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Encyclopedia > Major second

A major second is one of three commonly occuring musical intervals that span two diatonic scale degrees; the others being the minor second, which is one semitone smaller, and the augmented second, which is one semitone larger. The major second is abbreviated as M2 and its inversion is the minor seventh. In music theory, an interval is the difference (a ratio or logarithmic measure) in pitch between two notes and often refers to those two notes themselves (otherwise known as a dyad). ... Jump to: navigation, search In music theory, a diatonic scale (from the Greek diatonikos, to stretch out) is a seven-note musical scale comprising five whole-tone and two half-tone steps, in which the half tones are maximally separated. ... The musical interval of a half step, semitone, or minor second is the relationship between the leading tone and the first note (the root or tonic) in a major scale. ... The musical interval of a half step, semitone, or minor second is the relationship between the leading tone and the first note (the root or tonic) in a major scale. ... The musical interval of a minor third is the relationship between the first note (the root or tonic) and the third note in a minor scale. ... In music theory, the word inversion has several meanings. ... The musical interval of a minor seventh the first note (the root or tonic) and the seventh in a minor scale. ...

A major second in just intonation can correspond to a pitch ratio of 8:9, 9:10, or various other ratios, while in an equal tempered tuning, a major second is equal to two semitones, a whole-tone, a ratio of 1:22/12 (approximately 1.122), or 200 cents, 3.910 cents smaller than 8:9. Two whole tones create a ditone, 8:92 or 64:81. Just intonation is any musical tuning in which the frequencies of notes are related by whole number ratios. ... Equal temperament is a scheme of musical tuning in which the octave is divided into a series of equal steps (equal frequency ratios). ... The musical interval of a half step, semitone, or minor second is the relationship between the leading tone and the first note (the root or tonic) in a major scale. ... The cent is a unit in a logarithmic scale of relative pitch or intervals. ... The musical interval of a ditone is literally two tones, whole tones or major seconds, often called a major third. ...

The major second is considered one of the more dissonant intervals of the diatonic scale. Jump to: navigation, search Dissonance has several meanings, all related to conflict or incongruity. ... Jump to: navigation, search In music theory, a diatonic scale (from the Greek diatonikos, to stretch out) is a seven-note musical scale comprising five whole-tone and two half-tone steps, in which the half tones are maximally separated. ...

musical tuning, whole-tone scale, tonus. This page is about musical systems of tuning, for the musical process of tuning see tuning. ... In music, a whole tone scale is a scale in which each note is separated from its neighbors by the interval of a whole step. ... In harmony, the tonus is the ratio 9:8 between a pair of frequencies or, equivalently, the ratio 8:9 between a pair of wavelengths. ...

Major second
# semitones Interval class # cents in equal temperament Most common diatonic name Comparable just interval # cents in just interval Just interval vs. equal-tempered interval
2 2 200 major second 9:8 204 4 cents larger
Other diatonic intervals
unison | minor second | major second | minor third | major third | perfect fourth | tritone | perfect fifth | minor sixth | major sixth | minor seventh | major seventh | octave

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 Minor second - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (266 words) A minor second is the smallest of three commonly occuring musical intervals that span two diatonic scale degrees; the others being the major second and the augmented second, which are larger by one and two semitones respectively. The minor second is abbreviated as m2 and its inversion is the major seventh. A minor second in just intonation most often corresponds to a pitch ratio of 16/15 or 1:1.0666, or various other ratios, while in an equal tempered tuning a minor second is equal to one semitone, and is a ratio of 1:2
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