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Encyclopedia > Major scale

In music theory, the major scale or Ionian scale is one of the diatonic scales. It is made up of seven distinct notes, plus an eighth which duplicates the first an octave higher. In solfege these notes correspond to the syllables "Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Ti, (Do)". The simplest major scale to write or play on the piano is C major, the only major scale not to require sharps or flats, using only the white keys on the piano keyboard: Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Music theory is a field of study that investigates the nature or mechanics of music. ... The Ionian mode is a musical mode or diatonic scale. ... In music theory, a diatonic scale (from the Greek diatonikos, to stretch out; also known as the heptatonia prima; set form 7-35) is a seven-note musical scale comprising five whole-tone and two half-tone steps, in which the half tones are maximally separated. ... In music, a scale is a group of musical notes that provides material for part or all of a musical work. ... For other uses, see Octave (disambiguation). ... Sol-fa redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... C major (often just C or key of C) is a musical major scale based on C, with pitches C, D, E, F, G, A, B and C. Its key signature has no flats/sharps (see below: Diatonic Scales and Keys). ... Figure 1. ... Figure 1. ... The layout of a typical musical keyboard A musical keyboard is the set of adjacent depressible levers on a musical instrument which cause the instrument to produce sounds. ...

C major scale

Image File history File links C_Major_scale_(up_and_down). ...

Pattern of whole and half steps

### Named scale degrees

The tonic is the first note of a musical scale, and in the tonal method of music composition it is extremely important. ... In music or music theory, the supertonic is the second degree of the scale, it is the second note of a diatonic scale. ... For mediant in mathematics, see Mediant (mathematics) In music, the mediant is the third degree of the diatonic scale. ... In music, the subdominant is the technical name for the fourth tonal degree of the diatonic scale. ... In music, the dominant is the fifth degree of the scale. ... In music, the submediant is the sixth degree of the scale. ... In music theory, a leading-tone (called the leading-note outside the US) is a note or pitch which resolves or leads to a note one semitone higher or lower, being a lower and upper leading-tone, respectively. ... In music theory, a leading-tone (called the leading-note outside the US) is a note or pitch which is resolves or leads to a note one semitone higher or lower, being an lower and upper leading-tone, respectively. ... The tonic is the first note of a musical scale, and in the tonal method of music composition it is extremely important. ...

### Scales with sharp key signatures

Sharp key signatures consist of a number of sharps between one and seven, applied in this order: F C G D A E B. The key note or tonic is immediately above the last sharp in the signature. For example, one sharp (F) in the key signature of a piece in a major key indicates the key of G major, the next note above F. (Six sharps, the last one being E (an enharmonic spelling of F) indicate the key of F major, since F has already been sharped in the key signature.) This key signature â€“ A major or F# minor â€“ consists of three sharps placed after the clef In musical notation, a key signature is a series of sharp symbols or flat symbols placed on the staff, designating notes that are to be consistently played one semitone higher or lower than the... The tonic is the first note of a musical scale, and in the tonal method of music composition it is extremely important. ... In music, an enharmonic is a note which is the equivalent of some other note, but spelled differently. ...

` C maj – 0 sharps G maj – 1 sharp – F♯ D maj – 2 sharps – F♯, C♯ A maj – 3 sharps – F♯, C♯, G♯ E maj – 4 sharps – F♯, C♯, G♯, D♯ B maj – 5 sharps – F♯, C♯, G♯, D♯, A♯ F♯ maj – 6 sharps – F♯, C♯, G♯, D♯, A♯, E♯ C♯ maj - 7 sharps - F♯, C♯, G♯, D♯, A♯, E♯, B♯ `

This table shows that each scale starting on the fifth scale degree of the previous scale has one new sharp, added in the order given above. The perfect fifth or diapente is one of three musical intervals that span five diatonic scale degrees; the others being the diminished fifth, which is one semitone smaller, and the augmented fifth, which is one semitone larger. ... In music or music theory a scale degree is an individual note of a scale, both its pitch and its diatonic function. ...

### Scales with flat key signatures

Flat key signatures consist of one to seven flats, applied as: B E A D G C F (same as the order of sharps, but reversed.) The major scale with one flat is F major. In all other flat major scales, the tonic or key note is indicated by the second to last flat. In the major key with four flats, for example, the penultimate flat is A, indicating a key of A major.

` C maj – 0 flats F maj – 1 flat – B♭ B♭ maj – 2 flats – B♭, E♭ E♭ maj – 3 flats – B♭, E♭, A♭ A♭ maj – 4 flats – B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭ D♭ maj – 5 flats – B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭ G♭ maj – 6 flats – B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭, C♭ C♭ maj - 7 flats - B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭, C♭, F♭ `

In this case each new scale starts a fifth below (or a fourth above) the previous one. The perfect fourth or diatessaron, abbreviated P4, is one of two musical intervals that span four diatonic scale degrees; the other being the augmented fourth, which is one semitone larger. ...

### The circle of fifths

The circle of fifths provides a useful way of seeing the relationship of the major keys: In music theory, the circle of fifths (or cycle of fifths) is an imaginary geometrical space that depicts relationships among the 12 equal-tempered pitch classes comprising the familiar chromatic scale. ...

Image File history File links Fifths. ...

The numbers inside the circle show the number of sharps or flats in the key signature, with the sharp keys going clockwise, and the flat keys counterclockwise from C major (which has no sharps or flats.) Six sharps or flats make the enharmonically identical keys of F or G. Seven sharps or flats make major keys (C major and C major) that may be more conveniently spelled with five flats or sharps (as D major or B major). In music, an enharmonic is a note which is the equivalent of some other note, but spelled differently. ...

Major scales

C major C,D,E,F,G,A,B,C

## Harmonic properties

• three-part major or minor chords, both stable and consonant, on every scale degree but the seventh
• a diminished fifth within the seventh chord built on the fifth degree, the dominant
• motion by a minor second from the leading tone to the tonic
• root motion by perfect fifths, the strongest root motion, from nearly every degree in either direction, the two exceptions being up a perfect fifth from the seventh degree, and down a perfect fifth from the fourth degree
• the first six notes of the harmonic series provide a consonant major chord, the fourth to sixth of which form a major triad, and seven of the nine notes between the 8th and 16th harmonics (the 7th and 15th overtones) are notes in the major scale in just intonation

In music, an enharmonic is a note which is the equivalent of some other note, but spelled differently. ... An equal temperament is a musical temperament â€” that is, a system of tuning intended to approximate some form of just intonation â€” in which an interval, usually the octave, is divided into a series of equal steps (equal frequency ratios). ... In music, just intonation, also called rational intonation, is any musical tuning in which the frequencies of notes are related by ratios of whole numbers. ... In music, the adjectives major and minor can describe a scale, key, chord, or interval. ... Music theory is a field of study that investigates the nature or mechanics of music. ... The tetrachord is a concept of music theory borrowed from ancient Greece. ...

Results from FactBites:

 Major scale - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1372 words) The major scale has seven notes (plus the inclusion of the tonic of the next scale to complete an octave, in practice), which in solfege are the syllables "Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Ti (and Do)." At the piano keyboard, the simplest major scale is C major (see figure 1). It is unique in that it is the only major scale to not use sharps or flats on the musical staff and consequently only the white notes on the keyboard. The major scale is the same as the Ionian mode.
More results at FactBites »

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