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Encyclopedia > Majorian
Majorian on an bronze coin.
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Majorian on an bronze coin.

Iulius Valerius Maiorianus (November 420 - 7 August 461), commonly known as Majorian, was Western Roman Emperor (457 - 461). Image File history File links Majorian. ... Image File history File links Majorian. ... Julius (fem. ... Look up November in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... // Events End of the Jin Dynasty in China. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... Events August 2 - Majorian resigns as Western Roman Emperor; shortly afterwards Libius Severus is declared western Roman emperor by Ricimer November 19 - Hilarius succeeds Leo as Pope Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a Christian missionary. ... The Western Roman Empire is the name given to the western half of the Roman Empire after its division by Diocletian. ... Events February 7 - Leo I becomes East Roman emperor. ... Events August 2 - Majorian resigns as Western Roman Emperor; shortly afterwards Libius Severus is declared western Roman emperor by Ricimer November 19 - Hilarius succeeds Leo as Pope Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a Christian missionary. ...


He had distinguished himself as a general by victories over the Franks and Alemanni, and six months after the deposition of Avitus he was declared emperor by the regent Ricimer, which created problems with Emperor Leo in Constantinople who declared Majorian a usurper. Problems arising from this would last for the better part of Majorian's short reign. For other uses, see Franks (disambiguation). ... The Alamanni, Allemanni, or Alemanni were an alliance of warbands formed from Germanic tribes, first mentioned by Dio Cassius when they fought Caracalla in 213. ... Avitus on a tremissis. ... Ricimer monogram on the reverse of this coin by Libius Severus. ... Leo I coin. ... Map of Constantinople. ...


After repelling an attack by the Vandals upon Campania in 458 he prepared a large force, composed chiefly of Germans, to invade Africa, which he previously visited in disguise. The Vandals were an East Germanic tribe that entered the late Roman Empire during the 5th century and created a state in North Africa, centered on the city of Carthage. ... Campania is a region of Southern Italy, bordering on Lazio to the north-west, Molise to the north, Puglia to the north-east, Basilicata to the east, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. ... Events Childeric I succeeds Merovech as king of the Franks (or 457). ... A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. ...


Having during his stay in Gaul defeated Theodoric the Visigoth and then concluded an alliance with him, at the beginning of 460 he crossed the Pyrenees with the purpose of joining the powerful fleet which he had collected at Cartagena. The Vandal king Genseric, however, after all overtures of peace had been rejected, succeeded through the treachery of certain officers in surprising the Roman fleet, most of the ships being either taken or destroyed. Map of Gaul circa 58 BC Gaul (Latin Gallia, Greek Galatia) is the region of Western Europe occupied by present-day France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ... Theodoric II murdered his older brother Thorismund to become king of the Visigoths in 453 CE. Edward Gibbon writes that he justified this atrocious deed by the design which his predecessor had formed of violating his alliance with the empire. ... Events March 27 night - Swabians invade the Gallic city of Lugo. ... Central Pyrenees. ... For other places of the same name, see Cartagena. ... Geiseric (circa 389 – January 25, 477), also spelled as Gaiseric or Genseric, was the King of the Vandals and Alans (428–477) and was one of the key players in the troubles of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. ... The Roman Navy (Latin: Classis) operated between the First Punic war and the end of the Western Roman Empire. ...


Majorian thereupon made peace with Genseric. But his ill-success had destroyed his military reputation; his efforts to put down abuses and improve the condition of the people had roused the hatred of the officials; and Ricimer, jealous of his fame and influence, stirred up the foreign troops against him.


A mutiny broke out in Lombardy, and on the August 2, 461 Majorian was forced to resign by Ricimer. He died five days afterwards, either of dysentery or by violence. Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia) is a region in northern Italy between the Alps and the Po river valley. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... Events August 2 - Majorian resigns as Western Roman Emperor; shortly afterwards Libius Severus is declared western Roman emperor by Ricimer November 19 - Hilarius succeeds Leo as Pope Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a Christian missionary. ... Ricimer monogram on the reverse of this coin by Libius Severus. ... Dysentery is an illness involving severe diarrhea that is often associated with blood in the feces. ...


Majorian was the author of a number of remarkable laws, contained in the Codex Theodosianus. He remitted all arrears of taxes, the collection of which was for the future placed in the hands of the local officials. He revived the institution of defensores or administrators of cities, whose duty it was to protect the poor and inform the emperor of abuses committed in his name. The practice of pulling down the ancient monuments to be used as building material, which was connived at by venal officials, was strictly prohibited. He also passed laws against compulsory ordination and premature vows of celibacy. The Codex Theodosianus (Book of Theodosius) was a compilation of the laws of the Roman Empire under the Christian emperors since 312. ... Holy Orders in the modern Roman Catholic Church and in the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican, Assyrian, Old Catholic, and Independent Catholic Churches, includes three degrees: bishop, priest, and deacon. ... Clerical celibacy is the practice of various religious traditions in which clergy, monastics and those in religious orders (female or male) adopt a celibate life, refraining from marriage, sexual relationships including masturbation and impure thoughts (such as sexual visualisation and fantasies). ...


References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclop√¶dia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Majorian
Preceded by
Avitus
Western Roman Emperor
Succeeded by
Libius Severus

  Results from FactBites:
 
Majorian - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (406 words)
He had distinguished himself as a general by victories over the Franks and Alemanni, and six months after the deposition of Avitus he was declared emperor by the regent Ricimer, which created problems with Emperor Leo in Constantinople who declared Majorian a usurper.
A mutiny broke out in Lombardy, and on the August 2, 461 Majorian was forced to resign by Ricimer.
Majorian was the author of a number of remarkable laws, contained in the Codex Theodosianus.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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