (1941) Netherlands (1941) New Zealand (1941) Canada (1941) U.S.S.R. (from 1945) Empire of Japan Commanders Chiang Kai-shek, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, Josef Stalin (from 1945) Hideki Tojo The Pacific War was... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (239th in leap years). ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Butaritari Atoll and part of Makin (upper right) Butaritari is an atoll located in the Pacific Ocean island nation of Kiribati. ... now. ... Chester William Nimitz (February 24, 1885 – February 20, 1966) was the Commander in Chief of Pacific Forces for the United States and Allied forces during World War II. He was the United States leading authority on submarines, as well as Chief of the Navys Bureau of Navigation in 1939. ... Brigadier General Evans Fordyce Carlson (26 February 1896 - 27 May 1947) was the famed U.S. Marine Corps leader of the World War II Carlsons Raiders. ... In the Pacific Theater of World War II, the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaigns, from November 1943 through February 1944, were the first offensive operations of the United States Navy and Marine Corps in the Central Pacific. ... Combatants United States Japan Commanders Julian Smith Shibasaki Keiji † Strength 35,000 3,000 troops, 1,000 Japanese workers and 1,200 Korean laborers Casualties 1,001 killed, 2,296 wounded 4,713 Japanese & Korean killed 17 POWs and 129 Koreans freed The Battle of Tarawa was a battle in... Combatants United States Japan Commanders Richmond K. Turner Ralph C. Smith Seizo Ishikawa Strength 6, 470 400 troops, 400 labourers Casualties 66 killed, 185 wounded 700 killed, 3 Japanese captured, 101 Korean labourers captured The Battle of Makin was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Attack on Truk Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date 17 February 1944 – 18 February 1944 Place Truk, Caroline Islands Result Decisive American victory In World War II, Operation Hailstone was a massive naval air attack launched on 17 February and 18 February 1944 against the Japanese naval and... Battle of Eniwetok Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date 17 February 1944 – 23 February 1944 Place Eniwetok Atoll, United States Japan Commanders Harry W. Hill Yoshimi Nishida Strength 2 regiments 2,000+ Casualties 339 killed or missing, 757 wounded 2,000+ dead, 16 captured The Battle of Eniwetok... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces to global crises. ... Butaritari Atoll and part of Makin (upper right) Butaritari is an atoll located in the Pacific Ocean island nation of Kiribati. ... The Gilbert Islands are a chain of 16 atolls and coral islands in the Pacific Ocean, part of the nation Kiribati. ... The Allies of World War II were the countries officially opposed to the Axis Powers during the Second World War. ... Combatants United States Australia New Zealand United Kingdom Tonga[1] Solomon Islands[2] Empire of Japan Commanders Robert Ghormley William Halsey, Jr. ... Combatants United States Australia Empire of Japan Commanders Alexander Vandegrift, William H. Rupertus Isoroku Yamamoto, Shigeyoshi Inoue Strength 3,000[1] 886[2] Casualties 122 killed[3] 863 killed, 23 captured[4] The Battle of Tulagi and Gavutu-Tanambogo was a land battle of the Pacific campaign of World War...


Although the U.S. Marine raiders succeeded in killing the entire Japanese garrison on the island, the raid failed to meet its other objectives. No Japanese prisoners were taken and no meaningful intelligence was collected. Also, significant Japanese forces weren't diverted from the Solomon Islands area. Furthermore, due to the vulnerabilities to their island garrisons highlighted by the raid, Japanese forces strengthened their fortifications and defensive preparations on the islands in the central Pacific and this may have caused heavier losses for U.S. forces during the battles of the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaigns. In the Pacific Theater of World War II, the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaigns, from November 1943 through February 1944, were the first offensive operations of the United States Navy and Marine Corps in the Central Pacific. ...

Contents

References

Printed sources

  • Morison, Samuel Eliot (1949 (reissue 2001)). Coral Sea, Midway and Submarine Actions, May 1942-August 1942, vol. 4 of History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Champaign, Illinois, USA: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0252069951.
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot (1961). Aleutians, Gilberts and Marshalls, June 1942-April 1944, vol. 7 of History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. ASIN B0007FBB8I.
  • Smith, George W. (2003). Carlson's Raid: The Daring Marine Assault on Makin. Berkley Trade. ISBN 0425190196.- Neutral review of this book: [1]
  • Wiles, W. Emerson "Tripp" (2007). Forgotten Raiders of '42: The Fate of the Marines Left Behind on Makin. Potomac Books. ISBN 1597970557.
  • Young, Howard. "Carlson's Raiders on Makin, 17-18 August 1942", Marine Corps Gazette 87(8): August 31, 2003.

RAdm Samuel Eliot Morison (1887-1976), USN historian Samuel Eliot Morison, RAdm, USNR (July 9, 1887 – May 15, 1976) was an American historian, notable for producing scholarly works that were both authoritative and highly readable, an ability recognized with two Pulitzer Prizes. ... The History of United States Naval Operations in World War II is a 15-volume account of the United States Navy in World War II, written by eminent historian Samuel Eliot Morison and published by Little, Brown and Company between 1947 and 1962. ... RAdm Samuel Eliot Morison (1887-1976), USN historian Samuel Eliot Morison, RAdm, USNR (July 9, 1887 – May 15, 1976) was an American historian, notable for producing scholarly works that were both authoritative and highly readable, an ability recognized with two Pulitzer Prizes. ... The History of United States Naval Operations in World War II is a 15-volume account of the United States Navy in World War II, written by eminent historian Samuel Eliot Morison and published by Little, Brown and Company between 1947 and 1962. ... Little, Brown and Company is a publishing house established by Charles Coffin Little and his partner, James Brown. ...

Web

  • Hoffman, Jon T. (1995). Makin (brochure). FROM MAKIN TO BOUGAINVILLE: Marine Raiders in the Pacific War. Marine Corps Historical Center. Retrieved on 2006-11-21.
  • Whitman, Edward C.. SUBMARINE COMMANDOS: "Carlson's Raiders" at Makin Atoll. Undersea Warfare. United States Navy, Chief of Naval Operations, Submarine Warfare Division. Retrieved on 2006-11-21.

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... USN redirects here. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Carlson estimated that "160" Japanese were killed based on his own observations and reports from the Makin Island natives he spoke with. More Japanese personnel may have been killed in the destruction of the two boats and two aircraft. Carlson's forces, however, only counted 83 Japanese bodies.
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