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Encyclopedia > Major scale

In music theory, the major scale or Ionian scale is one of the diatonic scales. It is made up of seven distinct notes, plus an eighth which duplicates the first an octave higher. In solfege these notes correspond to the syllables "Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Ti, (Do)". The simplest major scale to write or play on the piano is C major, the only major scale not to require sharps or flats, using only the white keys on the piano keyboard: Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Music theory is a field of study that investigates the nature or mechanics of music. ... The Ionian mode is a musical mode or diatonic scale. ... In music theory, a diatonic scale (from the Greek diatonikos, to stretch out; also known as the heptatonia prima; set form 7-35) is a seven-note musical scale comprising five whole-tone and two half-tone steps, in which the half tones are maximally separated. ... In music, a scale is a group of musical notes that provides material for part or all of a musical work. ... For other uses, see Octave (disambiguation). ... Sol-fa redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... C major (often just C or key of C) is a musical major scale based on C, with pitches C, D, E, F, G, A, B and C. Its key signature has no flats/sharps (see below: Diatonic Scales and Keys). ... Figure 1. ... Figure 1. ... The layout of a typical musical keyboard A musical keyboard is the set of adjacent depressible levers on a musical instrument which cause the instrument to produce sounds. ...


C major scale 


The C major scale.
Image File history File links C_Major_scale_(up_and_down). ...

Contents

Structure

Pattern of whole and half steps
Pattern of whole and half steps

A major scale may be seen as two identical tetrachords separated by a whole tone, or whole step. Each tetrachord consists of two whole steps followed by a half step. Western scales do not skip any line or space on the staff, and they do not repeat any note with a different accidental. This has the effect of forcing the key signature to feature just sharps or just flats. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (948x76, 2 KB)C major scale. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (948x76, 2 KB)C major scale. ... The tetrachord is a concept of music theory borrowed from ancient Greece. ... A major second is one of three commonly occuring musical intervals that span two diatonic scale degrees; the others being the minor second, which is one semitone smaller, and the augmented second, which is one semitone larger. ... A semitone (also known in the USA as a half step) is a musical interval. ... In musical notation, the staff or stave is a set of five horizontal lines on which note symbols are placed to indicate pitch and rhythm. ... This article is about music. ... An accidental is a musical notation symbol used to raise or lower the pitch of a note from that indicated by the key signature. ... This key signature – A major or F# minor – consists of three sharps placed after the clef In musical notation, a key signature is a series of sharp symbols or flat symbols placed on the staff, designating notes that are to be consistently played one semitone higher or lower than the...


Named scale degrees

The tonic is the first note of a musical scale, and in the tonal method of music composition it is extremely important. ... In music or music theory, the supertonic is the second degree of the scale, it is the second note of a diatonic scale. ... For mediant in mathematics, see Mediant (mathematics) In music, the mediant is the third degree of the diatonic scale. ... In music, the subdominant is the technical name for the fourth tonal degree of the diatonic scale. ... In music, the dominant is the fifth degree of the scale. ... In music, the submediant is the sixth degree of the scale. ... In music theory, a leading-tone (called the leading-note outside the US) is a note or pitch which resolves or leads to a note one semitone higher or lower, being a lower and upper leading-tone, respectively. ... In music theory, a leading-tone (called the leading-note outside the US) is a note or pitch which is resolves or leads to a note one semitone higher or lower, being an lower and upper leading-tone, respectively. ... The tonic is the first note of a musical scale, and in the tonal method of music composition it is extremely important. ...

Scales with sharp key signatures

Sharp key signatures consist of a number of sharps between one and seven, applied in this order: F C G D A E B. The key note or tonic is immediately above the last sharp in the signature. For example, one sharp (F) in the key signature of a piece in a major key indicates the key of G major, the next note above F. (Six sharps, the last one being E (an enharmonic spelling of F) indicate the key of F major, since F has already been sharped in the key signature.) This key signature – A major or F# minor – consists of three sharps placed after the clef In musical notation, a key signature is a series of sharp symbols or flat symbols placed on the staff, designating notes that are to be consistently played one semitone higher or lower than the... The tonic is the first note of a musical scale, and in the tonal method of music composition it is extremely important. ... In music, an enharmonic is a note which is the equivalent of some other note, but spelled differently. ...

 C maj – 0 sharps G maj – 1 sharp – F D maj – 2 sharps – F, C A maj – 3 sharps – F, C, G E maj – 4 sharps – F, C, G, D B maj – 5 sharps – F, C, G, D, A F maj – 6 sharps – F, C, G, D, A, E C maj - 7 sharps - F, C, G, D, A, E, B 

This table shows that each scale starting on the fifth scale degree of the previous scale has one new sharp, added in the order given above. The perfect fifth or diapente is one of three musical intervals that span five diatonic scale degrees; the others being the diminished fifth, which is one semitone smaller, and the augmented fifth, which is one semitone larger. ... In music or music theory a scale degree is an individual note of a scale, both its pitch and its diatonic function. ...


Scales with flat key signatures

Flat key signatures consist of one to seven flats, applied as: B E A D G C F (same as the order of sharps, but reversed.) The major scale with one flat is F major. In all other flat major scales, the tonic or key note is indicated by the second to last flat. In the major key with four flats, for example, the penultimate flat is A, indicating a key of A major.

 C maj – 0 flats F maj – 1 flat – B B maj – 2 flats – B, E E maj – 3 flats – B, E, A A maj – 4 flats – B, E, A, D D maj – 5 flats – B, E, A, D, G G maj – 6 flats – B, E, A, D, G, C C maj - 7 flats - B, E, A, D, G, C, F 

In this case each new scale starts a fifth below (or a fourth above) the previous one. The perfect fourth or diatessaron, abbreviated P4, is one of two musical intervals that span four diatonic scale degrees; the other being the augmented fourth, which is one semitone larger. ...


The circle of fifths

The circle of fifths provides a useful way of seeing the relationship of the major keys: In music theory, the circle of fifths (or cycle of fifths) is an imaginary geometrical space that depicts relationships among the 12 equal-tempered pitch classes comprising the familiar chromatic scale. ...


Image:fifths.png Image File history File links Fifths. ...


The numbers inside the circle show the number of sharps or flats in the key signature, with the sharp keys going clockwise, and the flat keys counterclockwise from C major (which has no sharps or flats.) Six sharps or flats make the enharmonically identical keys of F or G. Seven sharps or flats make major keys (C major and C major) that may be more conveniently spelled with five flats or sharps (as D major or B major). In music, an enharmonic is a note which is the equivalent of some other note, but spelled differently. ...



Major scales



C major C,D,E,F,G,A,B,C


Harmonic properties

The major scale may predominate because of its unique harmonic properties. It allows: This article is about the components of sound. ...

  • three-part major or minor chords, both stable and consonant, on every scale degree but the seventh
  • a diminished fifth within the seventh chord built on the fifth degree, the dominant
  • motion by a minor second from the leading tone to the tonic
  • root motion by perfect fifths, the strongest root motion, from nearly every degree in either direction, the two exceptions being up a perfect fifth from the seventh degree, and down a perfect fifth from the fourth degree
  • the first six notes of the harmonic series provide a consonant major chord, the fourth to sixth of which form a major triad, and seven of the nine notes between the 8th and 16th harmonics (the 7th and 15th overtones) are notes in the major scale in just intonation

In music, a consonance (Latin consonare, sounding together) is a harmony, chord, or interval considered stable, as opposed to a dissonance, which is considered unstable. ... In music theory, a scale degree is the name of a particular note of a scale in relation to the tonic (the first note in the scale). ... In music, see the intervals: seventh, musical group Major seventh minor seventh diminished seventh The note of a chord forming any of the above intervals with the chords root. ... This article is about the musical interval. ... In music, the dominant is the fifth degree of the scale. ... A minor second is the smallest of three commonly occuring musical intervals that span two diatonic scale degrees; the others being the major second and the augmented second, which are larger by one and two semitones respectively. ... In music theory, a leading-tone (called the leading-note outside the US) is a note or pitch which resolves or leads to a note one semitone higher or lower, being a lower and upper leading-tone, respectively. ... The root (basse fondamentale) of a chord is the note upon which that chord is perceived or labelled as built or centered, the root of a chord in root position or normal form. ... The perfect fifth or diapente is one of three musical intervals that span five diatonic scale degrees; the others being the diminished fifth, which is one semitone smaller, and the augmented fifth, which is one semitone larger. ... Pitched musical instruments are usually based on a harmonic oscillator such as a string or a column of air. ... In music or music theory, a triad is a tonal or diatonic tertian trichord. ... Approximate harmonic overtones on a string An overtone is a natural resonance or vibration frequency of a system. ... In music, just intonation, also called rational intonation, is any musical tuning in which the frequencies of notes are related by ratios of whole numbers. ...

See also

In music, an enharmonic is a note which is the equivalent of some other note, but spelled differently. ... An equal temperament is a musical temperament — that is, a system of tuning intended to approximate some form of just intonation — in which an interval, usually the octave, is divided into a series of equal steps (equal frequency ratios). ... In music, just intonation, also called rational intonation, is any musical tuning in which the frequencies of notes are related by ratios of whole numbers. ... In music, the adjectives major and minor can describe a scale, key, chord, or interval. ... Music theory is a field of study that investigates the nature or mechanics of music. ... The tetrachord is a concept of music theory borrowed from ancient Greece. ...

External links

Musical scales by edit
# | pentatonic | hexatonic | heptatonic | octatonic | chromatic
Types | Altered | Bebop | Diatonic scale | Enharmonic | Jazz scale | Minor scale
Name | Acoustic | Blues | Bohlen-Pierce | Diatonic | Double harmonic | Half diminished | Harmonic major | Lydian dominant | Major | Major locrian | Pelog |Phrygian dominant scale | Slendro
"Ethnic" name | Arabic | Gypsy | Jewish
Modes of the diatonic scale edit
Ionian (I) | Dorian (II) | Phrygian (III)
Lydian (IV) | Mixolydian (V) | Aeolian (VI) | Locrian (VII)


a In music, a scale is a group of musical notes that provides material for part or all of a musical work. ... A pentatonic scale is a musical scale with five pitches per octave as compared to the major scale which is made up of seven distinct notes. ... In music a hexatonic scale is a scale with six (hexa) degrees. ... A heptatonic scale is a musical scale with seven pitches per octave. ... In music, a diminished scale (set 8-28) is a scale in which the notes of the scale ascend in alternating intervals of a whole step and a half step. ... The chromatic scale is a scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone or half step apart. ... In music, an altered scale is a scale in which all of the notes of the scale except the tonic have been flattened (lowered in pitch) by an interval of a half step from a major scale. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... In music theory, a diatonic scale (from the Greek diatonikos, to stretch out; also known as the heptatonia prima; set form 7-35) is a seven-note musical scale comprising five whole-tone and two half-tone steps, in which the half tones are maximally separated. ... An enharmonic scale is a musical scale in which there is no exact equivalence between a sharpened note and the flattened note it is enharmonically related to. ... A minor scale in musical theory is a diatonic scale whose third scale degree is an interval of a minor third above the tonic. ... In music the acoustic scale is a seven note scale, starting on C: C D E F# G A Bb which is formed from a major triad (C E G) with an added minor seventh and raised fourth (Bb and F#, drawn from the overtone series) and major second and... In music, a pentatonic scale is a notes per octave. ... The Bohlen-Pierce scale (BP scale) is a musical scale that offers an alternative to the octave-repeating scales typical in Western music. ... In music theory, a diatonic scale (from the Greek diatonikos, to stretch out; also known as the heptatonia prima; set form 7-35) is a seven-note musical scale comprising five whole-tone and two half-tone steps, in which the half tones are maximally separated. ... In music, the Arabic scale is arrived at by either: Raising the seventh of the Jewish scale Raising the seventh and third of the Phrygian mode Lowering the sixth and second of a major scale The sequence of steps comprising the Arabic scale is: half – augmented – half – whole – half – augmented... This scale is more commonly known as Locrian sharp 2, or Aeolian flat 5. Most musicians prefer these names, to avoid confusion with the diminished scales (see octatonic scales) and the half-diminished seventh chord (min. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Pelog is one of the two essential scales of gamelan music native to Bali and Java, in Indonesia. ... The Phrygian dominant scale is constructed by raising the third of the Phrygian scale and is the fifth mode of the harmonic minor scale, the fifth being the dominant. ... Slendro (called salendro by the Sundanese) is a pentatonic (five tone) scale, one of the two most common scales used in Indonesian gamelan music. ... In music, the Arabic scale is arrived at by either: Raising the seventh of the Jewish scale Raising the seventh and third of the Phrygian mode Lowering the sixth and second of a major scale The sequence of steps comprising the Arabic scale is: half – augmented – half – whole – half – augmented... The Gypsy Scale refers to a musical scale used in Gypsy music. ... The Phrygian dominant scale is constructed by raising the third of the Phrygian scale and is the fifth mode of the harmonic minor scale, the fifth being the dominant. ... In music theory, a diatonic scale (from the Greek diatonikos, to stretch out; also known as the heptatonia prima; set form 7-35) is a seven-note musical scale comprising five whole-tone and two half-tone steps, in which the half tones are maximally separated. ... The Ionian mode is a musical mode or diatonic scale. ... Due to historical confusion, Dorian mode or Doric mode can refer to two very different musical modes or diatonic scales. ... Due to historical confusion, Phrygian mode can refer to two very different musical modes or diatonic scales. ... Due to historical confusion, Lydian mode can refer to two very different musical modes or diatonic scales. ... The Mixolydian mode is a musical mode or diatonic scale. ... The Aeolian mode comprises a musical mode or diatonic scale. ... The Locrian mode is a musical mode or diatonic scale. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Major scale - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1372 words)
The major scale has seven notes (plus the inclusion of the tonic of the next scale to complete an octave, in practice), which in solfege are the syllables "Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Ti (and Do)." At the piano keyboard, the simplest major scale is C major (see figure 1).
It is unique in that it is the only major scale to not use sharps or flats on the musical staff and consequently only the white notes on the keyboard.
The major scale is the same as the Ionian mode.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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