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Encyclopedia > Major League Baseball Players Association

The Major League Baseball Players Association (or MLBPA) is the union of professional major-league baseball players. Any individual on the 25-man or 40-man roster of an American League or National League team are eligible for membership. Players who were signed as replacement players during the 1994-1995 strike are ineligible to join (the most notable player ineligible for this reason is Kevin Millar). The only current player who is not a member of the MLBPA through choice is Barry Bonds, who left the union for commercial reasons. A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... Baseball is a team sport in which a player on one team (the pitcher) attempts to throw a hard, fist-sized ball past a player on the other team (the batter), who attempts to hit the baseball with a tapered, smooth, cylindrical stick called a bat. ... American League The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... This article refers to the American baseball league. ... Kevin Charles Millar (born September 24, 1971 in Los Angeles, California) is a Major League Baseball outfielder/first baseman who plays for the Baltimore Orioles. ... Barry Lamar Bonds (born July 24, 1964 in Riverside, California) is a left fielder in Major League Baseball for the San Francisco Giants; he is most famous for his home run hitting, and is notorious for his alleged involvement with performance enhancing drugs. ...


The MLBPA was not the first attempt to unionize baseball players. Earlier attempts had included:

  • Brotherhood of Professional Base Ball Players - 1885 (founded by John Montgomery Ward)
  • Players' Protective Association - 1900
  • Fraternity of Professional Baseball Players of America - 1912
  • American Baseball Guild - 1946

The MLBPA was created in 1965. A year later, the fledgling union hired Marvin Miller from the United Steel Workers of America to head the organization, serving as Executive Director until 1983. Miller quickly found success in signing the players and negotiated the first collective bargaining agreement with the team owners in 1968. During Miller's tenure, base salaries, pension funds, licensing rights and revenues were brought to new levels, laying the groundwork that helped create what is widely considered one of the strongest unions in the country. The strength of the union was immeasurably increased by the creation of the modern free agent system in 1975. 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Monte Ward on a 1887-1890 Goodwin & Company baseball card (Old Judge (N172)). John Montgomery Ward (March 3, 1860 - March 4, 1925) was a 19th century Major League Baseball star pitcher, shortstop and manager. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Marvin Julian Miller (born April 14, 1917 in The Bronx, New York City) is the former executive director of the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA) from 1966 - 1982. ... The United Steel Workers of America (USWA) claims over 1. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ...


Donald Fehr has served as the Executive Director of the MLBPA since 1986, shepherding it through the 1994 baseball strike and recent issues. As of 2005, MLB is the only major league sport that does not contain a salary cap, although some speculate that that era would eventually be over with the NHL gaining a hard cap from the 2004-2005 lockout. Donald Fehr (born July 18, 1946) is the managing director of the Major League Baseball Players Association. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1994 baseball strike resulted in the cancellation of the World Series for the first time in 90 years. ... In the United States (or the U.S. and Canada by some definitions), the major professional sports leagues are those three or four professional sports leagues with the largest fan bases and television audiences (and therefore, the largest revenues and player salaries). ... In sports, a salary cap is a limit on the amount of money a team can spend on player salaries, either as a per-player limit or a total limit for the teams roster (or both). ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... The 2004-05 NHL lockout resulted in the cancellation of what would have been the 88th season of the National Hockey League (NHL). ...


Fehr has also been a staunch opponent of steroid testing, claiming it to be a violation of the privacy of players. However, after enormous negative publicity surrounding the alleged or actual involvement of several star players in the BALCO steroid scandal, Fehr dropped his opposition to a steroid testing program. The MLBPA was steadfastly opposed to strict penalties for drug offenses, initially supporting only 10, 20, and 30 game suspensions for first, second and third offenses, respectively. However, under pressure from US Congress who had threatened to pass a law if the MLB's drug policy was not strengthened, the baseball union capitulated and accepted Commissioner Bud Selig's policy which would punish players with 50-game, 100-game, and lifetime suspensions. Anabolic steroids are a class of natural and synthetic steroid hormones that promote cell growth and division, resulting in growth of several types of tissues, especially muscle and bone. ... The Bay Area Laboratory Co-operative (BALCO) is a controversial sports nutrition center in Burlingame, California, USA. The company achieved infamy due to a long investigation in accusations that the lab provided anabolic steroids and other banned performance-enhancing drugs to athletes, many famous. ... Allan Huber Bud Selig (born July 30, 1934 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) is the current Commissioner of Baseball, having been formally appointed on July 2, 1998 after having served as acting commissioner since 1992. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Major League Baseball Players Association - definition of Major League Baseball Players Association in Encyclopedia (266 words)
The Major League Baseball Players Association (or MLBPA) is the union of professional major-league baseball players.
Players who were signed as replacement players during the 1994-1995 strike are ineligible to join.
The MLBPA was not the first attempt to unionize baseball players.
Major League Baseball Players Association - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (444 words)
Players who were signed as replacement players during the 1994-1995 strike are ineligible to join (the most notable player ineligible for this reason is Kevin Millar).
The only current player who is not a member of the MLBPA through choice is Barry Bonds, who left the union for commercial reasons.
As of 2005, MLB is the only major league sport that does not contain a salary cap, although some speculate that that era would eventually be over with the NHL gaining a hard cap from the 2004-2005 lockout.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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