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Encyclopedia > Majority Leader

The majority leader is a term used in congressional systems for the chamber leader of the party in control of a legislature. The leader of the largest opposition party is known as the minority leader. In parliamentary systems, by contrast, the most important party in a legislative body is often the governing party, whether or not they command the majority of that house. A presidential system, or a congressional system, is a system of government of a republic where the executive branch is elected separately from the legislative. ... In U.S. politics, the minority leader is the floor leader of the second-largest caucus in a legislative body. ... A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ...


Majority Leader in the Senate

The role of Majority leader in the U.S. Senate was not required and not thought of during the early part of the country, however, as time evolved and more and more responsibilities were required to carry out by a specific person, the system of a leader of the majority of Senators began, which will prove to be useful, strategic and necessary.


The Majority Leader is chosen by the Senators from his party. So, for example, if there are more than 50 Senators from one party, it is their responsibility to choose their leader in an election. The Second-in-Command is the Majority Whip.


The main object of the Majority Leader in the U.S. Senate is to represent the ideals and viewpoints of his party in the Senate and fight for legislation which might be somewhat controversial and important. As time passed, this position became extremely important since the leader of this party needed to keep a high-profile, which sometimes paved the path to a higher position, notably the presidency. But, some critics point, that this same position can also bring the person down, like Sen. Trott of Mississippi. State nickname: Magnolia State Other U.S. States Capital Jackson Largest city Jackson Governor Haley Barbour (R) Official languages English Area 125,546 km² (32nd)  - Land 121,606 km²  - Water 3,940 km² (3%) Population (2000)  - Population 2,697,243 (31st)  - Density 23. ...


The Majority Leader is responsible to set the timetable of the Senate, such as the timings, introducing legislation and doing other items, in a nutshell, he is the sole person who brings about the total business in the Senate, is considered not only the most important person in the body, but the "President of the Senate", even though this position is of the Vice-President of the United States, the title is much more suitable to the leader, since he is in charge of everything that the Senate does. The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who is, in the words of Adlai Stevenson, a heartbeat from the presidency. ...


If the President of the United States and the Majority Leader come from the same party, it can be very crucial for the president, since "his man", the Majority Leader can follow the orders of the president to bring about the legislation on the Senate floor and pass them through. During tough times, when a bill is very controversial and the Senate divides over it, like Medicare Reform, the Patriot Act or Judicial Nominees, the Senate Majority Leader can present the legislation and the interests of the President and convince others from his party and the opposing party to follow his steps and pass the bill. Therefore, during these times, a special relationship or bond is produced between the leader of the nation and the leader of the Senate. The President of the United States (often abbreviated POTUS) is the head of state of the United States. ...


The current Majority Leader in the U.S. Senate is Bill Frist (R-TN).


Other systems

In Westminster systems the leader of the lower house is the Prime Minister, who is also head of government. The minority leader has the title of Leader of the Opposition. The Westminster System is a democratic system of government modelled after that of the United Kingdom system, as used in the Palace of Westminster, the location of the UK parliament. ... A prime minister may be either: the chief or leading member of the cabinet of the top-level government in a country having a parliamentary system of government; or the official, in countries with a semi-presidential system of government, appointed to manage the civil service and execute the directives... In U.S. politics, the minority leader is the floor leader of the second-largest caucus in a legislative body. ... The Leader of the Opposition is a title traditionally held by the leader of the largest opposition party in a Westminster System of parliamentary government. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Pelosi Endorses Murtha as Next Majority Leader - washingtonpost.com (924 words)
John P. Murtha (D-Pa.) yesterday as the next House majority leader, thereby stepping into a contentious intraparty fight between Murtha and her current deputy, Maryland's Steny H. Hoyer.
House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., arrives on Capitol Hill Nov. 8, 2006, as she heads towards her first news conference since Election Day and the Democrats' rise to power in both houses of Congress.
Political handicappers had regarded Hoyer to be the strong favorite when House Democrats meet Thursday to choose a majority leader for the 110th Congress.
Minority Leader - dKosopedia (285 words)
The minority leader is the floor leader of the second-largest caucus in a legislative body.
The minority leader is often assisted in his role by whips, whose job is to enforce party discipline on votes deemed to be crucial by the party leadership and to ensure that members do not vote in a way not approved of by the party.
The minority leader may also work closely with leaders in the majority party to ensure that provisions important to the interests of his party are included in legislation, which often occurs if it can be done without seeming to be seen as particularly harmful to the interests of the majority party.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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